capsule

Definitions

  • Egg Capsule of Dog-fish
    Egg Capsule of Dog-fish
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v capsule put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume "capsulize the news"
    • v capsule enclose in a capsule
    • n capsule a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside
    • n capsule a small container
    • n capsule a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute
    • n capsule a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space
    • n capsule a structure that encloses a body part
    • n capsule a shortened version of a written work
    • n capsule a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper was so relaxed on the morning of his launch into space in May 1963 that he fell asleep in his space capsule while waiting for blastoff.
    • Capsule (Bot) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as, the capsule of the poppy, the flax, the lily, etc.
    • Capsule (Anat) A membranous sac containing fluid, or investing an organ or joint; as, the capsule of the lens of the eye. Also, a capsulelike organ.
    • Capsule A metallic seal or cover for closing a bottle.
    • Capsule A small cup or shell, as of metal, for a percussion cap, cartridge, etc.
    • Capsule (Med) A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed.
    • Capsule (Chem) A small saucer of clay for roasting or melting samples of ores, etc.; a scorifier.
    • Capsule (Chem) a small, shallow, evaporating dish, usually of porcelain.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first chimpanzee to travel into space was named Ham. He got the name from the lab he was raised in, the Holloman AeroMedical laboratory in Alamogordo, NM. Ham flew in a Mercury space capsule in 1961. His trip also proved that space travel was safe for humans.
    • n capsule A small casing, envelop, covering, etc., natural or artificial, usually thin or membranous; a cover or container of some small object or quantity of matter. Specifically.
    • n capsule In botany, a dehiscent pod or seed-vessel, either membranous or woody, composed of two or more carpels, which at maturity becomes dry and opens by regular valves corresponding in number to the carpels, or twice as numerous. The term is sometimes applied to any dry dehiscent fruit, and even to the spore-cases of various cryptogamic plants.
    • n capsule In chem.: A small saucer made of clay for roasting samples of ores, or for melting them.
    • n capsule A small shallow vessel made of Berlin ware, platinum, etc., for evaporations, solutions, and the like.
    • n capsule In anatomy and zoology, a membrane or ligament inclosing some part or organ as in a bag or sac; a saccular envelop or investment: as, the capsule of the crystalline lens of the eye; the capsule of a joint, as the hip.
    • n capsule In anatomy, some part or organ likened to a capsule: as, the adrenal capsules.
    • n capsule In Protozoa, the included perforated test of a radiolarian.
    • n capsule In entomology, a horny case inclosing the eggs of an insect, as those of the cockroach. Also called oötheca.
    • n capsule A cap of thin metal, such as tin-foil, put over the mouth of a corked bottle to preserve the cork from drying. Wine of good quality when bottled was formerly sealed with wax upon the cork, but the use of the capsule is now almost universal, the grower's or dealer's name or device being commonly stamped upon it.
    • n capsule A small gelatinous case or envelop in which nauseous medicines are inclosed to be swallowed.
    • n capsule The shell of a metallic cartridge or of a fulminating tube.
    • capsule To furnish (a bottle, medicinal powder, etc.) with a capsule.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Mexican Jumping Bean is not a bean. It is actually a thin-shelled section of a seed capsule containing the larva of a small gray moth called the jumping bean moth (Laspeyresia saltitans).
    • n Capsule kap′sūl the seed-vessel of a plant: a small dish
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. capsula, a little box or chest, fr. capsa, chest, case, fr. capere, to take, contain: cf. F. capsule,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. capsula, dim. of capsa, a case—capĕre, to hold.

Usage

In literature:

After he had enjoyed his own humor, the geophysicist did present his capsule of knowledge with excellent brevity.
"Eight Keys to Eden" by Mark Irvin Clifton
A glass capsule with tightly fitting (ground on) glass lid, containing clean cover-slips in absolute alcohol.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
The solution is evaporated in a small porcelain capsule, placed on the hot embers.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
The newspaperman was handing Billings a cigar-shaped capsule half filled with a coarse white powder.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
Next, someone thought of the capsules.
"Minor Detail" by John Michael Sharkey
The muscles then contract reflexly, and pull the head of the bone into an unnatural position outside the capsule.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
One capsule disappeared into a jeweled purse that hung on her hip.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Rachel clutched the leather capsule desperately, as if by holding it tightly enough she could keep Daoud alive.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Some self-fertilized capsules of a Maxillaria were in a similar state.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
Two U-235 capsules rigged for slow implosion, sir.
"Equation of Doom" by Gerald Vance
I find some lamb stew and tapioca pudding capsules and split them with Zahooli and Wurpz.
"Operation Earthworm" by Joe Archibald
The lanky scientist outlined the further details of his plan in swift whispers while he worked with the energizing capsule of Luke's garment.
"Vulcan's Workshop" by Harl Vincent
A quinine capsule was lying on the table.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
Cysts may be true or false tumors and consist of a capsule containing a fluid or semisolid content.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Simultaneously with the otolithic capsules, four rudimentary tentacles make their appearance between the four tentacles.
"The Romance of Natural History, Second Series" by Philip Henry Gosse
Ripe capsule split open.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 7" by Various
B=a capsule with the thread discharged, from the same specimen, x 480.
"Freshwater Sponges, Hydroids & Polyzoa" by Nelson Annandale
He sold everything from needles to nails, from harvesters to quinine capsules, from ready-made boots to dried codfish.
"Revisiting the Earth" by James Langdon Hill
The transparency of the lens is dependent upon the integrity of its capsule.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 1" by Various
The fruit is a capsule splitting along the septa (septicidal) (fig.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 6" by Various
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In poetry:

To say "a dose of Phillips, or
A capsule of Sinclair or Brady,
Is just the thing to make me snore?"
Oh, lackadaydee!
""Bedbooks"" by Franklin Pierce Adams
Something is gone.
My sleeping capsule, my red and blue zeppelin
Drops me from a terrible altitude.
Carapace smashed,
I spread to the beaks of birds.
"The Jailer" by Sylvia Plath
The words themselves are a delight to learn,
You might be in a foreign land of terms
Like samara, capsule, drupe, legume and pome,
Where bark is papery, plated, warty or smooth.
"Learning the Trees" by Howard Nemerov
Poet, whose words are like the tight-packed seed
Sealed in the capsule of a silver flower,
Still at your art we wonder as we read,
The art dynamic charging each word with power.
"To Ralph Waldo Emerson" by Richard Le Gallienne

In news:

Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin space capsule completes successful pad test.
Blue Origin's New Shepard crew capsule escaped to an altitude of 2,307 feet before deploying parachutes for a safe return Oct 19, 2012.
Private space capsule delivers precious cargo to space station.
A DIY spaceflight project needs your help with the design of a space-capsule hatch.
Dear Wired Reader, Are You a Space Capsule Hatch Designer.
I have been busy doing interesting interviews and sketching like a mad man on the new capsule.
Every space capsule needs an escape system.
Secondary Feed — live from capsule – split cam.
The Beautiful Betty space capsule is hauled to a boat for launch.
In 1 day and 14 hours we will launch our space capsule Tycho Deep Space.
With Orion space capsule , NASA plots return to space exploration.
NASA has unveied the brand new Orion space capsule , which is expected to have its first test launch in spring 2014.
Capsules may help boost the immune system.
Prasco Laboratories is releasing an authorized generic version of Vancocin Hydrochloride Capsules.
Here's my capsule view of the great financial meltdown of 2008: For the past couple of decades, the benefits of economic growth have gone almost entirely to the rich.
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In science:

The first capsule has been installed in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in October, 17th and is now taking data.
The BiPo detector for ultralow radioactivity measurements
The capsules are filled by pure nitrogen in order to suppress radon and thoron contamination.
The BiPo detector for ultralow radioactivity measurements
It is a 4 channel boards with an amplitude resolution of 12 bits, a time range of 2.5 µs, an amplitude range of 1 V and a sampling rate of 2 Gs/s. A first capsule has been installed in Canfranc Underground Laboratory in October, 17th shielded with only 10 cm of low activity lead and flushed with N2 gas.
The BiPo detector for ultralow radioactivity measurements
It has been reduced to about 0.1 Hz by adding only 1 cm of pure iron between the capsule and the lead, demonstrating that counting rate is dominated by bremsstrahlung from lead activity. A temporary acquisition with LECROY WAVERUNNER digital oscilloscope (2.5 GS/s and 8 bit amplitude resolution) has been used.
The BiPo detector for ultralow radioactivity measurements
In September 2007, 20 capsules will be fully running in the shielding test facility in Canfranc.
The BiPo detector for ultralow radioactivity measurements
Lac E., Barthes-Biesel D., Pelekasis N., Spherical capsules in three-dimensional unbounded Stokes flows: Effect of the membrane constitutive law and onset of buckling, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 516: 303-334, 2004.
The camera method, or how to track numerically a deformable particle moving in a fluid network
Pozrikidis C., Model ling and simulation of capsules and biological cel ls, London, UK: Chapman & Hall, CRC Press, 2003.
The camera method, or how to track numerically a deformable particle moving in a fluid network
Qu´eguiner C., Barth`es-Biesel D., Axisymmetric motion of capsules through cylindrical channels, J.
The camera method, or how to track numerically a deformable particle moving in a fluid network
Risso F. , Coll´e-Paillot F. and Zagzoule M., Experimental investigation of a bioartificial capsule flowing in a narrow tube, J.
The camera method, or how to track numerically a deformable particle moving in a fluid network
Walter J., Salsac A.V., Barth`es-Biesel D., Le Tallec P., Coupling of finite element and boundary integral methods for a capsule in a Stokes flow, Int. J.
The camera method, or how to track numerically a deformable particle moving in a fluid network
Zhou H, Pozrikidis C., Deformation of liquid capsules with incompressible interfaces in simple shear flow, J.
The camera method, or how to track numerically a deformable particle moving in a fluid network
Details of the A ceramic preparation are described elsewhere.17 Ceramics B were prepared from exactly the same EuTiO3 powder as the ceramics A, but the powder was loaded into Au capsules and sintered in a belt-type high-temperature highpressure furnace at 900 ◦C under a pressure of 6 GPa for 30 min.
Antiferrodistortive phase transition in EuTiO3
States nk dynamically arising according to a master equation may contain “consistent memories” (or “time capsules” in Barbour’s words), while the corresponding apparent histories appear “quasi-classical” (robust under decoherence).
Decoherence: Basic Concepts and Their Interpretation
In our model, we will assume that the entire message is contained in a single “capsule” of information, which, by analogy to packet-switching networks, will be simply called a packet.
Performance of data networks with random links
To put both developments in perspective, I will begin my discussion with a capsule history of CP violation.
Theoretical Summary Lecture for EPS HEP99
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