bur

Definitions

  • Bur Oak
    Bur Oak
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bur remove the burrs from
    • n bur small bit used in dentistry or surgery
    • n bur seed vessel having hooks or prickles
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Bur A clinker; a partially vitrified brick.
    • Bur (Mech) A drill with a serrated head larger than the shank; -- especially a small drill bit used by dentists.
    • Bur A ring of iron on a lance or spear. See Burr n., 4.
    • Bur (Mech) A small circular saw.
    • Bur (Mech) A triangular chisel.
    • Bur (Bot) Any rough or prickly envelope of the seeds of plants, whether a pericarp, a persistent calyx, or an involucre, as of the chestnut and burdock; a seed vessel having hooks or prickles. Also, any weed which bears burs. "Amongst rude burs and thistles.""Bur and brake and brier."
    • Bur The lobe of the ear. See Burr n., 5.
    • Bur (Zoöl) The round knob of an antler next to a deer's head.
    • Bur The sweetbread.
    • Bur The thin ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal. See Burr n., 2.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bur The rough, prickly case or covering of the seeds of certain plants, as of the chestnut and burdock.
    • n bur Hence The plant burdock: as, “rude burs and thistles,”
    • n bur In general, a protuberance upon, or a raised portion of, an object, usually more or less rough or irregular in form. Specifically— The lobe or lap of the ear. The circular boss round the root of an antler. Formerly, that part of a saddle-bow which protected the thighs and knees. It was often of steel, or plated with steel, and engraved or decorated with gilding. In engraving, slight ridges of metal raised upon a copper surface by the burin, the rocker, or the dry-point. It is sometimes wholly or partly removed by the scraper, but is often left to produce a peculiar effect of its own in the print. In mezzotint engraving, for example, the whole effect comes from the bur raised by the rocker, which is untouched in the deep shades and more or less burnished away to form the lights. In founding, the roughness left on portions of a casting, which is rubbed off on a stone. The rough neck left on a bullet in casting.
    • n bur The name of various tools and appliances. A triangular chisel used to clear the corners of mortises. A small circular saw. A fluted reaming-tool. Same as bur-drill. A washer placed at the head of a rivet. A movable ring adjusted to the staff of a lance, and covered with minute projections to afford a grip to the gauntlet. It was grasped when the lance was laid in rest. See lance. A ring or plate attached to the handle of a battle-ax or mace to afford a good grip for either hand. Anything put under a wheel to stop its progress.
    • n bur A partially vitrified brick; a clinker. Also called bur-brick.
    • n bur The blank driven out of a piece of sheet-metal by a punch.
    • n bur Waste raw silk.
    • n bur A name for the club-moss, Lycopodium clavatum.
    • n bur The sweetbread.
    • n bur Same as burl, 2.
    • n bur Same as burstone.
    • n bur The rounded knob forming the base of a deer's horn.
    • n bur The external meatus of the ear; the opening leading to the tympanum.
    • n bur The guttural pronunciation of the rough r common in some of the northern counties of England, especially Northumberland; rhotacism.
    • n bur A whirring noise. See birr, n.
    • bur To speak with a guttural or rough pronunciation of the letter r.
    • bur To talk or whisper hoarsely; murmur.
    • bur To make a whirring noise. See birr, verb
    • n bur Same as burrow, 3.
    • n bur A halo round the moon. Compare burrow, 4, brough, 4.
    • n bur An abnormal outgrowth of wood, frequently of large size, occurring on the trunk or branch of a tree, usually as the result of some injury. See burl, 2.
    • bur To extract (burs and other extraneous matter) from (wool) by chemical or mechanical means.
    • bur To use a dental bur in the excavation of (a tooth-cavity).
    • n bur The native Indian name for the banian-tree.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Bur bur the prickly seed-case or head of certain plants, which sticks to clothes: any impediment or inconvenient adherent: any lump, ridge, &c., more or less sharp, a knot on a tree, knot in thread, knob at the base of a deer's horn, &c.: waste raw silk: the sweetbread or pancreas:
    • n Bur bur the rough sound of r pronounced in the throat, as in Northumberland—v.i. to whisper hoarsely, to murmur.
    • n Bur bur in an engraving, a slight ridge of metal raised on the edges of a line by the graver or the dry point, producing an effect like a smear, but dexterously used by some etchers, as Rembrandt, to deepen their shadows.
    • Bur bur (Scot.) club-moss: the name for various tools and appliances, as the triangular chisel for clearing the corners of mortises, &c.: the blank driven out of a piece of sheet-metal by a punch: a partly vitrified brick
    • ***

Quotations

  • Mrs Patrick Campbell
    Mrs Patrick Campbell
    “The deep, deep peace of the double-bed after the hurly-burly of the chaise-lounge.”

