capital

Definitions

  • Showing double-headed bull capital on a plain column
    Showing double-headed bull capital on a plain column
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj capital uppercase "capital A","great A","many medieval manuscripts are in majuscule script"
    • adj capital of primary importance "our capital concern was to avoid defeat"
    • adj capital first-rate "a capital fellow","a capital idea"
    • n capital the upper part of a column that supports the entablature
    • n capital one of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis; capitals were kept in the upper half of the type case and so became known as upper-case letters" "printers once kept the type for capitals and for small letters in separate cases"
    • n Capital a book written by Karl Marx (1867) describing his economic theories
    • n Capital the federal government of the United States
    • n capital a seat of government
    • n capital a center that is associated more than any other with some activity or product "the crime capital of Italy","the drug capital of Columbia"
    • n capital wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
    • n capital assets available for use in the production of further assets
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Showing double-headed bull capital on a more decorative column Showing double-headed bull capital on a more decorative column
Showing a plain column with curving capital Showing a plain column with curving capital
Showing decoration on capitals Showing decoration on capitals
Showing decorative capitals Showing decorative capitals
Capital showing extensive floral decoration Capital showing extensive floral decoration
Showing mouldings on capitals and bases Showing mouldings on capitals and bases
Showing altenate plain and decorated capitals on columns and interwoven arches in relief Showing altenate plain and decorated capitals on columns and interwoven arches in relief
Capitals in Bayeux Cathedral Capitals in Bayeux Cathedral

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Maine is the toothpick capital of the world
    • capital A chapter, or section, of a book. "Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital ."
    • capital (Fort) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.
    • capital Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence. "He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture."
    • Capital Chief, in a political sense, as being the seat of the general government of a state or nation; as, Washington and Paris are capital cities.
    • Capital First in importance; chief; principal. "A capital article in religion""Whatever is capital and essential in Christianity."
    • Capital Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital punishment. "Many crimes that are capital among us.""To put to death a capital offender."
    • capital Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock, under Capital a.
    • Capital Of first rate quality; excellent; as, a capital speech or song.
    • Capital Of or pertaining to the head. "Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise
      Expect with mortal pain."
    • capital (Print) See Capital letter, under Capital a.
    • capital (Polit. Econ) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production.
    • capital (Arch) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus bellor vase), and necking. See these terms, and Column.
    • capital (Geog) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. "A busy and splendid capital"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The city of Seoul has been the capital city of Korea for more than 600 years
    • capital Relating to the head; situated on the head.
    • capital Used at the head or beginning, as of a sentence, line, or word. See capital letters, below.
    • capital Affecting the head or life; incurring or involving the forfeiture of life; punishable with death: as, treason and murder are capital offenses or crimes; hence, fatal; most serious: as, a capital mistake.
    • capital First in importance; chief; principal.
    • capital Very good; excellent; first-class: as, a capital singer or player; a capital dinner; a capital fellow.
    • capital Syn. 4. Leading, prominent, important, essential.
    • capital Prime, splendid, perfect.
    • n capital The city or town which is the official seat of government in a country, state, or province, or of justice in a county.
    • n capital A capital letter (which see, under I.). Abbreviated cap.
    • n capital In political economics, that part of the produce of industry which, in the form either of national or of individual wealth, is available for further production; an accumulation of the products of past labor capable of being used in the support of present or future labor.
    • n capital Specifically, the wealth employed in carrying on a particular trade, manufacture, business, or undertaking; stock in trade; the actual estate, whether in money or property, which is owned and employed by an individual, firm, or corporation in business. As commonly used to indicate financial resources, it implies ownership, and does not, without qualification, include borrowed money. With reference to a corporation, it is the aggregate of the sum subscribed and paid in, or secured to be paid in, by the shareholders, with the addition of all undivided gains or profits realized in the use and investment of those sums; or if losses have been incurred, then it is the residue after deducting such losses. See stock.
    • n capital Figuratively, productive resources of any kind, whether physical or moral; means of influence or of increasing one's power.
    • n capital The head or uppermost member of anything. Specifically, in architecture, the uppermost part of a column, pillar, or pilaster, which serves as the crown of the shaft, and as a member of transition between it and the entablature, or other portion of the structure above the pillar. In classical architecture the different orders have their respective appropriate capitals; but in the Egyptian, Indian, Moorish, Byzantine, and medieval styles the capitals are endlessly diversified.
    • n capital In fortification, the line which bisects the salient angle of a ravelin.
    • n capital The head of a still, a chimney, etc.
    • capital To furnish or crown with a capital, as a pillar or column.
    • n capital A chapter or section of a book.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The capital of Vermont, Montpelier is the only state capital in the United States that does not have a McDonalds
    • adj Capital kap′it-al relating to the head: involving the loss of the head; chief: principal: excellent
    • n Capital the head or top part of a column or pillar: the chief or most important thing: the chief city of a country: a large letter, such as used on title-pages, &c.: the stock or money for carrying on any business
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edmund Burke
    Edmund%20Burke
    “Nobility is a graceful ornament to the civil order. It is the Corinthian capital of polished society.”
  • Adnan Kashoggi
    Adnan Kashoggi
    “Doing well is the result of doing good. That's what capitalism is all about.”
  • Vadim Bakatin
    Vadim Bakatin
    “Making capitalism out of socialism is like making eggs out of an omelet.”
  • Milton Friedman
    Milton%20Friedman
    “History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly it is not a sufficient condition.”
  • Edward Heath
    Edward Heath
    “The unpleasant and unacceptable face of capitalism.”
  • Susan Sontag
    Susan%20Sontag
    “The ideology of capitalism makes us all into connoisseurs of liberty -- of the indefinite expansion of possibility.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. L. capitellum, and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput, head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel,. See chief, and cf. cattle chattel chapiter chapter

