canal

Definitions

  • The Canal
    The Canal
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v canal provide (a city) with a canal
    • n canal long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation
    • n canal a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance "the tear duct was obstructed","the alimentary canal","poison is released through a channel in the snake's fangs"
    • n canal (astronomy) an indistinct surface feature of Mars once thought to be a system of channels; they are now believed to be an optical illusion
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A CANAL SCENE A CANAL SCENE
Entrance of Suez Canal at Port Said Entrance of Suez Canal at Port Said
OLD CANAL, CHRISTIANIA OLD CANAL, CHRISTIANIA
SUEZ CANAL SUEZ CANAL
RECOGNISES WITH DISMAY A VIEW OF THE GRAND CANAL RECOGNISES WITH DISMAY A VIEW OF THE GRAND CANAL
"Canal Miseries." "Canal Miseries."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Approximately 25,000 workers died during the building of the Panama Canal and approximately 20,000 of them contracted malaria and yellow fever
    • Canal A long and relatively narrow arm of the sea, approximately uniform in width; -- used chiefly in proper names; as, Portland Canal; Lynn Canal .
    • Canal (Anat) A tube or duct; as, the alimentary canal; the semicircular canals of the ear.
    • Canal An artificial channel filled with water and designed for navigation, or for irrigating land, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The highest toll paid by a ship to cross the Panama Canal was by the Crown Princess on May 2, 1993 in the amount of $141,349.97 U.S. funds
    • n canal An artificial waterway for irrigation or navigation. Canals appear to have been first used for conveying water, and were merely shallow ditches with a slight fall. They naturally became, when large enough, a roadway for boats, and eventually for ships. A canal may be a mere cutting to unite bodies of water for the passage of boats, as in some of the chains of lakes in the eastern United States; or a continuous waterway formed by a series of long levels united by locks and carried over rivers and valleys by means of bridges, as the Erie canal; or a canalized river; or a navigable passage connecting lakes or seas, as the Welland canal in Canada, or the Suez canal. Among the longest canals are the Ganges canal in India, about 350 miles long, the Grand Canal in China, about 800 miles, and the Erie canal in New York, 363 miles. The James and Kanawha Rivers Navigation canal, 147 miles long, over-came by its locks a grade of l,916 feet, and the Morris canal in New Jersey, 101 miles long, one of 1,674 feet. The Suez canal (opened in 1869) is 90 miles long, and is level throughout. It is the largest in the world in point of sectional area, and the most important it in a commercial aspect. Canalized rivers are common in western Europe. On ordinary narrow canals boats are usually drawn by horses or mules traveling on a tow-path, though steam-propulsion and steam-towing are now used to some extent; larger ones, called ship-canals, as the Suez, the North Holland, the Welland, etc., are navigated by vessels of different sizes, up to the largest under sail or steam.
    • n canal In architecture, a channel; a groove; a flute: thus, the canal of the volute is the channel on the face of the circumvolutions inclosed by a list in the Ionic capital.
    • n canal In anatomy, a duet; a channel through which a fluid is conveyed or solids pass; a tubular cavity in a part, or a communication between parts. See duet.
    • n canal In zoology, the name of sundry grooves, furrows, apertures, etc., as: the channels of various actinozoans;
    • n canal the afferent and efferent pores of sponges;
    • n canal the groove observed in different parts of certain univalve shells, and adapted for the protrusion of the long cylindrical siphon or breathing-tube possessed by those animals.
    • n canal In botany, an elongated intercellular or intrafascicular space, either empty or containing sap, resin, or other substances.
    • n canal Inferior, the inferior dental canal
    • n canal Median, the canal in the superior maxillary bone containing the middle superior dental nerve
    • n canal Posterior, the canal in the superior maxillary bone containing the posterior superior dental nerve.
    • n canal The canalis incisivus on either side.
    • n canal The canales incisivi with the anterior palatine canal in sense a.
    • n canal The primitive common and continuous cavity of the brain and spinal cord, not infrequently more or less extensively obliterated in the latter, but in the former modified in the form of the several ventricles and other cavities.
    • n canal Inferior, the channel in the inferior maxillary or lower jaw-bone, which transmits the inferior dental nerves and vessels
    • n canal Posterior, one or more fine canals entering the superior maxillary bone about the middle of its posterior surface, and transmitting the posterior dental vessels and nerves.
    • n canal One of the canaliculi lacrymales (which see, under canaliculus).
    • n canal In echinoderms, a canal of which a part of the wall is formed by the ambulacral nerve and its connections; the track or trace of the ambulacral nerve and its connections.
    • canal To intersect or cut with canals.
    • n canal Same as canaille, 2.
    • n canal A long, narrow arm of the sea penetrating far inland: as, Lynn canal, Portland canal, etc.
    • n canal The juice-canals or ultimate radicals of the lymph-vessels.
    • n canal In sponges, all of the cavities of the body, taken collectively, traversed by the currents of water which nourish the sponge from the time they enter at the pores until they pass out at the osculum.
    • n canal A channel which passes through the series of hemal arches beneath the backbone of a fish.
    • n canal In sponges, one of the canals which are continuous with the paragastric cavity, as distinguished from an incurrent canal.
    • n canal In ctenophorans, a branch of the perradial canal extending into the base of the corresponding tentacle.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Over 175 million cubic yards of earth was removed for the creation of the Panama Canal
    • n Canal kan-al′ an artificial watercourse for navigation: a duct in the body for any of its fluids
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ronald Reagan
    Ronald%20Reagan
    “Government is like a baby. An alimentary canal with a big appetite at one end and no sense of responsibility at the other.”
  • Frank Moore Colby
    Frank%20Moore%20Colby
    “One learns little more about a man from his feats of literary memory than from the feats of his alimentary canal.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. canal, from L. canalis, canal, channel; prob. from a root signifying “to cut”; cf. D. kanaal, fr. the French. Cf. Channel Kennel gutter
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. canalis, a water-pipe.

