caruncle

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n caruncle an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Caruncle (Zoöl) A naked, flesh appendage, on the head of a bird, as the wattles of a turkey, etc.
    • Caruncle (Anat) A small fleshy prominence or excrescence; especially the small, reddish body, the caruncula lacrymalis, in the inner angle of the eye.
    • Caruncle (Bot) An excrescence or appendage surrounding or near the hilum of a seed.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n caruncle A small fleshy excrescence, either natural or morbid. Specifically
    • n caruncle In ornithology, a fleshy excrescence on the head of a bird, as the comb or one of the wattles of a hen.
    • n caruncle In botany, a protuberance surrounding the hilum of a seed. Strictly, it is an outgrowth of the micropyle, or external orifice of the ovule.
    • n caruncle In entomology, a naked, more or less rounded, fleshy elevation of the surface, especially on the body of a caterpillar or other insect-larva.
    • n caruncle A small horny protuberance, at the tip of a young bird's beak, which serves to break the egg-shell at the time of hatching: same as egg-tooth.
    • n caruncle A peculiar leaf-like sense-organ found on the dorsal side of the segments at the anterior end of certain polychætous annelids, especially those belonging to the family Amphinomidæ.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Caruncle kar-unk′l a small fleshy excrescence, as the wattles of the turkey-cock
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. caruncula, a little piece of flesh, dim. of caro, flesh
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—L. caruncula.

Usage

In literature:

Caruncle: a soft, naked, fleshy excrescence or protuberance.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
The face is covered with corrugations or caruncles and should be red in color.
"Ducks and Geese" by Harry M. Lamon
The throat, also, is sometimes ornamented with a beard, or with wattles or caruncles.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex" by Charles Darwin
The role of the caruncle in opening the shell seems to vary among different species of turtles.
"Natural History of the Ornate Box Turtle, Terrapene ornata ornata Agassiz" by John M. Legler
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