burr

Definitions

  • "ARRÉ, BURR-R-RICO!"
    "ARRÉ, BURR-R-RICO!"
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v burr remove the burrs from
    • n burr small bit used in dentistry or surgery
    • n burr rough projection left on a workpiece after drilling or cutting
    • n burr rotary file for smoothing rough edges left on a workpiece
    • n Burr United States politician who served as vice president under Jefferson; he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south (1756-1836)
    • n burr seed vessel having hooks or prickles
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Swiss engineer George de Mestral, who got the idea after noticing burrs were sticking to his pants after his regular walks through the woods, invented Velcro.
    • Burr A broad iron ring on a tilting lance just below the gripe, to prevent the hand from slipping.
    • Burr A clinker; a partially vitrified brick.
    • Burr (Mech) A drill with a serrated head larger than the shank; -- especially a small drill bit used by dentists.
    • Burr A guttural pronounciation of the letter r, produced by trilling the extremity of the soft palate against the back part of the tongue; rotacism; -- often called the Newcastle burr Northumberland burr, or Tweedside burr.
    • Burr A prickly seed vessel. See Bur, 1.
    • Burr A ring of iron on a lance or spear. See Burr n., 4.
    • Burr (Mech) A small circular saw.
    • Burr A thin flat piece of metal, formed from a sheet by punching; a small washer put on the end of a rivet before it is swaged down.
    • Burr (Mech) A triangular chisel.
    • Burr (Bot) Any rough or prickly envelope of the seeds of plants, whether a pericarp, a persistent calyx, or an involucre, as of the chestnut and burdock; a seed vessel having hooks or prickles. Also, any weed which bears burs. "Amongst rude burs and thistles.""Bur and brake and brier."
    • Burr The knot at the bottom of an antler. See Bur n., 8.
    • Burr The lobe of the ear. See Burr n., 5.
    • Burr The lobe or lap of the ear.
    • Burr (Zoöl) The round knob of an antler next to a deer's head.
    • Burr The sweetbread.
    • Burr The thin edge or ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal, as in turning, engraving, pressing, etc.; also, the rough neck left on a bullet in casting. "The graver, in plowing furrows in the surface of the copper, raises corresponding ridges or burrs ."
    • Burr The thin ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal. See Burr n., 2.
    • v. i Burr To speak with burr; to make a hoarse or guttural murmur.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Alexander Hamilton and his son, Philip, both died on the same spot, and both during duels. Philip went first, 3 years before his father would be killed in that same field by Aaron Burr.
    • n burr etc. See bur, bur, etc.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Burr the prickly seed-case or head of certain plants, which sticks to clothes: any impediment or inconvenient adherent: any lump, ridge, &c., more or less sharp, a knot on a tree, knot in thread, knob at the base of a deer's horn, &c.: waste raw silk: the sweetbread or pancreas:
    • n Burr the rough sound of r pronounced in the throat, as in Northumberland—v.i. to whisper hoarsely, to murmur.
    • Burr Same as Bur (q.v.).
    • Burr (Scot.) club-moss: the name for various tools and appliances, as the triangular chisel for clearing the corners of mortises, &c.: the blank driven out of a piece of sheet-metal by a punch: a partly vitrified brick
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “And when you stick on conversation's burrs, don't strew your pathway with those dreadful urs.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “I am a kind of burr; I shall stick.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. burre, burdock; cf. Dan. borre, OSw. borra, burdock, thistle; perh. akin to E. bristle, burr-, for burz-,), or perh. to F. bourre, hair, wool, stuff; also, according to Cotgrave, “the downe, or hairie coat, wherewith divers herbes, fruits, and flowers, are covered,” fr. L. burrae, trifles, LL. reburrus, rough
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Cog. with Dan. borre, a bur.

