• WordNet 3.6
    • n calash the folding hood of a horse-drawn carriage
    • n calash a woman's large folded hooped hood; worn in the 18th century
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Calash A hood or top of a carriage which can be thrown back at pleasure.
    • Calash A hood, formerly worn by ladies, which could be drawn forward or thrown back like the top of a carriage.
    • Calash A light carriage with low wheels, having a top or hood that can be raised or lowered, seats for inside, a separate seat for the driver, and often a movable front, so that it can be used as either an open or a closed carriage. "The baroness in a calash capable of holding herself, her two children, and her servants."
    • Calash In Canada, a two-wheeled, one-seated vehicle, with a calash top, and the driver's seat elevated in front.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n calash A light carriage with low wheels, either open or covered with a folding top which can be let down at pleasure. The Canadian calash is two-wheeled, and has a seat on the splashboard for the driver.
    • n calash The folding hood or top usually fitted to such a carriage. Specifically called a calash-top.—3. A hood in the form of a calash-top worn by women in the eighteenth century and until about 1810. It was very large and full, to cover the head-dresses of the period, and was made on a framework of light hoops, capable of being folded back on the shoulders, or raised, by pulling a ribbon, to cover the head and project well over the face. Similar hoods had been worn at earlier times, but the reintroduction under this name appears to date from 1765.
    • n calash A primitive one-horse springless cart of the island of Nantucket, Massachusetts, house-chairs being used for seats. It is still used to a limited extent.
    • calash To furnish with a calash.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Calash ka-lash′ a light low-wheeled carriage with a folding top: a silk and whalebone hood worn by ladies to shade the face.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. calèche,; of Slavonic origin; cf. Bohem. kolesa, Russ. koliaska, calash, koleso, kolo, wheel
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. calèche; of Slav. origin, as Bohem. kolésa, Russ. koleso, a wheel.


In literature:

The traveller pushed open the door, elbowed an ancient calash under the porch, and entered the courtyard.
"Les Misérables Complete in Five Volumes" by Victor Hugo
Hay-carts, calashes, buck-boards, and rude specimens of cabs were being driven by French-Canadian habitants along the road.
"Marie Gourdon" by Maud Ogilvy
The early carriages were calashes and chariots.
"Customs and Fashions in Old New England" by Alice Morse Earle
The first class passengers in these calashes had seats in the chaise itself.
"Rollo in Naples" by Jacob Abbott
Took a calash with young Fred Andrews, a most intelligent child of 8 years.
"A Journey to America in 1834" by Robert Heywood
He set off with General Bertrand in a calash.
"Memoirs of the Private Life, Return, and Reign of Napoleon in 1815, Vol. II" by Pierre Antoine Edouard Fleury de Chaboulon
The stars had already begun to pale, and the sky was grey, when the calash rolled up to the porch of the little house at Vasilievskoe.
"A Nobleman's Nest" by Ivan Turgenieff
William Fitzhugh, a well-to-do planter of Stafford County, owned a calash, a sort of a cab imported from England.
"Domestic Life in Virginia in the Seventeenth Century" by Annie Lash Jester
The public vehicle called a victoria is a sort of four-wheeled calash, and it has entirely superseded the volante for city use.
"Due South or Cuba Past and Present" by Maturin M. Ballou
Lull turned to greet her, and saw to her surprise that Mrs Kelly wore a tight black silk jacket and a green calash.
"The Weans at Rowallan" by Kathleen Fitzpatrick
And suddenly he realized that it was a man, despite the full skirts and flutterings of capes and calash.
"The Story of Old Fort Loudon" by Charles Egbert Craddock
These are in a calash, those at the far end of a shop; but all are equally alone.
"Priests, Women, and Families" by J. Michelet
The top is thrown back, but a kind of calash-shade screens from the sun the occupants of what we should call the driver's seat.
"An American Girl Abroad" by Adeline Trafton
Do you know what a calash is?
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 15" by Various
Seated, then, in a berlin, or perhaps in a calash, one goes out at least to visit the olive groves, if not to cross the island.
"Mentone, Cairo, and Corfu" by Constance Fenimore Woolson
Four horses drawing a small calash whose wheels were covered with rubber glided across the Griess as noiselessly as a spectral equipage.
"On the Cross" by Wilhelmine von Hillern
Her calash was untied, and her curly locks had escaped their ribbon and hung in picturesque confusion about her face.
"Peggy Owen at Yorktown" by Lucy Foster Madison
It was below in the hall, lying on the floor, fast in the calash, to which Susan, ill-starred wench!
"The International Monthly, Vol. II, No. I" by Various
He had escaped in a wretched calash, attended by a small troop.
"Curiosities of Human Nature" by Anonymous
The old Ozhogins were sitting on the back seat of the calash, the Prince and Liza in front.
"The Diary of a Superfluous Man and Other Stories" by Iván Turgénieff

In poetry:

Then answer'd Squire Morley, pray get a calash,
That in summer may burn, in winter may splash;
I love dirt and dust; and 'tis always my pleasure
To take with me much of the soil that I measure.
Derry down, down, hey derry down.
"Down-Hall. A Ballad." by Matthew Prior