# calculation

## Definitions

• Abacus for Calculations
• WordNet 3.6
• n calculation the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods
• n calculation planning something carefully and intentionally "it was the deliberation of his act that was insulting"
• n calculation problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
• ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: It has been calculated that a single breath from a mature blue whale can inflate up to 2000 balloons.
• Calculation An expectation based on circumstances. "The lazy gossips of the port,
Abhorrent of a calculation crost,
Began to chafe as at a personal wrong."
• Calculation The act or process, or the result, of calculating; computation; reckoning, estimate. "The calculation of eclipses.""The mountain is not so his calculation makes it."
• ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: On average, about 500 meteorites strike the surface of the Earth each year. The calculated risk of being struck by a meteorite in the United States is once every 9,300 years.
• n calculation The act of calculating; the art, practice, or manner of computing by numbers; reckoning; computation: as, to find a result by calculation; the calculation was a difficult one.
• n calculation A series of arithmetical processes leading to a certain result.
• n calculation An estimate formed in the mind by comparing the various circumstances and facts which bear on the matter in hand.
• n calculation The habit of forming mental estimates; a trait or an element of intellectual character which shows itself in the habit of formulating and revolving schemes in the mind, or forecasting the progress or results of an undertaking.
• n calculation Synonyms Deliberation, circumspection, wariness, forethought, prudence.
• ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The greatest measured water discharge was an estimated 740,000-1,000,000 gallons by the Giant Geyser, in Yellowstone National Park. However, this estimate made in the 1950s, was only a rough calculation.
• n Calculation the art or process of calculating: estimate: forecast
• ***

## Quotations

• Oscar Wilde
“No woman should ever be quite accurate about her age. It looks so calculating.”
• J. G. Ballard
“What our children have to fear is not the cars on the highways of tomorrow but our own pleasure in calculating the most elegant parameters of their deaths.”
• Source Unknown
“Her body calculated to a millimeter to suggest a bud yet guarantee a flower.”
• Henry Luce
“Business, more than any other occupation, is a continual dealing with the future; it is a continual calculation, an instinctive exercise in foresight.”
• Samuel Johnson
“Nay, Madam, when you are declaiming, declaim; and when you are calculating, calculate.”
• Marquis De Custine
“The circumstances of human society are too complicated to be submitted to the rigor of mathematical calculation.”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. calculation, fr. L. calculatio,; cf. OF. calcucation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. calculāre, -ātum, to reckon by help of little stones—calculus, dim. of calx, a little stone.

## Usage

### In literature:

Here in Canada was an opportunity for a new Imperial policy, better calculated to retain the affections of the colonists.
"The Framework of Home Rule" by Erskine Childers
In all her calculations for the future Mrs. Owen's fortune was an integer.
"A Hoosier Chronicle" by Meredith Nicholson
I just seemed to feel that something was bound to happen to upset my calculations.
"The Outdoor Chums After Big Game" by Captain Quincy Allen
It is calculated that L20,000,000 was invested in coffee estates.
"The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom" by P. L. Simmonds
This is universal: the other calculated for certain colonies only.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. II. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
After their return to the hotel, Mr. Talbot sat down to a table, and went through a long calculation.
"Sevenoaks" by J. G. Holland
Luther Dorsey is about nineteen years of age, rather smart, black, well made and well calculated for a Canadian.
"The Underground Railroad" by William Still
On this Lord Macartney grounds his calculations, and on this they choose to ground theirs.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. III. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
These gentlemen are much stronger, too, without doors than some calculate.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. V. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
In fact, the face of the young man was, in a surprising degree, calculating and sinister.
"The Black Baronet; or, The Chronicles Of Ballytrain The Works of William Carleton, Volume One" by William Carleton
***

### In poetry:

With that religion on it;
I calculate we'll meet"--jest here
A caliker sun bonnet,
On a sister's head, cum round the Jog,
An' preacher dispars'd like mornin' fog!
"Old Spense" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
Oh, I am weary, weary, weary
Of Pan and oaten quills
And little songs that, from the dictionary,
Learn lore of streams and hills,
Of studied laughter, mocking what is merry,
And calculated thrills!
"Protest" by John Charles McNeill
His limbs were strong, but far from limber;
One half his head, they thought, was timber;
While others thought, but could not see,
"One half a vacuum might be."
Others precisely calculate,
"His two ends were of equal weight."
"Courtship" by William Hutton
Wherefore this old philanthropist, this shrewd old farming man,
He sat him down and pondered long, and thus evolved a plan -
A simple scheme, beneficent, and calculated so
That it would guard the interests of Josiah, Jim and Joe.
"Dad's Philanthropic Plan" by C J Dennis
I shall take last to love, and never wholly.
Let them all into Heaven—I abolish Hell—
but let it be read over them as they enter:
"Beware the calculations of the meek, who gambled nothing,
gave nothing, and could never receive enough."
"In Place Of A Curse" by John Anthony Ciardi
For twenty years he drove him through the bush and round the town,
Until the old white stager knew the parish upside down;
He'd take his time, and calculate, and have his wilful way,
And stop at every Catholic gate to bid them all good day.
"Currajong" by John O Brien

### In news:

High school graduation rates decrease under new federally mandated calculation method.
It also calculates wet bulb and dew point.
Are calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period and adjusting for the ratio of 5 ordinary shares per A.D.S.
How do you calculate the heat transfer area of a finned tube heat exchanger.
We shed our passive, search-and-hope streamer techniques and attitudes and applied new methods with a calculated approach.
Earlier analyses of their bodies suggested as much, but the calculations were hypothetical.
SAN FRANCISCO — A new calculation of the world's coal reserves is much lower than previous estimates.
Because the new method for calculating franchise tax is dramatically different from prior methods, there are few precedents for the State Comptroller to use in drafting rules.
DELTA JUNCTION — Fall's arrival, by my calculations, takes place every year on Aug 1.
This Early Vote Calculation from Gallup Looks Terrible for Obama.
The illustration seems calculated to shock the viewer.
Blue Marble's full suite of software tools includes the Blue Marble Desktop, the Geographic Calculator, and Global Mapper, as well as GeoCore, GeoCalc, and Global Mapper developer tool kits.
Handling zeros in geometric mean calculation.
The World Resources Institute (WRI) has calculated the potential greenhouse gas reductions that could be achieved by federal agencies under a range of existing authorities and by states through announced plans.
That is a fairly simple calculation.
***

### In science:

Moreover, the best-ﬁt line to these data shows a strong temperature-dependence, inconsistent with calculations (Gu 2003), while the ﬂux ratio of 3C to λ16.78 (middle panel) shows only modest temperature-dependence as expected from calculations.
The Transparency of Solar Coronal Active Regions
This calculation requires Θ(nm) time, therefore more than the calculation of the clustering coeﬃcient.
A study of the edge-switching Markov-chain method for the generation of random graphs
The Godunov code is remarkable in that the off-shell terms can be computed exactly at second order in perturbation theory, in contrast with most other existing calculations, which use closure approximations to avoid this relatively diﬃcult calculation.
How Time Works in Quantum Systems: Overview of time ordering and time correlation in weakly perturbed atomic collisions and in strongly perturbed qubits
We denote this multi-grading HFL− (~L) ∼= Md∈Z,h∈H Calculating HFL− (~L, h) is more challenging than calculating [HFL(~L, h), as its differential counts more holomorphic disks.