Usage

In literature:

And of course you go against capital?
"Hope Mills" by Amanda M. Douglas
At Venice, too, capitals of the same types occur in considerable number.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
His Imperial Majesty, Maximiliano, was returning to his capital.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
Rome was not merely the capital of Christendom, as the residence of the Papacy.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
Meanwhile events of the greatest consequence were occurring at the capital.
"History of the Rise of the Huguenots" by Henry Baird
That the most elaborate capitals were formed by true or simple capitals with a common cornice added above their abacus.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume I (of 3)" by John Ruskin
I never saw one of these Venetian capitals in all respects like another.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume II (of 3)," by John Ruskin
Finally, all the mouldings, capitals, cornices, cusps, and traceries, were either entirely gilded or profusely touched with gold.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume III (of 3)" by John Ruskin
The existing form of this competition is known as capitalism.
"Communism and Christianism" by William Montgomery Brown
No one now dreams of the loss of the capital.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
As powder and the musket had destroyed feudalism, so dynamite would destroy capitalism.
"Violence and the Labor Movement" by Robert Hunter
Primitive industry has capital but is not highly capitalistic, since labor and a little capital in simple forms are all that it requires.
"Essentials of Economic Theory" by John Bates Clark
Your progress from the Chesapeake, was marked by no capital stroke of policy or heroism.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
They had splendid palaces in Kioto, the capital, and in Fukuwara, overlooking the Inland Sea.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 12 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
This was the last king of Kandy, the then native capital of Ceylon.
"The Pearl of India" by Maturin M. Ballou
This nominal capital must be distinguished from the subscribed capital.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Then Burgos, no longer a frontier town, grew to be capital of the new-formed kingdom of Castile.
"The Cathedrals of Northern Spain" by Charles Rudy
In the later periods the foliage or ornaments resemble those in the capitals.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
On the side which overlooks Honolulu are the remains of an old fort, which commands the Hawaiian capital.
"Under the Southern Cross" by Maturin M. Ballou
The principal towns are Hanoi, the capital of Tonquin, and Hue, the capital of the kingdom and formerly of the whole empire.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
***

In poetry:

Where between granite terraces
The blue Seine rolls her wave,
The Capital of Pleasures sees
Thy hardly-heard-of grave;--
"Stanzas In Memory Of The Author Of 'Obermann'" by Matthew Arnold
Grief lingers here, like mists that lie
Across the dawns of ripe July;
On capital and corridor
The pathos of the conqueror.
"Viroconium" by Mary Webb
The place which was as capital
Of their vast kingdom known,
Was where the monarchs of the soil
In winter fixed their throne.
"Enigma XXVI." by Elizabeth Hitchener
With more of love than money bless'd,
You'd said, if you had seen us;
For all the capital possess'd
Was half-a-crown between us.
"Mutation" by William Hutton
A capital ship for an ocean trip
Was the Walloping Window Blind.
No gale that blew dismayed her crew
Or troubled the captains mind.
"The Walloping Window Blind" by Charles Edward Carryl
Seek not in me the bit I capital,
Not yet the little dotted in me seek.
If I have in me any I at all,
'Tis the iota subscript of the Greek.
"Iota Subscript" by Robert Frost

