chap

Definitions

  • "'I can lend you fourpence, old chap,' said Smythe."
    "'I can lend you fourpence, old chap,' said Smythe."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v chap crack due to dehydration "My lips chap in this dry weather"
    • n chap (usually in the plural) leather leggings without a seat; joined by a belt; often have flared outer flaps; worn over trousers by cowboys to protect their legs
    • n chap a crack in a lip caused usually by cold
    • n chap a boy or man "that chap is your host","there's a fellow at the door","he's a likable cuss","he's a good bloke"
    • n chap a long narrow depression in a surface
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A-ARE YOU NERVOUS, OLD CHAP A-ARE YOU NERVOUS, OLD CHAP
WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE LITTLE CHAP WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE LITTLE CHAP

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Chap A blow; a rap.
    • Chap A buyer; a chapman. "If you want to sell, here is your chap ."
    • Chap A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
    • Chap A division; a breach, as in a party. "Many clefts and chaps in our council board."
    • Chap A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.
    • Chap One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.
    • Chap One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings. "His chaps were all besmeared with crimson blood.""He unseamed him [Macdonald] from the nave to the chaps ."
    • v. i Chap To bargain; to buy.
    • Chap To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough. "Then would unbalanced heat licentious reign,
      Crack the dry hill, and chap the russet plain."
      "Nor winter's blast chap her fair face."
    • Chap To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap .
    • Chap To strike; to beat.
    • Chap To strike; to knock; to rap.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • chap To cause to cleave, split, crack, or break in clefts: used of the effect of extreme cold followed by heat on exposed parts of the body, as the hands and lips, and sometimes of similar effects produced in any way on the surface of the earth, wood, etc. Also chop.
    • chap To strike, especially with a hammer or the like; beat.
    • chap To crack; open in slits, clefts, or fissures: as, the earth chaps; the hands chap. Also chop.
    • chap To knock, as at a door; strike, as a clock.
    • n chap A fissure, cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth or in the hands or feet: also used figuratively. Also chop.
    • n chap A stroke of any kind; a blow; a knock; especially, a tap or rap, as on a door, to draw attention. Also chaup.
    • n chap The upper or lower part of the mouth; the jaw: commonly in the plural.
    • n chap A jaw of a vise or clamp.
    • n chap plural The mouth or entrance of a channel: as, the chops of the English channel. Sometimes applied to the capes at the mouth of a bay or harbor: as, the East Chop and West Chop of Vineyard Haven, Martha's Vineyard.
    • n chap A buyer; a chapman.
    • n chap A fellow; a man or a boy: used familiarly, like fellow, and usually with a qualifying adjective, old, young, little, poor, etc., and loosely, much as the word fellow is.
    • chap To buy or sell; trade: a variant of chop and cheap
    • chap To choose; choose definitely; select and claim: as, I chap this.
    • chap To fix definitely; accept and agree to as binding; hold to (a proposal, or the terms of a bargain): as, I chaps that; I chap (or chaps) you.
    • chap An abbreviation of chapter.
    • n chap The act of picking and choosing; selection: as, ‘chap and choice.’ See chap5, transitive verb
    • n chap An abbreviation of chaplain.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Chap chap to crack: to strike, of a clock, &c.: to knock at a door
    • v.t Chap to fissure
    • n Chap crack: an open fissure in the skin, caused by exposure to frost: a knock
    • n Chap chap a fellow, originally a customer, from Chapman
    • n Chap chap generally pl. the jaws
    • ***

Quotations

  • Allan Massie
    Allan Massie
    “Do you know what a soldier is, young man? He's the chap who makes it possible for civilized folk to despise war.”
  • Sir P(elham) G(renville) Wodehouse
    Sir P(elham) G(renville) Wodehouse
    “He was a tubby little chap who looked as if he had been poured into his clothes and had forgotten to say when!”
  • Sir Edmund Hillary
    Sir Edmund Hillary
    “You don't have to be a fantastic hero to do certain things -- to compete. You can be just an ordinary chap, sufficiently motivated to reach challenging goals.”
  • Evelyn Waugh
    Evelyn%20Waugh
    “News is what a chap who doesn't care much about anything wants to read. And it's only news until he's read it. After that it's dead.”

