chasuble

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chasuble a long sleeveless vestment worn by a priest when celebrating Mass
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Chasuble (Eccl) The outer vestment worn by the priest in saying Mass, consisting, in the Roman Catholic Church, of a broad, flat, back piece, and a narrower front piece, the two connected over the shoulders only. The back has usually a large cross, the front an upright bar or pillar, designed to be emblematical of Christ's sufferings. In the Greek Church the chasuble is a large round mantle.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chasuble Eccles., a sleeveless vestment, originally circular in outline, but in medieval and modern use of an elliptical shape, or modified from this so as to be nearly rectangular, and provided with an aperture in the center through which to pass the head. It is worn so as to fall in front and at the back of the wearer to an equal or nearly equal distance, showing only one of its halves at a time. The chasuble is the principal vestment worn by a priest when celebrating the mass or holy communion, and is put on over the alb. It is held to represent the seamless coat of Christ, or charity symbolized by it. The material is usually rich stuff—silk, brocade, or velvet. In its oldest form it was very full and long, reaching nearly to the feet. The medieval or elliptical form, which is sometimes worn in Roman Catholic churches, reachies below the knees, and is generally ornamented with a Y-cross. The shape commonly worn in the Roman Catholic Church, however, does not reach much below the hips, and is nearly rectangular at the back, the part which falls in front being cut away at the sides so as not to impede the movement of the arms, and the two parts are frequently united merely by straps at the shoulders. The chasuble generally has a pillar or vertical stripe at the front, a Y-cross or Latin cross on the back, or on both front and back, and sometimes an edging on both sides. These ornaments are added in a different material with gold or other embroidery, and are known as the orphreys of the chasuble. Among the different names of the chasuble, pœnula, identifying it with the ancient Roman garment of that name, is probably the oldest. The same word occnrs also in various Greek forms. It is translated “cloke” in 2 Tim. iv. 13, and is the accepted name for the chasuble in the Greek Church, generally in the form phelonion. The name planeta has also been in use from early times, and is still the term preferred in the official use of the Roman Catholic Church. The amphibalus, worn at one time in Gaul, seems to have been similar to or identical with the chasuble. In England the name vestment was in use at the time of the Reformation, both for the chasuble alone and for the chasuble with its subsidiary vestments or adjuncts, the stole, amice, and maniple. The use of the chasuble in Anglican churches continued long after the Reformation, and is maintained by certain of them (on authority claimed from the Ornaments rubric) at the present day. It is also worn in the Greek Church. See ornament.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Chasuble chaz′ū-bl a sleeveless vestment worn over the alb by the priest while celebrating mass.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. chasuble, LL. casubula, cassibula, casula, a hooded garment, covering the person like a little house; cf. It. casupola, casipola, cottage, dim of L. casa, cottage
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. chesible—Low L. casubula—L. casula, a mantle, dim. of casa, a hut.

Usage

In literature:

The chasuble itself is of fine Saracenic silk, woven with golden inscriptions in broad stripes.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
On S. Stephen's dalmatic are patterns in gold; S. Nicholas's chasuble is of gold with patterns on it.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
He opened his eyes and reached for his chasuble just as the sacristy door opened and Sir Pierre, the Count's Privy Secretary, stepped in.
"The Eyes Have It" by Gordon Randall Garrett
It survives in the ritual chasuble of the Western Church.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
Beautiful female figure,* drapery resembling a chasuble; hands gone.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Wells" by Percy Dearmer
Neither were they left idle; they embroidered chasubles for the bishops!
"The Carlovingian Coins" by Eugène Sue
At the Reformation the chasuble was rejected with the other vestments by the more extreme Protestants.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 8" by Various
Who, for example, can behold the cross on the chasuble the priest wears without thinking of all Christ suffered for us on the cross?
"Mary, Help of Christians" by Various
It's against Scripture; ask Mr. Chasuble here if it isn't.
"Nevermore" by Rolf Boldrewood
Then Patrick weeps till his face and his chasuble in front of him were wet.
"The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries" by W. Y. Evans Wentz
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In poetry:

The pomp of altars, chasubles, and fires
Of incense, moved you not; nor yet the dome
Of haughty beauty — follower of the Sires —
Who made a holiness of elder Rome.
"John Bede Polding" by Henry Kendall
He wore, I think, a chasuble, the day when first we met;
A stole and snowy alb likewise,--I recollect it yet.
He called me "daughter," as he raised his jeweled hand to bless;
And then, in thrilling undertones, he asked, "Would I confess?"
"The Ritualist" by Francis Bret Harte
But, whatsoe'er they do or say, I'll build a Christian's hope
On incense and on altar-lights, on chasuble and cope.
Let others prove, by precedent, the faith that they profess:
"His can't be wrong" that's symbolized by such becoming dress.
"The Ritualist" by Francis Bret Harte