calx

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n calx a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Calx Broken and refuse glass, returned to the post.
    • Calx (Chem) Quicklime.
    • Calx (Chem) The substance which remains when a metal or mineral has been subjected to calcination or combustion by heat, and which is, or may be, reduced to a fine powder.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n calx Lime or chalk.
    • n calx The ashy substance which remains after metals, minerals, etc., have been calcined. Metallic calxes are now generally called oxids.
    • n calx Broken and refuse glass, which is restored to the pots.
    • n calx In anatomy, the heel: commonly used in the Latin genitive (calcis), as in os calcis, the heel-bone or calcaneum.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Calx kalks chalk or lime: the substance of a metal or mineral which remains after being subjected to violent heat
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Calx, calcis,. limestone; cf. Gr. gravel. , , pebble, Skr. gravel, Ir. carraic, rock Gael. carraig, W. careg, stone. Cf. Chalk
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. calx, lime.

Usage

In literature:

I sent you of his faeces there calcined: Out of that calx, I have won the salt of mercury.
"The Alchemist" by Ben Jonson
To bring Gold into calx.
"The Book Of Quinte Essence Or The Fifth Being (1889)" by Unknown
He thought they were "compounded" of a certain earth, or calx, and phlogiston.
"Priestley in America" by Edgar F. Smith
Calx: the distal end of the tibia; the curving basal portion of the first tarsal joint.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
As soon as the calx began to glow, the bladder became expanded, and quicksilver rose into the neck.
"Discovery of Oxygen, Part 2" by Carl Wilhelm Scheele
On the parts not excoriated mercurial ointment, made of one part of white calx of mercury and six of hogs' fat.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
Again, iron, by its fermentation with brimstone and water, is evidently reduced to a calx, so that phlogiston must have escaped from it.
"Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air" by Joseph Priestley
All transparent enamels are made opaque by the addition of calx, which is a mixture of tin and lead calcined.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
United with the calx of lead, it is used in painting.
"Heads of Lectures on a Course of Experimental Philosophy: Particularly Including Chemistry" by Joseph Priestley
It was very generally said that fixed air was produced during the calcination of metals, and was absorbed by the calx.
"Heroes of Science" by M. M. Pattison Muir
***