carbohydrate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n carbohydrate an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Carbohydrate (Physiol. Chem) One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n carbohydrate A general name for a group of organic bodies containing 6 carbon atoms or some multiple of 6, and hydrogen and oxygen in the proportion in which they form water (H2O), that is, twice as many hydrogen as oxygen atoms, as starch, sugar, and cellulose. Also carbhydrate.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Carbon, + hydrate,

Usage

In literature:

The following is the composition of the flour, according to Hutchison: water, 13%; proteid, 4%; fat, 0.5%; carbohydrates, 80%; salts, 2.5%.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
Some bacteria will grow in pure solutions of the carbohydrates.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Fats and carbohydrates supply heat and muscular energy.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
The carbohydrates both dehydrate and decompose.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
But it did not ignore the lesser potentials of metal and clumps of carbohydrates.
"The Leech" by Phillips Barbee
Carbohydrates and digestion, 261.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
A patient must never pass suddenly from an ordinary to a carbohydrate-free diet.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
In all fruits, when ripe or nearly so, there is found pectin, a carbohydrate somewhat similar in its properties to starch.
"Canned Fruit, Preserves, and Jellies: Household Methods of Preparation" by Maria Parloa
There's no sign of the usual protein-carbohydrate-fat metabolism going on here.
"Contamination Crew" by Alan Edward Nourse
An estimated 80 percent or more of food intake was carbohydrates.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
Fruits contain considerable carbohydrates, chiefly sugar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
It is made up of carbohydrate complexes, produced by the cell protoplasm from the simpler carbohydrates.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
The food stuffs carried by the plasma are proteins, carbohydrates, salts and water.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
In chemical analysis it is richer than corn in protein and carbohydrates, but also contains three times as much fiber.
"Florida: An Ideal Cattle State" by Florida State Live Stock Association
The tubers are rich in the carbohydrate inulin and in sugar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 6" by Various
This chow contains not less than 36 per cent protein and one per cent fat, and about 42 per cent carbohydrate.
"Comparative Ecology of Pinyon Mice and Deer Mice in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado" by Charles L. Douglas
Carbohydrates, 16, 17, 20, 34, 122, 184, 272, 273, 277.
"Disease in Plants" by H. Marshall Ward
Starch and sugar are common examples of carbohydrates.
"A Civic Biology" by George William Hunter
The complete liquid diet is composed of required amino acids, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins, and minerals.
"Significant Achievements in Space Bioscience 1958-1964" by National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The sugar is one of a class of substances to which the chemist gives the name carbohydrate.
"Foods and Household Management" by Helen Kinne
***

In news:

Drank Deuce contains 16 calories, 4 grams of carbohydrates and 4 grams of sugar.
Squash is mostly starchy carbohydrates but studies show it has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti- diabetic properties, a US food expert says.
Rather than eat a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet , he adopted what he and other enthusiasts call a Paleolithic diet , eating as primitive humans did — eg, beef, pork, chicken, leafy green vegetables.
Per serving, without optional ingredients : 241 calories (36 percent from fat), 10 grams total fat (2 grams saturated), 5 milligrams cholesterol, 34 grams carbohydrates, 7 grams protein, 47 milligrams sodium, 4 grams dietary fiber.
According to one study, when you consume 100 grams of carbohydrates in the forms of glucose, fructose, sucrose, orange...
Our fitness expert answers your questions about carbohydrates and how properly fit them into your diet.
It helps convert carbohydrates, protein, and fats to energy and is involved in the manufacture of proteins.
Learn to read food labels and carefully manage carbohydrates and fats.
They certainly are nutritious —packed with protein, good carbohydrates, and micronutrients such as fiber and folate.
So while the food labels look almost identical, there is 28 percent more sugar, 40 percent more calories, and 31 percent more carbohydrates in Candy Corn Oreos than in regular Oreos .
My Fitness Pal 's vast database determines sodium, carbohydrates, vitamins, fat intake and the like.
The banana pancake has more than enough carbohydrates to propel you around the world in 80 days.
This carbohydrate-rich bar, full of nuts, seeds, fruit and oats, was adapted from Amy Harrison's prize-winning submission in the Plains (Georgia) Peanut Festival recipe competition sponsored by The Peanut Institute.
70 calories, 18 grams carbohydrate, 0 grams fat, cholesterol and fiber, 1 gram protein, 10 milligrams sodium, 40% DV vitamin C. More recipes All Recipes.
Refuel and recover with meals that combine the right balance of protein and carbohydrates.
***

In science:

Quantum mechanics on metric graphs is a sub ject with a long history which can be traced back to the paper of Ruedenberg and Scherr [RSc53] on spectra of aromatic carbohydrate molecules elaborating an idea of L.
Anderson Localization for radial tree-like random quantum graphs
Other, more flexible, membrane proteins carry carbohydrates (represented as small polygons) in their exterior.
Amphiphilic Membranes
***