burst

Definitions

  • A CLOUD-BURST OF JEWELS
    A CLOUD-BURST OF JEWELS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v burst burst outward, usually with noise "The champagne bottle exploded"
    • v burst come open suddenly and violently, as if from internal pressure "The bubble burst"
    • v burst break open or apart suddenly and forcefully "The dam burst"
    • v burst emerge suddenly "The sun burst into view"
    • v burst force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up "break into tears","erupt in anger"
    • v burst move suddenly, energetically, or violently "He burst out of the house into the cool night"
    • v burst cause to burst "The ice broke the pipe"
    • v burst be in a state of movement or action "The room abounded with screaming children","The garden bristled with toddlers"
    • n burst the act of exploding or bursting "the explosion of the firecrackers awoke the children","the burst of an atom bomb creates enormous radiation aloft"
    • n burst a sudden flurry of activity (often for no obvious reason) "a burst of applause","a fit of housecleaning"
    • n burst rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms "our fusillade from the left flank caught them by surprise"
    • n burst a sudden intense happening "an outburst of heavy rain","a burst of lightning"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

It Burst With a Loud 'bang.' 145 It Burst With a Loud 'bang.' 145
SOME OTHER MEN BURST UPON THEM WITH A FIERCE, RUDE YELL SOME OTHER MEN BURST UPON THEM WITH A FIERCE, RUDE YELL

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Burst A rupture or hernia; a breach.
    • Burst A sudden breaking forth; a violent rending; an explosion; as, a burst of thunder; a burst of applause; a burst of passion; a burst of inspiration. "Bursts of fox-hunting melody."
    • Burst A sudden opening, as of landscape; a stretch; an expanse. "A fine burst of country."
    • Burst Any brief, violent exertion or effort; a spurt; as, a burst of speed.
    • Burst To break or rend by violence, as by an overcharge or by strain or pressure, esp. from within; to force open suddenly; as, to burst a cannon; to burst a blood vessel; to burst open the doors. "My breast I'll burst with straining of my courage."
    • Burst To break. "You will not pay for the glasses you have burst ?""He burst his lance against the sand below."
    • Burst To exert force or pressure by which something is made suddenly to give way; to break through obstacles or limitations; hence, to appear suddenly and unexpectedly or unaccountably, or to depart in such manner; -- usually with some qualifying adverb or preposition, as forth out away into upon through, etc. "Tears, such as angels weep, burst forth.""And now you burst ah cruel!) from my arms.""A resolved villain
      Whose bowels suddenly burst out."
      "We were the first that ever burst Into that silent sea.""To burst upon him like an earthquake."
    • Burst To fly apart or in pieces; of break open; to yield to force or pressure, especially to a sudden and violent exertion of force, or to pressure from within; to explode; as, the boiler had burst; the buds will burst in spring. "From the egg that soon Bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclosed
      Their callow young."
      "No, no, my heart will burst , an if I speak:
      And I will speak, that so my heart may burst ."
    • Burst To produce as an effect of bursting; as, to burst a hole through the wall.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • burst To fly or break open as an effect of internal forces and with sudden violence; suffer a violent disruption; explode.
    • burst Hence—2. Figuratively, to break or give way from violent pain or emotion: as, my head will burst; her heart burst with grief.
    • burst To come or go suddenly; rush: as, the enemy in an instant burst upon us.
    • burst To rend by force or violence (that which confines or retains); open suddenly and violently; cause to explode: as, to burst one's bonds; to burst a cannon.
    • burst To break, in general.
    • burst Synonyms (intransitive verb and t.) To split, separate, rend, tear.
    • n burst A sudden disruption; a violent rending.
    • n burst A sudden explosion or shooting forth; a rush; an out-burst: as, a burst of applause; a burst of passion; “burst of thunder,”
    • n burst A rupture; a hernia.
    • n burst A smart race; a spurt.
    • n burst A sudden opening to sight or view.
    • n burst A spree.
    • burst In pin-pool billiards, to go beyond a score of 31; in ball-pool, to smash at the pyramid.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Burst burst to break into pieces: to break open suddenly or by violence: to disturb, interrupt
    • v.i Burst to fly open or break in pieces: to break forth or away: to break into some sudden expression of feeling—e.g. 'to burst into song:'—pa.t. and pa.p. burst
    • n Burst a sudden outbreak: a hard gallop: a spurt: a drunken bout
    • ***

Quotations

  • George Macdonald
    George%20Macdonald
    “Age is not all decay; it is the ripening, the swelling, of the fresh life within, that withers and bursts the husk.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “The older we grow the greater becomes our wonder at how much ignorance one can contain without bursting one's clothes.”
  • Jonathan Swift
    Jonathan%20Swift
    “Better belly burst than good liquor be lost.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Self-love is a balloon filled with wind, from which storms burst forth when one makes a puncture in it.”
  • Alice James
    Alice James
    “How sick one gets of being good, how much I should respect myself if I could burst out and make everyone wretched for twenty-four hours; embody selfishness.”
  • Vilfredo Pareto
    Vilfredo Pareto
    “Give me a fruitful error anytime, full of seeds, bursting with its own corrections.”

