capillary

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj capillary long and slender with a very small internal diameter "a capillary tube"
    • adj capillary of or relating to hair
    • n capillary a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action
    • n capillary any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The human body has approximately 37,000 miles of capillaries
    • Capillary (Anat) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.
    • Capillary A tube or vessel, extremely fine or minute.
    • Capillary Pertaining to capillary tubes or vessels; as, capillary action.
    • Capillary Resembling a hair; fine; minute; very slender; having minute tubes or interspaces; having very small bore; as, the capillary vessels of animals and plants.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Laid end-to-end, the arteries, capillaries and veins would stretch for about 60,000 miles in the average child and would be about 100,000 miles in an adult - enough to wrap around the world nearly four times.
    • capillary Pertaining to or resembling hair: as, a capillary lotion; capillary fibers or threads.
    • capillary Specifically, in botany, resembling hair in the manner of growth: applied in this sense by Ray, Boerhaave, and other early botanists to ferns.
    • capillary Resembling a single hair; specifically, in anatomy, having (as a tube) so small a bore that water cannot be poured into it, and will not run through it.
    • capillary Pertaining to a capillary or to capillaries: as, capillary circulation.
    • capillary Pertaining to the phenomena of the rise of fluids in tubes and chinks, and, more generally, to the collecting of liquids in drops, their spreading over surfaces (as oil on water), and various other phenomena explicable proximately by surface-tension and ultimately by cohesion and adhesion, considered as forces acting at finite but insensible distances.
    • capillary In surgery, linear: descriptive of a fracture of the skull without separation of the parts of the injured bones.
    • n capillary pl. capillaries (-riz).
    • n capillary A tube with a small bore. Specifically
    • n capillary In anatomy: One of the minute blood-vessels which form a network between the terminations of the arteries and the beginnings of the veins. They are formed of a single endothelial coat, and the finer ones may be no larger in diameter than is sufficient to allow the passage of a blood-corpuscle.
    • n capillary One of the minute lymphatic ducts.
    • n capillary One of the intercellular passages in the liver which unite to form the bile-ducts.
    • n capillary In botany, a fern: especially applied to such ferns as grow like tufts of hair on walls. Sir T. Browne. See I., 2.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Human blood travels 60,000 miles per day on its journey through the arteries, arterioles and capillaries and back through the venules and veins.
    • adj Capillary kap′il-a-ri or ka-pil′a-ri as fine or minute as a hair: having a very small bore, as a tube
    • n Capillary a tube with a bore as fine as a hair:
    • adj Capillary kap′il-a-ri or ka-pil′a-ri, as fine or minute as a hair: having a very small bore, as a tube
    • n Capillary (pl.) the minute vessels that unite the veins and arteries in animals
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. capillaris, fr. capillus, hair. Cf. Capillaire

Usage

In literature:

Universal systemic capillary anastomosis.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
One of which the bulb is kept moist by the capillary attraction of cotton fibres from an attached reservoir.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
A deep and absorptive subsoil returns water to the surface, by capillary action, as it is needed.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
The blood comes from the capillaries of the womb and vagina.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
The capillary depression is inversely proportional to the diameter of the tube.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
Is it because the mobility of the heart is less than that of the stomach, and the mobility of the capillaries greater?
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
A loose plug of cotton-wool in the open mouth completes the capillary pipette.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Many of these openings are capillary and sub-capillary in size.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
What do the capillaries constitute?
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
The capillary theory may not, probably does not, play part in every case.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
They change their shape and are able to crawl through the walls of the capillaries.
"Health Lessons" by Alvin Davison
Seepage, percolation and capillary attraction do the rest.
"The Apple" by Various
Only a little of the blood goes through the sides of a capillary.
"Applied Physiology" by Frank Overton
These go into the nearest capillary and start taking the nitrogen they need from the blood.
"The Moralist" by Jack Taylor
Drains ordinarily remove only excess of capillary water, an excess of percolating water in wet weather.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
Of course you have to keep wetting it, for hair will not draw oil fast enough by capillary action.
"Where the Pavement Ends" by John Russell
The height of the meniscus is then read on a millimetre scale attached to the capillary.
"The Phase Rule and Its Applications" by Alexander Findlay
There are, however, no capillaries connected with this, and it is confined to certain portions of the body.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 10" by Various
Capillary action is due to the forces of cohesion (20), and to the forces of adhesion (21.
"Friction, Lubrication and the Lubricants in Horology" by William T. Lewis
This vein runs to the liver, where it breaks up into capillaries.
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
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In poetry:

