charter

Definitions

  • NYE'S CHARTER OAK
    NYE'S CHARTER OAK
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v charter engage for service under a term of contract "We took an apartment on a quiet street","Let's rent a car","Shall we take a guide in Rome?"
    • v charter grant a charter to
    • v charter hold under a lease or rental agreement; of goods and services
    • n charter a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights; includes the articles of incorporation and the certificate of incorporation
    • n charter a contract to hire or lease transportation
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

ON THE WARPATH AGAINST THE CHARTERED COMPANY ON THE WARPATH AGAINST THE CHARTERED COMPANY

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On June 26th, 1945, the charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 countries in San Francisco. (The text of the charter was in five languages: Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.)
    • Charter A special privilege, immunity, or exemption. "My mother,
      Who has a charter to extol her blood,
      When she does praise me, grieves me."
    • Charter A written evidence in due form of things done or granted, contracts made, etc., between man and man; a deed, or conveyance.
    • Charter An act of a legislative body creating a municipal or other corporation and defining its powers and privileges. Also, an instrument in writing from the constituted authorities of an order or society (as the Freemasons), creating a lodge and defining its powers.
    • Charter An instrument in writing, from the sovereign power of a state or country, executed in due form, bestowing rights, franchises, or privileges. "The king [John, a.d. 1215], with a facility somewhat suspicious, signed and sealed the charter which was required of him. This famous deed, commonly called the “Great Charter ,” either granted or secured very important liberties and privileges to every order of men in the kingdom."
    • Charter (Com) The letting or hiring a vessel by special contract, or the contract or instrument whereby a vessel is hired or let; as, a ship is offered for sale or charter . See Charter party, below.
    • Charter To establish by charter.
    • Charter To hire or let by charter, as a ship. See Charter party, under Charter n.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The New York City Chamber of Commerce is the oldest chamber of commerce in the United States. King George III granted a royal charter for it in 1770.
    • n charter A written instrument, expressed in formal terms and formally executed, given as evidence of a grant, contract, etc.; any instrument, executed with form and solemuity, bestowing rights and privileges. In modern use the name is ordinarily applied only to government grants of powers or privileges of a permanent or continuous nature, such as incorporation, territorial dominion, or jurisdiction. As between private persons it is also loosely applied to deeds and instruments under seal for the conveyance of lands; a title-deed. Royal charters are such as are granted by sovereigns in conveying certain rights and privileges to their subjects, such as the Great Charter granted by King John (see Magna Charta, under charta), and charters granted by various sovereigns to boroughs and municipal bodies, to universities and colleges, or to colonies and foreign possessions; somewhat similar to which are charters granted by the state or legislature to banks and other companies or associations, etc. In Scots law a charter is the evidence of a grant of heritable property made under the feudal condition that the grantee shall annually pay a sum of money or perform certain services to the grantor, and it must be in the form of a written deed. The most common charters are feu charters. (See feu.) In American law a charter is a written grant from the sovereign power conferring rights or privileges upon a municipality or other corporation. The term is generally applied to the statute, letters patent, or articles of association sanctioned by statute, creating a corporation, as a city, college, stock-company, benevolent society, or social club.
    • n charter Privilege; immunity; exemption.
    • n charter In com.: The letting or hiring of a ship by special contract: as, a ship is offered for sale or charter. The limits or terms of such a contract. The written instrument embodying the terms of the contract.
    • n charter In Eng. politics, a sort of claim of rights, or document embodying the demands or principles of the Chartists. See Chartist.
    • charter To hire or let by charter, as a ship. See charterparty.
    • charter To establish by charter: as, to charter a bank.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Charter chärt′er any formal writing in evidence of a grant, contract, or other transaction, conferring or confirming titles, rights, or privileges, or the like: the formal deed by which a sovereign guarantees the rights and privileges of his subjects, like the famous Mag′na Chart′a, signed by King John at Runnymede, 15th June 1215, or the Charte of Louis XVIII. at the Restoration in 1814, or that sworn by Louis-Philippe, 29th August 1830: any instrument by which powers and privileges are conferred by the state on a select body of persons for a special object, as the 'charter of a bank:' a patent: grant, allowance: immunity
    • v.t Charter to establish by charter: to let or hire, as a ship, on contract
    • ***

