bristle

Definitions

  • Brushes.—Round Bristle
    Brushes.—Round Bristle
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bristle react in an offended or angry manner "He bristled at her suggestion that he should teach her how to use the program"
    • v bristle rise up as in fear "The dog's fur bristled","It was a sight to make one's hair uprise!"
    • v bristle have or be thickly covered with or as if with bristles "bristling leaves"
    • v bristle be in a state of movement or action "The room abounded with screaming children","The garden bristled with toddlers"
    • n bristle a stiff hair
    • n bristle a stiff fiber (coarse hair or filament); natural or synthetic
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Brushes.—Flat Bristle Brushes.—Flat Bristle
Preparing the bristles Preparing the bristles
Joining thread and bristle Joining thread and bristle
Machinery to scrape of bristle Machinery to scrape of bristle

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first modern toothbrush was invented in China. Its bristles came from hogs hair or the mane of a horse that were then put into ivory handles
    • Bristle A short, stiff, coarse hair, as on the back of swine.
    • Bristle (Bot) A stiff, sharp, roundish hair.
    • Bristle To appear as if covered with bristles; to have standing, thick and erect, like bristles. "The hill of La Haye Sainte bristling with ten thousand bayonets.""Ports bristling with thousands of masts."
    • Bristle To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; -- sometimes with up. "Now for the bare-picked bone of majesty
      Doth dogged war bristle his angry crest."
      "Boy, bristle thy courage up."
    • Bristle To fix a bristle to; as, to bristle a thread.
    • Bristle To rise or stand erect, like bristles. "His hair did bristle upon his head."
    • Bristle To show defiance or indignation.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first toothbrush with bristles was developed in China in 1498. Bristles were taken from hogs at first, later from horses. The nylon bristles were developed in 1938 by DuPont.
    • n bristle One of the stiff, coarse, glossy hairs of certain animals, especially those of the hog kind which are not hairless, large and thickly set along the back, and smaller and more scattered on the sides. The bristles of the domestic hog and of some other animals are extensively used for making brushes, shoemakers' wax-ends, etc.
    • n bristle A similar appendage on some plants; a stiff, sharp hair.
    • n bristle In dipterous insects of the division Brachycera, the arista or terminal part of the antenna.
    • n bristle In ornithology, a bristly feather; a feather with a stout stiff stem and little or no web.
    • bristle To erect the bristles of; erect in anger or defiance, as a hog erects its bristles.
    • bristle To make bristly.
    • bristle To fix a bristle on: as, to bristle a shoemaker's thread.
    • bristle To rise up or stand on end like bristles.
    • bristle To stand erect and close together like bristles.
    • bristle To be covered, as with bristles: as, the ranks bristled with spears. See to bristle with, below.
    • bristle To manifest conspicuously: as, he bristled with excitement.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bristle bris′l a short, stiff hair, as of swine
    • v.i Bristle to stand erect, as bristles
    • v.t Bristle to cover, as with bristles: to make bristly:—pr.p. bris′tling; pa.p. brist′led
    • ***

Quotations

  • (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    “A hairy body, and arms stiff with bristles, give promise of a manly soul.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bristel, brustel, AS. bristl, byrst,; akin to D. borstel, OHG. burst, G. borste, Icel. burst, Sw. borst, and to Skr. bhṛshti, edge, point, and prob, L. fastigium, extremity, Gr. 'a`flaston stern of a ship, and E. brush, burr, perh. to brad,. √96

Usage

In literature:

The defenders responded, and the stockade immediately bristled with rifles.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
Sometimes she cut bristles into equal lengths for brushes, sometimes she sorted out bits of gingerbread.
"Germinie Lacerteux" by Edmond and Jules de Goncourt
The maxillary palpi are rather long, consisting of two cylindrical sections of equal length, the outer ending in a very short bristle.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
She encountered the traitor, I say, and her eyes darted fire beneath a bristling palisade of iron curling-pins.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
In front, between the eyes, are the three-jointed antennae, the last joint bearing a short, feathery bristle.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
A brush with medium soft bristles should be used.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
His blond mustache bristled.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
His mustache bristled in spikes of black hair, like a portcullis over his mouth.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Bristling with wrath, he tiptoed menacingly back toward the puma's pedestal, determined to wipe out the indignity.
"Kings in Exile" by Sir Charles George Douglas Roberts
I still have a vivid picture of terribly gleaming teeth, bristling backs, and bulging muscles in savage readiness.
"Wild Life on the Rockies" by Enos A. Mills
Once more Leloo paused and sniffed, the hair of his back bristling.
"Connie Morgan in the Fur Country" by James B. Hendryx
Bas Rowlett had shaved the bristle from his jowl and chin and thrown his overalls behind his cabin door.
"The Roof Tree" by Charles Neville Buck
The pileus is coriaceous, firm, resupinate, effused, reflexed, brown, slightly sulcate; the hymenium velvety with brown bristles.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
In any whatever country in Europe, at every convulsion the press bristles with new, fresh intellects.
"Diary from November 12, 1862, to October 18, 1863" by Adam Gurowski
With darts he bristled, and was clad in fell of Libyan bear.
"The Æneids of Virgil" by Virgil
And wherever you go on his back the sky will be lighted up by his golden bristles.
"Told by the Northmen:" by E. M. [Ethel Mary] Wilmot-Buxton
A sudden noise behind him turned him facing about with bristling nerves.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
The dogs came slowly to meet Mackenzie as he approached, backs still bristling, countenances unpromising.
"The Flockmaster of Poison Creek" by George W. Ogden
Where the maze of the thickets ended and the forest began she stopped dead, her hair bristling, her eyes alight.
"Dusty Star" by Olaf Baker
The god of the boar with golden bristles is easily angered!
"A Captive of the Roman Eagles" by Felix Dahn
***

In poetry:

Don't mind how troubles bristle,
Jest take a rose or thistle.
Hold your own
An' change your tone
An' whistle, whistle, whistle!
"Just Whistle" by Frank Lebby Stanton
Exult, ye brutes, traduced and scorn'd,
Though true to nature's plan;
Exult, ye bristled, and ye horn'd,
When infants govern man.
"The Drunken Father" by Robert Bloomfield
Don't mind how troubles bristle,
The rose comes with the thistle.
Hold your own
An' change your tone
An' whistle, whistle, whistle!
"Just Whistle" by Frank Lebby Stanton
Rocks, in which the storm is hooting,
Thrust a humpbacked murder over;
Bristling heaths, dead thistles shooting,
Raven-haunted gibbets cover:
"Pre-Ordination" by Madison Julius Cawein
The stubble of the June-reaped wheat
Stands up in bristling ranks of spears,
Its gold is covered now with frost,
Like warriors grey with years.
"Through October Fields" by James Edwin Campbell
'Twas hush'd: — One flash, of sombre glare,
With yellow tinged the forests brown;
Uprose the Wildgrave's bristling hair,
And horror chill'd each nerve and bone.
"The Wild Huntsman" by Sir Walter Scott

In news:

What germs lie amid the bristles of your toothbrush.
Lions' Dominic Raiola says he has Ndamukong Suh's back, bristles again at anonymous criticism .
During the 1984 vice presidential debate , Democrat Geraldine Ferraro bristled at George more.
Janitor Rita Vega wipes away tears as she holds her broom's bristles at the rally where over 200 O'Hare Airport janitors with SEIU Local 1 (Service Employees International Union) gathered to protest Rahm Emanuel privatization of their jobs.
The Little Girl is bristling at having her life detailed, and she worries about what her friends might think.
Koch bristles at reports of redistricting deal.
At Chateau du Lac , chef Jacques Saleun revels in the possibilities of classic French cuisine where so many others would bristle.
Putin vows to strengthen Russia's economy and military might , bristles at foreign influence.
Cut a 2 section of Fruit by the foot Cut small fringe on the bottom of the strip leaving a border uncut at the top to create the broom bristles.
The top of Capitol Peak bristles with communication towers.
BBQ Brush Bristle Removed From Man's Intestine.
While her passion might bristle others who don't share it, it's guileless and natural to her, similar to her style.
Just dab a corner of a makeup sponge or soft-bristled brush in water and start painting .
Petit 's Sister Bristles At 'Stunt' Remark.
Humans have invented all kinds of high-tech fixes to deal with plaque in the heart, but when it comes to battling tooth decay, a manual scrubbing with a bristle-brush is still our primary line of defense.
***

In science:

A random brush is defined by lettin g the length of the bristles be identically and independently distributed by a probability measure on N0 ∪ {∞}.
The spectral dimension of random brushes
We will indeed see below that adding a single in finite bristle to Zd with d ≥ 4 will bring the spectral dimension down to 3.
The spectral dimension of random brushes
We will use the variable z for general graphs but the variable x when dealing with brushes and bristles.
The spectral dimension of random brushes
The d-brush where every bristle is N∞ we call the full d-brush and denote it ∗d.
The spectral dimension of random brushes
It is easy to see that putting a single bristle on Zd with probability distribution µ for d ≥ 4 gives the same spectral dimension as mean field theory.
The spectral dimension of random brushes
***