calyx

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n calyx (botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Calyx (Anat) A cuplike division of the pelvis of the kidney, which surrounds one or more of the renal papillæ.
    • Calyx (Bot) The covering of a flower. See Flower.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n calyx In botany, in general, the outer set of the envelops which form the perianth of a flower. It is usually more herbaceous and leaf-like than the corolla, but it is often highly colored and corolla-like, and is sometimes the first to fall. It may form the entire perianth, no corolla being present; or when there are several whorls of envelops, they may so grade into each other that the calyx cannot be strictly separated from the bracts without and the petals within. The parts of a calyx when distinct are called sepals, and it is disepalous, trisepalous, etc., according to their number. When they are more or less coalescent into a cup or tube, it is said to be gamosepalous or monosepalous, and may be regular or irregular, or variously toothed, cleft, or divided, and either free from the ovary or adnate to it.
    • n calyx In human anatomy, one of the cup-like or infundibuliform beginnings of the ureter in the pelvis of the kidney, surrounding the apices of the Malpighian pyramids, each receiving usually more than one pyramid. There are from seven to thirteen such calyces, converging and uniting in three infundibula, which in turn combine to form the pelvis. [In this sense calyx is generally found in the plural form, calyces or (incorrectly) calices.]
    • n calyx In zoology: The cup at the base of the ciliated tentacles on the lophophore or oral disk of polyzoans. See Plumatella.
    • n calyx The pedicellated Graafian follicle, ovarian capsule, or ovisac of a bird, consisting of two membranes of lax tissue and blood-vessels, rupturing at a point called the stigma to discharge the ovum, then collapsing, and finally becoming absorbed.
    • n calyx In crinoids, the cup at the summit of the stȧlk or stem, whence the brachia radiate and on the surface of which is the mouth. The base of the calyx is the summit of the stem, which may be a modified joint or ossicle composed of confluent joints. See cut under Crinoidea.
    • n calyx In Hydrozoa, a generative capsule developed in the axils of a branched hydroid stock, containing either medusa-buds or sexual organs.
    • n calyx Some other calyciform or cup-shaped part or organ of an animal.
    • n calyx The expanded, cup-like, deciduous structure on the ends of the stems of certain entoproctous Polyzoa, containing most of the organs and hence practically an individual.
    • n calyx A depression formed by the more or less reticulate folding of the skin, as in the intromittent organs of snakes.
    • n calyx A cup-shaped excavation on the surface of the ovary which remains after the rupture of a Graafian vesicle.
    • n calyx Any circular piece which resembles in form the calyx of a flower.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Calyx kal′iks or kā′liks the outer covering or cup of a flower, its separate leaves termed sepals
    • n Calyx kal′iks or kā′liks, the outer covering or cup of a flower, its separate leaves termed sepals
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. calyx, -ycis, fr. Gr. ka`lyx husk, shell, calyx, from the root of kaly`ptein to cover, conceal. Cf. Chalice Helmet
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. kalyxkalyptein, to cover.

Usage

In literature:

The greenish-yellow calyx, which is closely wrapped around the bud, is next examined.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
Observe the direction taken by the upper and by the lower points of the calyx.
"Seed Dispersal" by William J. Beal
Notice what a different degree and kind of life there is in the calyx and the corolla.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
In calm weather the sun could be seen, looking like a purple flower, with the light streaming from the calyx.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
These enormous calyxes were of the most brilliant golden yellow, azure, and purple.
"The Works of Theophile Gautier, Volume 5" by Theophile Gautier
Listen my child, and may they sink deep into your heart, as the dew sinks in the calyx of the flower.
"Gold Dust" by E. L. E. B.
The calyx often fails, or is present by obscure indications only.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
The fruit is a membranous one-seeded utricle often enclosed by the persistent calyx.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
The shining velvety calyx swayed.
"Where the World is Quiet" by Henry Kuttner
The PLUM SAWFLY also attacks the fruit, laying an egg in the calyx of each flower.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
Calyx small, placed in a regular basin, with fine plaits.
"The Apple" by Various
True composites, without a normal calyx =COMPOSITAE=, p. 113.
"The Plants of Michigan" by Henry Allan Gleason
The parts of the flower are in fives in calyx, corolla and stamens, followed by two carpels which unite to form a superior ovary.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
In calm weather the sun could be seen, looking like a reddish-purple flower with light streaming from the calyx.
"Hans Andersen's Fairy Tales" by Hans Christian Andersen
The lily-like body was flung open, as a lily opens its calyx, when the creature was feeding.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Flower removed from 2, Calyx.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 5" by Various
Stamen and pistil, with the calyx; one fertile stamen longer than the others.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
To die in the summer night, amid song and in the light of the fiery calyx.
"On the Heights" by Berthold Auerbach
Same part of calyx cut away.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 2" by Various
Calyx-wings triangular-ovate, about 3 mm.
"Seeds of Michigan Weeds" by W. J. (William James) Beal
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In poetry:

I look for what was so good for you.
Oh my lovely, half-dead trees,
could some equal sweetness still
stroke your leaves, open your calyx?
"Growing Old" by Rainer Maria Rilke
She turned,—­a reddening rose in bud,
Its calyx half withdrawn,—­
Her cheek on fire with damasked blood
Of girlhood’s glowing dawn!
"Agnes" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
And wrecks passed without sound of bells,
The calyx of death's bounty giving back
A scattered chapter, livid hieroglyph,
The portent wound in corridors of shells.
"At Melville's Tomb" by Harold Hart Crane
Rose, you majesty-once, to the ancients, you were
just a calyx with the simplest of rims.
But for us, you are the full, the numberless flower,
the inexhaustible countenance.
"The Sonnets To Orpheus: Book 2: VI" by Rainer Maria Rilke
On the small pear-bud, with its silver calyx,
Some one (I know not who) has set a cross,
Rosy and glowing. On that Calvary-rood
Love might hang long, and know not pain or loss.
"Little Things" by Mary Webb
Still keeps the deer-berry its vivid green,
Set in its glowing calyx like a gem;
While hung above, a marvellous diadem
Of tawny gold, the bittersweet's gray stem,
Strung with its globes of murky flame is seen.
"A November Wood-Walk" by Kate Seymour Maclean

In news:

Gather the calyxes before any woody tissue appears.
Calyx Software launched Point and PointCentral 8.0, paving the way for Calyx Mobile to bring mobility to loan originators for productivity on the run.
In the night skies above Janet Neville's Calyx Farms on north highway 11, professional photographers Mark McInnis and Carl Ackerman captured meteor showers .
In 2004, Vermont Teddy Bear , which also sells online with affiliate sites through PajamaGram, TastyGram and Calyx & Corolla, posted web sales of about $28 million, up 27% from Internet sales of $22 million in 2003.
In 2004, Vermont Teddy Bear, which also sells online with affiliate sites through PajamaGram, TastyGram and Calyx & Corolla, posted web sales of about $28 million, up 27% from Internet sales of $22 million in 2003.
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