Idioms

Bur under my saddle - A bur under your saddle is something that annoys you or spurs you into action.('Burr' is an alternative spelling.)
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. burre, burdock; cf. Dan. borre, OSw. borra, burdock, thistle; perh. akin to E. bristle, burr-, for burz-,), or perh. to F. bourre, hair, wool, stuff; also, according to Cotgrave, “the downe, or hairie coat, wherewith divers herbes, fruits, and flowers, are covered,” fr. L. burrae, trifles, LL. reburrus, rough
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Cog. with Dan. borre, a bur.

Usage

In literature:

He was supported, or rather pushed, be two iv his burly daughters.
"Mr. Dooley Says" by Finley Dunne
Before Bur's sons raised up heaven's vault, they who the noble mid-earth shaped.
"The Elder Eddas of Saemund Sigfusson; and the Younger Eddas of Snorre Sturleson" by Saemund Sigfusson and Snorre Sturleson
He glanced for the first time at the burly figure of Bat.
"The Man in the Twilight" by Ridgwell Cullum
Saint-Pol was a burly man, bearing his honours squarely on breast and back.
"The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay" by Maurice Hewlett
He possessed a burly frame, square, and somewhat heavy, though not so much so as to impede his activity.
"The Lancashire Witches" by William Harrison Ainsworth
He cast aside the bur.
"The Grey Cloak" by Harold MacGrath
How many pounds did a dress-suit cost in this hurly-burly country?
"The Voice in the Fog" by Harold MacGrath
Development of Form and Ornament,' Rep. of Bur.
"Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1" by Various
A big, burly, drunken soldier wanted to fight me.
"Sixteen Months in Four German Prisons" by Henry Charles Mahoney
To-day we had the karengia, or bur, with a vengeance.
"Narrative of a Mission to Central Africa Performed in the Years 1850-51, Volume 2" by James Richardson
His broad shoulders and short neck made him seem burly.
"Men Called Him Master" by Elwyn Allen Smith
Waldhorn met him at the door, well-fed, suave, polite, a burly man, well-clad and bearing the marks of alertness and success.
"The Sagebrusher" by Emerson Hough
The burly lumbermen came hurrying from all directions.
"Good Cheer Stories Every Child Should Know" by Various
The next moment, a sharp jerk from the burly Turk pulled him to the ground.
"Jack Harkaway's Boy Tinker Among The Turks" by Bracebridge Hemyng
The one who had spoken was big and burly and efficient-looking.
"Rebels of the Red Planet" by Charles Louis Fontenay
At last the woman's patience was rewarded by the sight of a burly little elderly man, whose face of benignity was unmistakably genuine.
"Dusty Diamonds Cut and Polished" by R.M. Ballantyne
The burly individual who carried the field glass was then approached by George.
"The Wonder Island Boys: Adventures on Strange Islands" by Roger Thompson Finlay
That burly man seated himself nearer the light, and began to read.
"The Genius" by Margaret Horton Potter
Hazel's was dreadfully matted down and Bushie's was full of burs.
"Hazel Squirrel and Other Stories" by Howard B. Famous
To secure the end of a bolt by burring the point with a hammer.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
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In poetry:

A poor equipment, this, you'd say,
To meet the hurly-burly.
Where votes are wheedled in a way
Both devious and curly.
We may grow up to Jack some day.
He's sound, but somewhat early.
"'Jack'" by C J Dennis
I have some friends, some good, good friends,
Who faithful are to me:
My wrestling partner when I rise,
The big and burly sea;
My little boat that's riding there
So saucy and so free.
"I Have Some Friends" by Robert W Service
I have walked like a lamb by the friend, by the friend,
That stuck to my skirts like a bur;
I have borne the stale talk without end, without end,
Of the sitter whom nothing could stir.
"The Old Man Of The Sea" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Then at each door a horseman,--
With burly bearded lip
Hallooing through the keyhole,--
Pauses with cloak a-drip;
And the door-knob shakes and the panel quakes
'Neath the anger of his whip.
"Rain And Wind" by Madison Julius Cawein
And the Autumn with his gipsy-coated
Troop of days beneath thy branches rested,
Swarthy-faced and dark of eye; and throated
Songs of hunting; or with red hand tested
Every nut-bur that above him floated.
"A Fallen Beech" by Madison Julius Cawein
The night is hung above us, love,
With heavy stars that love us, love,
With clouds that curl in purple and pearl,
And winds that whisper of us, love:
On burly hills and valleys, that lie dimmer,
The amber foot-falls of the moon-sylphs glimmer.
"Falerina" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