In news:

Guinea- Bissau soldiers walk along a street after gunmen raided an army barracks in the capital Bissau on October 21, 2012.
Fighting Flares in Guinea- Bissau 's Capital.
Soldiers loyal to the ousted President, Joao Bernardo Vieira, fired at military rebels from a building in the center of the Guinea- Bissau capital today, the Portuguese news agency Lusa reported.
Heavy fighting resumed in the capital of the West African state of Guinea- Bissau late today after 1,000 Guinean and Senegalese troops, backing the Government, appeared to have launched an attack against local rebel troops.
Bitterly divided Georgia town reflects discord in nation's capital.
Jean Fleischhacker was named senior managing director of business development for Black Diamond Capital Management, according to a news release.
Pop star Madonna said on Tuesday she was being deliberately "ironic on stage" when she erroneously referred to President Barack Obama during her concert in the nation's capital as a " black Muslim .
Michael Gibson is an associate at Thiel Capital and is VP of Grants for the Thiel Foundation, where he helps run the 20 Under 20 Thiel Fellowship.
The Washington Capitals have named former Bruins and Capitals center, and new Hockey Hall-of-Famer, Adam Oates as their new coach.
Nathan Myhrvold's company Intellectual Ventures is trying to create a capital market for patents, inventions and intellectual property, one that would use the venture capital and private equity markets as a model.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged a quick decision on bank capitalization in Europe on Wednesday, saying "time is of the essence" and her government was ready to capitalize its banks if needed.
An opponent of capital punishment who specifically cautioned against "joy" in bin Laden's death is dishonestly portrayed to demonstrate "obsessive belief in capital punishment" and "rejoicing" in that death.
Three goalies crowd the Capitals' crease. Twenty-two-year-old Washington Capitals goalie Braden Holtby has one shutout among his five starts since being promoted from Hershey (AHL).
CAPITAL LAND'S ONLY CLASSIC ROCK STATION is CAPITAL LAND'S ONLY CLASSIC ROCK STATION featuring Rock Classic radio live from Albany, Ny at pyx106.com.
Nothing is worse than being in the capital of capitalism with only a piddly chunk of loose change.
***

In science:

In the system, a definition is represented in a Prologlike style using capitals for variables, and “,”, resp. “;” for conjunction, resp. disjunction.
SLDNFA-system
We denote the matrices corresponding to the half-turns in a, b, c by capitals A, B , C .
Singular sets and parameters of generalized triangle orbifolds
Elements of G (X ) are denoted by capital letters, i.e., U = cl[(uε )ε ] = (uε )ε + N (X ). G ( ) is a fine sheaf of differential algebras with respect to the Lie derivative (w.r.t. smooth vector fields) defined by Lξ U := cl[(Lξ uε )ε ].
Nonlinear distributional geometry and general relativity
We shall follow the convention of denoting an element of a sample space by script letters, e.g. C and that of an ensemble by capital letters e.g. C.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Brehm, J. and Rahn. W. (1997) Individual-level evidence for the causes and consequences of social capital.
Civic Engagement among Early Internet Adopters: Trend or Phase?
Does the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation, and community commitment.
Civic Engagement among Early Internet Adopters: Trend or Phase?
In addition, we consider a problem where all the capital is invested in stocks.
Portfolio Optimization and the Random Magnet Problem
In the planar limit, each sequence tends to a function of x = n/N , n, N → ∞, which we label by the same capital letter.
Critical and Tricritical Hard Objects on Bicolorable Random Lattices: Exact Solutions
The Cartesian components of these STF tensors are functions of t and r only, are independent of θ and φ, and are denoted with capital script letters.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Random variables are denoted by capital letters, while group elements are denoted by lower case letters.
Towards a practical, theoretically sound algorithm for random generation in finite groups
To remark that we use the word system (as the ensemble of all sub-systems and not as a sub-system) written with capital letter. This being so, the transformat ion is always adiabat ic for the System.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
But to study quantum chaos, we learn from that the rˆole of the peridic orbits of the associated classical system are capital.
Coassociative grammar, periodic orbits and quantum random walk over Z
However, in some quantum chaos experiments , the periodic orbits of the classical system play a capital rˆole.
Coassociative grammar, periodic orbits and quantum random walk over Z
Z dnk ˜f (k)W (k) 6We will denote the elements of the deformed algebra with capital letters.
Generalized Weyl systems and kappa-Minkowski space
They could greatly reduce both capital and operating costs.
Superconducting Power Generation
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