cement

Definitions

  • Cementation furnace
    Cementation furnace
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cement make fast as if with cement "We cemented our friendship"
    • v cement bind or join with or as if with cement
    • v cement cover or coat with cement
    • n cement a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
    • n cement something that hardens to act as adhesive material
    • n cement a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar
    • n cement concrete pavement is sometimes referred to as cement "they stood on the grey cement beside the pool"
    • n cement any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Putty is a cement compound of fine powdered chalk or oxide of lead mixed with linseed oil.
    • Cement A kind of calcined limestone, or a calcined mixture of clay and lime, for making mortar which will harden under water.
    • Cement Any substance used for making bodies adhere to each other, as mortar, glue, etc.
    • Cement Bond of union; that which unites firmly, as persons in friendship, or men in society. "The cement of our love."
    • Cement (Anat) The layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; -- called also cementum.
    • Cement The powder used in cementation. See Cementation n., 2.
    • v. i Cement To become cemented or firmly united; to cohere.
    • Cement To overlay or coat with cement; as, to cement a cellar bottom.
    • Cement To unite firmly or closely.
    • Cement To unite or cause to adhere by means of a cement.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Aztec Indians in Central America used animal blood mixed with cement as a mortar for their buildings, many of which still remain standing today.
    • n cement Any composition which at one temperature or one degree of moisture is plastic and at another is tenacious. Cements are used for uniting materials of the same kind or of different kinds, or for forming smooth and impervious surfaces or coatings. The term properly includes papier-maché, gums, glues, mucilages, limes, mortars, and a great number of compounds of such nature as to admit of their assuming, under certain conditions, sticky, tenacious, or stone-like consistency. Cements are divided into classes, according to their use, as glass-cement, etc. The materials forming the cement are mixed with water, acids, oils, etc., to a paste, and applied to the surfaces to be joined together or coated, and then dried; or, either wet or dry, are applied hot, or are applied and then heated, when they become hard and tenacious. This hardening is called the “setting” of the cement. The cements in use in the arts are exceedingly numerous, and are composed of a great variety of materials.
    • n cement Specifically A kind of mortar which sets or hardens under water: hence often called hydraulic cement. It is, however, often used in superior masonwork not intended to be covered by water. There are two kinds of cement well known in Europe, Portland and Roman. Portland cement (named from its resemblance in color to Portland stone) is made from selected materials, commonly chalk and river-mud or alluvial clay. Roman cement (unknown to the Romans, but deriving its name from a supposed resemblance to Roman mortar) was originally made of volcanic ashes, but is now more often made from materials obtained from the Jurassic series of rocks. Much of the cement used in the United States is that known as Rosendale. See cement-stone.
    • n cement A name sometimes given by placer and hydraulic miners to any rather firmly compacted mass of detrital auriferous material. Usually, however, the application of the word is limited to detrital material of volcanic origin, consisting of fragmentary substances mixed with ashes and caused to cohere somewhat firmly by pressure, or by silicious or calcareous matter.
    • n cement In anatomy, the cortical substance which forms the outer crust of a tooth from the point where the enamel terminates to the apex of the root, resembling bone in anatomical structure and chemical composition. Also called cementum. See cut under tooth.
    • n cement In zoology, a substance which cements or glues, as the secretion by which a barnacle adheres.
    • n cement Figuratively, bond of union; that which firmly unites persons or interests.
    • n cement A compound made of pitch, brick-dust, plaster of Paris, etc., used by chasers and other artificers to put under their work that it may lie solid and firm, for the better receiving of the impression made by the punches and other tools.
    • n cement A cement for securing rubber rings or plates to metal or wood. It consists of a solution of shellac in ten times its own weight of strong ammonia, left for a considerable time to soften without heat. Also called caoutchouc cement.
    • cement To unite by cement, as by mortar which hardens, or by other matter that produces cohesion of bodies.
    • cement Figuratively, to unite morally or socially in close or firm union.
    • cement To unite or become solid; unite and cohere.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cement se-ment′ anything that makes two bodies stick together: mortar: a bond of union
    • v.t Cement to unite with cement: to join firmly
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Quotations

