bromine

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n bromine a nonmetallic heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Bromine (Chem) One of the halogen elements, related in its chemical qualities to chlorine and iodine. Atomic weight 79.8. Symbol Br. It is a deep reddish brown liquid of a very disagreeable odor, emitting a brownish vapor at the ordinary temperature. In combination it is found in minute quantities in sea water, and in many saline springs. It occurs also in the mineral bromyrite.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bromine Chemical symbol, Br; atomic weight, 80. A non-metallic element allied in its chemical relations to chlorine and iodine. It is a dark-reddish liquid, opaque except in thin layers, sparingly soluble in water, having a specific gravity of 3.19 at 32° F. It is volatile, and emits at ordinary temperatures reddish vapors which have a powerful suffocating odor, and are intensely irritating to the mucous membrane. When dropped on the skin, bromine produces corrosive sores. It is not found native, but occurs combined with bases in very minute quantities in sea-water and the ashes of marine plants, and in larger amount in certain mineral springs. Some ores of silver also contain bromine in combination. With hydrogen bromine forms hydrobromic acid (HBr), and with bromine or hydrobromic acid most metals form compounds called bromides, which are extensively used in medicine. Bromine itself is also used medicinally in very dilute solutions. Also called brome.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bromine brōm′in one of the elements, closely allied to chlorine, so called from its disagreeable smell
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. bad smell, stink. Cf. Brome
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. brōmos, a disagreeable odour.

Usage

In literature:

The object of using the iodine is to form a compound with bromine that is not so volatile as the bromine itself.
"American Handbook of the Daguerrotype" by Samuel D. Humphrey
Bromine, or a compound of Bromine and Chloride of Iodine, or other sensitive mixture.
"The History and Practice of the Art of Photography" by Henry H. Snelling
One of the boys took a bottle of bromine and opened it under the sofa.
"Edison, His Life and Inventions" by Frank Lewis Dyer and Thomas Commerford Martin
Bromine solution with wood creosote gives a reddish brown precipitate.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 363, December 16, 1882" by Various
After the bromine bath has been used up, it is regenerated by adding 1 per cent.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 385, May 19, 1883" by Various
If heated with chlorine, bromine, iodine, and sulphur, it combines with them with ignition.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
There are small deposits of such things as bromine trifluoride, but these have no great importance.
"Uller Uprising" by Henry Beam Piper, John D. Clark and John F. Carr
Bromine is soluble in water, to the extent of 3.226 grammes of bromine per 100 grammes of solution at 15 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
He named it bromine (stench) because of its unbearable fumes.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
The salt, bromine, calcium, chloride, graphite, and brick regions?
"Practical English Composition: Book II." by Edwin L. Miller
The acids of this group are saturated compounds, and will not combine directly with iodine or bromine.
"The Handbook of Soap Manufacture" by W. H. Simmons
It is only clear rock-salt contains the minerals we find in our present sea-water, bromine, iodine, and magnesia.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
Bromine gives one of silver bromide.
"Bromide Printing and Enlarging" by John A. Tennant
Iodine and bromine are also obtained from the nitrates, and the Chilean product yields nearly all the world's supply.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
Might not bromine be associated in other formations?
"Astronomy for Amateurs" by Camille Flammarion
It is true that one can distinguish the "smells" of chlorine, of bromine, and of iodine from one another.
"More Science From an Easy Chair" by Sir E. Ray (Edwin Ray) Lankester
Bromine in ash of plants, 55.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Compounds of fluorine and oxygen, and of bromine and oxygen, have not yet been isolated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 8" by Various
Then add two drachms of pure Bromine.
"New, Old, and Forgotten Remedies: Papers by Many Writers" by Various
Bromine discovered in sea-water by M. Balard.
"The Evolution of Photography" by John Werge
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In news:

Revision of D1492 - 08e1 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Coulometric Titration.
Revision of D5776 - 07e1 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration.
A recent study suggests that highly reactive chlorine and bromine molecules ejected by cumulonimbus clouds are punching holes in the ozone layer over the United States.
A PepsiCo spokesperson reassured consumers Gatorade is safe to consume in the wake of an online petition asking it to reformulate the drink to be made without brominated vegetable oil (BVO), according to the Chicago Tribune.
Speckled with bromine, curling with age, gnawed by rats in the photographer's crumbling house, the women in these images have been palpably misused.
The MacBook Air's mercury free LCD display and bromine-free iPod enclosures.
AROUND THE WORLD (FOX44) –Russia, over a hundred people were rushed to the hospital with bromine poisoning.
Officials say a train was carrying bromine in glass containers when several broke.
Petition at Change.org asking Gatorade to remove brominated vegetable oil.
Nov 30--Chicago-based Gatorade is facing consumer questions about its use of a little-known ingredient: brominated vegetable oil.
Well, what about brominated vegetable oil.
OPINION If your sofa was purchased in California after 1975, chances are its interior foam and cushions contain either brominated or chlorinated fire retardants.
In the next 20 years, the average consumer can expect to throw out a cellphone per year and a computer every second year, each one potentially loaded with toxins like lead, mercury and brominated flame retardants.
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In science:

When doped with bromine, it becomes superconducting below Tc = 0.3 K.
Route to Room-Temperature Superconductivity from a Practical Point of View
Often known as the “lead-free” directive, it bans the use of lead, mercury, cadmium, certain types of chromium and some brominated flame retardants.
Modern consumerism and the waste problem
The hazardous brominated flame retardants have been replaced with non-halogenated flame retardant, organophosphorous or inorganic flame retardants like Al(OH)3 or Mg(OH)2 .
Modern consumerism and the waste problem
The long, dark “fingers” are spikes of expanding Cu, and the horizontal band of opaque material to the right of the spikes of Cu is the brominated plastic tracer, showing the imprinted instability growth at the plastic-foam interface.
On Validating an Astrophysical Simulation Code
The long, dark “fingers” are spikes of expanding Cu, and the horizontal band of opaque material to the right of the spikes of Cu is the brominated plastic tracer showing the imprinted instability growth at the plastic-foam interface.
On Validating an Astrophysical Simulation Code
Among non-metals, carbon (in the form of diamond and nanotubes), oxygen, bromine, and iodine have recently been t ran s fo rmed in to supe rconduc to r s , wh i le the superconductivity under pressure of phosphorus, sulfur, and se len ium was observed much ear l ier (F ig . 10) .
Assembling the puzzle of superconducting elements: A Review
The successful searches for superconductivity in the halogen group were iodine and bromine . In the c a s e o f b rom in e und e r p r e s su r e , a mo l e cu l a r to monoatomic phase transition takes place at 80 GPa. At p ressu res h ighe r than 90 GPa b rom ine becomes a superconductor .
Assembling the puzzle of superconducting elements: A Review
Snell discovered 78As in 1937 at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California in Berkeley which he announced in The Radioactive Isotopes of Bromine: Isomeric Forms of Bromine 80 . “The reaction 81Br(n,α )78As resulted from an activation of a large sample of ammonium bromide with (Be+D) neutrons.
Discovery of the Arsenic Isotopes
This activity is new, and it has been attributed to arsenic 78, presumably made by a parallel reaction from the other bromine isotope.” The accepted half-life value is 90.7(2) m.
Discovery of the Arsenic Isotopes
In , sizing and control methodologies for a zinc-bromine flow battery-based energy storage system are proposed to minimize the cost of the energy storage system.
Storage Size Determination for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems
In emulsions, Hypernuclei were produced as hyperfragments on the emulsion components, like hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, silver and bromine, with a strong prevalence of the lighter nuclei; in bubble chambers, the helium was an active target.
Strangeness nuclear physics: a critical review on selected topics
Kreuzer, in which the gravitational attraction of fluorine and bromine were compared to a precision of 5 parts in 105 . A remarkable planetary test was reported by Bartlett and van Buren.
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment: A 1998 Update
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