carbonic

Definitions

  • Positive and Negative Carbons
    Positive and Negative Carbons
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj carbonic relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Carbon monoxide can kill a person in less than 15 minutes
    • a Carbonic (Chem) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The smoke that is produced by a fire kills more people than a burn does because of carbon monoxide and other dangerous gases
    • carbonic Pertaining to carbon, or obtained from it.
    • carbonic An engine which is moved by the expansive force of condensed carbonic acid.
    • carbonic a substance (CO) obtained by allowing carbonic acid to pass over red-hot fragments of charcoal, contained in a tube of iron and porcelain, and also by several other processes. It is a colorless, inodorous gas, a little lighter than air, has neither acid nor alkaline properties, is very poisonous, and burns with a pale-lavender flame. This substance is produced when a coal-fire burns with a smokeless flame, and the pale-lavender flame produced by its combustion may often be observed playing over such a fire.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: By weight, the sun is 70% hydrogen, 28% helium, 1.5% carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, and 0.5% all other elements.
    • adjs Carbonic pertaining to or composed of carbon
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Quotations

  • Napoleon Hill
    Napoleon%20Hill
    “Character is to man what carbon is to steel.”
  • Napoleon Hill
    Napoleon%20Hill
    “Persistence is to the character of man as carbon is to steel.”
  • Mike Adams
    Mike Adams
    “Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds. Biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. carbonique,. See Carbon
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. carbone—L. carbon-em, coal.

Usage

In literature:

The typical dolomites contain a large proportion of carbonate of magnesia, and are highly crystalline.
"The Ancient Life History of the Earth" by Henry Alleyne Nicholson
Now the quantity of carbon consumed by a man in full diet, in 24 hours, is about 22 oz.
"The Art of Travel" by Francis Galton
Carbonic oxide Carbonic acid.
"Experimental Researches in Electricity, Volume 1" by Michael Faraday
The electrodes consisted of a bundle of nine carbons, each 21/2 in.
"Scientific American Supplement No. 822" by Various
It is called carbonic acid gas, which, is unhealthy and not fit for breathing.
"New National Fourth Reader" by Charles J. Barnes and J. Marshall Hawkes
Carbon plays as important a part in animal and vegetable life as silicon in rocks.
"Young Folks' Library, Volume XI (of 20)" by Various
On the one side is carbon, with below it titanium and zirconium; on the other silicon, with germanium and tin.
"Occult Chemistry" by Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
Pure carbonate of soda.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 623, December 10, 1887" by Various
Trees undeniably eat carbon.
"Science in Arcady" by Grant Allen
We separate the two constituents of coal, the carbon from the hydrogen.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 561, October 2, 1886" by Various
Benzoic acid should be completely volatile, without leaving any ash or being carbonized when heated.
"The Art of Perfumery" by G. W. Septimus Piesse
The leaves of plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air, and break it up into oxygen and carbon.
"General Science" by Bertha M. Clark
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen are all lifeless bodies.
"Lay Sermons, Addresses and Reviews" by Thomas Henry Huxley
Does this indicate fusion or solution of carbon?
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 508, September 26, 1885" by Various
There exists in the air a gas called carbonic acid gas; this gas is composed of carbon and oxygen.
"The First Book of Farming" by Charles L. Goodrich
Carbon dioxide gas is next pumped slowly through the cylinders which contain the basic hydroxide of lead.
"Paint Technology and Tests" by Henry A. Gardner
The vast amount of carbon which the body of a tree contains came into its leaves as a gas, carbon dioxide.
"Trees Worth Knowing" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Oxygen unites with the carbon of the food in the blood of animals; carbonic acid is formed and heat evolved.
"Martyria" by Augustus C. Hamlin
Although carbon dioxide is far less familiar than water, it is almost as important.
"Climatic Changes" by Ellsworth Huntington
It then, being deprived of its carbon, assumes a crimson color.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
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In poetry:

The moon, too, abuses her subjects,
But in the daytime she is ridiculous.
Your dissatisfactions, on the other hand,
Arrive through the mailslot with loving regularity,
White and blank, expansive as carbon monoxide.
"The Rival" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

