carcinoma

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n carcinoma any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n carcinoma kär`sĭ*nō"mȧ (Med) A form of malignant cancer arising from epithelial tissue. The term was earlier applied to all forms of cancer, or to certain non-malignant forms. It is contrasted with sarcoma, a malignant form of cancer arising from connective tissue. See Cancer.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n carcinoma A tumor which grows more or less rapidly, tends to break down and ulcerate in its later stages, propagates itself in neighboring or more distant parts, and after excision very frequently recurs; a cancer, in the stricter sense of that word. A carcinoma is characterized microscopically by trabeculæ and nodular masses of cells of epithelial form and origin, running in a stroma of tissue of mesoblastic origin. Several types are distinguished: flat-celled epithelioma; cylinder-celled epithelioma; simple carcinoma (carcinoma simplex), a variety of glandular carcinoma forming nodular tumors of considerable consistency; carcinoma scirrhosum, or scirrhous cancer, a variety forming very hard nodules of almost the consistency of cartilage; carcinoma gelatinosum, or cancer with colloid degeneration of the epithelial parts; colloid cancer; carcinoma myxomatodes, or cancer with the stroma consisting of mucous tissue; cylindroma carcinomatodes; carcinoma gigantocellulare; melanocarcinoma. Certain pathologists exclude the epitheliomata from the carcinomata, and hold that the latter are not of epithelial origin, but are purely a mesoblastic formation. Some, again, founding the definition of carcinomata entirely on anatomical features, independently of histogenetic considerations, include in them the sarcomata alveolaria. The softer carcinomata are as a rule the more rapidly fatal. The earlier a cancer is removed, the greater is the prolongation of life and the chance of escaping a return. See cylindroma, epithelioma, sarcoma.
    • n carcinoma In botany, a disease of trees characterized by the separation of the bark and the exudation of an acrid sap.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Carcinoma kar-si-nōma a cancer (see Cancer)
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Quotations

  • John B. S. Haldane
    John B. S. Haldane
    “I wish I had the voice of Homer to sing of rectal carcinoma.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. karki`nwma, fr. karki`nos crab, cancer. See -oma
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr.

Usage

In literature:

The pregnancy was complicated by carcinoma of the uterus.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
The innocent forms are the papilloma and the adenoma; the malignant, the carcinoma or cancer.
"Manual of Surgery" by Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
A carcinoma or cancer is a malignant tumor, that is, one that tends to grow worse and to reappear if it apparently is removed.
"Herself" by E. B. Lowry
Primary carcinoma begins in the lachrymal gland.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Type of various epithelial cells and associated tissues Carcinoma.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
The surgeon had expected to find a hard carcinoma.
"Unbegotten Child" by Winston Marks
Scirrhous, encephaloid and colloid forms of carcinoma occur.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
Sarcoma and Carcinoma: Their Pathology, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
"Schweigger on Squint" by C. Schweigger
Sarcoma is most often seen in the young; carcinoma in the middle-aged and elderly.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
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In news:

Classification of high-grade neuroendocrine tumours (HGNT) of the lung currently recognises large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) as distinct groups.
Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is uncommon in the head and neck and rare in the salivary glands .
Coexistent cervical tuberculosis and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma in a single lymph node group: A diagnostic dilemma.
The major etiology of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as an isolated sphenoid sinus lesion: A case report.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a formidable challenge in the United States due to its increasing incidence, its advanced-stage presentation, and its association with chronic liver disease.
Dutcher, Mourad, and Ennis have provided an excellent review of current and potential future treatments of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the subglottis treated with organ-preservation surgery.
Carcinoma of the prostate presenting as a painful parotid mass with mandibular invasion: A case report.
The effects of tumor size, degree of differentiation, and depth of invasion on the risk of neck node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.
Cervical thymic cyst presenting as a possible cystic nodal metastasis of papillary carcinoma in a 53-year-old man.
Organ-confined renal-cell carcinoma is associated with tumour progression in up to 50% of patients after radical nephrectomy .
Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the head and neck: A 20-year case series.
Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) can be an aggressive disease with locoregional and distant metastasis.
The effects of tumor size, degree of differentiation, and depth of invasion on the risk of neck node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity .
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In science:

Fig. 10. A view of the query interface when filled to formulate the biological problem from the evolution use case: ‘‘evolution of the number of invaded nodes depending on the number of observed nodes with observation of the T component of the stage for patients with colon carcinoma”.
Mass data exploration in oncology: An information synthesis approach
A simulation study. A two-condition experiment was simulated using a subset of the lung carcinoma microarrays from Bhattacharjee et al. (2001).
A statistical framework for testing functional categories in microarray data
In the randomized lung carcinoma dataset, realizations of (6.5) can be achieved by applying an additive or multiplicative constant to all genespecific parameters within the category.
A statistical framework for testing functional categories in microarray data
Classification of human lung carcinomas by mRNA expression profiling reveals distinct adenocarcinoma subclasses.
A statistical framework for testing functional categories in microarray data
Genes involved in DNA repair and nitrosamine metabolism and those located on chromosome 14q32 are dysregulated in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
A statistical framework for testing functional categories in microarray data
Array comparative genomic hybridization analysis of colorectal cancer cell lines and primary carcinomas.
Spatial clustering of array CGH features in combination with hierarchical multiple testing
It could lead to the occurrence of liver cirrhosis and may eventually lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Analysis of Hepatitis C Viral Dynamics Using Latin Hypercube Sampling
Differential diagnosis of the cancer cell lines is more difficult, and substantial overlap between the two breast carcinoma cell lines BT-20 and MCF-7 has been observed in previous studies [8, 9].
Sample Size Planning for Classification Models
Mendenhall WM, Parsons JT, Mendenhall NP, Brant TA, Stringer SP, Cassisi N, et al. Carcinoma of the skin of the head and neck with perineural invasion.
Monochromatic gamma emitter for low energy quanta
Combined modality program with possible organ preservation for invasive bladder carcinoma: results of RTOG protocol 85-12.
Monochromatic gamma emitter for low energy quanta
High mobility group box-1-inducible melanoma inhibitory activity is associated with nodal metastasis and lymphangiogenesis in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Improved proteomic analysis of nuclear proteins, as exemplified by the comparison of two myelo\"id cell lines nuclear proteomes
Frequent mutations of chromatic remodeling gene ARID1A in ovarian cell carcinoma.
Population genetics of neutral mutations in exponentially growing cancer cell populations
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