brilliant

Definitions

  • Square-cut Brilliant
    Square-cut Brilliant
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj brilliant full of light; shining intensely "a brilliant star","brilliant chandeliers"
    • adj brilliant having striking color "bright dress","brilliant tapestries","a bird with vivid plumage"
    • adj brilliant characterized by grandeur "the brilliant court life at Versailles","a glorious work of art","magnificent cathedrals","the splendid coronation ceremony"
    • adj brilliant having or marked by unusual and impressive intelligence "some men dislike brainy women","a brilliant mind","a brilliant solution to the problem"
    • adj brilliant clear and sharp and ringing "the bright sound of the trumpet section","the brilliant sound of the trumpets"
    • adj brilliant of surpassing excellence "a brilliant performance","a superb actor"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Round-cut Brilliant Round-cut Brilliant

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Sherlock Holmes, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's brilliant detective, arrived on the mystery scene in the late nineteenth century in "A Study in Scarlet" (1887).
    • Brilliant A diamond or other gem of the finest cut, formed into faces and facets, so as to reflect and refract the light, by which it is rendered more brilliant. It has at the middle, or top, a principal face, called the table, which is surrounded by a number of sloping facets forming a bizet; below, it has a small face or collet, parallel to the table, connected with the girdle by a pavilion of elongated facets. It is thus distinguished from the rose diamond, which is entirely covered with facets on the surface, and is flat below. "This snuffbox -- on the hinge see brilliants shine."
    • Brilliant A kind of cotton goods, figured on the weaving.
    • Brilliant Distinguished by qualities which excite admiration; splendid; shining; as, brilliant talents. "Washington was more solicitous to avoid fatal mistakes than to perform brilliant exploits."
    • Brilliant Exceedingly intelligent, or of distinguished accomplishment in a field;as, a brilliant chemist.
    • Brilliant Sparkling with luster; glittering; very bright; as, a brilliant star.
    • Brilliant (Print) The smallest size of type used in England printing.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • brilliant Sparkling with light or luster; glittering; bright: as, a brilliant gem; a brilliant dress.
    • brilliant Figuratively, distinguished by admirable qualities; splendid; shining: as, a brilliant wit; a brilliant achievement.
    • brilliant Synonyms Lustrous, radiant, effulgent, resplendent, showy, conspicuous.
    • brilliant Illustrious, notable.
    • n brilliant [Cf. F. brillant, a diamond.] The form in which the diamond and other precious stones are cut when intended to be used as ornaments, whenever the shape and cleavage of the uncut stone allow this to be done without too much loss of material. The brilliant is susceptible of many small modifications as regards the size, proportions, and even the number of the facets; but in the most perfect cut there are 58 facets. The general shape of all brilliants is that of two pyramids united at their bases, the upper one being so truncated as to give a large plane surface, the lower one terminating almost in a point. The manner in which the brilliant is derived from the fundamental octahedral form (a in fig. 1) is shown in fig. 1, b and c. The uppermost large flat surface is called the table, and is formed by removing one third of the thickness of the stone; the opposite small end, called the culet or collet, is formed by removing one eighteenth of the thickness of the stone. The girdle is the widest part, and forms the junction-line between the upper part, called the crown, and the lower part, called the pavilion. Fig. 2 shows the top , side , and back views of a modern brilliant cut with 58 facets. T is the table; C, the culet; G, the girdle; A, the templets or bezels (of which there are 4 in all); B, the upper quoins or lozenges (of which there are 4); S, star-facets (of which there are 8 in the crown); E, skill- or half-facets (8 in the crown and the same number in the pavilion); D, cross- or skew-facets (8 in each part); P, pavilion-facets (4 in number); Q, lower or under-side quoins (of which there are 4)—making 58 facets in all. Sometimes extra facets are cut around the culet, making 66 in all. In fig. 3, a and b show top and side views of the single cut, or half brilliant; c is a top view of the old English single cut. In fig. 4, a, b, and c show top, side, and back views of a brilliant with 42 facets. In fig. 5, a, b, and c show top, side, and back views of the split or double brilliant, with 74 facets. In fig. 6, a, b, and c show top, side, and back views of the Portuguese cut, which has two rows of rhomboidal and three rows of triangular facets above and below the girdle. In fig. 7, a gives a side view of the double rose, sometimes called the briolette when several more rows of triangular facets are added. Fig. 8 shows the form and size of the famous Regent diamond, belonging to the government of France. It weighs 136¾ carats, and is generally considered the most valuable diamond known, having been estimated by experts at twelve million francs. It comes very near being a perfect brilliant in form, but is a little too thick or deep for its breadth, while the Koh-i-noor, as cut since it came into the possession of the Queen of England, is too thin or spread. Any gem may be cut in brilliant form; but when the word brilliant is used by itself, it is always understood to mean a diamond.
    • n brilliant The smallest regular size of printing-type, about 20 lines to the inch, very rarely used.
    • n brilliant This line is set in brilliant.
    • n brilliant In the manège, a brisk, high-spirited horse, with stately action.
    • n brilliant A bright light used in fireworks.
    • n brilliant A cotton fabric with a raised pattern figured in the loom, and with or without a design in colors.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Brilliant bril′yant sparkling: glittering: splendid
    • n Brilliant a diamond of the finest cut (as opposed to rose-cut or other patterns)
    • ***

