carbonation

Definitions

  • Positive and Negative Carbons
    Positive and Negative Carbons
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n carbonation saturation with carbon dioxide (as soda water)
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Carbon monoxide can kill a person in less than 15 minutes
    • n carbonation The act or process of causing combination with carbonic acid; specifically, a process of defecating beet-, sorghum-, or cane-juice by the addition of milk of lime, and subsequently precipitating the lime as carbonate by leading into the solution a stream of carbonic-acid gas. Also carbonatation.
    • n carbonation In the Leblanc process for the manufacture of carbonate of soda, the treatment with carbon-dioxid gas of the crude liquor obtained by leaching the black ash, or, after evaporation of this crude liquor to dryness, the roasting of the residue, to which sawdust has been added. The object of the process is the conversion of some caustic soda and sodium sulphid present into sodium carbonate.
    • n carbonation In petrography, the union of carbonic acid and a base, or the substitution of carbonic acid for another combined acid, in either case producing carbonates.
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Quotations

  • Napoleon Hill
    Napoleon%20Hill
    “Character is to man what carbon is to steel.”
  • Napoleon Hill
    Napoleon%20Hill
    “Persistence is to the character of man as carbon is to steel.”
  • Mike Adams
    Mike Adams
    “Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds. Biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl.”

Usage

In literature:

It is composed of carbon and hydrogen.
"Rip Foster in Ride the Gray Planet" by Harold Leland Goodwin
At the request of Captain Carboneer, Mulgate climbed to the forward deck of the Florence.
"Within The Enemy's Lines" by Oliver Optic
Can oxygen be anything but oxygen, or carbon anything but carbon?
"The Breath of Life" by John Burroughs
When carbonic acid predominates, the blood is dark red; when oxygen, scarlet.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
The milky look is caused by carbon dioxid, one of the poisons in your breath.
"The Child's Day" by Woods Hutchinson
Such a radiant is found in a carbonic oxide flame, where the radiating body is really hot carbonic acid.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
He wanted the ottar of roses and not a rose garden, the diamond and not a mountain of carbon.
"The Last Harvest" by John Burroughs
Ordinary phosphorus is soluble in oil, alcohol, ether, chloroform, and carbon disulphide; insoluble in water.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
The water of the river Thames contains rather a larger quantity of common air, and a smaller portion of carbonic acid.
"A Treatise on Adulterations of Food, and Culinary Poisons" by Fredrick Accum
When first gathered the nuts may be fumigated with carbon disulphide.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
This proves the superiority of the yellow ray to decompose carbonic acid; and this fact Professor J.W.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
Four of these elements are gases, oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, and nitrogen.
"Talks on Manures" by Joseph Harris
Butter contains carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, and no nitrogen.
"Cattle and Their Diseases" by Robert Jennings
It is soluble in volatile oils, carbon disulphide, and ether, and to some extent in alcohol.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 7" by Various
When a powerful current was passed through the carbon filament it became luminous and remained so for a short time.
"Inventors" by Philip Gengembre Hubert
Sutton's "History of Carbon Printing" was sufficiently interesting to attract both readers and buyers at the time.
"The Evolution of Photography" by John Werge
I must now pass on to consider another aspect of the question of carbon-assimilation.
"Disease in Plants" by H. Marshall Ward
In cast iron the carbon may exist partly in the free state and partly in chemical combination with the iron.
"An Introduction to Machine Drawing and Design" by David Allan Low
Alcohol prevents the haemoglobin of the blood from doing its office, which is to supply oxygen and remove carbon dioxid.
"Essays In Pastoral Medicine" by Austin ÓMalley
Furthermore, there is less oxygen taken in and less carbonic acid eliminated.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
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In poetry:

The moon, too, abuses her subjects,
But in the daytime she is ridiculous.
Your dissatisfactions, on the other hand,
Arrive through the mailslot with loving regularity,
White and blank, expansive as carbon monoxide.
"The Rival" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

Curiosity's Thermoelectric Generator includes Iridium Alloys and Carbon- Bonded -Carbon Fibers.
The fuel was created by feeding the byproducts of cheese production to yeast, which yields a result that can be made into a biofuel that has a lower carbon footprint than conventional diesel.
Purdue scientists have released a high-resolution map of American per- capita carbon dioxide emissions to Wired.com.
It shows the amount of carbon dioxide produced in 100 square kilometer regions of the United States divided by the number of residents in that area.
In 2004 Matt Johnson paid about $300 for some carbon-fiber-wrapped decorative trim for the inside of his 2000 Audi and was surprised at how poorly it was built and how badly it fit.
A very hard metal made of carbon and one or more heavy metals.
Carbon monoxide is a real threat each autumn.
Carbon monoxide poisoning could be the villain.
A report by the International Energy Agency says carbon dioxide emissions reached all-time highs in 2011, in part because of coal-burning power plants, like this one in the Chicago area.
A new model looks at the relationship between successful economies and carbon footprint.
There's a lot of talk these days about 'reducing your carbon footprint,' like by using an gas-free pushmower to mow your lawn.
The term decarburization simply means the loss of surface carbon from the steels being treated.
Leo Vince KLX450 X3 94- Decibel Enduro Sport Full-Titanium System With Carbon End-CapWhen you spend $899 for an exhaust system, you'd better be getting something that works on all accounts.
According to the press release, the PlantBottle™ is fully recyclable, has a lower reliance on non-renewable resources, and reduces carbon emissions compared with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles.
An airplane heads away from the Blue Mountain after spraying seed and fertilizer in an operation that helps return greenery to the Carbon County land stripped of plants by fallout from the zinc plant in Palmerton.
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In science:

In standard stellar evolutionary theory, the CO core of an intermediate mass star can grow to ∼1.1M⊙ before the carbon ignites.
New Praesepe white dwarfs and the initial mass-final mass relation
Some distant carbon stars in the Galactic halo may derive from the tidal streams of Sgr (Mauron et al. 2005).
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
The carbon abundance, which controls the energy output of the nebula and therefore the effective temperature of the central star, is poorly constrained for lack of UV spectra.
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
Most optical recombination lines of carbon have mildly accurate fluxes.
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
The carbon abundance, based on the C I I recombination line at 4267 ˚A, is uncertain.
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
The two previously analyzed PNe have identical abundances, which agree well with those of the carbon stars of Sgr.
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
However, the PNe confirm that even for the most metal-rich and youngest popula tion, 3rd dredge-up causes the AGB stars to evolve into carbon stars.
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
We investigate the molecular bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), using the InfraRed Spectrograph (IRS) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) over the 5–38 µm range.
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
This reflects the effect of the 3rd dredge-up bringing self-produced carbon to the surface, leading to high C/O ratios at low metallicity.
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Spectra of carbon stars in the LMC have been obtained using the InfraRed Spectrograph (Houck et al. 2004, IRS) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope (SST).
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Around 7 µm, other molecular bands have been found in Galactic carbon stars.
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Representative spectra of the C2H2 and the HCN bands found in the ISO spectra of Galactic carbon stars.
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Neither the Galactic nor LMC carbon stars show a decrease of the 13.7 µm C2H2 absorption band with redder infrared colour, i.e., with the optical depth of the dust shell.
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
We measured both the LMC spectra and the spectra of Galactic carbon stars reduced by Hony et al. (2002).
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
The Galactic carbon stars are thought to be mostly located in the Galactic disk.
Spitzer observations of acetylene bands in carbon-rich AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud
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