carbon dioxide

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n carbon dioxide a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If you are locked in a completely sealed room, you will die of carbon dioxide poisoning first before you will die of oxygen deprivation.
    • Carbon dioxide See Carbonic acid, under Carbonic.
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Usage

In literature:

His first step carried him, slipping and sprawling awkwardly, across a rocky slope white with the rime of carbon dioxide frost.
"The Finding of Haldgren" by Charles Willard Diffin
In the lungs the carbon dioxid is exchanged for the free oxygen we have just inhaled, and we exhale the carbon dioxid.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
The whiteness we see is snow, a snow of carbon dioxide.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
The carbon dioxid unites with the lime in the blood to form carbonate of lime, and in this state passes into the urine.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Carbon dioxide, recognized by turning lime-water milky, indicates decomposable carbonates or oxalates.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
But the carbonic dioxide and other gases generated as the result of the operation are wasted.
"Twentieth Century Inventions" by George Sutherland
And I'm sure we can find some way to remove the carbon dioxide from the air.
"Let'em Breathe Space" by Lester del Rey
When heated in a current of carbon dioxide it forms the oxychloride CbOCl3, and carbon monoxide.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 6" by Various
Thus for carbon dioxide, CO2, for which Tc = 304 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Copper rust has the same composition as malachite; it results from the action of carbon dioxide and water on the metal.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
Thus grease from stopcocks of apparatus used with radium or paraffin will give off carbon dioxide.
"A Brief Account of Radio-activity" by Francis Preston Venable
A large amount of carbon dioxide gas is produced.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
Liquid inclusions, some of which are certainly carbon dioxide, have also been observed.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
Operating in a current of carbon dioxide facilitates the process by preventing overheating.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 5" by Various
Carbon dioxide absorbers, tanks of oxygen, food, various instruments, and so on.
"Tillie" by Roger Phillips Graham
Heated in an ignition tube it decrepitates with evolution of carbon dioxide.
"The Elements of Blowpipe Analysis" by Frederick Hutton Getman
It burns with a pale blue flame to form carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
Those which produce carbon dioxide without the use of free "deamidizing" oxygen, such as zymase of yeast.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
Normally, glucose is oxidized in the body to its final oxidation products, carbon dioxide and water.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Carbon dioxide will be better known by the older people as carbonic acid.
"Nature's Miracles, Volume 1" by Elisha Gray
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In news:

The Benefits of Carbon Dioxide .
Brayton Point emits more carbon dioxide than any power plant in New England.
As atmospheric carbon dioxide levels continue to climb, a team of California scientists has created a new material that will help reduce the amount escaping from smokestacks and power plants.
Global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil-fuel burning jumped by the largest amount on record last year, upending the notion that the brief decline during the recession might persist through the recovery.
The US Department of Energy has just published its estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions for the year 2010, concluding emissions rose by 6% from 2009 to 2010.
One chemist says he can slash atmospheric carbon dioxide to preindustrial levels in a decade, harnessing the sun's power to make useful products at the same time.
When the exhaust gases travel through the catalytic converter, the carbon monoxide and hydro carbons are converted into harmless carbon dioxide and water vapor.
It is the second most common greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide, at 1.8 parts-per-million in the atmosphere.
Some countries, like Thailand, screen women by shining a light on the cervix and painting it with vinegar, which reveals precancerous lesions that can then be burned off with liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide.
Carbon dioxide emissions caused by humans are harming marine life with a one-two punch: rising temperatures and stronger ocean acidity.
Www.jgc.co.jp) has received a contract from Japan CCS Co. To construct the core facilities at a carbon-dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technology-demonstration project.
Scientists have released what they say are the first guidelines on the best way to store carbon dioxide underground so it doesn't get back out.
A new carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) sensor combines precise and reliable determination of dissolved CO2 , with the performance benefits of Intelligent Sensor Management.
It's widely considered an unwanted emission, but the carbon dioxide that spews from smoke stacks and cars may be worth something someday, Ingram writes.
ATMI is partnering with SRI International to commercialize a new carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) capture system.
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In science:

On Mars, which is colder than Earth, carbon dioxide is condensible.
The Runaway Greenhouse: implications for future climate change, geoengineering and planetary atmospheres
Kasting, J. F. & Ackerman, T. P. 1986 Climatic consequences of very high-carbon dioxide levels in the Earth’s early atmosphere.
The Runaway Greenhouse: implications for future climate change, geoengineering and planetary atmospheres
Bawdekar, “Carbon dioxide quench action in a beryllium proportional counter,” IEEE Trans.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
The article was about reducing carbon dioxide production.
Astrophysics in 2005
Responses in the Earth’s thermosphere are most dramatic in enhanced infrared emission from nitric oxide (NO), while emission from carbon dioxide and atomic oxygen remain almost constant during a solar storm (Mlynczak et al. 2005).
Astrophysics in 2006
The effect of carbon dioxide cooling on trends in the F2-layer ionosphere.
Estimation and testing for spatially indexed curves with application to ionospheric and magnetic field trends
We propose an alternative method of separating coherent optical responses from two molecular species with neighboring excitation resonances (here, vibrational modes of oxygen and carbon dioxide).
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy in the presence of strong resonant signal from background molecules
Similarly to the recent work by Kulatilaka et.al. we mix oxygen with carbon dioxide as the two molecular species with close vibrational frequencies.
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy in the presence of strong resonant signal from background molecules
For carbon dioxide, this splitting is much smaller [24, 25] and can be neglected for the purpose of this study.
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy in the presence of strong resonant signal from background molecules
Color online) Time-resolved CARS signal at room temperature from (a) mixture of O2 and CO2 , (b) pure oxygen, and (c) pure carbon dioxide.
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy in the presence of strong resonant signal from background molecules
As the concentration of carbon dioxide is increased, the observed CARS signal is rising.
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy in the presence of strong resonant signal from background molecules
We demonstrate a successful implementation of the proposed approach using a mixture of O2 and CO2 . A small quantity of carbon dioxide is detected in the silence window of oxygen, 265 picoseconds after the impulsive vibrational excitation of the mixture.
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy in the presence of strong resonant signal from background molecules
Furthermore, absorption cross sections for ammonia and its isotopologues (Cheng et al. 2006; Wu et al. 2007) and carbon dioxide (Stark et al. 2007) have been determined experimentally.
Division Xii/commission 14/WORKING Group on Molecular Data
The first data set involves understanding the relation between the atmospheric ozone level and a variety of atmospheric pollutants (e.g., nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, etc.) and contain 8 predictors, and is studied in equation (2) of [Xia09].
On Testing Independence and Goodness-of-fit in Linear Models
The entire imaging system was enclosed in a purge box that was continuously purged with water vapor and carbon dioxide free air to suppress absorption by these gases in the near infrared.
Accurate transition rates for the 5p - 5s transitions in Kr I
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