burn

Definitions

  • The children watch the toy village burning
    The children watch the toy village burning
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v burn get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
    • v burn burn with heat, fire, or radiation "The iron burnt a hole in my dress"
    • v burn burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent "The surgeon cauterized the wart"
    • v burn undergo combustion "Maple wood burns well"
    • v burn cause to undergo combustion "burn garbage","The car burns only Diesel oil"
    • v burn destroy by fire "They burned the house and his diaries"
    • v burn use up (energy) "burn off calories through vigorous exercise"
    • v burn create by duplicating data "cut a disk","burn a CD"
    • v burn feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion "She was burning with anger","He was burning to try out his new skies"
    • v burn cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort "The sun burned his face"
    • v burn feel hot or painful "My eyes are burning"
    • v burn spend (significant amounts of money) "He has money to burn"
    • v burn burn at the stake "Witches were burned in Salem"
    • v burn cause to burn or combust "The sun burned off the fog","We combust coal and other fossil fuels"
    • v burn shine intensely, as if with heat "The coals were glowing in the dark","The candles were burning"
    • n burn damage inflicted by fire
    • n burn a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)
    • n burn an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
    • n burn a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
    • n burn pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Dressing a gas burn case Dressing a gas burn case
BURNING CLOTH IN THE LABORATORY BURNING CLOTH IN THE LABORATORY
A mansion structure or public building dating from the second quarter of the 17th century. Rebuilt once and burned about the time of Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676 A mansion structure or public building dating from the second quarter of the 17th century. Rebuilt once and burned...
A 17th-century lime kiln excavated at Jamestown. In it oyster shells from the James River were burned for making lime. The iron hoops which supported the arched top of the kiln buckled from the intense heat A 17th-century lime kiln excavated at Jamestown. In it oyster shells from the James River were burned for making...
Poor Pinocchio's Feet Burn to Cinders Poor Pinocchio's Feet Burn to Cinders
Burned to the Water's Edge Burned to the Water's Edge
fire of love that burns in the hearts of people fire of love that burns in the hearts of people
The Burning of Jamestown The Burning of Jamestown

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The candlefish is so oily that it was once burned for fuel
    • Burn A disease in vegetables. See Brand n., 6.
    • Burn A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat.
    • n Burn A small stream. "A little brook or strippet ."
    • Burn In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought.
    • Burn The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn .
    • Burn (Surg) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize.
    • Burn To be of fire; to flame. "The mount burned with fire."
    • Burn (Chem) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen.
    • Burn (Chem) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat; as, copper burns in chlorine.
    • Burn To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. "We'll burn his body in the holy place."
    • Burn To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. "This tyrant fever burns me up.""This dry sorrow burns up all my tears.""When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the grass as fire."
    • Burn To have a condition, quality, appearance, sensation, or emotion, as if on fire or excessively heated; to act or rage with destructive violence; to be in a state of lively emotion or strong desire; as, the face burns; to burn with fever. "Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way?""The barge she sat in, like a burnished throne, Burned on the water.""Burning with high hope.""The groan still deepens, and the combat burns .""The parching air Burns frore, and cold performs the effect of fire."
    • Burn To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass.
    • Burn To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block.
    • Burn To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime.
    • Burn To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat. "Your meat doth burn , quoth I."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: You burn more calories sleeping than you do watching television
    • burn To consume with fire; destroy or reduce to ashesby the action of heat or fire.
    • burn To act on with fire; expose to the action of fire: as, to burn clay; to burn wood for charcoal; toburn limestone.
    • burn To produce by means of fire: as, to burn charcoal.
    • burn To scorch; affect or injure by heat: as, to burn one's clothes by being too near the fire; to burn one's fingers; to burn bread or meat.
    • burn To inflame or tan (the skin), as sunlight.
    • burn To produce an effect like that of fire; heat or inflame; affect with a burning sensation: as, ardent spirits burn the stomach; a burning fever.
    • burn In chem., to combine with oxygen; oxygenize.
    • burn In surgery, to apply a cautery to; cauterize.
    • burn To be on fire; flame: as, the fuel burns.
    • burn To become charred, singed, or scorched; be injured by undue exposure to fire or a heated surface, etc.: as, milk or oatmeal burns if cooked without stirring.
    • burn To become inflamed or tanned, or to become disintegrated by the effect of heat and reflected sunlight, as the skin from unusual or prolonged exposure to the sun or to the glare from a sheet of water.
    • burn To glow like fire; shine; gleam.
    • burn To be inflamed with passion or desire; be affected with strong emotion: as, to burn with anger or love.
    • burn To act or behave with destructive violence; be in a state of violent action; rage.
    • burn To be affected with a sensation of heat or burning pain, or acridity; feel excess of heat: as, the face burns; the patient burns with a fever.
    • burn To resemble fire in the effect or the sensation produced.
    • burn In certain games, to be very near a concealed object which is sought, that is, so near that one would be burned if it were fire; hence, to be nearly right in a guess.
    • n burn A hurt or injury caused by the action of fire, especially on a living body; a burnt place in any substance.
    • n burn The operation of burning or baking, as in brickmaking: as, they had a good burn.
    • n burn A disease in vegetables. See brand, 6.
    • n burn A clearing in the woods made by burning the trees. [U. S.] Synonyms Burn, Scald. Burns are produced by heated solids or by flames, scalds by heated fluids or vapors. See scorch, v. t.
    • n burn A rivulet; a brook.
    • n burn It occurs in various place-names, as Bannock-burn, Blackburn, etc.
    • burn To burnish; brighten; make gay or cheerful.
    • n burn A burden for one person.
    • burn To vulcanize (india-rubber) by mixing it with sulphur or metallic sulphids and heating to a properly determined temperature.
    • burn To alter by means of heat, as a gem. Thus yellow topaz may be burned to pink, smoky quartz to brown and yellow (so-called Spanish topaz), chalcedony to carnelian, yellow or bluish zircon to the colorless variety, etc.
    • burn To injure (plants) as if by scorching: said of the action of strong fertilizers.
    • burn To become acidified as the effect of an excess of green herbage which has been plowed under: said of a soil.
    • n burn In the tobacco trade: The quality of leaf considered with reference to the completeness or incompleteness of its reduction to ash in being smoked.
    • n burn A damage sometimes suffered by tobacco in the process of curing (drying), due to excessive moisture in the air. Specifically termed house-burn when it takes place indoors, and pole-burn when the leaves are dried hanging on poles.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The cruise liner, Queen Elizabeth II, moves only six inches for each gallon of diesel that it burns
    • n Burn burn a small stream or brook: a spring or fountain.
    • v.t Burn burn to consume or injure by fire
    • v.i Burn to be on fire: to feel excess of heat: to be inflamed with passion:—pa.p. burned or burnt
    • n Burn a hurt or mark caused by fire
    • adj Burn very hot: scorching: ardent: excessive
    • ***

