chalk

Definitions

  • Along the Chalk Ridge.—Leith Hill in the Distance
    Along the Chalk Ridge.—Leith Hill in the Distance
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v chalk write, draw, or trace with chalk
    • n chalk a piece of calcite or a similar substance, usually in the shape of a crayon, that is used to write or draw on blackboards or other flat surfaces
    • n chalk an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
    • n chalk a pure flat white with little reflectance
    • n chalk a soft whitish calcite
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Crayola is a French word that means "Oily chalk."
    • Chalk (Min) A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate, and having the same composition as common limestone.
    • Chalk (Fine Arts) Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and black lead, or the like, used in the same manner. See Crayon.
    • Chalk To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach. "Let a bleak paleness chalk the door."
    • Chalk To manure with chalk, as land.
    • Chalk To rub or mark with chalk.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: No other animal gives us more by-products than the hog. These by-products include pig suede, buttons, glass, paint brushes, crayons, chalk, and insulation to name a few
    • n chalk In geology, a soft white rock, consisting almost entirely of carbonate of lime in a pulverulent or only slightly consolidated state, and readily soiling the fingers when handled. It is seen, when examined through the microscope, to be made up in large part of minute fragments of the shells of Foraminifera, mollusks, and echinoderms, and also of spicules of sponges. It does not exactly resemble any deep-sea deposit at present known to be in process of formation. This rock is a very important and conspicuous formation on the south coast of England (which on account of the whiteness of its cliffs is poetically styled Albion) and in the north of France. Under the city of London it has a thickness of from 600 to 800 feet. The chalk gives its name to the so-called Cretaceous formation. It is not known that there is any rock exactly resembling chalk in any other region than that of the Paris and London basins. Chalk, being a nearly pure carbonate of lime in a pulverized condition, is an article of great commercial importance, and is used in a large number of operations. For such purposes it is crushed and levigated. One of its principal uses is for whitening walls, or whitewashing. It is not used with oil, as it has no body with that vehicle; but, on account of its being very much cheaper than lead paint, it supersedes that article to a great extent. There are many names for the various preparations of chalk, as whiting, Spanish white, Paris white, etc. Chalk is not a desirable material for ordinary mortar, but it is used to some extent as one of the ingredients of hydraulic cement. See cement, 2.
    • n chalk A piece of prepared chalk used for marking on a dark surface.
    • n chalk A point scored in a game: so called from its being recorded with chalk.
    • n chalk An account. See to chalk up, below.
    • chalk To rub or mark with chalk.
    • chalk To manure with chalk.
    • chalk Figuratively, to make chalky-white; blanch; make pale.
    • chalk To mark; trace out; describe: from the use of chalk in marking lines.
    • chalk In Scotland, to mark the door of a burgh tenant with chalk, an old mode of notice to quit, which is still competent.
    • n chalk In geological nomenclature the term chalk has been employed with a variety of meanings. In the English subdivisions of the Cretaceous system the Chalk constitutes the upper part of this system, resting on the Galt and Greensand, which in turn lies on the basal division or Wealden. The Chalk is divided into Lower Chalk, including the Chalk marl and the Gray Chalk of Folkestone;
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Putty is a cement compound of fine powdered chalk or oxide of lead mixed with linseed oil.
    • n Chalk chawk the well-known white substance, a carbonate of lime
    • v.t Chalk to rub or manure with chalk
    • v.i Chalk to mark with chalk: in a tavern, to write the score with chalk
    • ***

Idioms

By a long chalk - (UK) If you beat somebody by a long chalk, you win easily and comfortably.
***
Chalk and cheese - Things, or people, that are like chalk and cheese are very different and have nothing in common.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. cealc, lime, from L. calx, limestone. See Calz, and Cawk

Usage

In literature:

The next process is an application of red chalk.
"Bookbinding, and the Care of Books" by Douglas Cockerell
And would lumps of chalk and salt produce similar effects on water?
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
She was the daughter of the king of the chalk-hills at Moen.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
The chalk, I surmise, will be troublesomely in requisition.
"The Wagnerian Romances" by Gertrude Hall
The Chiaroscurists are essentially draughtsmen with chalk, charcoal, or single tints.
"Ariadne Florentina" by John Ruskin
Entire failure was experienced with chalk subsoil.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
You used to draw them with chalk all along the blackboard in the old schoolhouse up there.
"Winning the Wilderness" by Margaret Hill McCarter
A picturesque lane leads into the road from Rochester to Gravesend, on the outskirts of the village of Chalk.
"Dickens-Land" by J. A. Nicklin
Chalk about four grains every six hours, with one drop of spirit of hartshorn, and half a drop of laudanum.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
With a piece of chalk he marked a different number on the backs of eight lads who were at the party.
"The Canterbury Puzzles" by Henry Ernest Dudeney
The Tring cutting is an immense chasm across the great chalk ridge of Ivinghoe.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
Two Saints; coloured chalk.
"Luca Signorelli" by Maud Cruttwell
You may see their tracks on the chalk, streaming down from the ridge like a bunch of white ribands in the wind.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
The shore was steep, a huge line of chalk cliffs.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
White chalk fields above, quivering hazy in the heat.
"The Beauties of Nature" by Sir John Lubbock
As for me, my knees trembled and I was chalk white.
"One Way Out" by William Carleton
And finding chalk like that which had been under the soil at home, she nodded her head and chuckled, for she was pleased.
"Dick and His Cat and Other Tales" by Various
Whiting or chalk is good to polish silver.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
I have now been at Willesden Junction for eighteen hours, and I have not yet secured a train for Chalk Farm.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 98, April 5, 1890" by Various
Walls as thick as the ramparts of a fort had been blown into powdered chalk.
"With the French in France and Salonika" by Richard Harding Davis
***