Idioms

Burst at the seams - To be filled to or beyond normal capacity: This room will be bursting at the seams when all the guests arrive.
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Burst your bubble - If you correct someone's ignorant or delusional belief, you burst their bubble. (Bust someone's bubble is also used.)
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bersten, bresten, AS. berstan,pers. sing. berste, imp. sing. bærst, imp. pl. burston, p. p. borsten,); akin to D. bersten, G. bersten, OHG. brestan, OS. brestan, Icel. bresta, Sw. brista, Dan. briste,. Cf. Brast Break

Usage

In literature:

April 24: About 4 A.M. a shell burst that shook the cafe.
"Pushed and the Return Push" by George Herbert Fosdike Nichols, (AKA Quex)
It seemed very dreadful to me; I burst into tears.
"Old Jack" by W.H.G. Kingston
A loud shout burst from the throats of the British seamen.
"John Deane of Nottingham" by W.H.G. Kingston
By expelling this air in sudden bursts it makes the varied sounds you hear.
"Blown to Bits" by R.M. Ballantyne
He turned in the direction of his cottage, which was full in view; and, at that moment, smoke burst from the roof and windows.
"Gascoyne, the Sandal-Wood Trader" by R.M. Ballantyne
For the first time for many hours a gleam of hope burst in upon the benighted wanderers.
"Freaks on the Fells" by R.M. Ballantyne
A convulsive groan burst from Hugh's hardy breast.
"Rookwood" by William Harrison Ainsworth
The remaining men burst into Calhoun as a cloud of locusts descending on a field of unprotected vegetation.
"Ride Proud, Rebel!" by Andre Alice Norton
Running, skipping, and jumping, they burst again into the summer-house.
"Deerbrook" by Harriet Martineau
He burst into a fit of laughter, which called the rusty hinges into violent action and produced a groan.
"The Wild Man of the West" by R.M. Ballantyne
Barber burst out at him like some fierce storm.
"The Rich Little Poor Boy" by Eleanor Gates
They may as well dig their graves at once; what if a tremendous shell should burst over them, and bury in the dirt those who were not killed?
"A Confederate Girl's Diary" by Sarah Margan Dawson
Intervals of silence follow, and then the loud cries burst forth again.
"The Temptation of St. Antony" by Gustave Flaubert
Then a coal burst into quick flame and he could see the struggle.
"Hunters Out of Space" by Joseph Everidge Kelleam
Shells, especially from the Asiatic side, were numerous, three big ones bursting quite near me.
"The Incomparable 29th and the "River Clyde"" by George Davidson
As they gained the summit the Turks greeted them with terrific bursts of shrapnel and common shell.
"The Kangaroo Marines" by R. W. Campbell
Her gaiety shaded off into melancholy, and her melancholy burst into wild gaiety again.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
I felt my heart swell and my face flush, and with a sudden sob I burst into tears.
"Fifty-Two Stories For Girls" by Various
Under any other circumstances they would have burst out laughing.
"The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Hatteras" by Jules Verne
And at that the clear liquid burst into a turmoil of alarm.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, August 1930" by Various
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In poetry:

I hunger and I thirst,
Jesu, my manna be;
Ye living waters, burst
Out of the rock for me.
"I Hunger and I Thirst" by John Samuel Bewley Monsell
Julian (bursting into tears).
Father, I am thy child.
Forgive me this:
Thy poetry is very hard to read.
"Within and Without: Part IV: A Dramatic Poem" by George MacDonald
If I were a rocket
Shot high across the night,
I'd rather burst in silver stars
Than green or purple light;
"Ambition" by John Chipman Farrar
The coral isle, the lion-coloured sand
Burst in upon the porcelain revery:
Impetuous troubling
Of his imagery.
"'The Age Demanded'" by Ezra Pound
Shadow Baldur, by my tent,
bursts with reeking juices.
Thor throws in his increment,
opening heaven's sluices.
"Water Music" by Jonas Hallgrimsson
Thy song shall soon be silenced;
I feel it... For I know
Thy heart is near to bursting
With loneliness and woe.
"In The Wilderness" by Morris Rosenfeld

