• Positive and Negative Carbons
    Positive and Negative Carbons
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj carbonous relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestly is credited with discovering oxygen, ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first to isolate chlorine.
    • carbonous Pertaining to or containing carbon.
    • ***


  • Napoleon Hill
    “Character is to man what carbon is to steel.”
  • Napoleon Hill
    “Persistence is to the character of man as carbon is to steel.”
  • Mike Adams
    Mike Adams
    “Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds. Biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl.”


In literature:

The comportment of beef in an atmosphere of carbonic acid, to which carbonic oxide has been added, is curious.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 392, July 7, 1883" by Various
When the circuit is closed, the chloride becomes reduced to a spongy metallic state and adheres to the surface of the carbon.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 385, May 19, 1883" by Various
CARBONATED WATER is water that has had carbon-dioxide, or carbonic-acid, gas forced into it.
"Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 5" by Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences
Bubbles of carbon dioxid are given off, indicating the presence of a carbonate.
"A Practical Physiology" by Albert F. Blaisdell
If the combustion is continued, the carbon also unites with the oxygen of the air, till it is all converted into carbonic acid gas.
"Outlines of Lessons in Botany, Part I; From Seed to Leaf" by Jane H. Newell
Carbon slips were at first used, as I was unaware of the capabilities of platinum.
"Scientific American Supplement, Vol. XXI., No. 531, March 6, 1886" by Various
In this way several castings have been made from one carbonized material.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 601, July 9, 1887" by Various
The acid carbonates are made by treating a normal carbonate with an excess of carbonic acid.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
Formation of volatile carbon compounds, other than alcohol and carbon dioxid.
"Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value" by Harry Snyder
This rapidly decomposes with liberation of ammonia and carbon disulphide, and separation of cellulose (hydrate).
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
Carbonate of potash, 1 drm.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
F. begins to evolve carbon dioxide, and this is simply a sign and result of fermentation.
"The Bacillus of Long Life" by Loudon Douglas
Carbonate of soda Three grains to twelve grains.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
The copper wire is readily responsive to the electrical influence, but the carbon filament is not.
"Electricity and Magnetism" by Elisha Gray
For instance, in chemical composition the lustrous diamond is nothing but crystallized carbon.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 5" by Various
If examined through a smoked glass a beautiful blue arc of carbon vapor may be seen between the carbon tips.
"The Story of Great Inventions" by Elmer Ellsworth Burns
Clays and shales often contain concretions of lime carbonate, of iron carbonate, or of iron sulphide.
"The Elements of Geology" by William Harmon Norton
Whiting contains in each equivalent 44 parts carbonic acid.
"The Potter's Craft" by Charles F. Binns
A saturated solution of potassium carbonate may be substituted for the ammonia solution.
"The Barnet Book of Photography" by Various
Silver and Carbon Prints.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn

In poetry:

The moon, too, abuses her subjects,
But in the daytime she is ridiculous.
Your dissatisfactions, on the other hand,
Arrive through the mailslot with loving regularity,
White and blank, expansive as carbon monoxide.
"The Rival" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

Researchers have created a new material that could solve some of the problems holding back projects to combat global warming by capturing and burying carbon emitted from power stations.
With growing concern about fossil-fuel consumption and carbon-dioxide emissions has come increased interest in add-on boiler controllers.
The Right Carbon Source For Low-Pressure Carburizing.
Your body has a great way to get rid of the things it doesn't need: poop, urine, vomit, farts, tears, snot, sweat, even the carbon dioxide you exhale.
Breakthrough produces dense carbon nanotube chip.
Carbon nanotube films show promise for touchscreens.
Carbon Nanotube Pencil Can Draw Life-Saving Gas Detector.
Global Revenues from Carbon Nanotube Market to Reach 22.
To reduce your risk of carbon monoxide poisoning, first and foremost install carbon monoxide detectors in your home.
A large amount of materials used in construction and redevelopment will be reused and recycled, a zero-carbon neighborhood developed and low -carbon energy supply created, the report added.
SGL Group and BMW Group jointly announced that their joint venture, SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers LLC, will build a state-of-the-art carbon fiber manufacturing plant in Moses Lake, Wash.
Standard-Knapp offers the 396 Positron™ Case Packer for smoother and faster packing of carbonated, non-carbonated and hot filled PET bottles into corrugated trays or plastic shells.
Entities that have an overall increase in sequestered carbon may be eligible to sell the extra as carbon credit (trade).
The measured ratio of Carbon 12 to Carbon 13 in the atmosphere shows the opposite, he maintained.
Carbone reduces her carbon footprint.

In science:

If the stars are carbon stars during this phase they mainly produce carbon dust (and SiC), otherwise they mainly produce silicate dust.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
The carbon dust production, shown in Fig. 10a, is dominated by stars with initial masses between about 1.5 and 4 M⊙ and does not vary much with initial stellar metallicity, since the carbon required for carbon dust production is synthesized from He by the star itself.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
But also in the mass range in between, where the stars are efficient carbon dust factories, they produce some silicate dust before they become carbon stars.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
This is produced by carbon stars and therefore its production is limited to the same range of initial masses as for carbon production.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
For interstellar carbon dust it may proceed in the way described in Jenniskens et al. (1993) as a multistep process, initiated by deposition of ice mantles, and proceeding via carbonization and polymerization driven by UV irradiation.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
Some fraction fCO of the carbon is blocked in the CO molecule and is not available for carbon growth.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
For carbon dust two results are shown corresponding to an assumed fraction of 0.2 resp. 0.4 of the carbon in molecular clouds blocked in the CO molecule.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
On the other hand, a much higher condensation efficiency of carbon dust seems not unlikely since then only the carbon atoms in the carbon layer have to condense into dust particles and no complicated mixing processes of the supernova ejecta are required as for the other dust species.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
In the figure two lines are shown for carbon, corresponding to two different assumed fractions ξCO of the carbon in molecular clouds tied up in the inreactive CO molecule.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
We recovered two out of three previouslyknown carbon stars in DDO 210 and discovered six additional objects in this galaxy which have optical and near-IR colors consistent with carbon giants.
Near-Infrared photometry of carbon stars in the Sagittarius dwarf irregular galaxy and DDO 210
In Fig. 8 SagDIG stars are shown in the ( J − K s ) vs. (I − K s ) diagram, together with the carbon stars of Fornax (Gullieuszik et al. 2007) and the carbon stars of the two Magellanic Clouds extracted from the DENIS DCMC catalogue (Cioni et al. 2000).
Near-Infrared photometry of carbon stars in the Sagittarius dwarf irregular galaxy and DDO 210
Common to the most interesting forms of carbon is the so-called graphene sheet, a single plane of sp2 carbon organized in an honeycomb lattice (Fig. 1(a)).
Modeling disorder in graphene
The models examined below apply to situations in which Carbon atoms are extracted from the graphene plane (e.g. through irradiation21), in which adatoms and/or adsorbed species attach to the graphene plane22 , or in which some carbon atoms are chemically substituted for other elements.
Modeling disorder in graphene
Consequently, even if the honeycomb lattice of the carbon atoms is not disrupted with foreign atoms, the presence of adsorbed particles can certainly induce a local potential at the sites where they couple to the carbon lattice.
Modeling disorder in graphene
Rossi showed that estimates of carbon abundances in CEMPs may be affected by calibration problems, and presented a set of re fined estimates of carbon abundances for a large sample of CEMPs. de Mink presented results from binary evolution at low metallicity.
First Stars III Conference Summary