brood

Definitions

  • Worker brood and queen cells
    Worker brood and queen cells
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v brood sit on (eggs) "Birds brood","The female covers the eggs"
    • v brood think moodily or anxiously about something
    • v brood be in a huff; be silent or sullen
    • v brood be in a huff and display one's displeasure "She is pouting because she didn't get what she wanted"
    • v brood hang over, as of something threatening, dark, or menacing "The terrible vision brooded over her all day long"
    • n brood the young of an animal cared for at one time
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Brood (Mining) Heavy waste in tin and copper ores.
    • Brood Kept for breeding from; as, a brood mare; brood stock; having young; as, a brood sow.
    • Brood Sitting or inclined to sit on eggs.
    • Brood That which is bred or produced; breed; species. "Flocks of the airy brood ,Cranes, geese or long-necked swans)."
    • Brood The young birds hatched at one time; a hatch; as, a brood of chickens. "As a hen doth gather her brood under her wings.""A hen followed by a brood of ducks."
    • Brood The young from the same dam, whether produced at the same time or not; young children of the same mother, especially if nearly of the same age; offspring; progeny; as, a woman with a brood of children. "The lion roars and gluts his tawny brood ."
    • Brood To cherish with care.
    • Brood To have the mind dwell continuously or moodily on a subject; to think long and anxiously; to be in a state of gloomy, serious thought; -- usually followed by over or on; as, to brood over misfortunes. "Brooding on unprofitable gold.""Brooding over all these matters, the mother felt like one who has evoked a spirit.""When with downcast eyes we muse and brood ."
    • Brood To sit on and cover eggs, as a fowl, for the purpose of warming them and hatching the young; or to sit over and cover young, as a hen her chickens, in order to warm and protect them; hence, to sit quietly, as if brooding. "Birds of calm sir brooding on the charmed wave."
    • Brood To sit over, cover, and cherish; as, a hen broods her chickens.
    • Brood To think anxiously or moodily upon. "You'll sit and brood your sorrows on a throne."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n brood Offspring; progeny.
    • n brood A hatch; the young birds hatched in one nest, or those placed together in the care of one hen, or in an artificial brooder: as, a brood of chickens or of ducks.
    • n brood That which is bred; species generated; that which is produced; hence, figuratively, sort or kind.
    • n brood In mining, any heterogeneous mixture with tin or copper ore, as mundic or black-jack.
    • n brood A north of Scotland name for salmon-fry.
    • n brood Synonyms Covey, etc. See flock.
    • brood To sit persistently on eggs, covering and warming them with the body and wings, for the purpose of hatching them: said of birds.
    • brood To rest fixedly like a brooding bird.
    • brood To meditate long and anxiously; remain a long time in anxiety or solicitous thought; have the mind dwelling persistently on a subject: with on or over.
    • brood To sit over, cover, and cherish: as, a hen broods her chicks; hence, to nourish.
    • brood To cherish with care.
    • brood To ponder over; plan or mature with care: as, “to brood war,”
    • brood An obsolete form of broad.
    • n brood Oyster spat in the second year of development.
    • brood To incubate: as, brooded eggs.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Brood brōōd to sit upon or cover in order to breed or hatch: to hatch: to cover, as with wings: to mature or foster with care: to meditate moodily upon
    • v.i Brood to sit as a hen on eggs: to hover over: to think anxiously for some time: to meditate silently (with on, over): to be bred
    • n Brood something bred: offspring, children, or family: a race, kind: parentage: the number hatched at once
    • adj Brood for breeding, as in brood-mare, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edward Noyes Westcott
    Edward Noyes Westcott
    “A reasonable amount o fleas is good for a dog -- keeps him from brooding over being a dog, maybe.”
  • Uhland
    Uhland
    “Take everything easy and quit dreaming and brooding and you will be well guarded from a thousand evils.”
  • Sri Swami Sivananda
    Sri Swami Sivananda
    “Do not brood over your past mistakes and failures as this will only fill your mind with grief, regret and depression. Do not repeat them in the future.”
  • Jeremy Taylor
    Jeremy%20Taylor
    “He that loves not his wife and children feeds a lioness at home, and broods a nest of sorrows.”
  • Eben Eugene Rexford
    Eben Eugene Rexford
    “Don't brood. Get on with living and loving. You don't have forever.”
  • (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    “Now we suffer the evils of a long peace; luxury more cruel than war broods over us and avenges a conquered world.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. brod, AS. brōd,; akin to D. broed, OHG. bruot, G. brut, and also to G. brühe, broth, MHG. brüeje, and perh. to E. brawn, breath,. Cf. Breed (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

Suddenly, on her brooding, there broke a wave of excitement.
"Marriage à la mode" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
He had been brooding on this all night, and he wanted to go on brooding now.
"Jill the Reckless" by P. G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse
In the meanwhile poor Lucretia was brooding over her life in a most dangerous fashion.
"Other Main-Travelled Roads" by Hamlin Garland
But don't let us brood on the past.
"The Girl on the Boat" by Pelham Grenville Wodehouse
A favorite subject of her discourse was the Evil One, who lived, so she told us, in our attic, with his wife and brood.
"The Promised Land" by Mary Antin
He was still brooding over it when the broad-backed butcher they call Il Drudo slammed him on the back.
"Little Novels of Italy" by Maurice Henry Hewlett
She brooded there a minute or two, tapping her teeth with her thumbnail.
"Legacy" by James H Schmitz
It is a different thing from the Meadow spittle bug and has two broods instead of one.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Forty-Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
When the young are hatched out, the proud mother leads forth the brood and shows unmistakable pride and affection in her children.
"The Dawn of Reason" by James Weir
His face was grim, his eyes brooding.
"The Trail of '98" by Robert W. Service
The light struck up against her fair, brooding face.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
All the convictions of her lonely, brooding life were on her.
"The Best Short Stories of 1920" by Various
How terribly must he have felt when the heavy door of his cell was bolted upon him, and he was left in solitude to brood over his position.
"The Expressman and the Detective" by Allan Pinkerton
Roger, never a man to talk with servants, brooded rather on the attempted wrong.
"Two Sides of the Face" by Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
As Roger brooded, his eyes fell on the engine house and a carefully locked shed beside it.
"The Forbidden Trail" by Honoré Willsie
Digoneutism: the power to produce two broods in one season.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
Over all this, Mark Tapkins watched and brooded, and he slouched more dejectedly between the Light and his father's little home.
"Janet of the Dunes" by Harriet T. Comstock
These worms of the second brood are usually mature and leave the fruit about the time apples are picked in the fall in central Missouri.
"An Elementary Study of Insects" by Leonard Haseman
Powell gathered up his belongings and hovered over them like a hen over her brood.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
Hugh Ritson's mind had for the last half hour brooded over many a good purpose, but not one of them was now left.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
***