Usage

In literature:

From the air, Panama Canal at night is a necklace of lights strung across the thin neck of land that separates sea from sea.
"Raiders Invisible" by Desmond Winter Hall
From Mons to Conde it followed the line of the canal, thus occupying an already constructed barrier.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
Among the many excellent canals of Sweden may be mentioned the Goeta Canal, which was commenced by Charles XII.
"The Railroad Question" by William Larrabee
Sira dived in, unhesitatingly, and after an easy underwater swim she emerged in the open canal.
"The Martian Cabal" by Roman Frederick Starzl
Moving slowly now, because they sunk in to their boot tops, the boys crossed the field and came to a canal.
"A Yankee Flier Over Berlin" by Al Avery
At the edge of the slope the canal turned sharply to the left, and ran in a gradual curve, skirting the upland.
"The House in the Water" by Charles G. D. Roberts
We sailed down the Canal on a scorching Sunday morning to Suez and the Red Sea.
"With Manchesters in the East" by Gerald B. Hurst
They said the great slides of gravel and sand along the sides of the canal could never be stopped.
"Modern Americans" by Chester Sanford
The brain and spinal cord are contained within a bony canal, which forms a protective covering for them.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
After gaining proficiency we bathed in the canal and lockpit itself.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
Canal proprietors and toll-road companies had declaimed against the attack on vested rights.
"The Railway Builders" by Oscar D. Skelton
Voices drifted up from the Grand Canal, and now and then the sound of bells.
"Unfinished Portraits" by Jennette Lee
BALBI, PALAZZO, in Volta di Canal.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume III (of 3)" by John Ruskin
The nearest water to the corner of Willow and Main Streets was the canal.
"The Corner House Girls Growing Up" by Grace Brooks Hill
T. J. Jackson has destroyed a principal dam on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Two parallel canals cut across it, and these we take to be part of the canal junction below Toutpres.
"Cavalry of the Clouds" by Alan Bott
A canal connects with Chichester Harbour.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
The Industrial Canal crosses the Florida Walk drainage canal.
"The Industrial Canal and Inner Harbor of New Orleans" by Thomas Ewing Dabney
The company took a walk to the new basin, into which the canal empties.
"Alida" by Amelia Stratton Comfield
Its epithelial lining is continuous with that of the central canal.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
***

In poetry:

Tractors and songs can pass below the cemetery —
in the dawn light, new people, the smell of burnt gasoline,
fields held in common, water in canals,
no drought or fear of the police.
"Last Will And Testament" by Nazim Hikmet
'Twas night; I stood on yonder fir-crown'd height
And look'd on flaming furnace, forge, and mine;
The black-brow'd clouds with lurid fires were bright,
That flashed o'er road, canal, and railway line.
"On Seeing A Dead Body of A Man" by Janet Hamilton
and every February, every "last autumn",
you write far from the threshing harvesters
folding wheat like a girl plaiting her hair,
far from Russia's canals quivering with sunstroke,
a man living with English in one room.
"Forest Of Europe" by Derek Walcott
takes shape without once choosing to be.
Each new morning must first show her the opals
she wore yesterday, and pull rows
of reflections out of the canal
and remind her of the other times:
only then does she concede and settle in
"Venetian Morning" by Rainer Maria Rilke
LEAVES of poplars pick Japanese prints against the west.
Moon sand on the canal doubles the changing pictures.
The moon's good-by ends pictures.
The west is empty. All else is empty. No moon-talk at all now.
Only dark listening to dark.
"Moonset" by Carl Sandburg
Then, when down blue canals of cloudy snow
The white moon oars her boat, and woods vibrate
With crickets, lo, I hear the hautboys blow
Of Elf-land; and when green the fireflies glow,
See where the goblins hold a Fairy Fête
With lanthorn row on row.
"Gramarye" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

I wrote a story in today's sport section about cycling the Erie Canal .
It will link a park on the west side of the creek to a path on the east side that connects to the Erie Canal State Park.
Old Erie Canal path in DeWitt remains closed Sunday.
Crews worked Sunday to build a temporary dam to stop water from draining from the aqueduct of the Old Erie Canal and into Butternut Creek.
The Erie Canal , completed in 1825, played an important role during the Palmyra period of church history.
Business on upswing for Erie Canal Cruises.
Erie canal bridges (almost) falling down.
Brockport's historic bridge over the Erie Canal .
From their chartered Lockmaster boat, two couples leisurely explore the western end of the canal.
A houseboat designed and built by Mid-Lakes Navigation heads down the Erie Canal .
Brodsky's Erie Canal Investigations, Continued.
A downtown section of the Miami- Erie Canal will receive a facelift in coming months through the efforts of the New Bremen/New Knoxville Rotary Club.
Barge trip on the Erie Canal .
One local haunted site is Erie Canal Village.
Workers fill massive hole at canal wall.
***

In science:

The first graph is the regular Petersen graph which contains just 10 nodes, and we investigate the network of Venetian 96 canals as the second example.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
It is interesting to mention that in the larger urban patterns such as the street grid in Manhattan and the canal network of Venice, most of the nodes of spatial networks can still be reached in less as three navigation steps (see.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Another example is the spatial network of 96 Venetian canals which serve the function of roads in the ancient city that stretches across 122 small islands (see Fig. 6).
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
While identifying canals over the plurality of water routes on the city map of Venice, the canal-named approach has been used, in which two different arcs of the city canal network were assigned to the same identification number provided they have the same name.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Venetian canals scale with the connectivity of canals: the slope of the regression line equals 2.07. A similar power law can be observed for the isolation patterns in other urban environments.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Nodes of the dual graph representation of the canal network in Venice are shown by disks with radiuses taken equal to the degrees of the nodes.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Canals negatively correlated with the Grand Canal of Venice are set under negative angles (below the horizontal), and under positive angles (above the horizontal) if otherwise.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Figure 11: The scatter plot (in the log-log scale) of the mean shortest distance vs. the value of access time for the network of Venetian canals.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Grand canal of Venice), while the large disks which stand in Fig. 12 for the main water routes are settled in the closest proximity to the origin that intends an immediate access to them.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
Figure 12: The 2-dimensional pro jection of the 95dimensional Euclidean spaces associated to random walks defined on the city canal network built from the perspective of the Grand canal of Venice chosen as the origin.
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
The data of scatter plots displayed in Figs. 9,10 show that in the studied urban patterns T[i] scales with the degree of vertex, so that T (k) ∝ k−2−2ε , with some ε > 0 (ε = 0.085 for the downtown of Bielefeld and ε = 0.035 for the canal network of Venice).
Exploring Urban Environments By Random Walks
In the present paper, we investigate spatial graphs of several compact urban patterns: the city canal networks of Venice and Amsterdam, as well as the almost regular array of streets in Manhattan.
Random Walks Estimate Land Value
The probability-probability plot of the normal distribution (on the horizontal axis) against the empirical distribution of eigenvalues in the spectra of the city canal networks in Venice and Amsterdam.
Random Walks Estimate Land Value
While the Venetian canals mostly serve the function of transportation routs between the distinct districts of the gradually growing naval capital of the Mediterranean region, the concentric web of Amsterdam gratchen had been built in order to defend the city.
Random Walks Estimate Land Value
We have analyzed the first-passage times to individual canals in the spatial graph of the canal network in Venice.
Random Walks Estimate Land Value
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