carotid

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj carotid of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Carotid (Anat) One of the two main arteries of the neck, by which blood is conveyed from the aorta to the head. See Illust. of Aorta
    • a Carotid (Anat) Pertaining to, or near, the carotids or one of them; as, the carotid gland.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n carotid The principal artery of the neck of the higher vertebrates. There are usually two carotids, right and left, giving off few if any branches in the neck itself, but supplying the head. In man, the right carotid arises in common with the right subclavian from the innominate artery; the left arises directly from the arch of the aorta; both ascend the neck nearly vertically, but somewhat divaricating from each other, in front of the spinal column and on each side of the trachea, inclosed with the pneumogastric nerve and internal jugular vein in the carotid sheath, and divide opposite the upper border of the thyroid cartilage into the internal and external carotids; up to this division the right and left carotids are termed the common carotids. The external carotids are the outer of the terminal branches of the common carotids, supplying mainly parts of the head outside the brain-cavity; their branches are the superior thyroid, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, ascending pharyngeal, internal maxillary, and temporal arteries. The internal carotids are the inner of the terminal branches of the common carotids, ascending deeply along the side of the neck and entering the cavity of the cranium through the carotid canal in the temporal bone, supplying the brain and associate structures. (See cuts under embryo and lung.) A similar arrangement of the carotids is substantially repeated in mammals. In birds the disposition of these arteries varies much, but in most cases there is but one carotid, the left, or sinistrocarotid. Also carotis.
    • carotid Of or pertaining to the two great arteries of the neck: as, the carotid canal. Also carotic.
    • carotid The large deep petrosal nerve.
    • carotid The sympathetic nerve running up along the internal carotid artery from the first cervical ganglion.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Carotid ka-rot′id relating to the two great arteries of the neck.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. , pl., from heavy sleep: cf. F. carotide,. The early Greeks believed that these arteries in some way caused drowsiness
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. karōtideskaros, sleep, the ancients supposing that deep sleep was caused by compression of them.

Usage

In literature:

The pulse becomes very small, though the carotid and temporal arteries beat violently.
"An Epitome of Homeopathic Healing Art" by B. L. Hill
Instead, he got an injector of energine and triggered it into the businesser's carotid artery.
"Ambush" by Ann Wilson
Aubouis and I thought the carotid was cut.
"The Immortal" by Alphonse Daudet
If the carotid artery should tire out and not be able to perform its duty the brain would tire out also, and cease to operate.
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
Again, if a man severs his carotid artery, he will die.
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
The muscular coating of the carotid artery was divided.
"The Big Bow Mystery" by I. Zangwill
The ABDUCENTES (sixth pair) passes through the opening by which the carotid artery enters the cranial cavity.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
Captain Magenis attempted to draw his saber, and Murphy fired, severing the carotid artery and producing almost instant death.
"History of Morgan's Cavalry" by Basil W. Duke
No matter how thick the coat may be, the heat will be apparent, and the carotid arteries will sensibly throb.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
The carotid canal in the skull is short or absent.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
Right and Left Internal Carotid Arteries.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 6" by Various
In birds it is also paired and lies near the origin of the carotid arteries.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
It's the devil of a case, extends right away back behind the carotids.
"The Man from Archangel" by A. Conan Doyle
The internal carotid artery of that side was of lesser calibre and the entire skull half shortened.
"Degeneracy" by Eugene S. Talbot
Should the thrombus be on the carotid arteries, hemiplegia may result from cerebral embolism.
"Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension:" by Louis Marshall Warfield
Jugular; carotid; pneumogastric nerve.
"Running Sands" by Reginald Wright Kauffman
Your carotids will thump.
"The Cloister and the Hearth" by Charles Reade
Not a vestige of brain could be discovered; yet the carotid and vertebral arteries crossed the basis of the cranium.
"Curiosities of Medical Experience" by J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
The blade pierced Amr's throat, through and through, cutting the carotid artery.
"The Life of Mohammad" by Etienne Dinet
There is also a distinct carotid foramen, which does not occur in the true Cats.
"The Cambridge Natural History, Vol X., Mammalia" by Frank Evers Beddard
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In news:

Angioplastyand Stenting of the Carotid Artery .
Differentiating intravagal and carotid body paragangliomas.
MRC Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST) Collaborative Group.
Carotid Followed by Coronary Artery Dissection .
Carotid artery bulb show signs of artery hardening .
Carotid artery bulb shows signs of artery hardening .
VAP Test Improves ID of Carotid Intima -Media Thickness Progression.
Balloon Occlusion Results In Fewer Cerebral Ischemic Lesions Than Filters After Carotid Artery Stenting.
So any little piece can go up to the brain and cause a bad problem, so what we use in carotid stents is a little filter.
VAP Test Improves ID of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Progression.
FDA Clears Software That Measures Carotid Artery Thickness .
VAP Test Improves ID of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Progression.
The carotid- vertebral space: An 'extended' lateral window to the ventromedial cranial base and lower craniocervical junction.
ObamaCare will clog America's medical system like a bad lifestyle gums up a carotid artery .
Carotid artery bulb shows signs of artery hardening.
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In science:

The European Carotid Surgery Trial on endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis showed substantial differences in the speed with which patients were entered in the trial based on the last symptomatic event.
Multi-center clinical trials: Randomization and ancillary statistics
Endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis in relation to clinical subgroups and timing of surgery.
Multi-center clinical trials: Randomization and ancillary statistics
Dissection medial to the right sternocleidomastoid muscle exposed the common carotid artery (CCA), and allowed separation of the CCA from the vagus nerve.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
The time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions was investigated in the gerbil model of transient cerebral ischemia. Animals were subjected to both common carotid arteries occlusion for 5 min.
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
Both common carotid arteries were exposed, separated carefully from the vagus nerve, and occluded for 5 minutes with microaneurysmal clips, which consistently resulted in delayed neuronal death in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (Kirino, 1982; Martínez et al., 2001).
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
Male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus; 60-75 g) were anesthetized with chloral hydrate (300 mg/kg, i.p.) and subjected to both common carotid arteries occlusion for 5 min, exactly as in our previous work .
The highly selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor DFU is neuroprotective when given several hours after transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
Briefly, the right common carotid artery (CCA) was exposed by a ventral midline neck incision and ligated with a 3-0 silk suture.
Effects of pyruvate administration on infarct volume and neurological deficits following permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats
Arteriotomy was performed in the CCA approximately 3 mm proximal to the bifurcation and a 3-0 monofilament nylon suture, whose tip had been rounded by being heated near a flame was introduced into the internal carotid artery (ICA) until a mild resistance was felt (18-19 mm).
Effects of pyruvate administration on infarct volume and neurological deficits following permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats
Figure (8) shows a 2D TOF fast spoiled gradient echo sequence (FSGR) image of the carotids, and Figure (7) shows a an axial section of a 3D TOF image of the carotids.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Figure 10: MRA lateral view showing internal carotids ascend into the Circle-ofWillis and give rise to the middle cerebral arteries.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Outline of the ear is visible posterior to the internal carotids.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Branches of the external carotid arteries are also seen as the facial artery anteriorly, and the arteries of the scalp posteriorly.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Figure 11: MRA of the neck showing the carotid vasculature.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Long-term results of Carotid Stenting versus Endarterectomy in high-risk patients.
The assessment and planning of non-inferiority trials for retention of effect hypotheses - towards a general approach
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