• WordNet 3.6
    • n calif the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth "many radical Muslims believe a Khalifah will unite all Islamic lands and people and subjugate the rest of the world"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Calif Same as Caliph Caliphate, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n calif Literally, a successor: the title given to the successor of Mohammed as head of the Moslem state and defender of the faith. The calif is vested with absolute authority in all matters pertaining to the religion and civil polity of the Mohammedans. He is called imam by the Shiahs, who hold that the successor of Mohammed should be a descendant of the prophet's own family. (See imam.) The Sunni Mohammedans hold that the calif should be one of the Koreish, the tribe to which the prophet belonged. Four so-called “perfect” califs reigned at Medina from the death of Mohammed to 661, 13 Ommiad califs at Damascus to 750, and 37 Abbasid califs at Bagdad to 1258, when the temporal power of the califs was overthrown by the Turks. There were, however, titular Abbasid califs in Egypt (successors of a member of the family who fled thither in 1258) until the usurpation of the califate by the Turkish sultan Selim
    • n calif I. (1512-20); the office has since remained in the Ottoman (Sunni) dynasty. The title calif was assumed by the Ommiad rulers of Mohammedan Spain at Cordova (755-1031), after the overthrow of the family in Asia. The Fatimite rulers of Egypt (909-1171) also called themselves califs. Also spelled kalif, khalif, etc.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Calif kā′lif the name assumed by the successors of Mohammed
    • n Calif kā′lif or kal′if, the name assumed by the successors of Mohammed
    • ***


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—Ar. khalīfah, a successor.


In literature:

After the reign of the Calif Harun al Raschid at Bagdad the Eastern rulers fell upon evil days.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol XII." by Arthur Mee
Letters may be addressed to either at Al-Tahoe, Lake Tahoe, Calif.
"The Lake of the Sky" by George Wharton James
In 1895 came to Calif.
"The California Birthday Book" by Various
Anthony Lucy E., 239; 392; in Calif, camp'n., 48;, 707; 900.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
A. Sargent (Calif.) in 1878.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume V"
Braly, John Hyde, work in Calif, 36, 38, 40-1, 51, 56; 198.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
So he became calif of Harvey.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
Bible, 854; work in Calif.
"The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (Volume 2 of 2)" by Ida Husted Harper
Likewise 70% of the students at Stanford University (Calif.) were country bred, but only 25% return to country life after college days.
"The Challenge of the Country" by George Walter Fiske
Surely the very thought of him brings up the Arabian Nights and the Calif Haroun.
"The Fortunes Of Glencore" by Charles James Lever
Calif Mdowija, who died in 679, is regarded as the founder of the Arabian posts.
"The Development of Rates of Postage" by A. D. Smith
Earl Miner, An Introduction to Japanese Court Poetry (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1968), p. 9.
"Zen Culture" by Thomas Hoover
Quoted in Max Kaltenmark, Lao Tzu and Taoism (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1969), p. 20.
"The Zen Experience" by Thomas Hoover
It was 1:45 a. m. The lights of United Airport at Burbank, Calif., where I had left the ground fifteen minutes before, had disappeared.
"Test Pilot" by Jimmy Collins
On January 26th, 1911, first successful flights were made with a hydroaeroplane, at the Winter camp at San Diego, Calif.
"Jane's All the World's Aircraft" by Various
About a mile beyond the walls of the city are the tombs of the califs.
"The World and Its People: Book VII" by Anna B. Badlam
ALAMEDA, Calif. Report from the committee on public buildings and grounds favoring the erection of a public building in Alameda.
"United States Government Publications, v. 8 Jan-Jun 1892" by Compiled
Visitors to Sequoia should have mail addressed to Sequoia National Park, Calif.
"Sequoia [California] National Park" by United States Department of the Interior
Club, Los Angeles, Calif. 80 pp.
"Color Key to North American Birds" by Frank M. Chapman
Henry W. Carriger, of Sonoma, Calif., (1899) mentions two more elevated nests of the lutescent warbler.
"Life Histories of North American Wood Warblers Part One and Part Two" by Arthur Bent

In news:

In a miniature version of the investment disaster that plunged Orange County, Calif, into bankruptcy, a Westchester synagogue says it lost $650,000 from its capital campaign last year through investments in highly speculative securities.
Octomom – the mother of octuplets and six other children – will be moving to Palmdale, Calif because her Orange County house was foreclosed on.
LOS ALAMITOS, Calif, 5 August, 2011 – IBM Rational's Ricardo Camancho will demonstrate how to use SysML to specify complex systems during a free webinar this month.
A screenshot of a YouTube video of new homes in Victorville, Calif, being demolished.
The Bumble Bee tuna processing plant in Santa Fe Springs, Calif, is shown Monday, Oct 15, 2012.
Compton (Calif.) school board fires superintendent.
The board of the Compton (Calif.) Unified School District has fired the superintendent Kaye E Burnside over her misuse of district credit cards for personal purchases.
Taj Burrow won the O'Neill Coldwater Classic at Steamer Lane in Santa Cruz, Calif, vs Matt Wilkinson on Nov 6, 2012.
Taj Burrow won the ONeill Coldwater Classic at Steamer Lane in Santa Cruz, Calif, vs Matt Wilkinson on Tuesday.
Oscar Baile, 66, Newark, Calif. Gail Ambrosius, 52, Madison, Wisc.
PALMDALE, Calif.—Money is scarce, jobs are rare and business is not booming, so it's time to get smart.
EL SEGUNDO, Calif.—Pau Gasol got home from the game and read about it on Twitter, while Dwight Howard got a midnight message on his BlackBerry.
FRESNO, Calif — A former Marine sergeant diagnosed with mental illness has pleaded innocent by reason of insanity to thefts at two California banks in 2011.
RIVERSIDE, Calif — A 10-year-old boy told police that he figured that if he killed his neo Nazi father, he might not get in trouble because that's what happened on a television program he had watched.
FULLERTON, Calif.—Cal State Fullerton received its second consecutive loss to open the 2010 campaign, losing to Pepperdine 6-0 at Goodwin Field on Saturday night.

In science:

The size of the latter is determined in the CALIFES linac and is about 0.4 mm in both planes throughout this experiment.
Effects of RF breakdown on the beam in a CLIC prototype accelerator structure
This coupling is caused by solenoids in the CALIFES linac, both close to the photocathode and in the solenoids surrounding the acceleration structures.
Effects of RF breakdown on the beam in a CLIC prototype accelerator structure
Kowal Catalogue of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies (Pasadena: Calif.
From Messier to Abell: 200 years of science with galaxy clusters
California, Santa Cruz, Calif., 1979), Amer.
Orbifold Constructions of K3: A Link between Conformal Field Theory and Geometry
Handbook of Iron Meteorites, Buchwald, V.F., Univ. of Calif.
Meteoritical and dynamical constraints on the growth mechanisms and formation times of asteroids and Jupiter
Brown Div. of Geological and Planetary Science, Calif.
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet?
REALLY bad. (Perhaps you have read this in histories that mention Feynman? I can confirm it.) He almost ran into another car pulling out of the Lauritsen lot onto Calif.
CHARM2010: Theory Summary
Publish or Perish Inc., Berkeley, Calif., 1976.
The Shapes of Tight Composite Knots
San Francisco, Calif.: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. Zhendong Su & David Wagner (2005): A class of polynomially solvable range constraints for interval analysis without widenings.
Exact Gap Computation for Code Coverage Metrics in ISO-C
Erickson (Physics, Univ. of Calif., Davis), who some 10 years ago guided the author in the development of the original ideas on which this paper is based.
Multivector Solutions to the Hyper-Holomorphic Massive Dirac Equation
Kupershmidt, Normal and universal forms in integrable hydrodynamical systems, Proceedings of the Berkeley-Ames conference on nonlinear problems in control and fluid dynamics (Berkeley, Calif., 1983), in Lie Groups: Hist., Frontiers and Appl.
Algebro-geometric approach in the theory of integrable hydrodynamic type systems
Rocha-Caridi, Vacuum vector representations of the Virasoro algebra, Vertex Operators in Mathematical Physics (Berkeley, Calif., 1983), Math.
Bosonic formulas for affine branching functions
Alperin, Weights for finite groups, The Arcata Conference on Representations of Finite Groups (Arcata, Calif., 1986), Proc.
Alperin's Conjecture for Algebraic Groups
Gottesman, “Stabilizer codes, quantum error correc tion, quantum error correction,” Ph.D. dissertation, Calif.
Control Paradigms for Quantum Engineering
Schoen, Analytic aspects of the harmonic map problem, in Seminar on nonlinear partial differential equations (Berkeley, Calif., 1983), vol. 2 of Math.
A geometric approach to generalized Stokes conjectures