carbonyl

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj carbonyl relating to or containing the carbonyl group
    • n carbonyl a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Carbonyl (Chem) The radical CO)'', occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc.☞ Though denoted by a formula identical with that of carbon monoxide, it is chemically distinct, as carbon seems to be divalent in carbon monoxide, but tetravalent in carbonyl compounds.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n carbonyl A hypothetical organic radical having the formula CO.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Carbon, + -yl,

Usage

In literature:

This is probably due to the formation of carbonyl gas in the smothered fire.
"History Of Egypt, Chaldæa, Syria, Babylonia, And Assyria In The Light Of Recent Discovery" by L.W. King and H.R. Hall
The fifth is undoubtedly carbonyl oxygen.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
Chlorcarbonic ester, Cl.CO.OC2H5, is formed by the addition of well-cooled absolute alcohol to phosgene (carbonyl chloride).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
Of great interest are the carbonyl compounds.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 7" by Various
On oxidation, the molecule is split at the carbonyl group and a mixture of acids is obtained.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
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In news:

The produced functional hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, and ether groups (but also the oxygen compounds of nitrogen) enter into partly solid chemical bonds with adhesives and paints and help to improve adhesion.
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In science:

Recently, we have experimentally and theoretically investigated the mixed-field orientation of the carbonyl sulfide molecule .
Non-adiabatic effects in long-pulse mixed-field orientation of a linear polar molecule
As prototype example, we consider the carbonyl sulfide molecule (OCS).
Non-adiabatic effects in long-pulse mixed-field orientation of a linear polar molecule
The adsorption of a diatomic molecule on a surface represents the next degree of complexity with respect to the adsorption of a single atom and serves as a link to understanding the behavior of more complex molecular adsorbates, as well as to the important area of carbonyl chemistry.
Theory of Adsorption on Metal Substrates
In particular, the carbonyl oxygens display large shake effects, in agreement with the general behaviour for organic molecules.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Here, strong shake is found for the two carbonyl oxygens in the peptide links, as well as for the double-bonded oxygen in the terminal carboxylate functional group.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
This can be achieved by carbonyl chemistry for Mo and plastics can be produced cleanly.
Neutrino Mass Patterns and Future Double-Beta Decay Experiments
The observation was “made possible by the preparation of the volatile carbonyl, W(CO)6 , by Dr. A. v.
Discovery of the Tungsten Isotopes
Using his mass spectrograph in Cavendish he investigated iron with the volatile carbonyl. “The faint line at 54 may possibly be an isotope, but this is by no means certain.” Aston confirmed the observation in 1925 .
Discovery of the Iron Isotopes
Volatile iron carbonyl was used to obtain the mass spectrum. “The only line which can be ascribed with certainty to iron is the one at 56.
Discovery of the Iron Isotopes
Primordial carbonylated iron-sulfur compounds and the synthesis of pyruvate.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
The oxygen atoms of four carbonyl groups form four rings around the selectivity filter, which generate local minima called binding sites in the overall energy landscape to coordinate the dehydrated ions.
From Brownian Dynamics to Markov Chain: an Ion Channel Example
For example, the oxygen atoms of four carbonyl groups in the selectivity filter of the potassium channel can be modelled by putting four negative partial charges equally spaced on a ring of radius d that is perpendicular to the x-axis .
From Brownian Dynamics to Markov Chain: an Ion Channel Example
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