In poetry:

He'd never make one of them angels,
With faces as white as chalk,
All wool to the toes like hoggets,
And wings like an eagle-hawk.
"My Mate Bill" by Anonymous Oceania
A poacher's widow sat sighing
On the side of the white chalk bank,
Where under the gloomy fir-woods
One spot in the ley throve rank.
"The Bad Squire" by Charles Kingsley
But the merry brown hares came leaping
Over the uplands still,
Where the clover and corn lay sleeping
On the side of the white chalk hill.
"The Bad Squire" by Charles Kingsley
The mighty hand leads to a sloping shoulder,
The finger joints are cramped with chalk;
A goose's quill has put an end to murder
That put an end to talk.
"The Hand That Signed The Paper" by Dylan Thomas
"Yes, this is it, the snowy ring —
Drawn with chalk and a piece of string!
Tell me why it was not made square
With four flat corners glittering there? "
"Circles" by Laura Benet
Without humility and pride,
Let us recall ourselves in the night
from thread to thread,
And witness on rocks the zigzags of chalk
In which fragile testimony left its trace.
"Perhaps It's Time" by Tudor Arghezi

In news:

Unlike in Austin, the rain never materialized on Saturday, which is, of course, great news for Artpace's Chalk It Up.
Rod Hawkins of Orlando finishes a panda portrait at the Leesburg Chalk Art Festival on Saturday, Oct 13, 2012.
Leesburg Chalk Art Festival was Saturday.
Artspace's 9th annual Chalk It Up Festival This Saturday, Oct 13.
EL PASO — Chalk the Block events in the Downtown area will require Sun Metro to detour 6 routes beginning Wednesday, Oct 10, through Monday, Oct 15.
HCC former instructors to host ' Chalk Talk' on fiscal policy.
Chalk Fest at River Common park is postponed until next Saturday, organizers announced Friday.
Three Days Grace takes on the mean streets of Brooklyn, NY in the new video for " Chalk Outline," the first single from recently released album, Transit of Venus.
After watching Three Days Grace's new video for ' Chalk Outline,' it might be worth it to steer clear of the general vicinity of singer Adam Gontier.
Three Days Grace Video For ' Chalk Outline'.
Students of the East Muskingum School District showed off their artistic talent with chalk .
Chalk on the Walk is an opportunity for kindergarten through eighth grade students to create original sidewalk drawings.
Thea Foundation Holds Annual Sidewalk Chalk Art Event.
Charlie Sheen is chalking up his former Two and a Half Men co-star Angus T Jones' negative remarks about the CBS sitcom to what he calls the "hive of oppression" created by series creator Chuck Lorre.
Supportive messages for runners written on race courses are increasingly common, and usually innocuous, because they're most often written with temporary chalk.
***

In science:

An Introduction to Kaluza-Klein Theories”, Workshop on Kaluza-Klein Theories, Chalk River/Deep River, Ontario, Canada, 1983; edited by H. C.
Higher-Order Theories of Gravitation
The authors would like to acknowledge N.R. Selvi and G.U. Kulkarni, Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India, for FESEM measurements and B. A. Chalke for TEM studies.
Magnetism of fine particles of Kondo lattices, obtained by high-energy ball-milling
Imagine walking in a labyrinth, and marking the entries and exits of the edges taken with a piece of chalk.
Random walks which prefer unvisited edges. Exploring high girth even degree expanders in linear time
Teaching economics to undergraduates: Alternatives to chalk and talk.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
Take a piece of chalk and draw an arrow in the direction of the flow over the pipes with positive capacity that are not totally filled.
Testing statistical hypothesis on random trees and applications to the protein classification problem
Kourtz (unpublished), Canadian Forest Service, Petawawa National Forest Institute, Chalk River, Ontario.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Gehringer (2003) and Chalk and Adeboye (2004) both use double blind anonymity.
Exploring Peer Review in the Computer Science Classroom
This is probably not sufficient for most classes. Chalk and Adeboye (2004) used a random system where assignments were made on a rolling basis. Students could review others once they had submitted their work.
Exploring Peer Review in the Computer Science Classroom
Earle et al. accelerated polarized electrons produced by photoemission from GaAs in the Electron Test Accelerator at Chalk River, Canada to energies of 3.2 MeV or 4.1 MeV in order to produce polarized bremsstrahlung in a water-cooled tantalum radiator.
Parity Violation and the Nucleon-Nucleon System
***