centralization

Definitions

  • The shell hole Central
    The shell hole Central
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n centralization gathering to a center
    • n centralization the act of consolidating power under a central control
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Showing central figures with floral design, the whole surrounded by a repeating key pattern Showing central figures with floral design, the whole surrounded by a repeating key pattern
Showing central space edged with columns Showing central space edged with columns
Showing central octagonal structure with other areas built around the edges Showing central octagonal structure with other areas built around the edges
Showing columns and the dome above the central octagonal structure Showing columns and the dome above the central octagonal structure
Showing large central arch and wooden ceiling; windows set into smaller arches Showing large central arch and wooden ceiling; windows set into smaller arches
CENTRAL METHODIST CHURCH CENTRAL METHODIST CHURCH
BLOCK AT CORNER OF CENTRAL AND MIDDLE STREETS, 1848 BLOCK AT CORNER OF CENTRAL AND MIDDLE STREETS, 1848
APPLETON BLOCK, CENTRAL STREET APPLETON BLOCK, CENTRAL STREET

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The oldest man-made building of any kind still existing is the central edifice of the 4,600-year-old mastaba (a tomb for kings) built at Sakkara, Egypt. It was created to honor King Zoser, the first ruler of the Third Dynasty.
    • n Centralization The act or process of centralizing, or the state of being centralized; the act or process of combining or reducing several parts into a whole; as, the centralization of power in the general government; the centralization of commerce in a city.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The world's highest railway is in Peru. The Central Railway climbs to 15,694 feet in the Galera tunnel, 108 miles from Lima. Tourists take it to get to the ruins of Machu Picchu.
    • n centralization The act of centralizing or bringing to one center: as, the centralization of commerce in a city; the centralization of control, as in stock companies.
    • n centralization Specifically In politics, the concentration of administrative power in the central government at the expense of local self-government.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Charles Olson
    Charles Olson
    “I take space to be the central fact to man born in America. I spell it large because it comes large here. Large and without mercy.”
  • Eddie George
    Eddie George
    “Central banks don't have divine wisdom. They try to do the best analysis they can and must be prepared to stand or fall by the quality of that analysis.”
  • Alvin Kernan
    Alvin Kernan
    “In the electronic age, books, words and reading are not likely to remain sufficiently authoritative and central to knowledge to justify literature.”
  • Walter Lippmann
    Walter%20Lippmann
    “The central drama of our age is how the Western nations and the Asian peoples are to find a tolerable basis of co-existence.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. centralisation,

Usage

In literature:

Book-desks revolving round a central screw.
"The Care of Books" by John Willis Clark
In Mexico and Central America these structures were very numerous.
"Ancient America, in Notes on American Archaeology" by John D. Baldwin
In central and south Peru the moisture scarcely penetrates half an inch into the earth.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
A tree of the mountains of central, southern and western China with an outlying station on the Island of Formosa.
"The Genus Pinus" by George Russell Shaw
The central space is almost circular.
"The Ground Plan of the English Parish Church" by A. Hamilton Thompson
Their diplomacy was the necessary result of the central situation occupied by their possessions.
"Belgium" by Emile Cammaerts
Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces, India, 1895-1898.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
BADNUR, a town of British India, the headquarters of the district of Betul in the Central Provinces.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
The three central reserve cities, where cash is required, with only trifling deductions, are New York, Chicago and St Louis.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
INCLUDING THE PRESENT SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK, WEST CENTRAL CALIFORNIA.
"The Book of the National Parks" by Robert Sterling Yard
This circumstance has been sometimes decisive of the degree of centralized authority in the various trade unions.
"The Settlement of Wage Disputes" by Herbert Feis
It is central, with a large room on the ground floor and five bedrooms, a dining room and kitchen for the teachers.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 54, No. 01, January, 1900" by Various
Institution of the Central Flying School.
"The War in the Air; Vol. 1" by Walter Raleigh
The ribbon is green with a crimson central stripe.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 8" by Various
The uniformity of the Italian territory favored the union of its mixed population under the leadership of Rome its central city.
"Biblical Geography and History" by Charles Foster Kent
Only the central and northern portions are much built over.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
HAVING CENTRAL CIRCLE AND DOT.
"The Swastika" by Thomas Wilson
They are known in every part of South Central Africa.
"Twenty-Five Years in a Waggon in South Africa" by Andrew A. Anderson
Here all rooms look on to the large central courtyard; outwards are few or no windows.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 6" by Various
He wanted a small apartment on Central Park.
"Anthony Trent, Master Criminal" by Wyndham Martyn
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In poetry:

You say I O.K.ed
LONG DISTANCE?
O.K.ed it when?
My goodness, Central
That was then!
"Madam And The Phone Bill" by Langston Hughes
England and Russia face to face
With Central Asia meet;
And on the far Pacific coast,
Chinese and natives greet.
"The Present Age" by Frances Ellen Watkins
One sign set in the central sky,
Read of all men alike, a name
Written in empyrean flame
By the bold hand of Destiny!
"Our Legend" by Maurice Thompson
Tho' round its fibres barb'rous fate
Has twin'd an icy spell;
Still in its central fires elate,
The purest passions dwell.
"To the Myrtle" by Mary Darby Robinson
The doubts we vainly seek to solve,
The truths we know, are one;
The known and nameless stars revolve
Around the Central Sun.
"The Old Burying-Ground" by John Greenleaf Whittier
An ancient terra-cotta Faun,
A laughing note in 'mid the green,
Grins at us from the central lawn,
With secret and sarcastic mien.
"Le Faune" by Paul Verlaine

