burn out

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v burn out melt, break, or become otherwise unusable "The lightbulbs blew out","The fuse blew"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The White House, in Washington DC, was originally gray, the color of the sandstone it was built out of. After the War of 1812, during which it had been burned by Canadian troops, the outside walls were painted white to hide the smoke stains.
    • burn out To become apathetic or depressed, and cease to function effectively, due to the fatigue and frustration of prolonged stress and overwork; -- of people; as, the stress in the bond market is so great that many traders burn out after only ten years on the job.
    • burn out To burn till the fuel is exhausted; as, when the candle burned out the room was totally dark; the firefighters couldn't control the oil tank fire and had to let it burn out by itself.
    • burn out To stop functioning due to failure of some component caused by the heat of the electrical current used in its operation; -- of electrical devices.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The wick of a trick candle has small amounts of magnesium in them. When you light the candle, you are also lighting the magnesium. When someone tries to blow out the flame, the magnesium inside the wick continues to burn and, in just a split second (or two or three), relights the wick.
    • Burn out to destroy by means of burning: to burn till the fire dies down from want of fuel
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Quotations

  • Rufus M. Jones
    Rufus M. Jones
    “There is no great future for any people whose faith has burned out.”
  • Dolly Parton
    Dolly Parton
    “I wanted to be the first woman to burn her bra, but it would have taken the fire department four days to put it out.”
  • J. August Strindberg
    J.%20August%20Strindberg
    “Happiness consumes itself like a flame. It cannot burn for ever, it must go out, and the presentiment of its end destroys it at its very peak.”
  • Neil Young
    Neil Young
    “Better to burn out than rust out.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S.; the weak verb bœrnan, bœrnde, bœrned, has been confused with beornan, byrnan, barn, bornen; cf. Ger. brennen, to burn.

Usage

In literature:

I could not find any considerable alteration in the specific gravity of the air, in which candles, or brimstone, had burned out.
"Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air" by Joseph Priestley
Which of the three sizes burned out?
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
The pay-dirt was all worked out; the pasturage was cropped; the dry sage was all gathered and burned.
"Claim Number One" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
Lamp after lamp burned out in turn.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
Father says often some little side fire smolders and burns after the main fire is all out.
"Chicken Little Jane on the Big John" by Lily Munsell Ritchie
They meant to burn the roof off to scare them out, and one man threw burning clods on it.
"With Ethan Allen at Ticonderoga" by W. Bert Foster
And now that your passion has left me a burned-out shell, would you leave me here?
"The German Classics, v. 20" by Various
But things won't burn in it either; and any thing on fire put into it goes out directly.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 1, No. 4, September, 1850" by Various
In the morning she found the fires burning below stairs and her tray set out, with cup and plate.
"Old Crow" by Alice Brown
The second match burned out.
"The Girl in the Mirror" by Elizabeth Garver Jordan
And with the fever burning out his candle of life, we waited the end.
"The Price of the Prairie" by Margaret Hill McCarter
Her eyes, too, had a curious hard opaque look, as if the old voluptuous fires had burned out; and she seemed ever on her guard.
"Ancestors" by Gertrude Atherton
Frances and Pratt spurred their ponies out upon the burned ground in order to see ahead.
"Frances of the Ranges" by Amy Bell Marlowe
Then drawing out a large burning-glass, he stepped into the sun and lighted it.
"Tales from the German" by Various
Here Mac stopped to renew the torch, which had almost burned out.
"Northern Diamonds" by Frank Lillie Pollock
The torch burned slowly out, and he replaced it with a fresh one.
"Guy in the Jungle" by William Murray Graydon
Therefore the physician must by force burn out the wound from the sufferer.
"Saga of Halfred the Sigskald" by Felix Dahn
I know you will go away when the match burns out.
"Hans Andersen's Fairy Tales" by Hans Christian Andersen
It burns out the eyes of all but the strongest men.
"The Voice of the Pack" by Edison Marshall
Cynthia, Eunice, here are the other two, and remember, all of you, that not a word must be told of the stories when once the candles burn out.
"Not Quite Eighteen" by Susan Coolidge
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In poetry:

No, no! This flame, I cannot doubt,
Despite your laughter,
Will burn till Death shall put it out,
And may be after.
"A Lover's Confession" by Robert Fuller Murray
The churches ruined lie,
The houses burn on high,
The roofs they smoke, the flames out fly,
Into the street then hie!
"The Destruction Of Magdeburg" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
He burned holes in the Decalogue,
And then it came about,
For Fortune's just a lousy rogue,
His "pocket" petered out.
"The Yukoner" by Robert W Service
Out then spake a little page
Was clad in kirtle red:
“Sweet Signy burns in her bower aloft,
With all her mays unwed.”
"Hafbur And Signy" by William Morris
Old Kraken spied with kennelled snarl,
His Lady deemed disgraced.
He footed as on burning marl,
When out of Hall he paced.
"Archduchess Anne" by George Meredith
The snowdrops first—the dawning gray;
Then out the roses burn!
They speak their word, grow dim—away
To holy dust return.
"The Flower-Angels" by George MacDonald