Idioms

Chaps my ass - When something/someone really annoys you, it chaps your ass.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. chaft,; of Scand. origin; cf. Icel kjaptr, jaw, Sw. Käft, D. kiæft,; akin to G. kiefer, and E. jowl,. Cf. Chops
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Northern Eng. and Scot. chafts—Scand., as Ice. kjaptr, the jaw.

Usage

In literature:

He was thinking of a chap he had seen at Penn's who had cut the date 1899 on the ice with four strokes.
"New Treasure Seekers" by E. (Edith) Nesbit
You know that chap of Neefit's?
"Ralph the Heir" by Anthony Trollope
Musical chaps aren't reliable authorities.
"The Kingdom Round the Corner" by Coningsby Dawson
I'st owe th' Lunnon chap one fro' this on.
"That Lass O' Lowrie's" by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Talking about a good-looking young girl being sweethearted by an old chap with one foot in the grave and a face like a dried herring.
"More Cargoes" by W. W. Jacobs
Doctor chap said I'd have to have it dressed every day for awhile.
"Left Guard Gilbert" by Ralph Henry Barbour
I hope he's a decent chap, that's all!
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
Now what I knew about this Vincent chap before we starts out on the grandmother trail wouldn't take long to tell.
"Odd Numbers" by Sewell Ford
They can't tell me that tow-headed chap's alibi was on the level.
"The Place of Honeymoons" by Harold MacGrath
I wonder if our chaps would hear us if we shouted together?
"With Haig on the Somme" by D. H. Parry
He was a decent, likable young chap, who knew he had been luckier than the next fellow and who took no advantage of it.
"Across the Mesa" by Jarvis Hall
Could sell more papers than any little chap on the street.
"Killykinick" by Mary T. Waggaman
Hurry over, there's a good chap.
"The Rider of Waroona" by Firth Scott
What a chap you are for returning to worry a point, Holmes.
"The Sign of the Spider" by Bertram Mitford
These Frontier Force chaps need a lot of setting down, I can tell you.
"Captain Desmond, V.C." by Maud Diver
That's a deep crack, Drew, old chap.
"The Kopje Garrison" by George Manville Fenn
But there's the black king; he's got close upon a hundred fighting men, chaps with spears.
"Hunting the Skipper" by George Manville Fenn
Not for her ladyship, however, and not for this dear little chap.
"Cleek, the Master Detective" by Thomas W. Hanshew
Glad to see you, old chap!
"The German Classics, v. 20" by Various
Very decent chaps so long as you have plenty of cash.
"Aliens" by William McFee
***

In poetry:

"Chap was decidedly
Turgiversational,
Given to lewdness and
Rodomontade."
"Paradise Lost Book 5: An Epitome" by Anthony Hecht
"They had no roasted turkey-breast
For dinner; not a scrap
Of gravy, stuffing, and the rest
Saw any hungry chap.
"November" by Nancy Byrd Turner
Sune after this, he didna' come
Sae aften as before;
An' sune nae mair his weel-kenn'd chap
Cam tirlin' on the door.
"Mary Lee: A Ballad" by Janet Hamilton
A neighbor chap saw th' state o' things,
An' pitied ther distress,
An' begg'd em not to be soa sour
Abaht soa sweet a mess;
"Th' Traitle Sop" by John Hartley
“I never done ’em any harm,
I thought ’em decent chaps.
But now I wouldn’t raise a hand
To save ’em from the traps.
"The Swagless Swaggie" by Edward Harrington
"It's strange how things can differ so!
Now, take two kinds of fruit--
Banana chap and Orange--
And watch each doff his suit.
"December" by Nancy Byrd Turner

In news:

Jennifer Chap of Orlando, Florida was working in her home office when she started noticing that Buddy, her cat, was acting strange.
Dry, chapped lips fall into the category of a fashion don't—dry flaking lips are distracting to others, so not kissable, and should be avoided at all costs.
The little girl in pink chaps too.
Jared Kerr gets up before sunrise and puts on his boots, jeans and chaps.
It was here that a mild-mannered Mongolian chap took my passport and the car registration documents.
Congratulations go to Herbert R "Chap" Reaver, DC who recently won the prestigious Edgar Allan Poe Award for his mystery novel Mote.
It's fellow students like the chap in Julia Anderson's biology class who make swimming in the UIL state meet worth the effort.
Kathleen Kotarba survives apparent CHAP coup.
They get chapped, dry and flaky if we don't give them the love and care they deserve.
Part I.– The Old World (chaps.
It's the same thing every year: In comes the cold weather, followed by colds, endless hand-washing and cracked, chapped skin.
Fey plays a Princeton admissions officer who gets two surprises: one, the identity of the son she long ago put up for adoption, and two, a charming, generous and interested chap named Paul Rudd.
Across 1 4 on a phone 4 ___ Spiegel (German magazine) 7 Director Howard 10 Vagrant 13 Chap 14 Verse beginning.
Whenever the cooler months come around, men and women alike start reaching for their favorite balms to soothe their chapped lips.
The toy run, which was estimated to have drawn more than 3,000 biking enthusiasts, filled downtown and near-downtown streets on Sunday with the sound of roaring bike engines and the sight of chaps-wearing riders.
***

In science:

Whenever convenient we shall use summation convention and abstract index notation (cf. , Chap. 2).
Generalized pseudo-Riemannian geometry
Pe ˇrina, Quantum Statistics of Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena, chap. 10., Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1991.
Quantum, classical and semiclassical analyses of photon statistics in harmonic generation
Jur ˇco, Quantum Optics and Fundamentals of Physics, chap. 8.5.
Quantum, classical and semiclassical analyses of photon statistics in harmonic generation
Fichtel, C. E. and Trombka, J. I., Gamma Ray Astrophysics: New Insight into the Universe, chap. 6, p. 152 (Washington, D.C.: NASA), 1981.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
More precisely, via the conjugation of tree principle of [31, Chap. 2], we bound the discrepancy between the mass distribution of our conditioned trees on the positive half-line and a translated mass distribution of freely embedded trees.
Random Planar Lattices and Integrated SuperBrownian Excursion
Bourbaki, N., Groupes et alg`ebres de Lie, chap.
Induced and simple modules of double affine Hecke algebras
We will focus on continuous random fields because they are very closely parallel to the operator-valued distributions of quantum field theory (see, for example, Haag [4, Chap.
Bell inequalities for random fields
Bell [1, Chap. 12, originally 1977] admits this, but finds that random variables associated with Past(RA ) ∩ Past(RB ) have to be correlated with instrument settings in RA and in RB .
Bell inequalities for random fields
Bell also argues [1, Chap. 12] ‘that the disagreement between locality and quantum mechanics is large — up to a factor of √2 in a certain sense’, and that although the assumptions identified here are not analytically satisfied, nonetheless they are “nearly” satisfied.
Bell inequalities for random fields
Nonetheless, Bell gives the name The theory of local beables to the paper that is the principal stem of the literature [1, Chap. 7], so there should be a brief discussion here about beables.
Bell inequalities for random fields
Chap. 6]). A fundamental problem in the theory of partitions is to determine the asymptotic behaviour of Q(n; {aj }j≥1 ) as n → ∞.
The Limiting Distribution of the Trace of a Random Plane Partition
Lichnerowicz, Geom´etrie des Groupes de Transformations, Chap.
Isometry germs and related structures
The proof of Theorem 4.2 can be modified by replacing the Fourier matrices Fp by Qp (see also , chap. 4 for elements about the pseudo-diagonalization of a real Toeplitz matrix via real orthogonal matrices Qp ).
The empirical eigenvalue distribution of a Gram matrix: From independence to stationarity
The asymptotic type (as defined in , chap. 14) of symmetric random walks with finite range on groups with polynomial growth of degree d is n−d/2 .
An interlacing technique for spectra of random walks and its application to finite percolation clusters
See Ref. , Chap. 5, for a list of different definitions. 6 In particular, they can be extended to manifolds that do not admit K¨ahler structure.
On Deformations of Generalized Complex Structures: the Generalized Calabi-Yau Case
***