In poetry:

Heavy hangs the rain-drop
From the burdened spray;
Heavy broods the damp mist
On uplands far away.
"The Two Children Pt 1" by Emily Jane Bronte
Hope that from speckled eggs
Fledglings will grow;
Brood o'er the speckled eggs—
Soon time will show.
"Songs Of The Season" by Alexander Bathgate
Sometimes a nest, where weary things,
And weal; and shy,
Are brooded under mother wings
Till they can fly.
"Within" by Susan Coolidge
Vast broods the silence of night,
The ruinous moon
Lifts on our faces her light,
Whence all dreaming is gone.
"The Old Men" by Walter de la Mare
The letter fails, and systems fall,
And every symbol wanes;
The Spirit over-brooding all
Eternal Love remains.
"Our Master" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The letter fails, the systems fall,
And every symbol wanes;
The Spirit over brooding all,
Eternal Love remains.
"Immortal love, forever full" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

We've seen the same old story a hundred different times, whether it's a young woman torn between her love for two brooding vampires, or a vampire and a werewolf, or, in 'True Blood 's' case, all three.
In this remake of the 1984 teenpic, a brooding city kid (Kenny Wormald) moves to a conservative village where dancing's been outlawed.
Created on Thursday, 20 September 2012 03:00 Written by Dan Brood.
"PRAGUE THE GOLDEN" was always beautiful, but for the last 21 years the mood was sullen, brooding, resentful.
We find it sort of funny that sunny everygal Jennifer Aniston seems to take on the persona of the dude she's dating — the latest seems to be that of a brooding New Yorker.
Although many Country Music fans might be anxious for Blake Shelton and Miranda Lambert to start a family, the couple isn't planning to add any children to their brood anytime soon.
With that tousled, surfer-dude hair and brooding gaze, who wouldn't want to spend hours poring over photos of him in European magazines and advertisements.
The dark, brooding side of the Seattle scene.
A brooding chamber piece (2000) about a love affair that never quite happens.
The Brooklyn duo Black Marble bring their dark combination of vintage synths, melodic synths, electronic percussion, and brooding vocals to this captivating live performance in support of their 2012 release, 'A Different Arrangement.
No doubt Ms Sorvino wanted more space for her growing brood.
Created on Wednesday, 14 November 2012 22:00 Written by Dan Brood.
The resulting musical effects range from light and energetic to brooding and sultry.
The reigning king of the sport, Ramses (wrestler Cesar Gonzalez), is so nasty he won't even sign autographs for Nacho 's brood of orphans, something his fellow wrestlers find amusing and reasonable.
The other brooding and poetic—both deeply, madly, eternally in love with the same girl.
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In science:

Species with large broods tend to have wingless males, while species with small broods tend to have winged males.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Parental care behaviour declined linearly with brood age, showed a disruption of the hen-brood bond at week 6 post-hatching and was related to prolactin concentration according to a sigmoid function.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
Hens were not separated from the brood for more than 10 minutes.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
If the hen is mainly involved in brood care, she will have less time to care about herself.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
The intensity of the hen-brood bond will indicate how much the hen takes care of the ducklings by keeping close proximity with them.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
Parental care duration and strength were not related to the brood size nor to the hatching date (F1,6 < 1.48, NS).
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
This latter result is in accordance with that on brood abandonment fates reported for other dabbling ducks (Gendron and Clark, 2000) and with that reported by Pietz and Buhl (1999) who found no relation between the hen behaviour and brood size in wild free ranging mallards.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
At that time the frequency of approach attempts by the brood towards the female was also lowered and, interestingly, the ducklings gathered less.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
Altogether, these behaviours that developed during the non-parental care period suggest a kind of reciprocal intolerance between the different individuals of the hen-brood unit.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
To sum up we show here that the hen-brood bond as well as its disruption (here at week 6 post-hatching) appears to be a complex phenomenon requiring a complete behavioural analysis to be fully characterized.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
This could lead to possible energy and nutritional conflicts with brood rearing at least in late breeders (Ringelman et al., 1982; Hohman et al., 1992).
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
In our study, body moult (along the sides and flanks) that begun globally in early July, whatever the age of the brood, did not impair the parental care behaviour, and vice versa.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
External stimuli are important factors stimulating prolactin secretion which in turn increase readiness to brood care.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
Secondly, considering that ducklings become independent from week 6 by remaining distant from the hen, together with the female intolerance towards ducklings, suggests that the activity changes of ducklings may enhance hen-brood bond disruption through the prolactin secretion pathway (see also Sharp et al., 1988).
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
However, date had a high influence on prolactinemia after the hen brood-bond disruption.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
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