bronze

Definitions

  • Flat-bottomed Vessel of Bronze Open-work Bearing The Cartouches of Pharaoh KhÎti I
    Flat-bottomed Vessel of Bronze Open-work Bearing The Cartouches of Pharaoh KhÎti I
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj bronze of the color of bronze
    • adj bronze made from or consisting of bronze
    • v bronze get a tan, from wind or sun
    • v bronze give the color and appearance of bronze to something "bronze baby shoes"
    • n bronze a sculpture made of bronze
    • n bronze an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements; also any copper-base alloy containing other elements in place of tin
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Additional illustrations & photos:

BRONZE LAMPS BRONZE LAMPS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The seven wonders of the ancient world werethe Egyptian Pyramids at Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Colossus of Rhodes or huge bronze statue near the Harbor of Rhodes that honored the sun god Helios, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Lighthouse at Alexandria
    • Bronze A statue, bust, etc., cast in bronze. "A print, a bronze , a flower, a root."
    • Bronze A yellowish or reddish brown, the color of bronze; also, a pigment or powder for imitating bronze.
    • Bronze An alloy of copper and tin, to which small proportions of other metals, especially zinc, are sometimes added. It is hard and sonorous, and is used for statues, bells, cannon, etc., the proportions of the ingredients being varied to suit the particular purposes. The varieties containing the higher proportions of tin are brittle, as in bell metal and speculum metal.
    • Bronze Boldness; impudence; “brass.” "Imbrowned with native bronze , lo! Henley stands."
    • Bronze To give an appearance of bronze to, by a coating of bronze powder, or by other means; to make of the color of bronze; as, to bronze plaster casts; to bronze coins or medals. "The tall bronzed black-eyed stranger."
    • Bronze To make hard or unfeeling; to brazen. "The lawer who bronzes his bosom instead of his forehead."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bronze An alloy of which copper forms the predominating portion, and into the composition of which tin almost always enters: but the name is also given to alloys containing no tin. The proportion of copper in various bronzes is usually between 80 and 90 per cent.; in some it falls as low as 70. The proportion of tin in the bronzes of different ages and those used for various purposes is almost as variable as that of copper. Bronze used for bells has the largest amount of tin; in some it reaches 25 per cent. The bronze formerly used for cannon contained about 10 per cent. of tin and often a small amount of zinc. Statuary bronze is, and has been from the beginning of its use for the purpose, of very variable composition. In some statuary called bronze there is less than 1 per cent. of tin, while zinc is present in sufficient quantity almost to justify calling the material brass. The zinc in various pieces of statuary cast within the past two or three hundred years, and erected in some of the principal cities of Europe, varies in quantity from less than 1 per cent. to 25. Lead is present in many bronzes, but usually in small amount, rarely being as much as 3 per cent. Bronze is an alloy of importance to both the arts and commerce, and is also of great historical interest, since it has been known from remote ages over a large part of the world. It is preferred to simple unalloyed copper, on account both of its color and of its greater durability. Among prehistoric races the use of bronze preceded that of iron; and among their remains are found swords, axes, and other cutting instruments of this material, sometimes artistically made and ornamented, as well as domestic implements and utensils of many kinds. The ancient Greeks, Romans, etc., made statuary of it in enormous quantities, and also coins, recording tablets, and a great variety of articles of common use. It is now not only used for cannon (for which purpose it has been to a great extent supplanted by steel), bells, and statuary, but also for parts of various machines, especially bearings, and for screw-propellers. The beauty and durability of bronze statuary depend in no small degree on the color and composition of the oxidized film or incrustation which forms upon it when it is exposed to the weather. This is called its patina (which see). In recent times numerous experiments have been made with a view to improve the quality of bronze in various ways, in particular by the addition of small quantities of other substances, especially metals. The most important result of these experiments seems to be phosphor-bronze, an alloy patented by two Belgian metallurgists about 1870, and now extensively used where toughness and resistance to wear are required. The amount of phosphorus in phosphor-bronze is less than 1 per cent., and the effect it produces is probably due to its reducing action on the oxids of the other metals during the process of manufacture. Phosphor-bronze is of finer grain and color, and is believed to be much more durable, than ordinary bronze; and it is thought by many that it will eventually be proved to be the best material for artillery. Extensive experiments have also been made with manganese, lead, and other metals. Aluminium bronze is an alloy of copper and aluminium now in use, especially where tensile strength is required. So-called steel bronze is bronze hardened by mechanical compression. It has not come into general use, but was intended by its inventor to be used for cannon. See aluminium.
    • n bronze A work of art, as a statuette, bust, or model, composed of bronze, whether cast or wrought.
    • n bronze A brown pigment or coloring substance resembling bronze; bronze-powder.
    • n bronze Boldness; impudence; brass.
    • bronze Made of or resembling bronze: as, a bronze statue.
    • bronze Characterized by the use of bronze: as, the bronze age.
    • bronze To make brown or of the color of bronze, as by exposure to the sun.
    • bronze To give the color or appearance of bronze to, as by applying copper-dust or -leaf to the surface, etc.
    • bronze To harden or make like bronze; hence, figuratively, to make hard or unfeeling.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bronze bronz an alloy of copper and tin used in various ways since the most ancient times: anything cast in bronze: the colour of bronze:
    • adj Bronze made of bronze: coloured like bronze
    • v.t Bronze to give the appearance of bronze to:
    • n Bronze bronz (fig.) impudence
    • v.t Bronze (fig.) to harden
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. bronze, fr. It. bronzo, brown, fr. OHG. brn, G. braun,. See Brown (a.)