"Trifles that claim no very special name,--
Some useful, others chiefly ornamental;
Pins, buttons, rings, and other trivial things,
With various wrecks, capillary and dental.
"How To Not Settle It" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Selco Products Company offers cold capillary thermostats to the refrigerated truck industry.
Capillary sampling for blood gas analysis.
Fused Silica Capillary Tubing Can Withstand High Temperatures.
Fiberguide Industries, Inc. Delivering reliable operation in demanding conditions, Fiberguide Industries' new line of fused silica capillary tubing has proven effective in a number of scientific applications.
Collagen gel contraction is comparable between well plate and capillary tube formats.
The reaction between allergens and antibodies gives off histamines, which cause the capillaries in your nose to swell, resulting in congestion .
Fused Silica Capillary Tubing Can Withstand High Temperatures.
Revision of D5481 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring Apparent Viscosity at High-Temperature and High-Shear Rate by Multicell Capillary Viscometer.
Practice 903.2.2 – 3 points – Capillary break is added on footing.
New Test Method for Perminate Gases in C2 and C3 Products by Capillary Gas Chromatography and Pulse Discharge Helium Ionization Detector.
Revision of D3835 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer .
WK28548 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer .
Find out why sub-irrigation systems like capillary mats, floor and drain trays, troughs or benches and flood floors offer a better alternative to top-down watering methods.
Free surfactants that are not bound to oil, contamination, and the metal surface attach to the developed bubble at the capillary peak.
" Viscosity &mdash.Capillary Viscometer Methods," <912>.
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In science:

Typically, the capillary diameter tolerance, as given by manufacturers, is 3 microns.
Prototype development of the Integral-Field unit for VIRUS
Within one row of 15 capillaries, this could add up to 45 microns, which is enough for the matrix to get out of shape.
Prototype development of the Integral-Field unit for VIRUS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the workshop at AIP for the careful manufacture of the mechanical parts of the IFU. The use of fused silica capillary tubes to establish the layout of fibers was suggested by Gary Nelson at Polymicro Technologies Inc.
Prototype development of the Integral-Field unit for VIRUS
The mass of the boronsilikate capillary tube is 0.094mg per 1mm of its length.
Development of High Granulated Straw Chambers of Large Sizes
Capillary tube - (1), isolation gap - (2), (3)- molten location of wire.
Development of High Granulated Straw Chambers of Large Sizes
Contact resistance in the capillary tube between the anode and contact wires.
Development of High Granulated Straw Chambers of Large Sizes
At the end, we analyze examples corresponding to capillary fluids.
The d'Alembert-lagrange principle for gradient theories and boundary conditions
The interface appears as a surface separating two media with its own characteristic behavior and energy properties13 (when working far from critical conditions, the capillary layer has a thickness equivalent to a few molecular beams14 ).
The d'Alembert-lagrange principle for gradient theories and boundary conditions
That has been done in order to allow the excitation of the KHI at short wavelengths range similar to that of the Miles mechanism, namely, at the order of the capillary length.
An asymptotic model for the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Miles mechanisms of water wave generation by wind
Note that for wave lengths much larger than the capillary length, the classical KH model yields for the threshold wind speed U (cr) a ≈ ǫ−1pg/k, a value that depends on the wave length (k = 2π/λ).
An asymptotic model for the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Miles mechanisms of water wave generation by wind
Lc = pσ/(gρw ) is the constant capillary length.
An asymptotic model for the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Miles mechanisms of water wave generation by wind
SaF (kLa ) = 0, The second equation in (16) evidently describes the gravity-capillary waves within the current approximation of low density ratio, while the first equation in (16) represents the inertial waves ω − kUa ≡ k(C − Ua ) = 0 in the limit ¯ka = kLa → ∞ (F (¯k ) ≈ ¯ka for ¯ka → ∞).
An asymptotic model for the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Miles mechanisms of water wave generation by wind
With this in mind, these waves will be called inertial and gravity-capillary waves, respectively.
An asymptotic model for the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Miles mechanisms of water wave generation by wind
Travelling two and three dimensional capillary gravity water waves.
From the long jump random walk to the fractional Laplacian
Phase randomization of three-wave interactions in capillary waves H.
Phase randomization of three-wave interactions in capillary waves
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