In news:

Pinal County Arizona Sherif depatment reports that five bodies were found in a burned out SUV.
BATON ROUGE, LA (NBC33) — UPDATE: The East Baton Rouge Sheriff's office tells NBC33 an arrest has been made in connection with the body found in a burned-out vehicle on the levee near Gardere Lane.
Body found in wreckage of burned out Modesto home.
"Burned out" - all of us can relate to that feeling at some point in our careers and lives.
In those "burned out" periods we feel overwhelmed, exhausted, anxious and stressed.
Facebook's new plan to recharge burned-out engineers.
Ricky Burns will not defend his WBO lightweight title in London on Saturday after Filipino opponent Jose Ocampo pulled out of the fight citing "contractual issues with TV.".
Ricky Burns will not defend his WBO lightweight title in London on Saturday after Filipino opponent Jose Ocampo pulled out of the fight citing "contractual issues with TV".
Ocampo pulls out of title fight vs Burns .
Burns Elementary, it's a party: Campaigners going all out.
Late Tuesday afternoon investigators hauled away the burned out wreckage of a car taking it to Santa Fe for forensic examination.
Anderson Cooper was reporting for 60 minutes and ventured out on a boat into the ocean with overcast skies for a couple of hours with no sunglasses, and apparently the glare of what little sun was out caused his eyes to become burned .
Multnomah County Judge Steven Todd said police don't take burned out headlights lightly.
My 20-year-old daughter received a $160 ticket for a burned -out headlight in Portland.
2008 Toyota Tundra Burn Out.
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In science:

If not, t he oscillation will be smeared out, the atmosphere being heated uniformly by the quickly revolving burning layers.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
In particular, Marigo et al. (2003) have carried out extensive evolutionary calculations over a large range of stellar masses (0.7 M⊙ ≤ M⋆ ≤ 1000 M⊙ ), covering the Hand He-burning phases and allowing for a moderate overshooting from convective cores, but neglecting rotation.
The First Cosmic Structures and their Effects
The hydrogen shell burns out until there is enough helium for the helium burning to occur and all the helium is rapidly burnt.
Massive binaries, Wolf-Rayet stars and supernova progenitors
Fowler said many years ago) S0Bs diluting the heavy elements that stars burn out their hearts to make.
Astrophysics in 2006
The dust grains formed in outflows from Red Supergiants and giant eruptions of very massive stars carry isotopic anomalies resulting from hydrogen burning via the CNO-cycle, while the dust grains formed after a supernova explosion show the very different isotopic signatures from heavy element synthesis.
Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
Using optical spectroscopy, Chevalier & Kirshner (1979) demonstrated abundance inhomogeneities in the oxygen burning products S, Ar, and Ca among the outlying fast moving knots, and suggested differing completeness levels of oxygen burning could explain these variations.
Spitzer Spectral Mapping of Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A
Figure 5 shows a much more modest dropoff when the burn-in phase is left out of the ACF computation.
Bayesian Optimization for Adaptive MCMC
Latchup is generally characterized by a large increase in current drawn by a chip, and the subsequent overheating can burn out elements in the silicon.
Radiation Testing of Electronics for the CMS Endcap Muon System
At higher collision energies, the burning discontinuity is blown out and the situation returns to much simpler hydro picture typical for simple EOS p = ǫ/3.
New phases of QCD, the tricritical point, and RHIC as a ``nutcracker''
In the Si layers, explosive burning accurs in two different regimes: i) high density and low entropy and ii) high entropy and low density, leading, respectively to a normal and alpha-rich “freeze-out” of nuclear reactions.
Yields of Massive Stars and their Role in Galactic Chemical Evolution Studies
The burning question is which scenario is consistent with the measurements? Can either one be ruled out? There were several attempts to describe the WA80 results and do just that.
Electromagnetic radiation from relativistic nuclear collisions
Thus, reactions have to be explicitly included only closer to stability (hydrostatic and explosive burning, freeze-out from high-temperature scenarios).
Cross section predictions for hydrostatic and explosive burning
The most plausible cosmic environment for 44Ti production is the α-rich freeze-out from high-temperature burning near Nuclear Statistical Equilibrium, or from Silicon burning (e.g.
Astrophysical constraints from gamma-ray spectroscopy
The only possible transitions are those from living to burning state, [1 → 2], and those from the burning state to the burnt-out one, [2 → (−1)].
Phase Transition in a Stochastic Forest Fire Model and Effects of the Definition of Neighbourhood
The model can easily be re-interpreted as a disease spreading model, where susceptible, infected and removed individuals replace living, burning and burnt-out trees.
Phase Transition in a Stochastic Forest Fire Model and Effects of the Definition of Neighbourhood
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