Set apart from the compound friction of forest, a rough-barked bur oak, mostly trunk, outlives its understory.
He's a big, burly Aussie who skates like an off-the-rails freight train.
Are the kinds of places that used to hire DJs and burly doormen now hiring Aperol-happy bartenders instead.
Dallas-based Oncor offering 12K free Texas Star bur oaks to customers, energy-saving deal.
Oncor utility offers 12K free Texas Star bur oaks.
Criffield has pinpointed FP197, a burly 4-and-a-half-year-old panther in the prime of its life.
But to celebrate too much is to show up Kendrick Perkins, the burly starting center on a rival.
The burly delivery truck driver moved a linebacker on the blitz play.
PITTSBURGH (AP) — Ben Roethlisberger (RAWTH'-lihs-bur-gur) suffered a shoulder injury in the second half of Pittsburgh's 13-10 overtime win over 1-8 Kansas City, the Steelers' fourth straight victory.
PITTSBURGH (AP) — The Pittsburgh Steelers' 16-13 overtime win over Kansas City was dulled by the injury to their star quarterback, Ben Roethlisberger (RAWTH'-lihs-bur-gur).
Minot Aero Center (MOT) and Million Air Burbank (BUR) among others added to Avfuel's global contract fuel network.
A politician giving a speech is suddenly surrounded by burly security officers and hustled off the stage after a gunman opens fire.
Gonzalez, 60, is a burly fireplug of a man with a quick, jovial grin that's served him well over his 20 years in politics.
The eccentric actor was held for questioning by cops on Thursday afternoon after a minor accident in Paris, which saw the burly Green Card star fall off his scooter and scrape his elbow.
Rounds 3 and 4 of the Volcom Fiji Pro moved from the massive big-wave swell seen on Day 3 at Cloudbreak to smaller, bur barrel-rich, wave offerings at a break called Restaurants.
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In science:

This presentation is due to Burnside [Bur, p. 464] and Miller [Mil, p. 366] in 1911; Burnside describes it as probably “the most symmetrical form into which the abstract definition [of Sn ] can be thrown”, an idea that is crucial for our use of it in the next section.
Presentations of finite simple groups: a quantitative approach
Phys. 40, 1270 (1969). 274. M. Vicentini-Missoni, J.M.H. Levelt-Sengers and M.S. Green, J. Res. Natl. Bur.
Conjectures on exact solution of three - dimensional (3D) simple orthorhombic Ising lattices
Ur de fined by bUr (ϕ, x) := Pi≥r bui (ϕ, x) , ∀ (ϕ, x) ∈ A0 ×ω .
Generalized Solutions of a Nonlinear Parabolic Equation with Generalized Functions as Initial Data
Bur for regular orbits, after a transitory time, d is not necessarily close to zero.
Global dynamics of high area-to-mass ratios GEO space debris by means of the MEGNO indicator
The bur den of examining whether – for a particular study – the two are similar enough for one of them to act as a reasonable “quasi-control ” to the other, lies upon the researchers and not the audi ence.
Is There Statistical Evidence that the Oregon Payday-Loan Rate Cap Hurts Consumers?
Small pins or burs seen on the surfaces represent the director fields di , which are of unit length.
Spherical surface models with directors
Pins or burs sticking out of the surfaces are the directors di .
Spherical surface models with directors
We also thank Tim Burness and Gopal Prasad for some helpful comments.
Products of conjugacy classes in finite and algebraic simple groups
The condition that bG contain buR in its closure is equivalent to the stronger property of approximate divisibility when G is a dimension group, but not for more general partially ordered groups.
Non-direct limit of simple dimension groups with finitely many pure traces
Lett. 38, 301 (1977). 35. W.-T. Ni, "Equivalence Principles and Precision Experiments" pp. 647-651, in Precision Measurement and Fundamental Constants II, ed. by B. N. Taylor and W. D. Phillips, Natl. Bur.
Empirical Foundations of Relativistic Gravity
We also find that these burs ts are consistent with the Ep,i – Eiso correlation (Amati et al. 2002) and four of them also with the Ep,i – L correlation (Yonetoku et al. 2004; Ghirlanda et al. 2005).
Testing the gamma-ray burst variability/peak luminosity correlation on a Swift homogeneous sample
The Halton sequences and GLPs were generated by programs written by the authors, the Faure sequences by a program of John Burkardt [Bur], and the Sobol’ sequences using the data and code of Stephen Joe and Frances Kuo [JK08, Kuo10].
A Randomized Algorithm Based on Threshold Accepting to Approximate the Star Discrepancy
The Faure sets here are somewhat nonstandard in that they exclude the origin, i.e., they consist of points 2 through n + 1 of the Faure sequence, where the order of the points is as produced by the program of Burkhardt [Bur].
A Randomized Algorithm Based on Threshold Accepting to Approximate the Star Discrepancy
The majority of burs ts therefore have a signal flux near the average rate while a few have either much higher or lower fluxe s.
Search for neutrino-induced cascades from gamma-ray bursts with AMANDA
Example 3.2 Let G be a cyclic group, assume that k , m and r satisfy k ≡ 0(4) , k, m > 0 and 2r > m + k , and let γ be a complex r –dimensional vector bundle over Sk which represents a generator of πk (BUr ) ∼= Z .
Isovariant mappings of degree 1 and the Gap Hypothesis
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