centralism

Definitions

  • The shell hole Central
    The shell hole Central
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n centralism the political policy of concentrating power in a central organization
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Showing central figures with floral design, the whole surrounded by a repeating key pattern Showing central figures with floral design, the whole surrounded by a repeating key pattern
Showing central space edged with columns Showing central space edged with columns
Showing central octagonal structure with other areas built around the edges Showing central octagonal structure with other areas built around the edges
Showing columns and the dome above the central octagonal structure Showing columns and the dome above the central octagonal structure
Showing large central arch and wooden ceiling; windows set into smaller arches Showing large central arch and wooden ceiling; windows set into smaller arches
CENTRAL METHODIST CHURCH CENTRAL METHODIST CHURCH
BLOCK AT CORNER OF CENTRAL AND MIDDLE STREETS, 1848 BLOCK AT CORNER OF CENTRAL AND MIDDLE STREETS, 1848
APPLETON BLOCK, CENTRAL STREET APPLETON BLOCK, CENTRAL STREET

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The male howler monkey of Central and South America is the noisiest land animal, which can be heard clearly from a distance of ten miles away
    • Centralism The state or condition of being central; the combination of several parts into one whole; centralization.
    • Centralism The system by which power is centralized, as in a government.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The oldest man-made building of any kind still existing is the central edifice of the 4,600-year-old mastaba (a tomb for kings) built at Sakkara, Egypt. It was created to honor King Zoser, the first ruler of the Third Dynasty.
    • n centralism Centralizing tendency or tendencies; the principle of centralization, especially in regard to political and governmental influence and control.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The world's highest railway is in Peru. The Central Railway climbs to 15,694 feet in the Galera tunnel, 108 miles from Lima. Tourists take it to get to the ruins of Machu Picchu.
    • ns Centralism the tendency to administer by the sovereign or central government matters which would be otherwise under local management
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Quotations

  • Charles Olson
    Charles Olson
    “I take space to be the central fact to man born in America. I spell it large because it comes large here. Large and without mercy.”
  • Eddie George
    Eddie George
    “Central banks don't have divine wisdom. They try to do the best analysis they can and must be prepared to stand or fall by the quality of that analysis.”
  • Alvin Kernan
    Alvin Kernan
    “In the electronic age, books, words and reading are not likely to remain sufficiently authoritative and central to knowledge to justify literature.”
  • Walter Lippmann
    Walter%20Lippmann
    “The central drama of our age is how the Western nations and the Asian peoples are to find a tolerable basis of co-existence.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. centrum—Gr. kentron, a sharp point.

Usage

In literature:

The State Central Committees were again petitioned in vain for an endorsement of woman suffrage.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
The central opening in the wood is intended for the passage of the probang.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
The central nave is 39 ft. broad, and the aisles 26 ft.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
Already in central Illinois the values of land seem to have reached the high water mark.
"The Evolution of the Country Community" by Warren H. Wilson
Lack of central authority in feudal society.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Not so the central group.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume III (of 3)" by John Ruskin
The Italian began to grind his organ when he saw the accession of the young folk from Central High to his crowd of spectators.
"The Girls of Central High on Lake Luna" by Gertrude W. Morrison
On the afternoon of June 9, Central Music Hall, Chicago, was packed with an audience of representative men and women.
"The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (Volume 2 of 2)" by Ida Husted Harper
Chihuahua is a station on the Mexican Central railway, and has tramways and telephones.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
In Cannon Street, by the old central milestone of London, grave Romans will meet us and talk of Caesar and his legions.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
They are faced by semicircular shafts which carry simple, unmolded, transverse ribs in the central aisle.
"Cathedrals of Spain" by John A. (John Allyne) Gade
This causes the heaviest rainfall in the central uplands.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
When the central pinion is held stationary the hub is driven at a less speed than the chain-wheel; the gear-ratio is 100:76.2.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
The native vigour and independence of its parts were sacrificed to centralization.
"A Short History of English Liberalism" by Walter Lyon Blease
It was the Easter vacation at Central High and these friends were all members of the junior class.
"The Girls of Central High on Track and Field" by Gertrude W. Morrison
The exact nature and relation of the various dances are very little known among most of the tribes of the Central region.
"The Religion of the Indians of California" by A. L. Kroeber
In 1908 two central hospitals for the prisoners were maintained by the lessee company.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 5" by Various
Devonian rocks occupy a large area in Central Europe, as well as in the United States, Eastern Canada, and Nova Scotia.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
This is an emphatic though concealed abandonment of the central position of Weismann.
"Degeneracy" by Eugene S. Talbot
The system is considered as extending from the Hudson southward to central Alabama and central Georgia.
"North America" by Israel C. Russell
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In poetry:

Each man's chimney is his Golden Mile-Stone;
Is the central point, from which he measures
Every distance
Through the gateways of the world around him.
"The Golden Mile-Stone. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Thy shadow, Earth, from Pole to Central Sea,
Now steals along upon the Moon's meek shine
In even monochrome and curving line
Of imperturbable serenity.
"At A Lunar Eclipse." by Thomas Hardy
Through now long centuries hath Rome
Throned other God, preached other Creed,
That here still have their central home,
And feed man's hope, content his need.
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin
There is no state left out of the Union-
The East, West, North, South, including Central,
Are in the nation, strong forever,
Over blacks in glorious dominion.
"Hail! United States of Africa" by Marcus Mosiah Garvey
The Dream
I stood amid the lights that never die,
The only stars the dawning passes by,
Beneath the whisper of the central dome
That holds and hides the mystic heart of Rome.
"Dum Agonizatur Anima, Orent Assistentes" by Digby Mackworth Dolben
Weary souls, that wander wide
From the central point of bliss,
Turn to Jesus crucified,
Fly to those dear wounds of his:
Sink into the purple flood;
Rise into the life of God!
"Hymn XX: Weary Souls, that Wander Wide" by Charles Wesley