Usage

In literature:

Shot made of charcoal iron will be stamped with a * or "burr" near the gate.
"Ordnance Instructions for the United States Navy." by Bureau of Ordnance, USN
Its eyes, almost the same shade as its long, burr-entangled body fur, glared up at him in deathly enmity.
"Star Hunter" by Andre Alice Norton
Burr, the curly-haired leader of Herne's batting list, took his position to the left of the plate.
"The Young Pitcher" by Zane Grey
All around were chestnut trees, their burrs full of fruit.
"Bohemian Days" by Geo. Alfred Townsend
With this belt of burr oaks spaced as I have described, you have variety on your sky line.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
Who makes machinery for freeing wool of burrs and dirt?
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
Later as we lean over a rock to crack open the prickly burrs, I feel our shoulders touch!
"The Fifth Wheel" by Olive Higgins Prouty
But it sticks like a burr.
"Everyman's Land" by C. N. Williamson and A. M. Williamson
Tommy, dig out a pair o' them burrs.
"Horses Nine" by Sewell Ford
It sticks to you like a sand burr.
"Queer Stories for Boys and Girls" by Edward Eggleston
Burr clover is more commonly sown in the burr.
"Clovers and How to Grow Them" by Thomas Shaw
MR. HARRINGTON: Do you remember when we were down at the Riehl nursery that we ran into a chestnut that produces 7 to 9 in a burr?
"Northern Nut Growers Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-First Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
The result of the duel was to deprive Burr of all power and influence.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 97, November, 1865" by Various
This time he spoke English; but the burr was decidedly Scotch.
"The Best Short Stories of 1915" by Various
Burr, Margaret, wife of Gainsborough, vi, 139.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 14" by Elbert Hubbard
These old French burrs be the best stone; they be hard, but they be mild and takes the peck well.
"Round About a Great Estate" by Richard Jefferies
Bacon was down on the ground under the machine, tightening some burrs.
"Prairie Folks" by Hamlin Garland
Bacon was down on the ground under the machine, tightening some burrs.
"Other Main-Travelled Roads" by Hamlin Garland
Coming slowly between the trees was something which resembled a huge burr covered with brown leaves.
"Followers of the Trail" by Zoe Meyer
In another respect Burr's victory in New York was important.
"Union and Democracy" by Allen Johnson
***

In poetry:

Grand rough old Martin Luther
Bloomed fables—-flowers on furze,
The better the uncouther:
Do roses stick like burrs?
"The Twins" by Robert Browning
An' pulled the burrs out; an' their ma
She ist set there an' helt his paw
Till he wuz sound asleep, an' nen
She tell' him she won't scold again--
Never--never--never--
Ferever an' ferever!
"A Bear Family" by James Whitcomb Riley
So multitudes have been forgot--
But drones or dunces, good for naught;
Like clinging parasites or burrs
Taking from others all they dared,
Yet little they for others cared
Except as pilferers.
"The Antiquarian" by Hattie Howard
The beetle flung its burr of sound
Against the hush and clung there, wound
In night's deep mane: then, in a tree,
A grig began deliberately
To file the stillness: all around
A wire of shrillness seemed unwound.
"In The Wood" by Madison Julius Cawein
Up came the young Centaur-colts from the plains they were
fathered in—
Curious, awkward, afraid.
Burrs on their hocks and their tails, they were branded and gathered in
Mobs and run up to the yard to be made.
"The Centaurs" by Rudyard Kipling
The Greek will curse you if you call his Ikons images,
And damns your soul to Hell--no purgatory, if you please!
About Procession of the Ghost he's prickly as a burr,
But he believes, as we all believe, in the Holy Sepulchre!
"A Song Of The Sects" by Cale Young Rice

In news:

Each cherished and doted on the other after the death of Burr 's wife when their daughter was 11.
Burr Artz Library is a branch of the Frederick County Public Libraries.
Right donor may save former Red Wing Shawn Burr 's life.
Bill Burr came out of his shame-hole to talk about his beloved Patriots losing to The Giants a few weeks ago.is he handling it well.
Goodness, I think I may have put a burr under Cherokee County Attorney Craig Caldwell's blanket.
Mitt Romney announced the support of North Carolina US Sen Richard Burr on Thursday night.
"I am honored to have Senator Burr 's support," said Romney.
Burr and Coburn's Critique of Obama's Health Care Plans.
In Politico, Senators Richard Burr and Tom Coburn present a criticism of Obama's health care policies that is all too rare among Republicans.
Jennifer Hudson buying Burr Ridge home.
Jennifer Hudson may soon move to Burr Ridge.
Jennifer Hudson, the Oscar- and Grammy-winning singer and actress who got her start on American Idol, has a contract pending on a 12,000-square-foot home in Burr Ridge that was for sale at $2.795 million.
Hagan, Burr Divided on Infrastructure Bill.
Gore Vidal was known for such best-selling novels as "Burr" and "Myra Breckenridge.
Gore Vidal authored the historical novels Burr and Lincoln, wrote plays and provocative essays, ran for office twice — and lost — and frequently appeared on TV talk shows.
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In science:

The FET-input op-amp is a Burr-Brown OPA137P and the large feedback resistor is required because the straw’s induced current is quite small. (The estimated fractional change in the straw’s capacitance due to anode wire vibration is δC/C ∼ 10−3 .
Simple acoustical technique for automated measurement of drift tube anode wire tension
Examples include the Pareto, Cauchy, Student, Burr and log-gamma distributions.
Tail expansions for the distribution of the maximum of a random walk with negative drift and regularly varying increments
We first consider the i.i.d. case with the Burr distribution.
Test for tail index change in stationary time series with Pareto-type marginal distribution
Generalized Burr-Pareto-logistic distributions with applications to a uranium exploration data set.
Large-sample tests of extreme-value dependence for multivariate copulas
The first scatterer of the Burr Center ‘STAR’ beam uses Pb and Lexan degraders controlled by a computer to produce the desired SOBP.
Techniques of Proton Radiotherapy: Transport Theory
Suppose we have a system not unlike the Burr Center eye treatment line, a 160 MeV proton beam traversing 12 cm of Lexan followed by ≈ 90 cm of air. (The residual range is 3.9 cm H2O.) Figure 18 shows various computations of the equivalent source as a function of the depth of the measuring plane (MP).
Techniques of Proton Radiotherapy: Transport Theory
The Burr Center neurosurgery beam is a single scattered beam using binary sets of Pb and Lexan slabs, manipulated by a computer, to scatter and range modulate the beam.
Techniques of Proton Radiotherapy: Transport Theory
The first scatterer of the Burr Center ‘STAR’ beam uses Pb and Lexan degraders controlled by a computer to produce the desired SOBP.
Techniques of Proton Radiotherapy: Transport Theory
Example 5 (Dagum-simplex mixture) The Dagum distribution is also referred to as an inverse Burr distribution, and it is a special case of generalized beta distribution of the second kind (e.g., Kleiber and Kotz (2003)).
Intermediate Tail Dependence: A Review and Some New Results
To verify our theory, we built a simple apparatus using a dual-phase DSP lock-in amplifier, Stanford Research Systems model SR830, and a low noise electrometer grade operational amplifier, Burr-Brown OPA 128JM (see Fig. 2).
Novel Results on the Large-Signal Dynamic Admittance of $p-n$-Junctions
The study of these Ramsey numbers was initiated by Burr and Erd˝os in 1975, and this topic has since placed a central role in graph Ramsey theory.
Density theorems for bipartite graphs and related Ramsey-type results
In 1975, Burr and Erd˝os conjectured that, for each positive integer ∆, there is a constant c(∆) such that every graph H with n vertices and maximum degree ∆ satisfies r(H ) ≤ c(∆)n.
Density theorems for bipartite graphs and related Ramsey-type results
Burr and Erd˝os conjectured that r(Qd ) is linear in the number of vertices of the d-cube.
Density theorems for bipartite graphs and related Ramsey-type results
This improves on the bound of Kostochka and Sudakov, and is another step closer to the Burr-Erd˝os conjecture.
Density theorems for bipartite graphs and related Ramsey-type results
In spite of the above mentioned progress, the Burr-Erd˝os conjecture is still open even for the special case of d-degenerate bipartite graphs in which every vertex in one part has degree at most d ≥ 3.
Density theorems for bipartite graphs and related Ramsey-type results
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