Usage

In literature:

A harsh grinding, unmusical as emery upon hollow bronze, rasped stutteringly in the head phones.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
Woven bands, quickly adjusted by the bronze giants held them fast.
"The Copper-Clad World" by Harl Vincent
Forty-Fifth Anniversary Bronze Wedding.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Bronze coins of date, 1877.
"The Coinages of the Channel Islands" by B. Lowsley
I saw a long bronze shape back of my bait.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
The second story takes the form of a cross, and is of the height of thirty-three feet, being of carved stone decorated with bronzes.
"Christopher Columbus and His Monument Columbia" by Various
The chapel walls are entirely encrusted in mother-of-pearl, gilt bronze, and beautiful marbles.
"Italy, the Magic Land" by Lilian Whiting
Claw-footed bronze legs on triangular base, consisting of three molded cylindrical supports, connected by cross-bars.
"Cooking and Dining in Imperial Rome" by Apicius
He lumbered forward, stooped stiffly and caught up a long, half round strip of bronze.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
They make the finest bronzes in the world; a little pair of vases wuz fifteen hundred dollars and you couldn't get 'em for less.
"Around the World with Josiah Allen's Wife" by Marietta Holley
It may be seen by lifting a trap-door, A bronze medal of Agrippina was found at the same time.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
Bronze {37} was the chief metal for implements throughout the early civilization of Europe.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Bells are more generally made of bronze, because, perhaps, of its greater degree of resonance.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
No people showed themselves, and Kirby saw that the bronze-studded portals set in the front of the castle were closed.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, December 1930" by Various
The wide extent of country over which bronze implements are found.
"The Ethnology of the British Islands" by Robert Gordon Latham
A colossal bronze hand, thirteen inches long, was also found in Thames Street, near the Tower.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Meanwhile, the other slave approached with a bronze patera filled with a gray ointment.
"Sónnica" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
Well, after the fashion of woman, she thought more than once of the bronzed young fellow who had looked at her so audaciously.
"The Song of the Wolf" by Frank Mayer
In 1576 a new altar was ordered, and Donatello's bronzes were dispersed.
"Tuscan Sculpture of the Fifteenth Century" by Estelle M. Hurll
In Cyprus, for instance, the Bronze age tombs of 2500-1500 B.C.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 6" by Various
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In poetry:

Bronzed of visage, he,
Stern, resolute as fate,
Guard of the inner sea-
Grim Watcher of the Gate.
"Alcatraz" by Ina Donna Coolbrith
Inane worlds of wind and cloud.
Bronze dead dominate the floor,
Resistive, ruddy-bodied,
Dwarfing us. Our bodies flicker
"Sculptor" by Sylvia Plath
Now, from the sycamores,
A ruinous and crumpled bronze is cast;
Grown sere at last,
The reeds lie broken on the river-shores.
"The End of Autumn" by Clark Ashton Smith
And you the soldiers of our wars,
Bronzed veterans, grim with noble scars,
Salute him once again,
Your late Commander--slain!
"The Funeral Car Of Lincoln" by Richard Henry Stoddard
And you, the soldiers of our wars,
Bronzed veterans, grim with noble scars,
Salute him once again,
Your late Commander--slain!
"Abraham Lincoln: An Horatian Ode" by Richard Henry Stoddard
He marks them bronzed, in soldier-trim,
The rifle proudly borne;
They bear it for an heirloom home,
And he--disarmed--jail-worn.
"The Released Rebel Prisoner" by Herman Melville

In news:

Next story in Mysteries of the Universe Olive branch solves a Bronze Age mystery.
Phoenix native Will Claye , back from the London Olympics, talks about winning silver and bronze, a friendship with Lolo Jones and a challenge from Usain Bolt.
Will Claye Brings Home Bronze.
Mission to bring Fort Dearborn Massacre bronze out of storage means taking on political correctness brigade.
2002 Bronze Anvil Awards Winners & Awards of Commendation Winners.
2002 Bronze Anvil Award Winners.
2006 Bronze Anvil Award Winners & Awards of Commendation Winners.
2006 Bronze Anvil Award Winners.
2005 Bronze Anvil Award Winnners & Awards of Commendation Winners.
2005 Bronze Anvil Award Winners.
Renowned sculptor John Houser has a dream: to build the world's tallest bronze equestrian statue for the city of El Paso, Texas.
He already has received a Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart, National Defense Service Medal and Vietnam Service Medal.
In 2008, he logged a perfect season, six for six and earned an X Games bronze medal.
Kickboxer Stevie Dement , of Evans, won the bronze medal in the world championships held recently in Dublin.
Well, you can, thanks to sculptor Daniel Edwards, who recently unveiled a bronze metallic statue of the two singers and lovebirds fused together.
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In science:

In the experiments described here, we utilized a degenerate optical pump-probe technique to study the excitation intensity and temperature dependence of the photoinduced reflectivity dynamics in single crystals of blue bronze K0.3MoO3 .
Dynamics of photoinduced Charge Density Wave-metal phase transition in K0.3MoO3
But both accordion and harmonica make all their sounds by means of reeds (which are thin brass, bronze, or steel tongue-like plates with one end fixed on a frame) that are driven to vibrate, much like a swinging door, by having air flow across them.
Music in Terms of Science
One may perhaps speak for an emotional sense of geometry in these Late Bronze Age Civilizations, which was formally and axiomatically founded in the same region in the Classical Ages.
Optimization in Differentiable Manifolds in Order to Determine the Method of Construction of Prehistoric Wall-Paintings
Immerwahr, Aegean Painting in the Bronze Age.
Optimization in Differentiable Manifolds in Order to Determine the Method of Construction of Prehistoric Wall-Paintings
These materials are called blue bronzes due to their metallic blue brightness.
The many-Electron Problem in Novel Low-Dimensional Materials
Something similar could be true in other ferroelectric systems with similar MPBs as PMN-PT or some Tungsten-Bronzes.
The monoclinic phase in PZT: new light on morphotropic phase boundaries
The antenna is balanced on a titanium cable which is attached to the intermediate mass, an H-shape, 2.5-ton bronze casting supported by titanium rods that hang from vibration isolation stacks.
The Past, Present and Future of the Resonant-Mass Gravitational Wave Detectors
This is a quite old technique. As I have discussed in Ref.20, artists of the Bronze Age were able to create quite complex and precise decorations.
Roman Dodecahedron as dioptron: analysis of freely available data
The use of a dodecahedron as a rangefinder is shown in Fig.A1 On the left we see a bronze dodecahedron.
Roman Dodecahedron as dioptron: analysis of freely available data
Entanglement is a resource at the heart of quantum mechanics; iron in the classical world’s bronze age.
Continuity bounds for entanglement
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