Quotations

  • Viktor E. Frankl
    Viktor E. Frankl
    “What is to give light must endure the burning.”
  • Mother Teresa
    Mother%20Teresa
    “To keep a lamp burning we have to keep putting oil in it.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Every burned book or house enlightens the world; every suppressed or expunged word reverberates through the earth from side to side.”
  • Heinrich Heine
    Heinrich%20Heine
    “Whenever books are burned men also in the end are burned.”
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Henry%20Wadsworth%20Longfellow
    “I stay a little longer, as one stays, to cover up the embers that still burn.”
  • Dylan Thomas
    Dylan Thomas
    “Do not go gentle into the good night. Old age should burn and rage at close of day.”

Idioms

Burn rubber - If you burn rubber, you drive very fast to get somewhere.
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Burn the candle at both ends - Someone who burns the candle at both ends lives life at a hectic pace, doing things which are likely to affect their health badly.
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Burn the midnight oil - If you stay up very late working or studying, you burn the midnight oil.
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Burn your bridges - If you burn your bridges, you do something that makes it impossible to go back from the position you have taken.
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Burn your fingers - If you burn your fingers, you suffer a loss or something unpleasant as the result of something you did, making you less likely to do it again.
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Burning daylight - Burning daylight is wasting time.
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Burning question - A burning question is something we all want to know about.
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Fiddle while Rome burns - If people are fiddling while Rome burns, they are wasting their time on futile things while problems threaten to destroy them.
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Make bets in a burning house - (USA) If people are making bets in a burning house, they are engaged in futile activity while serious problems around them are getting worse.
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Money burns a hole in your pocket - If someone has money burning a hole in their pocket, they are eager to spend it, normally in a wasteful manner.
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Money to burn - If someone is very rich, they have money to burn.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. bærnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. brænde, Sw. bränna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan,in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent,

Usage

In literature:

Some five minutes later, Henry Burns and Harvey stood looking in at the very same shop window, whither Henry Burns had conducted his companion.
"The Rival Campers Ashore" by Ruel Perley Smith
It burns out impurities.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
A lamp was burning on the table; a Hebrew Bible and a copy of Homer lay beside it.
"The Bridge of the Gods" by Frederic Homer Balch
In the morning, however, the love was there again, burning, burning.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
His eyes would be burned out of his head.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
If the latter, put in a spoonful or two of water, to prevent burning.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It couldn't burn the line, though it might burn the posts.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
This is also true of burned on terminals, and in either case, the connections should be drilled off, cleaned and re-burned.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
The burning wharfs faced south.
"The Harbor of Doubt" by Frank Williams
Nitrogen will not burn and it will not help anything else to burn.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
Burning, reeking of sulphur and burned leather, the Petrolia vanished before him.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
And from far away people streamed to it to burn incense in his honor.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
Her eyes were blinded with great, burning tears.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
Savonarola had burned with this same selfless desire to reform the Church from within.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
She stared at the Venn, at the bare, treeless, tortuous path with burning impatient eyes.
"The Son of His Mother" by Clara Viebig
She only hoped that nobody would come home too soon, before the house was really burning, was burning like mad!
"The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Various
Perhaps they are to burn the tobacco, cotton, etc., if indeed anything is to be burned.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Therefore the Indians had burned the left bank, and now proceeded to burn the right.
"Cedar Creek" by Elizabeth Hely Walshe
But they had feared, by reason of the burning houses, that Fort Henry had been taken.
"Boys' Book of Frontier Fighters" by Edwin L. Sabin
The sun was burning us up, and the water reflected the heat, so that we lay between two fires.
"Black Diamonds" by Mór Jókai
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In poetry:

Where I walk out
to meet you on the
cloth of burning
fields
"Song" by Yvor Winters
How it burns and flames
And showers,
Lusts and laughs, flowers
And deflowers.
"Summer Songs" by Richard Le Gallienne
For its burning fruitage I
Do climb the tree o' the sky;
Do prize
Some human eyes.
"To The Dead Cardinal Of Westminster" by Francis Thompson
Love in the yellowing,
Love at the turn,
Love o' the cooing lip—
how should he burn?
"In the Dim Counties" by John Shaw Neilson
To the East are burning
Roses in a garden,
Roses in a rosy field,
Hesper for their warden.
"Winter Sunset" by Katharine Tynan
As I mused by the hearthside,
Puss said to me;
"there burns the fire , man,
and here sit we.
"Comfort" by Walter de la Mare

In news:

Firefighters say Grayson County is still under a burn ban and that outside burning is a violation.
To burn or not to burn .
He said the city, on average, issues two to three burn permits each week, and they've seen no problems with those who are burning .
Not only did the severe burns change his appearance, the facial burns were so debilitating Kraushaar could barely open his eyes or mouth.
A facial mask that heals facial burns and helps burned skin to look more natural.
A firefighter uses his ax to open the door of a burning home in Detroit in the doucmentary " Burn ".
The Thousand Oaks family hosting 11-year-old Adolf Baguma took the Ugandan boy Friday to the Grossman Burn Center in West Hills so Dr Peter Grossman could look at the burns and determine a treatment plan.
Burn Intensive Care Unit Nurse / Burn ICU RN.
Burning muscle tissue would give a bird about five times as much water as would burning fat.
Fisker hybrids burn in Hurricane Sandy fire fire, company, fisker, port, facility, new, burned, loan, see, submerged.
It's burning on land burned a decade ago by the Missionary Ridge fire.
The fire burning deep below Centralia, Pa. Is just one of numerous coal fires burning in at least 20 states today, with thousands more worldwide.
DeLong, PhD, points out that medical directors are high performers and that they burn out the way high performers in most professions burn out .
Fire officials say the teacher was burning rubbing alcohol when the demonstration went out of control, burning five students and sending two others to hospitals for exposure to smoke.
They burned an extra 200 calories over the course of the day, not including the calories burned during the workout itself.
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In science:

We show that, as suggested by Strohmayer and colleagues, the frequency changes of 1 –2 Hz observed during bursts are consistent with angular momentum conservation as the burning shell hydrostatically expands and contracts during the burst.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
We show that the evolution and coherence of the rotational pro file depends strongly on whether th e burning layers are composed of pure helium or mixed hydrogen/helium.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The simplest interpretation is that the burning is not spherically symmetric, providing a temporary asymmetry on the neutron star that allows for a direct measurement of rotation.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
It is expected theoretically that the burning should not be spherically symmetric.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The slight hydrostatic radial expansion (contraction) of the burning layers as the temperature increases (decreases) results in spin down (spin up) if angular momentum is conserved.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The time for radial heat transport from the burning layers to the photosphere is about one second, which means that the layers are puffed up and spun down by the time the observer sees the burst.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
As the burning layers cool during the tail of the burst, they contract and spin up.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
They find that, in the evolving frame of the burning shell, the oscillations are coherent, as expected if they are due to rotation.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
We do not consider the complex question of how the burning front spreads around the star during the burst rise, what determines the number of hotspots on the surface, or what causes the asymmetry at late times during the cooling tail of the burst.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
For ˙m ∼> 0.03 ˙mEdd, the helium burning becomes unstable before all the hydrogen is burned and the helium ignites and burns in a hydrogen rich environment.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
As described above, the hydrogen burning rate is a constant so that the change of X with column depth y is dX /d y = -ǫH / ˙mEH , where we take EH ≡ 6.4 × 1018 erg g-1 (we have neglected the ≈ 0.5 MeV/proton lost as neutrinos in the hot CNO cycle, see Wallace & Woosley 1981).
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
In comparison, the hot CNO cycle hydrogen burning gives ≈ 7X0 MeV per accreted nucleon for pure helium ignition, or ≈ 7X0 (yb/yd ) MeV for mixed H/He ignition, where yb is the column depth at the base.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The flux at the top Ft is set by the energy release from hot CNO burning in the atmosphere and the flux at the base, giving Ft = Fb + ǫH yb or Ft = Fb + ǫH yd , whichever is smaller2 .
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Slight differences arise because at higher accretion rates less helium is made from hydrogen burning, requiring a higher density and temperature for ignition.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The ignition temperature is lowered with increasing metallicity because the hydrogen runs out at a smaller column, giving a smaller temperature at the base of the hydrogen burning shell.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
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