  • Mary Baker Eddy
    Mary%20Baker%20Eddy
    “Chastity is the cement of civilization and progress. Without it there is no stability in society, and without it one cannot attain the Science of Life.”
  • Woodrow T. Wilson
    Woodrow%20T.%20Wilson
    “Friendship is the only cement that will ever hold the world together.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. cement, ciment, F. ciment, fr. L. caementum, a rough, unhewn stone, pieces or chips of marble, from which mortar was made, contr. fr. caedimentum, fr. caedere, to cut, prob. akin to scindere, to cleave, and to E. shed, v. t

Usage

In literature:

My house is built of stone, but it is plastered with a kind of cement I can dig here in the hills.
"Our Home in the Silver West" by Gordon Stables
Poland starch is a nice cement for pasting layers of paper together, or any fancy articles.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
Rubber bands are made by cementing a sheet of rubber into a tube and then cutting them off at whatever width may be desired.
"Makers of Many Things" by Eva March Tappan
Broken china may be repaired with cement, made of equal parts of glue, the white of an egg, and white-lead mixed together.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
The further end was of smooth-grained stone that resembled cement.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
The cells were of cement, and Kent himself had helped to plan them!
"The Valley of Silent Men" by James Oliver Curwood
Limestones usually possess good cementing properties, but some of the dolomitic limestones are of low cementing value.
"American Rural Highways" by T. R. Agg
This drainpipe is best laid with regular sewer pipe and without cement in the joints.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Demonstrate a knowledge of various uses for cement.
"Boy Scouts Handbook" by Boy Scouts of America
A small amount of sulphate will cement the particles together to a considerable extent.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Air is diminished by a cement made with one half common coarse turpentine and half bees-wax.
"Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air" by Joseph Priestley
So you can figure that this little incident did nothin' to cement the friendship.
"Kid Scanlan" by H. C. Witwer
Exhausts flared blue flames which sent wavering shadows across the wet cement of the apron.
"A Yankee Flier Over Berlin" by Al Avery
The floor, as he could tell by its feel under his feet, was of cement.
"The Ivory Snuff Box" by Arnold Fredericks
Here it is tacitly assumed that the normal sexual appetite combined with custom will cement the marriage and render it durable.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
The delegates were careful to make plain their belief that the union was to cement and not to weaken the Imperial tie.
"The Fathers of Confederation" by A. H. U. Colquhoun
May brotherly love prevail and every moral and social virtue cement us.
"Masonic Monitor of the Degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason" by George Thornburgh
The eye of the hook on the finished fly is filled with hair, tying silk, hackles and cement.
"How to Tie Flies" by E. C. Gregg
HOW TO MAKE A CEMENT FOR GLASS THAT WILL RESIST ACIDS.
"Paper and Printing Recipes" by J. Sawtelle Ford
She made the city of Babylon one of her capitals, fortifying it with gigantic walls of sun-dried brick, cemented with asphalt.
"Oriental Women" by Edward Bagby Pollard
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In poetry:

Fell unaided! though cemented
By the faith o' friendship's laws;--
Fell unpity'd -- unlamented!
Bluiding in a thankless cause!
"The Waes O' War : Or The Upshot Of The History O' Will And Jean. In Four Parts" by Hector MacNeill
As if cemented in an oven,
In the strange substance of a dream,
A pot of poisoned food, the region
Of Daghestan there slowly steamed.
"Here will be echoes in the mountains..." by Boris Pasternak
And when quarrels arose—as one frequently finds
Quarrels will, spite of every endeavor—
The song of the Jubjub recurred to their minds,
And cemented their friendship for ever!
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
See how she moves in zigzag line,
And draws along her silken twine,
Too soft for touch, for sight too fine,
Nicely cementing:
And makes her polished drapery shine,
The edge indenting.
"The Spider And The Fly" by Patrick Branwell Bronte
Everything ends, the tower ending and,
(Have with the house of wind), the leaning scene,
Ball of the foot depending from the sun,
(Give, summer, over), the cemented skin,
The actions' end.
"When, Like A Running Grave" by Dylan Thomas
This is th' essential fellowship, the tie,
Which all true Christians are united by:
No other union does them any good,
But that which Christ cemented with his blood,
As God and Man; that having lost it, men
Might live in unity with God again.
"On Church Communion - Part III." by John Byrom

In news:

There are cement floors, exposed piping, floor-to-ceiling windows.
Chris Ivory cemented his place in New Orleans Saints lore Sunday.
GRANDVILLE — Technology firm The Trivalent Group has acquired Innovative Software Strategies of Battle Creek in an ongoing expansion effort leaders hope will cement their position in southern Michigan.
Tuel cements role as WSU's starting QB.
In an unannounced trip, President Barack Obama has arrived in Afghanistan to sign an agreement cementing the US role in the country after the war ends in 2014.
It was a mismatch and the 11-0 final score cemented that fact.
Lady Bears' national title cements place in history for team, coach, and school.
Unflappable Brit Bradley Wiggins cements lead.
The Rangers played a series against Tampa Bay over the weekend as strange as the slanted, cement drum the Rays call Tropicana Field.
"Skyfall" cements Craig's role as the icon that is Bond.
Anthropologists call them social nodes — the places where a community's social cement is stirred, where folks get to know each other during the spontaneous expression of life's routine.
The large windows in this cement latticework house in Jerusalem have wooden screens that can be opened and closed to shade the interior.
These new contact adhesives and cements contain less than 250 grams per liter of VOC 's compared to over 600 grams per liter of VOC 's in traditional solvent based contact adhesives and cements.
Britney Spears signs her name in the cement for the premiere of The X Factor at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood on September 11, 2012.
Britney Spears places her hand prints into the cement for the premiere of X Factor at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood on September 11, 2012.
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In science:

They arrived as 12-cm wide by 17.5-cm long “ribbons.” Each ribbon came as a self-contained structure with the individual 0.5-mm fibers held adjacent by a coating of a polyurethane-acrylic blend cement.
A Tungsten / Scintillating Fiber Electromagnetic Calorimeter Prototype for a High-Rate Muon g-2 Experiment
The Atmospheric Dispersion Correcting prisms are comprised of two sets of of Risley prisms, each one formed by two wedges of BaF2 and CaF2 , the tips of which have been cemented together (e.g.
A New High Contrast Imaging Program at Palomar Observatory
Wynne 1996, 1997). A cylinder has been cored out of each cemented wedge pair and mounted into a motorized, rotating mount.
A New High Contrast Imaging Program at Palomar Observatory
Elster, The Cement of Society: A Study of Social Order (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989). C.
Fundamental and Real-World Challenges in Economics
Success builds upon success, and the next stride into the 8 TeV SUSY search collision data could cement 2012 as a truly historic year for particle physics.
Testing No-Scale F-SU(5): A 125 GeV Higgs Boson and SUSY at the 8 TeV LHC
Figure 3. design, meridional ray intercept curves and rms spot sizes for (a) plano-convex lens, (b) cemented doublet lens, (c) four lens system.
Testing and design of a lens system for atom trapping and fluorescence detection
It was the advent of modern infrared and millimeter-wave technology in the latter half of the twentieth century that cemented the relation between Dark Clouds and the formation of stars and planetary systems.
Cold Dark Clouds: The Initial Conditions for Star Formation
Poromechanical behaviour of hardened cement paste under isotropic loading.
Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low permeability creeping material using a single transient test
The effect of undrained heating on a hardened cement paste.
Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low permeability creeping material using a single transient test
Gas permeability measurements of cement-based materials under hydrostatic test conditions using a low-transient method.
Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low permeability creeping material using a single transient test
Modelling of permeability in cement-based materials: Part 1Uncracked medium.
Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low permeability creeping material using a single transient test
The proposed method was applied to the results of isotropic compression and undrained heating tests performed on Rothbach sandstone (Ghabezloo and Sulem 2009, 2010) and on a hardened cement paste (Ghabezloo et al., 2009). The proposed correction method is presented briefly in this paper.
Experimental artefacts in undrained triaxial testing
The 2 polarizers are identical, they are designed as Glan-Thompson prisms: made of two right-angled Calcite prisms cemented together2 .
Design of the wavefront sensor unit of ARGOS, the LBT laser guide star system
The Calcite crystals composing the two halves of the prims are aligned parallel to the cement plane and perpendicular to the plane of reflection.
Design of the wavefront sensor unit of ARGOS, the LBT laser guide star system
Repeated shearing of such fractures can keep flow paths open that would otherwise be closed by mineral cementation, enhancing rock permeability.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
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