carbonic acid

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n carbonic acid a weak acid known only in solution; formed when carbon dioxide combines with water
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Carbonic acid (Chem) an acid HO.CO.OH, not existing separately, which, combined with positive or basic atoms or radicals, forms carbonates. In common language the term is very generally applied to a compound of carbon and oxygen, CO2, more correctly called carbon dioxide. It is a colorless, heavy, irrespirable gas, extinguishing flame, and when breathed destroys life. It can be reduced to a liquid and solid form by intense pressure. It is produced in the fermentation of liquors, and by the combustion and decomposition of organic substances, or other substances containing carbon. It is formed in the explosion of fire damp in mines, and is hence called after damp; it is also know as choke damp, and mephitic air. Water will absorb its own volume of it, and more than this under pressure, and in this state becomes the common soda water of the shops, and the carbonated water of natural springs. Combined with lime it constitutes limestone, or common marble and chalk. Plants imbibe it for their nutrition and growth, the carbon being retained and the oxygen given out.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Carbonic acid an acid formed of carbon and oxygen, generally gaseous, and evolved by respiration and combustion
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. carbone—L. carbon-em, coal.

Usage

In literature:

The "Valley of Death," in the island of Java, is simply the crater of an extinct volcano, filled with carbonic-acid gas.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
But, I suppose, the carbonous acid is still weaker, and is formed by burning carbon in atmospherical air.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
The water carries with it a little carbonic acid which the raindrops took from the air.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
Could the breathing of carbonic acid gas mixed with atmospheric air be of service?
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
This is done by subjecting it successively to the action of highly heated air and carbonic acid gas from coal fires.
"Buchanan's Journal of Man, October 1887" by Various
A bottle of liquid carbonic acid!
"Fantômas" by Pierre Souvestre
Prosy says death is really due to carbonic acid poisoning.
"Somehow Good" by William de Morgan
He got twenty-five per cent., by the agency of lime, carbonic acid, or sulphuric acid.
"The International Monthly, Volume 3, No. 2, May, 1851" by Various
Carbonic acid gas, commercial name for pure carbon dioxid, 365-366.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
The plan is, to force carbonic acid, by some means or other, into the mass of dough, or, as bakers call it, the sponge.
"Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and by Experience in All Ages" by William Andrus Alcott
Carbonic acid gas, then, is carbon or charcoal dissolved in oxygen.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 1, No. 4, September, 1850" by Various
The hydrochloric acid unites with the lime, and the carbonic acid goes to the ammonia.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 8, January, 1851" by Various
When done, the sugar of what is now "sour mash" has been converted into carbonic acid and alcohol.
"Our Southern Highlanders" by Horace Kephart
Under the influence of carbonic acid, which is always present in soils containing organic substances, they decompose.
"The Galaxy, April, 1877" by Various
Water decomposes it violently, with formation of carbon dioxide and hydrochloric acid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
The pestilential vapours themselves would appear to be nothing more than carbonic acid gas.
"Travels in Tartary, Thibet, and China During the years 1844-5-6. Volume 2 [of 2]" by Evariste Regis Huc
Occasionally salicylic acid and sodium carbonate are used.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
Waters of this class owe their properties chiefly to Carbonic Acid.
"Memoranda on Tours, Touraine and Central France." by J. H. Holdsworth
The fumaroles at the summit of Vesuvius present even greater gradations, for they often emit carbonic acid or pure watery vapour.
"The Eruption of Vesuvius in 1872" by Luigi Palmieri
The salts, the water, and the carbonic acid absorbed by plants possess no store of potential energy.
"The Mechanism of Life" by Stéphane Leduc
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In news:

Human-generated carbon emissions are making the ocean more acidic, which has become a cause for concern to the fishing industry and scientists.
UCSD researchers say action is needed now to keep carbon dioxide from making the world's oceans more acidic.
In a legal settlement Thursday, the EPA agreed to help states test coastal waters for acidity, and to weigh whether to tighten rules on carbon emissions to address ocean acidification .
Oceans are becoming more acidic as they absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Industrial carbon dioxide is turning the oceans acidic, threatening the foundation of sea life.
About one third of the carbon dioxide that goes into the atmosphere ends up in the ocean, where it dissolves as a mild acid .
The problem for creatures with calcium carbonate shells is that CO2 is a soluable gas that produces carbonic acid when it mixes with water.
This carbon dioxide - the same gas that makes fizzy beverages corrosive – is altering the oceans' alkaline- acid balance, known as pH.
When carbon dioxide dissolves in sea water, it forms carbonic acid .
The carbon dioxide mixes with seawater to form carbonic acid .
Once absorbed in seawater, carbon dioxide forms carbonic acid and lowers ocean pH, making it harder for corals, plankton and tiny marine snails (called pteropods) to form their body parts.
When exposed to acid, carbon dioxide bubbles from these pieces of carbonate rock.
Nov 23, 2012 (Morning Edition / KQED Public Broadcasting) — Scientists say oceans are becoming more acidic as they absorb the carbon dioxide added to the air through the burning of fossil fuels.
Scientists say oceans are becoming more acidic as they absorb the carbon dioxide added to the air through the burning of fossil fuels.
Sea snails weaken as carbon dioxide makes Antarctic waters more acidic.
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In science:

The oxygen is present in aldehydes and carboxylic acids, carbon oxides and of course, water.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
Huber C, W¨achtersh¨auser G (1997) Activated acetic acid by carbon fixation on (Fe,Ni)S under primordial conditions.
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
Oxidation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes by nitric acid.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
Taken together the carbon distribution and the amino acid number, our analyses help explain how the carbon content affects the nature of proteins. In general, it is observed that the avian viral proteins have high carbon content with which it differs from the other normal proteins.
Systematic Approach on Differences in Avian Viral Proteins Based on Carbon Composition
As it has got high carbon content, it will tend to have high amino acid cost and consequently plays vital role in evolution by gene duplication.
Systematic Approach on Differences in Avian Viral Proteins Based on Carbon Composition
This overlap is ∼ 0.85 for all carbons, except for the carbon at the terminal carboxylic acid group, which has an overlap of ∼ 0.87.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Finally, the SKA will have the resolution and sensitivity to study the low order transitions of amino acids and other complex carbon biomolecules, and to follow their progress from molecular clouds to protoplanets.
Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science Projects, Standards and Assumptions
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