In news:

A federal judge has ruled that it is constitutional to force individuals to purchase health insurance, a central pillar of ObamaCare.
The ECB has run as loose a monetary policy as other central banks have.
From the plates they serve to the surroundings their patrons enjoy, art is central to everything 212 does.
Keystone XL pipeline may threaten aquifer that irrigates much of the central US.
Sophomore Allison Heberlein (Haslett/Lansing Catholic Central) had a huge game, tallying 34 points on the night.
Black smoke rises after an Israeli air strike in the central Gaza Strip towards Israel on Monday.
The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China concluded on 14 November after the Congress elected a new Central Committee and a new Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
A patchwork of warehouses and office buildings, once teeming with companies central to Richardson's telecom boom, is now the focus of the city's redevelopment efforts aimed at reversing a pattern of increased vacancies.
Watch tonight's high school football game of the week: South Ktisap at Central Kitsap, 7 p.m. Buy this photo.
As Gbabgo seizes Central Bank assets in Ivory Coast, a look at the arcane institution.
West Africa's Central Bank – perhaps its most important institution – may also be its least transparent.
PORTAGE — Running with some of the best teams in the state on Saturday, TC Central and Benzie Central each made a splash at the Portage Invitational.
While looking out my window at central New Jersey rain, I was just talking to Roger Leo as he drove the roads of central Massachusetts.
Despite what you may have heard, the South Colonie Central School District is not building a new press box at Colonie Central High School.
A Message from the Editor Janice Huy, MS. More on PubMed Central Additional volumes and issue numbers (1878-2007) can be found on PubMed Central.
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In science:

Let p and q be palindromes in L(uβ ). • The palindrome p is a central factor of the palindrome q if there exists a finite word w ∈ L(uβ ) such that q = wpw . • The palindrome p is cal led maximal if neither 0p0 nor 1p1 belong to L(uβ ), i.e., if the only palindrome having p as its central factor is p itself.
Palindromic complexity of infinite words associated with non-simple Parry numbers
Every palindrome is either a central factor of a maximal palindrome or a central factor of a sequence of palindromes with increasing length.
Palindromic complexity of infinite words associated with non-simple Parry numbers
If q is a central factor of p, then T (q) is a central factor of T (p).
Palindromic complexity of infinite words associated with non-simple Parry numbers
Every palindrome is either a central factor of a maximal palindrome U (n) , or a central factor of an infinite palindromic branch.
Palindromic complexity of infinite words associated with non-simple Parry numbers
The amount of central charge that appears to be missing is subleading in 1/q 2 , relative to the total central charge of the Liouville SCFT.
Cosmological unification of string theories
It turns out that the central simple modules of (A, z) are simple modules of C (J ) and moreover they exhaust all the isomorphism types of such modules. (For details see .) In the present paper one does not consider the centralizers.
The central simple modules of Artinian Gorenstein algebras
Finally we note that for the SU (2)k chains considered here the effective central charge of the disordered model, ˜c = ln d, is always less than the central charge of the uniform model, c = 1 − 6/((k + 1)(k + 2)) , though the simple relation ˜c = ln 2 × c emphasized in only holds for k → ∞ and k = 2.
Infinite-Randomness Fixed Points for Chains of Non-Abelian Quasiparticles
The generator C is central, and acts on the irreducible representations comprising the theory as multiplication by c, the central charge.
The Extended Algebra of the Minimal Models
In the random-walk model, we showed that the heterogeneity makes the random walk motion biased and asymmetric: The random walker visits higher degree nodes more frequently, and the diffusion to higher random walk centrality nodes is faster than it is to lower random walk centrality nodes.
Interacting Particle Systems in Complex Networks
The second deals with minimal dimensions of centralizers in centralizers.
Computing with nilpotent orbits in simple Lie algebras of exceptional type
The index of a Lie algebra, the centralizer of a nilpotent element, and the normalizer of the centralizer.
Computing with nilpotent orbits in simple Lie algebras of exceptional type
Since for pure quantum critical spin chains this coefficient is fixed by the central charge of the associated conformal field theory, the universal coefficient in the random case can be understood as an effective central charge.
Entanglement entropy of the random spin-1 Heisenberg chain
The central charge also gives some information about the renormalization-group flows connecting different critical points because of Zamolodchikov’s c-theorem:11 RG flows are from high central charge to low central charge, compatible with the heuristic view of the RG as “integrating out” degrees of freedom.
Entanglement entropy of the random spin-1 Heisenberg chain
In order to analyze the distribution of N (Hd (n, p)), we first establish central limit theorems for N (H1 ) = |G| and N (H3 ) = N (H4 ) = N (Hd (n, p)), i.e., we prove that (centralized and normalized versions of) N (H1 ) and N (H3 ) are asymptotically normal.
The Order of the Giant Component of Random Hypergraphs
The disk and the non-rotating coordinate system are centered at the central star instead of the center of mass of the system, which locates slightly off the central star.
Disk-Planet Interaction Simulations: (I) Baroclinic Generation of Vortensity and Non-Axisymmetric Rossby-Wave-Instability
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