Increasing demand for food and agricultural products directly relates to increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, particularly the three primary gases associated with agriculture: nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), and carbon dioxide (CO2).
The atmosphere can handle about 700 billion tons of carbon.
Engineers to design affordable carbon dioxide thickener to augment oil extraction.
These "wind baggers " will never stop promoting the big government advocates agenda emanating from the global warming scenario: manmade carbon-based fossil fuels usage responsible for climate change must be stopped.
The fore shield was carbon phenolic and the aft shield was phenolic nylon, both over an aluminum body, said Jim Doyle of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
This machine was designed specifically for heating carbon-steel billets for a #8.
(Coincidentally, the August issue of Wired magazine features a story on biometric research on in-game ads in Electronic Arts' new racing game, Need for Speed: Carbon, conducted by Bunnyfoot, a behavioral research firm.
Is the world's forest exhaling more carbon than before.
Every year across Massachusetts, more than 30,000 tons of non-carbonated beverage bottles are buried in landfills, burned in waste-to-energy plants, or tossed onto our streets, parks and beaches.
Carbonated soft drink sales dipped in 2010, but are expected to show positive growth in 2011.
Pepsi introduced 500mL non- carbonated beverage bottles in May that reflect a 20 percent reduction in plastic, reportedly eliminating 20 million pounds of waste.
Over the years, Ogden and his students kept tinkering with yogurt and carbonation - and more than once Ogden left the lab covered head to toe in cultured dairy.
But that was only the beginning: Figuring out how to mass produce the product without introducing too much carbonation was challenging.
Are all carbonated beverages bad for your teeth and bones.
Biologist sees organisms engineered to use carbon dioxide as raw material as key.
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In science:

Since our stars are carbon-rich, we limit the models to only including carbonaceous species such as graphite, amorphous carbon and silicon carbide.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
Amorphous carbon essentially consists of a mixture of sp2 (graphite-like) and sp3 (diamondlike) carbon bonds.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
However, if we compare the number of extreme carbon stars to the total number of carbon stars in the Galaxy, we find that extreme carbon stars constitute only ∼0.1% of the total C-star population.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
How does the extreme carbon star phase fit into the broader C-star evolution? Many, if not most, carbon-rich post-AGB stars showed marked axisymmetric morphologies (Meixner et al. 1999; Waelkens & Waters 1999; Sahai 2004; Soker & Subag 2005).
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
However, if graphite forms directly, rather than by annealing of amorphous carbon, the radiation pressure effect is further enhanced, because graphite grains generally have a lower density than amorphous carbon.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
This can be interpreted in two ways: (1) at these high mass-loss rates SiC gets coated by carbon; and (2) increased mass-loss rates are associated with higher C/O ratios; carbon is enriched but not silicon, and thus more carbon grains can be made, but not more SiC grains.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
Lodders & Fegley (1999) suggested that silicates could form around carbon stars, and indeed silicate carbon stars exist.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
It is possible that the feature may be attributable to some form of hydrogenated amorphous carbon, which has been postulated as the source of an ∼ 9µm emission feature in optical thin carbon star spectra (see Thompson et al. 2006, and reference therein).
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
In all but Volk et al. (1992) the carbon is amorphous; Volk et al. (1992) uses graphitic carbon.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
Demonstration of Covalent Sidewall Functionalization of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes by NMR Spectroscopy: Side Chain Length Dependence on the Observation of the Sidewall sp3 Carbons.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
Biodistribution of carbon single-wall carbon nanotubes in mice. J. Nanosci.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
The difference in velocity can be attributed to the fact that the LMC’s RSGs appear to exhibit ∼45 km s−1 faster rotation than the carbon stars (whether this is because either the LMC’s RSGs or its carbon stars have been kinematically disturbed by external forces is not yet clear; see Olsen & Massey 2007).
The Physical Properties of the Red Supergiant WOH G64: The Largest Star Known?
Carbon-based materials possess many potential ability for future technologies.12 3 Carbon atoms (C) are known to have three bonding states resulting from hybridization of the atomic orbitals: sp3 (diamond), sp2 (graphite and fullerenes), and sp.
Ab initio investigation of the groundstate, electronic, and optical properties of polyyne and cumulene prototypes
All the systems with two carbon impurities show ferromagnetic interaction except when the carbon atoms share the same Zn atom as the nearest neighbor.
Ferromagnetism in Carbon doped Zinc Oxide Systems
There are several unclear issues: the origin of magnetic moment on carbon site, the role of Zn and oxygen, the nature of the long range interaction between the two carbon sites, the role of oxygen–Zn network connecting the two sites.
Ferromagnetism in Carbon doped Zinc Oxide Systems
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