Quotations

  • Walter Lippmann
    Walter%20Lippmann
    “No amount of charters, direct primaries, or short ballots will make a democracy out of an illiterate people.”
  • Godfrey Bradman
    Godfrey Bradman
    “I wake up every morning and thank God I?m not a chartered accountant any longer, but involved with property.”
  • Jean De La Bruyere
    Jean%20De%20La%20Bruyere
    “One should never risk a joke, even of the mildest and most unexceptional charters, except among people of culture and wit.”
  • William Pitt
    William Pitt
    “The press is like the air, a chartered libertine.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. chartre, F. chartre, charte, fr. L. chartula, a little paper, dim. of charta,. See Chart Card

Usage

In literature:

The Theatrical Fund was established as long ago as 1839 by a few actors, and was incorporated by Royal charter in 1853.
"Speeches and Addresses of H. R. H. the Prince of Wales: 1863-1888" by Edward VII
It was opened in 1473, but the charter of incorporation dates from 1475.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 1" by Various
It was under these circumstances, that the Great Charter of English Liberties was granted.
"An Essay on the Trial by Jury" by Lysander Spooner
A "Great Charter" was granted to it in 1613 by the London Company.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
The town changed its name in 1798 when it was granted a charter and became Berryville.
"Legends of the Skyline Drive and the Great Valley of Virginia" by Carrie Hunter Willis
Since federation no chartered bank has been compelled to liquidate without paying its note-holders in full.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
They thus establish a law for themselves somewhat like a charter of a corporation.
"Putnam's Handy Law Book for the Layman" by Albert Sidney Bolles
Salah-ud-din (Saladin), sultan of Babylon (Cairo), granted a charter to the town of Pisa in 1173.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
The charter of 1783, though frequently amended and altered, is still in force.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 8" by Various
That felons escape punishment by procuring charters of pardon; 10.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
Amongst those who thought so were the monks of the Charter House.
"Stories of London" by E. L. Hoskyn
Clotaire's charter establishes our rights; but what is law or right to Brunhild?
"The Branding Needle, or The Monastery of Charolles" by Eugène Sue
No records exist showing the nature of municipal proceedings at the time of the first purchase of charters.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
Brainerd, named in honour of David Brainerd, was settled in 1870, and chartered as a city in 1883.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
They framed a Charter, its provisions securing protection and justice to every freeman in England.
"A Short History of England, Ireland and Scotland" by Mary Platt Parmele
I have repeatedly remarked that the American Revolution resulted from a violation of colonial chartered rights by the mother country.
"Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution" by L. Carroll Judson
Chartered Companies have not been peculiar to England.
"A Historical Geography of the British Colonies" by Charles Prestwood Lucas
Most important, although very scanty, are the charters, since they bear a date.
"Beowulf" by R. W. Chambers
Twenty-nine banks, known as the "chartered banks," transact all the banking business of the Dominion.
"Readings in Money and Banking" by Chester Arthur Phillips
A permanent settlement was made as early as 1835, and Elgin was chartered as a city in 1854 and was rechartered in 1880.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
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In poetry:

Floating
Hating king and monk,
The classes and the mass,
We chartered an old junk
"False Nightmare" by Allen Tate
Go on, until this land revokes
The old and chartered Lie,
The feudal curse, whose whips and yokes
Insult humanity.
"To William E. Channing" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Then, Hurrah for the Charter,
On Shannon, Thames, and Tweed;
Now, scythemen! to the harvest!
Reap! you who sowed the seed.
"The March Of Freedom" by Ernest Jones
O not too soon is rent the chain
And charter, trampling right in dust!
Till God is God no longer--ne'er again
Quench liberty that's just.
"“The Liberty Bells”" by Mary Baker Eddy
Then up, in one united band,
Both farming slave and factory-martyr!
Remember, that, to keep the LAND,
The best way is—to gain the CHARTER!
"The Factory Town" by Ernest Jones
"Injunctions, leases, charters, I
Was meshed as in a mighty maze.
The stock ran low, the talk ran high:
Then quickly flamed the final blaze.
"The Hard Times In Elfland [A Story of Christmas Eve]" by Sidney Lanier

