capsicum

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Capsicum chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers
    • n capsicum any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Capsicum kăp"sĭ*kŭm (Bot) A genus of plants of many species, producing capsules or dry berries of various forms, which have an exceedingly pungent, biting taste, and when ground form the red or Cayenne pepper of commerce.☞ The most important species are Capsicum baccatum or bird pepper, Capsicum fastigiatum or chili pepper, Capsicum frutescens or spur pepper (from which tabasco is obtained), Capsicum chinense, which includes the fiery-hot habanero pepper, and Capsicum annuum or Guinea pepper, which includes the bell pepper, the jalapeno pepper, the cayenne pepper, and other common garden varieties. The fruit is much used, both in its green and ripe state, in pickles and in cookery. These contain varying levels of the substance capsaicin C18H27O3N), which gives the peppers their hot taste. The habanero is about 25-50 times hotter than the jalapeno according to a scale developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912. See also Cayenne pepper pepper and http://www.chili-pepper-plants.com/.
    • Capsicum Any plant of the genus Capsicumof the Solanaceae family, which are unrelated to Piper), and its fruit; red pepper; chili pepper; as, the bell pepper and the jalapeno pepper both Capsicum annuum) and the habanero pepper Capsicum chinense); .
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n capsicum A genus of herbaceous or shrubby South American plants, natural order Solanaceæ, with a wheel-shaped corolla, projecting and converging stamens, and a many-seeded berry. Many of the species are very extensively cultivated for their fruit, which contains an exceedingly pungent principle, capsicin. The fruit or pod is fleshy and very variable in shape and color, sometimes inflated and as large as an orange. It is used for pickles, sauces, etc., and also in medicine as a valuable local and general stimulant. Cayenne or red pepper consists of the ground pods of various species, especially of C. fastigiatum, the African or Guinea pepper, or spur-pepper, and of the common red pepper of the garden, C. annuum. The pods of both of these species are also known as chillies, and before they are ground as pod peppers. C. baccatum is the berry-bearing capsicum, or bird-pepper, and C. fruticosum is the goat-pepper. The bonnet-pepper, C. tetragonum, has a large and very fleshy fruit, and is much cultivated in the West Indies. The cherry-pepper, C. cerasiforme, with small round fruit, is sometimes cultivated for ornament. The bell-pepper is a large-podded variety of C. annuum, of which there are many varieties.
    • n capsicum [lowercase] A plant of this genus or its fruit.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Capsicum kap′si-kum a tropical plant or shrub, from which cayenne pepper is made
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. L. capsa, box, chest
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From L. capsa, a case, its berries being contained in pods or capsules—capĕre, to take, hold.

Usage

In literature:

The rest had been gathered from the capsicum.
"Bramble-bees and Others" by J. Henri Fabre
Capsicum one oz., Aqua Ammonia two ozs., Oil Turpentine one oz., Tinct.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
A little hot ginger tea, or capsicum tea, may do all that is required.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
They season the meat with salt, when they have any, which is not often, and with a capsicum that sets your mouth on fire.
"My Friends the Savages" by Giovanni Battista Cerruti
Capsicums, green, red, and yellow, the end of July, and following month.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
Ginger has the same effect as capsicum, and it also cleanses and flavours the beer.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Capers 344 Capsicum ib.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
They are fond of hot condiments, cayenne pepper or the capsicum pod.
"Birds Illustrated by Color Photograph, Volume 1, Number 2, February, 1897" by anonymous
The capsicum needs a dry, warm soil, with exposure to the sun.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
Powdered capsicums One to four grains.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
Add three oysters, a nutmeg, a teacupful of brown sugar, and a capsicum.
"Punch - Volume 25 (Jul-Dec 1853)" by Various
Externally capsicum plaster placed over the affected muscles is useful in rheumatism and lumbago.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
If at hand, just cut a young capsicum in quarters and add to the Curry.
"The Curry Cook's Assistant" by Daniel Santiagoe
I'm a terrible old capsicum, am I not?
"The Star-Gazers" by George Manville Fenn
We noticed crops of maize, and sweet potatoes, with capsicums, melons, and calabashes.
"Osceola the Seminole" by Mayne Reid
She rose to find a capsicum plaster to apply to her gum.
"The Cinder Pond" by Carroll Watson Rankin
I hear Capsicums is actually to be sold to pay his debts.
"Puppets at Large" by F. Anstey
Negro-pepper (a variety of capsicum) and ginger grow wild.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 1 "Franciscans" to "French Language"" by Various
A stimulating clyster may then be given, composed of warm water, into which a few grains of powdered capsicum may be sprinkled.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
Sow; pot tomatoes and capsicums for succession.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 7" by Various
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In news:

Osmocote ® Presents: Capsicum annuum 'Medusa'.
Osmocote ® Presents: Capsicum annuum ' Medusa '.
Capsicum annuum ' Sangria '.
Mini frittata with potato and red capsicum, delicious finger food.
Pepper spray, also known as oleoresin capsicum, is considered a non-lethal agent derived from the same compound that provides the burn in habanero chili peppers .
Armament Systems and Procedures (ASP) is offering yet another color to choose from in its popular Defender family of Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) personal safety devices.
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