calomel

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n calomel a tasteless colorless powder used medicinally as a cathartic
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Calomel (Chem) Mild chloride of mercury, Hg2Cl2, a heavy, white or yellowish white substance, insoluble and tasteless, much used in medicine as a mercurial and purgative; mercurous chloride. It occurs native as the mineral horn quicksilver.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n calomel Hemi-, sub-, or protochlorid of mercury, or mercurous chlorid, Hg2Cl2. It was formerly prepared by grinding in a mortar mercury sulphate with as much mercury as it already contained, and heating the mixture with salt until it sublimed. It is now prepared by subliming corrosive sublimate with the proper quantity of mercury. It also occurs native in tetragonal crystals, which are white-gray or yellowish in color and have an adamantine luster. It is sectile, and is hence called horn-mercury or horn-quicksilver. It is usually sold in the form of a white powder, odorless, tasteless, and insoluble in water, alcohol, or ether. Calomel is extensively used in medicine, especially in inflammations of serous membranes and as a purgative. Also called subchlorid and protochlorid of mercury, and corneous mercury.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Calomel kal′ō-mel the popular name of one of the compounds of mercury and chlorine, much used in medicine.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. kalo`s beautiful + me`las black. So called from its being white, though made from a black mixture of mercury and corrosive sublimate. Cf. F. calomélas,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. calomel, which Littré derives from Gr. kalos, fair, melas, black.

Usage

In literature:

Nonirritating laxatives, such as castor oil, sweet oil, or calomel in small doses, should be given.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
Ointment of gallic acid and calomel is of repute.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
Oh, yes, you can go to morning lessons, but report at the Infirmary this evening for a dose of calomel.
"Judy of York Hill" by Ethel Hume Patterson Bennett
Since calomel acts chemically through the blood it is the cathartic indicated.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
She was then put upon saline draughts and calomel.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
Mayerne had high repute, and is eminent in English medical history as having introduced the use of calomel.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
Let me be thankful that I swallowed but little calomel.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 18, No. 108, October, 1866" by Various
Now and then the company doctor stopped in on his rounds of the coal camp to leave calomel and quinine.
"Blue Ridge Country" by Jean Thomas
One of my medical friends with whom calomel was as a sheet-anchor often asserted that babies would actually get fat on it.
"The No Breakfast Plan and the Fasting-Cure" by Edward Hooker Dewey
Pres'n'y we'll have to git calomel for youna.
"Shapes that Haunt the Dusk" by Various
Calomel is a specific; and is taken by multitudes without hesitation, or fear of danger.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
Venesection to six or eight ounces, ten grains of calomel, and an infusion of senna with salts and oil, every three hours, till stools are procured.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
Minor sources include the black or gray sulphide, metacinnabar, the native metal, and the white mercurous chloride, calomel.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
If the bowels are not loose, give a teaspoonful of castor oil or one or two grains of calomel.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume II (of VI)" by Various
The bowels should be thoroughly opened by calomel, croton oil, or Henry's solution, and a light milk diet given.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Calomel and pills are the great panacea for all their bodily ills.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 38, No. 01, January, 1884" by Various
If Mrs. Hawkins comes in, give her this bottle of calomel and this bundle of goods.
"A Forest Hearth: A Romance of Indiana in the Thirties" by Charles Major
On the whole I prefer calomel in small doses.
"The Mother's Manual of Children's Diseases" by Charles West, M.D.
If the pulse was quick, he prescribed quinine, if sluggish, he ordered calomel.
"The Romance of a Plain Man" by Ellen Glasgow
Calomel can not be given freely to cattle.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
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In poetry:

Is it, and can it be,
Nature hath this decree,
Nothing poetic in the world shall dwell?
Or that in all her works
Something poetic lurks,
Even in colocynth and calomel?
"Poetry Everywhere" by William Schwenck Gilbert
What time the poet hath hymned
The writhing maid, lithe-limbed,
Quivering on amaranthine asphodel,
How can he paint her woes,
Knowing, as well he knows,
That all can be set right with calomel?
"Poetry Everywhere" by William Schwenck Gilbert