In news:

Elmwood Village Charter School's waiting list makes success bittersweet.
More than 300 students have applied for admission to the Jefferson Parish public school system's first non-alternative charter school.
For Nashville that she chartered a plane just to take him to visit her.
KALAMAZOO — Busting someone age 21 or older for having a small amount of marijuana is to become codifed in Kalamazoo's charter as the lowest priority for law enforcement.
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. Students at Excel Charter Academy are raising the bar when it comes to putting their pledge to help others into action.
Less than a week before our arrival, this three-masted charter boat came to grief near Academy Bay.
Urban League Charter School partners with UPMC to work on a child's body and mind.
Twin Falls, Idaho (KMVT-TV) High schools all over the United States have homecoming week in the fall, and Xavier Charter School in Twin Falls is no exception.
The highest expulsion rates — 5 percent of students — were at two charter high schools: Friendship PCS-Collegiate Woodson, which expelled 56 kids, and KIPP College Prep, which expelled 17.
The Standard Chartered Bank executive whose expletive -filled anti-US rant stands at the center of allegations that the bank improperly did business with Iran appears to be Richard Meddings.
KATHY GIBBONS Charter member Frank Schermers stands in front of Friendship Christian Reformed Church, 190 100th St SE.
'Charter Schools and the Corporate Makeover of Public Education: What's at Stake'.
Former charter school director in Muskegon charged with falsifying count records.
He also is helping a for-profit company open charter schools in the state by employing a major asset: his last name.
Kenai and Ketchikan might be more than a thousand miles apart, but charter fishing operators are finding a stronger tie than the map might indicate.
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In science:

There is a good reason to believe that the resulting localization scenario falls into the already existing classification of the d-wave universality classes chartered in Refs.[24,25].
Planar Dirac fermions in long-range-correlated random vector potential
Clickstream data, such as (web) access logs, are invaluable for monitoring, capturing, and chartering a user’s interaction with a system, also called ‘footprints’ [116] (e.g., actions during web browsing, links followed, or amount of time spent on each product page).
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
Department of Information Technology, Board of Studies, The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (Set up by an Act of Parliament) New Delhi.
Software Security Rules, SDLC Perspective
More specifically, compliance with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (concerning human dignity, freedom, equality, solidarity, citizens’ rights and justice) and Article 8 of the European Human Rights Convention.
FuturICT
Use of spreadsheets within Maritime is more widespread as they are used for data storage, data manipulation, the calculation and conversion of charter rates and tonne-mile costs. There is widespread use in the preparation of accounts and financial forecasts.
The Importance and Criticality of Spreadsheets in the City of London
The first one I attended in 1991 defined our charter as “hadron spectroscopy and some areas of related hadron structure”, i.e., strong interaction physics, which in the modern language means QCD.
Challenges in Hadron Physics
VLB additionally thanks both STFC and the Open University’s Charter Studentships scheme, and would also like to thank Yixiong Wang at Oxford University, whose correspondence has been helpful.
Benchmark experiments with global climate models applicable to extra-solar gas giant planets in the shallow atmosphere approximation
Having treated the case of flat compactifications and having introduced the key ideas, one ventures into less chartered territory.
Target Space Duality in String Theory
The most important agenda items were to discuss a charter for the LSC and to form working groups on specific technical topics to coordinate the research efforts of different groups.
Matters of Gravity, the newsletter of the APS TG on gravitation
The Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC), a group of low-Earth-orbiting remote-sensing satellites, is operated under a public charter.
Saratoga: scalable, speedy data delivery for sensor networks
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