In news:

A homeless man sleeps next election posters, with far left political party, on right, reading "we are dying now, we can live without Euro", in central Athens, on Saturday, June 16, 2012.
CENTRAL CITY, Colo. A Central City Opera presentation of an opera in three acts by Guo Wenjing.
Police said the latest attack happened at Central Plaza on the campus of the University of Central Oklahoma.
The Brass Band of Central Illinois will present its annual Christmas Concert, "Dances, Dreams, and the Message of Christmas" at 7:30 pm on Saturday, December 1, 2012 at Central Catholic High School in Bloomington, Illinois.
Illinois Central School Bus/North America Central School bus has announced a new leadership team for its organization.
Portland (Ore.) Superintendent Carole Smith has decided to lay off 23 employees from the school district central office and eliminate 15 other central administration positions.
Earned the certification by putting 100% of their central station operators through the CSAA's Central Station On-Line Operator Training Course.
As the article said, the convenience and economy of traveling from central city to central city is unbeatable.
The National Weather Service in Tucson has just issued severe thunderstorm warnings for north-central and west-central Cochise County.
Methodist Deaconess Sanatorium, built in 1912 at Central and Pine in Albuquerque, was designed in California Mission Revival style, like the Alvarado Hotel and the YMCA at First and Central.
MERIDIAN — East Central Community Central went into Thursday night's home finale at Bailey Stadium with plenty to play for.
WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP Decatur Central senior Jesse Greenwald turned the disappointment of a sixth-place discus throwing performance Thursday at the North Central Regional into the el.
Central Semiconductor Corp. Central Semiconductor introduces the CMSH3-40FL, 3.0 amp, 40 volt Schottky rectifier packaged in the low profile SMBFL case.
Mingo Central head coach Yogi Kinder is shown talking to his defense during a timeout in a recent game with Wheeling Central.
Both the Adams Central girls and boys swim teams won nine of 12 first places en route to easy wins over Wabash Tuesday at the Central pooll.
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In science:

They can not possess higher rank bosonic tensorial central charges, but at most (depending on the dimensionality of the space-time) a single bosonic central charge.
Hermitian versus holomorphic complex and quaternionic generalized supersymmetries of the M-theory. A classification
FCC046, FCC207 (Paper 1), and FCCB729 have an emission peak coinciding with their central nucleus, while the non-nucleated dEs lack such a bright central emission, suggesting a physical connection between the central emission and the presence of a nucleus.
Evidence for a warm ISM in Fornax dEs - II. FCC032, FCC206 and FCCB729
Therefore the evolution on z sub-trees meeting at the central site is independent of each other as long as the central site does not flip up from its initial state.
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
Let Q∗(h) denote the conditional probability that a nearest neighbor of the central site is down after it has been relaxed at field h given that the central site is is held down at h.
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
At h′ = h − 2J , all neighbors of the central site that flipped up because the central site flipped up at h have flipped down, and the neighborhood of the central site is stable with the central site in the up position.
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
The kernel of this homomorphism is the centralizer of GA5 in N (GA5 ), which is just the centralizer Z of GA5 in PGL2 (K ). A computation shows that Z is just the identity.
Fields of moduli of hyperelliptic curves
The plan is to describe how the results we have obtained thus far allow us to apply the central ideas of [ABP] to obtain Theorem 4.3 First we observe that because g is perfect and central (see Proposition 7.1), Ctdk (L(g, σ)) ≃ CtdR (L(g, σ)) ≃ R (reason as in [ABP], Lemma 4.3).
Automorphisms and twisted loop algebras of finite dimensional simple Lie superalgebras
In [V3 ], S is not required to be central; it is, however, proved there that S can always be chosen to be central if A is a central simple algebra.
Group actions on central simple algebras: a geometric approach
Note that in the case when Z (g) 6= K , i.e. for all Lie superalgebras except sp(m), p(m) and W(n), we define θµ : Z (g) → K to be typical central character (respectively, atypical or singular central character) if µ is typical (resp., atypical or singular) weight.
On the structure and characters of weight modules
Combining these behaviors of two colliding front boundaries and taking into account |Ψ|2 leads to a pattern which resembles the central wide and top portion of the folded mountain, see the central portion in Fig.2.
On the Quantum Aspects of Geophysics
We say that C is CNVA (“centralizer not virtual ly abelian”) in G if its centralizer CG (C ) is not virtually abelian.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
However since a central server must have O(N ) bandwidth capacity and CPU power, systems that depend on central architectures are unscalable , .
Balanced Overlay Networks (BON): Decentralized Load Balancing via Self-Organized Random Networks
Centralized: The simplest non-trivial centralized architecture for a computing network is the case where initially the central node, denoted C , knows the power and load of each of the N nodes that it controls.
Balanced Overlay Networks (BON): Decentralized Load Balancing via Self-Organized Random Networks
Unfortunately, functional central limit theorems, which are about the “central” part of the limiting Gaussian distributions, are not the right tools to handle the “rare” events in the high-level crossings as in (1.1) and (1.3).
Maxima of asymptotically Gaussian random fields and moderate deviation approximations to boundary crossing probabilities of sums of random variables with multidimensional indices
For the graph with 2k white vertices we take k of the 3-vertex graphs shown in Figure 3 joined to a central vertex, while for the graph with 2k + 1 vertices we take the same graph with one extra white vertex joined to the central vertex (the other graph shown in this figure).
Salem numbers, Pisot numbers, Mahler measure and graphs
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