chameleon

Definitions

  • THE CHAMELEON
    THE CHAMELEON
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chameleon lizard of Africa and Madagascar able to change skin color and having a projectile tongue
    • n Chameleon a faint constellation in the polar region of the southern hemisphere near Apus and Mensa
    • n chameleon a changeable or inconstant person
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chameleon is derived from the Greek, meaning "little lion."
    • Chameleon A lizardlike reptile of the genus Chamæleo, of several species, found in Africa, Asia, and Europe. The skin is covered with fine granulations; it has eyes which can move separately, the tail is prehensile, and the body is much compressed laterally, giving it a high back. It is remarkable for its ability to change the color of its skin to blend with its surroundings.
    • Chameleon a person who changes opinions, ideas, or behavior to suit the prevailing social climate; an opportunist.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Chameleons can move their eyes in two different directions at the same time.
    • n chameleon A lizard-like reptile of the family Chamæleontidæ, having a naked body, a prehensile tail, feet suited for grasping branches, and the eye covered by a single circular eyelid with an aperture in the center. There are about 59 species, of which the bestknown is Chamæleon vulgaris, a native of Africa, extending into Asia and the south of Europe. Its body is 6 or 7 inches long, and the tail 5 inches. The skin is cold to the touch, and contains small grains or eminences which are of a bluish-gray color in the shade, but in the light of the sun all parts of the body become of a grayish-brown or tawny color. The extraordinary faculty which the chameleon possesses of changing its color, in accordance with that of the objects by which it is surrounded or with its temper when disturbed, is due to the presence of clear or pigment-bearing contractile cells placed at various depths in the skin, their contractions and dilatations being under the control of the nervous system. Its power of fasting and habit of inflating itself gave rise to the fable that it lives on air. It is in reality insectivorous, its tongue, which is long and covered with a viscid saliva, being darted at its prey and securing it when touched.
    • n chameleon In the southern United States and West Indies, a true lizard of the family Anolididæ or Iguanidæ. Also chamæleo.
    • n chameleon [capitalized] A constellation invented by Bayer, situated beneath the feet of the Centaur.
    • n chameleon Same as chamæleon, 3.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chameleons can reel in food from a distance as far away as more than two and a half times their body lengths.
    • n Chameleon ka-mēl′yun a small lizard famous for changing its colour:
    • n Chameleon ka-mēl′yun (fig.) an inconstant person
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Locke
    John%20Locke
    “We are like chameleons, we take our hue and the color of our moral character, from those who are around us.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Chamaeleon, Gr. chamaile`wn, lit., “ground lion;” chamai` on the ground + le`wn lion. See Humble, and Lion
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. chamæleon—Gr. chamaileōnchamai (= L. humi), on the ground, dwarf, and leōn, a lion.

Usage

In literature:

She was like a chameleon.
"Audrey Craven" by May Sinclair
She was no longer a baffling and alluring creature of a hundred chameleon moods; she was a lonely girl.
"The Harbor of Doubt" by Frank Williams
The chameleon of races should show a specific color: a Jewish art, a Jewish architecture would be born, who knew?
"Dreamers of the Ghetto" by I. Zangwill
In two hours the Chameleon will be ready to set sail.
"A Romance of the West Indies" by Eugène Sue
Lizards, tarantulas, and chameleons are frequently seen, but are considered to be harmless.
"Due South or Cuba Past and Present" by Maturin M. Ballou
It was, however, very apparent that Bindo, the good-looking adventurer, had wormed himself entirely into the Chameleon's good graces.
"The Count's Chauffeur" by William Le Queux
Sometimes we had pretty little green lizards, their color darkening or deepening, like that of chameleons, in light or shade.
"Our Young Folks--Vol. I, No. II, February 1865" by Various
Most of the actions and events of our lives are chameleon-hued: their colors vary according to the light by which we view them.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 26, July 1880." by Various
What aspect of the great chameleon city should one select?
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
What shocks the virtuous philosopher delights the chameleon poet.
"Life of John Keats" by William Michael Rossetti
He was as subtle as nature itself; as changeable as a chameleon.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
Meantime, as best we can, we chase the sheering hydroplane ahead that seems endowed with every chameleon gift of the classic gods.
"Merchantmen-at-Arms" by David W. Bone
A species of Chameleon is also peculiar to the islands.
"Island Life" by Alfred Russel Wallace
Chameleon, said to feed on air, 173; changes color, 174.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
It does sound chameleon-like.
"The Brightener" by C. N. Williamson
Lizards, tarantulas and chameleons, abound, but are considered harmless.
"History of Cuba; or, Notes of a Traveller in the Tropics" by Maturin M. Ballou
This occurs with some chameleons and some lizards, e.g.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
But like all Utalians, he was a chameleon of a man.
"Quest of the Golden Ape" by Ivar Jorgensen
The common chameleon is the most typical.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
It can, for the moment, assume against its unchangeable background a chameleon-like variety.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
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In news:

Besides launching a new perfume and having sleepovers with Lindsay Lohan, Gaga's playing La Chameleon in Robert Rodriguez's upcoming film, Machete Kills.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shut down Alabama-based trucking company MTI Transportation LLC based on evidence that it was a chameleon operation for two unsafe carriers previously shut down by the agency.
2nd Annual Chameleon Team Olympics Held By SD Middle.
Another look inside Chameleon 's dining room.
The choucroute garni at Chameleon is a strapping platter of pork loin chop, zesty house-made garlic sausage, ham hock and carrots and potatoes.
The server heaps special praise on Chameleon 's gateau de viande, which turns out to be a fancy way to say meatloaf.
The entree, which Smith calls an homage to the late Danny's restaurant in Baltimore, is among the choices on Chameleon 's three-course fixed-price menu for $33.
It helps that "The Chameleon " is based on a true story because much of what occurs in writer-director Jean-Paul Salomé's tight adaptation of Christophe D'Antonio's book might otherwise seem a bit dubious.
' Chameleon ' truckers creating dangerous driving conditions.
The Chameleon Couch,' by Yusef Komunyakaa.
Johnny Depp stars in 'Rango,' as a chameleon : movie review.
Animated western 'Rango' stars Johnny Depp, in one of his best roles, as a chameleon .
Karma's not good for chameleon Brown.
Chameleons generally disgust these people, but I've got news for you: Chameleons don't get fired for being unprofessional.
For some people, this skill comes naturally– they are chameleons who can mirror other people's moods.
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In science:

Since the mass in eq. (31) is much larger than H the approach to the minimum of the chameleon potential takes place on a time-scale typically much smaller than the age of the universe.
Dynamical Relaxation of the Dark Matter to Baryon Ratio
This instability can also occur in models of dark energy coupled to matter, such as the MaVaN scenario , the Chameleon dark energy scenario and the Cardassian expansion scenario .
Stable Models of superacceleration
In particular, the range and effective strength of such a “chameleon” force can drastically depend on the environment.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
In this paper, we further explore the experimental implications of the chameleon effect.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
We consider the constraints on the couplings to ordinary matter of a nearly massless chameleon field with WEP preserving couplings.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
Following ref. , we refer to φ as a chameleon field because the associated force has an effective range and strength that varies according to the distribution of matter.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
The chameleon potential is higher order than quadratic, and so the curvature of the potential about a nonzero field value may be much larger than it is about zero.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
One may wonder if this makes the chameleon force easy to detect near the earth’s surface.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
Note that this effective coupling is independent of β , and are effects of a chameleon force are weaker than gravity for any ob ject which is much more massive than the Planck mass divided by √ǫ.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
Provided the inequality 3.15 is satisfied the chameleon is not constrained by the experiment in question.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
This section derives the ma jor constraints on chameleon forces from different experimental searches for fifth forces.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
We need to determine αeff , the strength of the chameleon force on the earthmoon system relative to the strength of a Yukawa (ǫ = 0) force with α = 1. ∼ 10−65 /α) and moon (ǫ > We start by assuming both the earth (ǫ > ∼ 10−61 /α) have thin shells.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
The chameleon force is given by ~FC = ~∇REarth−M oon Z d3x ( ~∇φ)2 + V (φ), where φ is a static solution to eq. (2.5) with both the earth and moon as sources.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
So comparisons of measurements of GN with ob jects of greatly different size can constrain our model if the chameleon causes an apparent modification of GN .
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
In this and the following sections, we derive strict constraints and simplify our analyses by assuming the chameleon force completely negligible in each experiment when the source has a thin shell, and completely Yukawa when thin-shell fails.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
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