cataphract

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cataphract armor that protects the wearer's whole body
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Cataphract A horseman covered with a cataphract. "Archers and slingers, cataphracts , and spears."
    • Cataphract (Mil. Antiq) Defensive armor used for the whole body and often for the horse, also, esp. the linked mail or scale armor of some eastern nations.
    • Cataphract (Zoöl) The armor or plate covering some fishes.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cataphract An ancient defensive armor composed of scales of metal or other material sewed to a garment of leather or stuff, and covering often the whole body and the limbs, but not the head, upon which a helmet of another material was placed. Horses were also covered with the same defensive armor. This dress was associated by Romans of the early empire with eastern nations, such as the Parthians and Sarmatians.
    • n cataphract In zoology, the armor of plates or strong scales protecting some animals.
    • cataphract Fenced in; provided with bulwarks or a protecting covering; covered; protected: as, a cataphract war-galley.
    • cataphract Same as cataphracted.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cataphract kat′a-frakt (Milton) a soldier in full armour.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. cataphractes, Gr. , fr. covered, fr. to cover; kata` down, wholly + fra`ssein to inclose
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. kataphraktēs, a coat-of-mail—kata, inten., and phrass-ein, to enclose, protect.

Usage

In literature:

Cataphracted: invested with a hard callous skin, or with scales closely united.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
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