In news:

They have the same 3-inch, 921,000-dot screens, the same magnesium alloy bodies, and the same 7 fps burst shooting mode as the K-5, which Pentax released in late 2010.
A forgotten liqueur bursts back onto the scene.
Exposing precursor to a burst of camera light induces fast photoreduction.
The plane slid off the runway on takeoff and burst into flames on Wednesday, May 18, 2011.
The powertrain feels tailored for highway driving, offering rapid bursts of acceleration from 30 to 50 m.p.h.
Contractor Incorrectly Installed Water Main That Burst on Bethesda's River Road.
When They Burst, as They Always Do, Cleaning Up Can Be Challenging.
You Can't Inflate A Burst Bubble.
MONTERREY, Mexico (AP) – The three masked men took less than a minute to burst into the offices of a major Mexican newspaper in northern Mexico, subdue the security guard, drench the reception with gasoline and set the building ablaze.
This one erupted in a nuclear fuel compartment, emitting a burst of radiation forcing 140,000 people indoors.
An unidentified Irish civil engineer working for a Saudi company was killed by at least one gunman who burst into his office in Riyadh, officials said.
The volatile virtuoso Jaco Pastorius burst upon the music world in 1976, stunning us with the ingenuity and chops of his debut, Jaco Pastorius (Epic), the Pat Metheny Trio album Bright Size Life (ECM) and his work with Weather Report.
Before Elvis or the Beatles burst on the scene, four talented teens from Louisiana brought the house down with their own brand of rock 'n' roll in 1949, and had teenagers screaming in a musical frenzy.
Earlier this year actress Janina Gavankar burst onto the music scene with a haunting reworking of "Love Lockdown" that sprang forth from a very personal place.
This citrusy sweet treat bursts with flavor without breaking the dietary bank.
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In science:

The data mining tools can be given any of the queried data and produce either rules for classification of bursts or an identification of classes of bursts by identifying which bursts belong to which class.
A GRB Tool Shed
In these cases, the frequency evolution was fitted by an expon ential model ν (t ) = ν0 - ∆ν e-t /τ . b For these bursts, ν0 is the frequency seen in the tail, and ∆ν how much the frequency changes during the burst. cThis burst observed an episode of spin down in the tail (Strohmayer 1999b).
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
An initially puzzling feature of the observations was that the oscillation frequency often changes during the burst, increasing by ∆ν ≈ 1 –2 Hz in the burst tail.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The Atmosphere During the Burst Many authors have simulated X-ray bursts for both mixed H/He and pure He ignitions, for reviews see Lewin, van Paradijs, & Taam (1993), and Bildsten (1998).
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
In the tail of a burst, when, for example F /FEdd ≈ 0.1, the thickness of the atmosphere is ≈ 1 m different from the pre-burst thickness in both cases.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Figure 8 shows that the mixed H/He ignition bursts have ttherm∆ν ≈ 1, whereas the pure He ignition bursts have ttherm∆ν ∼< 1.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
As we discuss further in §5.2, Figure 8 may explain the lack of burst oscillations seen in bursts with the characteristics of mixed H/He ignition.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Radius Expansion Bursts Many of the bursts which have shown oscillations are radius expansion bursts (Table 1), in which super-Eddington luminosities result in expansion of the photosphere to radii ∼ 20 –100 km (for a review see Lewin, van Paradijs, & Taam 1993).
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
It is much easier to get ∆Ω/Ω values this large with mixed H/He ignition, although as we describe below, all bursts with oscillations so far have the characteristics of pure He bursts.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Because of the greater mean molecular weight of pure helium as opposed to a solar composition, the expansion of the atmosphere in pure He bursts is roughly half that of mixed H/He bursts, giving a smaller ∆Ω/Ω (Figure 13).
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
So far, there has been only one study of the relation between burst oscillations and properties of the bursts.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Certainly all reported burst oscillations that we can find appear to be in bursts of sh ort duration typical of pure He ignition.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Why should only pure-He ignition bursts show oscillations? The differences we find between pure He and mixed H/He bursts may provide an explanation.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Our results support the simple picture proposed by Strohmayer et al. (1997a) to explain the frequency evolution seen in Type I bursts, and thus the identification o f the burst oscillation frequency with the neutron star spin.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
More observational studies of the phenomenology of burst oscillations and their relation to burst properties and source properties, in particular accretion rate, are needed.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
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