case law

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n case law (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
    • n case law a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws "common law originated in the unwritten laws of England and was later applied in the United States"
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Case law law established by judicial decision in particular cases, in contradistinction to statute law
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M. E. lawe—A.S. lagu, from licgan, to lie; Ice. lōg.

Usage

In literature:

The steps taken in these cases to enforce the law appear in these reports.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents" by James D. Richardson
A baby of four keeps the laws, but in neither case could such conduct be called moral.
"How to Teach" by George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy
There's summat about a law case as goes on for ever.
"Helen with the High Hand (2nd ed.)" by Arnold Bennett
This case, crammed through the calendar, ahead of a large jam of other business, proved how well unlimited funds can grease the wheels of Law.
"The Air Trust" by George Allan England
Along with the contract-tablets must be counted the numerous legal documents and records of law-cases which have been preserved.
"Early Israel and the Surrounding Nations" by Archibald Sayce
You shall not lack help, but 'tis well that there be some womanly authority whose word may be held as law in case of need.
"The Thirsty Sword" by Robert Leighton
Find three examples of questions of fact in law cases, not more than one of them from a criminal case.
"The Making of Arguments" by J. H. Gardiner
Prohibitory laws will be even more unavailing than in the case of ardent spirits.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. 17, No. 97, January, 1876" by Various
In such a case as Nepal, direct protective laws are of no avail.
"Our Vanishing Wild Life" by William T. Hornaday
Yet, in nine cases out of ten, the law takes no notice of the offence.
"Punch, Or The London Charivari, Vol. 100. February 21, 1891" by Various
Mendel's Law works all right in cases where pure unit characteristics are to be found.
"The Dollar Hen" by Milo M. Hastings
In one case, a prosecution at law had been threatened.
"The Personal Life Of David Livingstone" by William Garden Blaikie
But laws and the police, whether their activities are good or bad, are in either case alike ineffectual.
"Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 6 (of 6)" by Havelock Ellis
In those areas imperial law takes precedence of local law (save in a few specially reserved cases for Bavaria and the Free Cities).
"The Development of the European Nations, 1870-1914 (5th ed.)" by John Holland Rose
To all cases arising under laws passed by Congress.
"Elements of Civil Government" by Alexander L. Peterman
The house of representatives, in a case of impeachment, acts in nearly the same manner as a grand jury in a court of law.
"The Government Class Book" by Andrew W. Young
A nullifying act of a State legislature cannot alter the case, nor make resistance any more lawful.
"American Eloquence, Volume I. (of 4) Studies In American Political History (1896)" by Various
It cannot take refuge behind the fig-leaves of the law, and especially not behind a law yet to be made to meet the case.
"American Eloquence, Volume IV. (of 4) Studies In American Political History (1897)" by Various
The jurisdiction of the Federal Court extends not only to ordinary civil and criminal cases but also to cases arising under public law.
"The Governments of Europe" by Frederic Austin Ogg
But we should consider also the case of those communities where no State Library law exists.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
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In poetry:

No precept clogs the gospel-call,
But wherein grace is all in all;
No law is here but that of grace,
Which brings relief in ev'ry case.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
Then were it proper
To execute at once upon the Jew
The penal laws in such a case provided
By papal and imperial right, against
So foul a crime--such dire abomination.
"Nathan The Wise - Act IV" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
"In my youth," said his father, "I took to the law,
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it gave to my jaw,
Has lasted the rest of my life."
"Father William" by Lewis Carroll
The two extremes we'll surely find.
Which please and which torment the mind
For if we love and law can trace
'Twill be sufficient for our case.
A parson's work it nicely fits,
Who often join two opposites.
"A.B.C." by William Hutton
God's judge himself; and Christ attorney is;
The Holy Ghost registerer is found.
Angels the serjeants are; all creatures kiss
The book, and do as evidences abound.
All cases pass according to pure law,
And in the sentence is no fret nor flaw.
"Preparatory Meditations - First Series: 38" by Edward Taylor
Soft; blemish not this golden bench, or place.
Here is no bribe, nor colorings to hide,
Nor pettifogger to befog the case,
But justice hath her glory here well tried.
Her spotless law all spotted cases tends;
Without respect or disrespect them ends.
"Preparatory Meditations - First Series: 38" by Edward Taylor

In news:

Judy Woodruff discusses the case, which pits privacy rights against security concerns, with The National Law Journal's Marcia Coyle.
A corporal with the Collier County Sheriff's Office had his law enforcement certification taken away for filling out a report saying he fingerprinted surfaces in a burglary case when he actually did not.
Two Leandra's Law cases resolved in Niagara County Court .
Use new sentencing law in crack cocaine cases.
Utah investigators handling the case of missing mother Susan Powell examined her father-in-law's cell phone, calendar and emails earlier this year _ more than two years after she disappeared.
Utah investigators handling the case of missing mother Susan Powell examined her father-in-law's cell phone, calendar and emails earlier this year - more than two years after she disappeared.
About a dozen US citizens and lawful permanent residents who cannot fly from the United States because they are on the so-called "no-fly list" will finally have their case heard by a federal appeals court Friday.
Trayvon Martin case discussed by AU law students, faculty at day-long "teach-in".
Full repeal stalled in the Senate, which opted to limit when capital cases could be sought instead of repealing the state's death penalty law.
"If they take the case tomorrow, it will be argued in the court in March or April and assuredly won't be decided until June," said Erwin Chemerinsky, dean of the UC Irvine School of Law, on Thursday.
Thailand's lèse-majesté laws are already strict, but the case against an online forum moderator who didn't delete royal insults quick enough may indicate further crackdowns to come.
The federal Justice Department says that undocumented immigrants cannot practice law, responding directly to a case before the California Supreme Court.
After using law enforcement databases and resources of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, Milito said the decision was made to turn Rilya's case over to homicide detectives .
Local attorney Stuart Leeds has gotten the visiting judge in his disciplinary case removed just after the judge dealt a blow to Leeds' hopes of avoiding a suspension of his law license.
John Tarantino, the lead attorney for the state's retirement system, argued that the case should be dismissed because the pension law does not amount to a contract, as the unions seeking to overturn the reforms argue it is.
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In science:

This is just the conservation law in general case.
Angular momentum conservation law in Einstein-Cartan space-time
Within this interpretation, the power law behavior of two-point correlation functions is not the result of a nonvanishing scaling dimension for the given operators at the critical point, as in this case one would find scaling for multi-point correlations as well.
Breakdown of Conformal Invariance at Strongly Random Critical Points
Also, it is possible to prove large deviation results, analogous to those in for the semi-circle law, in this case too.
Non-intersecting Paths, Random Tilings and Random Matrices
For sufficiently small Ω, i.e., after a sufficient number of eliminations, the distribution PJ (Ji , Ω) becomes peaked at Ji = 0 and, as in the T=0 case [10–13], can be approximated by a power-law.
Breakdown of the perturbative renormalization group for S >= 1 random antiferromagnetic spin chains
In the case of multicritical behaviour the local universality form has a modified Bessel law .
Phase transitions and random matrices
In this case, system (36) has infinite set of local Hamiltonian structures, commuting flows and conservation laws and can be written in Monge-Ampere form.
The Calogero equation and Liouville type equations
Spectral analysis for pulsars detected with ROSAT PSPC (0.1 keV to 2.4 keV) shows that in most cases a power-law spectral model provides acceptable fits to the data .
Neutron Stars as Sources of High Energy Particles - the case of RPP
This is also an evidence of non-existence of a critical point in ∆, in which case there should be a power-law behavior if the transition was continuous, thus no PM to FM transition is seen.
Susceptibility and Percolation in 2D Random Field Ising Magnets
Thus, we only need to consider the case where Ih = 1 and show that under this conditioning, max(H− (h), 1 + M − (h)) possesses the law U [1, h].
Aging properties of Sinai's model of random walk in random environment
An example of m(x) in the case of power-law correlated random mass : We set αpw = 0.5 and 2000 kinks.
Random-Mass Dirac Fermions in an Imaginary Vector Potential (II): Long-Range Correlated Random Mass
Correlation of m(x) in the case of power-law correlated random mass : Points for each αpw (power index) are almost on one line.
Random-Mass Dirac Fermions in an Imaginary Vector Potential (II): Long-Range Correlated Random Mass
This behaviour is the same as in the case of power-law correlated random mass.
Random-Mass Dirac Fermions in an Imaginary Vector Potential (II): Long-Range Correlated Random Mass
Here we will provide an explicit derivation of the stable law, equation (10), in the case where the random variables xi are uniformly distributed between zero and one.
Harmonic mean, random polynomials and stochastic matrices
The reason for this behaviour is that, for very long times, how the traps are configured is not essential in the trapping kinetics, and the the slow ΦN (t) ∼ t−N/2 power law decay of the fixed tramp (or “lamb”) case settles down.
Multiparticle trapping problem in the half-line
It is worth mentioning that contrary to all other cases, when GD is an asymptotic law valid at large N only, now Eq. (5) is the exact result, which is good at any N and any z .
Tails of probability density for sums of random independent variables
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