caudex

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n caudex woody stem of palms and tree ferns
    • n caudex persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Caudex (Bot) The stem of a tree., esp. a stem without a branch, as of a palm or a tree fern; also, the perennial rootstock of an herbaceous plant.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n caudex In botany, as used by early writers, the stem of a tree; now, the trunk of a palm or a tree-fern covered with the remains of leaf-stalks or marked with their scars; also, frequently, the perennial base of a plant which sends up new herbaceous stems from year to year in place of the old.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Caudex kaw′deks (bot.) the stem of a tree, esp. of a palm or tree-fern
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
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Usage

In literature:

Its rising caudex, often creeping for several inches over bare rocks, suggests the habit of a tree fern.
"The Fern Lover's Companion" by George Henry Tilton
Caudex arhorescens cicatricibus basibusve foliorum exasperatus?
"Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia] [Volume 2 of 2]" by Phillip Parker King
The stem is short or entirely wanting, arising from a long and thick caudex.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Caudex much branched; pod glabrous, acuminate or acute, twisted, beaked with a longer distinct style.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
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