Quotations

  • Marshall Pugh
    Marshall Pugh
    “They exchanged the quick, brilliant smile of women who dislike each other on sight.”
  • Winston Churchill
    Winston%20Churchill
    “I cannot pretend to feel impartial about colors. I rejoice with the brilliant ones and am genuinely sorry for the poor browns.”
  • Dennis Conner
    Dennis Conner
    “My goal in sailing isn't to be brilliant or flashy in individual races, just to be consistent over the long run.”
  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    Francois%20De%20La%20Rochefoucauld
    “How ever a brilliant an action, it should not be viewed as great unless it is the result of a great motive.”
  • J. Donald Walters
    J. Donald Walters
    “Happiness is not a brilliant climax to years of grim struggle and anxiety. It is a long succession of little decisions simply to be happy in the moment.”
  • Lionel Strachey
    Lionel Strachey
    “A brilliant epigram is a solemn platitude gone to a masquerade ball.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. brillant, (p. pr.) of briller, to shine or sparkle (cf. Pr. & Sp. brillar, It. brillare,), fr. L. beryllus, a precious stone of sea-green color, Prov. It. brill,. See Beryl

Usage

In literature:

Several brilliant actions spread the military renown of the English through regions where no European flag had ever been seen.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
While probably never quite as snappy and brilliant as the regular brilliant cut, a well-proportioned step cut stone can be very brilliant.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
The brilliant colour streamed into her cheeks.
"The Master Mummer" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
It had the appearance of brilliant rays.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
He was a brilliant conversationalist, and his tastes, like my father's, were decidedly literary.
"As I Remember" by Marian Gouverneur
He was full of humour as well as of solid common-sense, and his literary style is brilliant.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
She herself knew well, none better, that her weapons were small and her chance of success not particularly brilliant.
"The Time of Roses" by L. T. Meade
A diamond is no less brilliant because set in clay.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Already its light like a brilliant moon was brightening the forward deck-space.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
Paris had laid aside its mourning weeds, and a gay and brilliant carnival succeeded its dismal days of gloom.
"Henry IV, Makers of History" by John S. C. Abbott
Toward the sea the sun shone down brilliantly upon the city.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
But Estridge saw that her dark eyes were suddenly brilliant with tears.
"The Crimson Tide" by Robert W. Chambers
We deal in facts up here, and we leave the brilliant theorizing to the journalists.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
Jets of flame played upon them and turned them to blazing, brilliant white.
"Two Thousand Miles Below" by Charles Willard Diffin
It was brilliant sunshine.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
The jungle on either side was brilliant with color and resonant with the songs of forest lyrists.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Sylvie had a quick eye and a bright wit, and something made Jack Darcy brilliant.
"Hope Mills" by Amanda M. Douglas
Nelson turned a knob and the battery of great glass tubes broke into brilliant white light, a crackling coming from them.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
Yet the first movements of the Huguenots were brilliant and effective.
"History of the Rise of the Huguenots" by Henry Baird
She sang in a resplendently brilliant style, and brilliancy was an innovation in English singing.
"Famous Singers of To-day and Yesterday" by Henry C. Lahee
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In poetry:

A murky light thou didst not give,
But brilliant, clear!
Thy deeds of piety shall live
Full many a year.
"In Memoriam, On The Late Right Reverend Richard Allen, First Bishop Of The A. M. E. Church" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
My father was a perfect man,
clean and rich and fat.
My mother was a brilliant thing.
She was good at that.
"Cripples And Other Stories" by Anne Sexton
Of late I saw thee laughing,
Thy jovial friends among,
The brilliant goblet quaffing,
The wildest of the throng.
"Song" by Charlotte Dacre
Across clearings, an eye,
A widening deepening greenness,
Brilliantly, concentratedly,
Coming about its own business
"The Thought-Fox" by Ted Hughes
You ask why I am lonely now,
In all this brilliant scene,
And why I look on beauty's charms,
With cold, unalter'd mien.
"You Ask Why I Am Lonely Now" by James Avis Bartley
Then behind the clouds of evening,
Shaded all those pleasures lie:
Virtue only, ever brilliant,
Can illume an evening sky.
"An Effusion" by Elizabeth Bath

In news:

Everyone's favorite scene from My So-Called Life is the brilliant Hallway Hand-holding Sequence.
I took a lot of heat when I left the city nearly eight years ago to explore what I thought was the most brilliant opportunity.
The Three-Pointer: Kevin Garnett's frenzied , and brilliant, return.
For this bizarre story I thank the incomparable Vaughan Bell, who writes brilliantly on all things neuro, psych, and weird.
"Some of the stuff on is insanely brilliant and some is just insane," Mandel says.
Most brilliant insights come to me while I'm gasping .
Edward Albee's brilliant The Play About the Baby is really a play about age, life and experience.
Gianni Versace , the man who brought rock, art, sexuality and brilliant color into contemporary fashion, was shot to death yesterday outside his home in Miami Beach.
The brilliant senior running back guaranteed a Michigan win over Notre Dame after the Wolverines' fell to 0-2 earlier this season.
For the most sophisticated impact, choose one feature—cheeks, nails, or lips—to highlight with brilliant color.
I guess a guy fainted on his show the other day and the dude is actually advocating secession, but whatever, I don't care about any of that, I'm just interested in Glenn Beck-as-brilliant-performance-artist.
Brilliant Venus is in the west at sunset, with Mars high in the south and Saturn in the southeast.
One that's remained unmatched over the years is Fekkai Brilliant Glossing Cream.
It's brilliantly designed and amazingly functional.
I can't even imagine how brilliant these chats are going to be once the lockout ends.
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In science:

Cold molecules indeed open entirely new avenues for fascinating research, as it is brilliantly -sometimes ”romantically”- expressed in several broadscope papers.
Formation and interactions of cold and ultracold molecules: new challenges for interdisciplinary physics
Today this research field is called particle cosmology and has achieved brilliant success.
Cosmological Constraints on a Massive Neutrino
For nominal LHC operations, the crossing angle is θc = 285 µm and F ∼ 0.8. A brilliant solution to this problem could come from the development of crab RF cavities [34, 35], whose role is to tilt the bunches before they enter the IR, ensuring their total overlap when they cross, as shown in fig. 11(b).
The super-LHC
That was the best advice I’ve heard in a long time!”; “brilliant astro-ph submission! I think this will be a mandatory read for any students that want to go on to grad school.’; “Thanks for your insightful and very funny paper on astro-ph.
Are astronomical papers with more authors cited more?
Thanks to their brilliant confirmation by reactor and accelerator experiments, oscillations constitute the only viable explanation for the observed flavor conversion of “celestial” neutrinos [1–3], requiring both neutrino mass and mixing, as expected in theories without conserved lepton number [4, 5].
Status of Neutrino Theory
This observation is valid not only for third generation sources that are currently available (like ELETTRA in Trieste) but also for less brilliant second-generation sources like those in Daresbury and Hamburg (see Figure 1).
Progetto di un detector a camera di ionizzazione per esperimenti SAXS
He was, at the same time, a brilliant experimentalist and a competent theorist on general relativity. He almost invented the maser in the earlier 50’ s.
The Past, Present and Future of the Resonant-Mass Gravitational Wave Detectors
Blandford and Zna jek made the brilliant discovery that an electromagnetic form of the Penrose process may work.
Foundations of Black Hole Accretion Disk Theory
Despite the efforts of brilliant instrumentalists, substantial progress had been slow because the problems were so forbidding.
Hipparcos: a Retrospective
The discovery of the weak neutral currents by Gargamelle and the polarization-symmetry in deep-inelastic scattering in brilliant experiments clearly indicated the existence of the W ± and Z 0 bosons , which were discovered by UA1 and UA2 shortly after. M.
Why Precision?
Quantized vortex lines are the only excited degrees of freedom in a superfluid.1 Thanks to the circulation quantization constraint on the vortex lines in superfluid 4He, the only possible turbulent motion in the latter system, as Feynman brilliantly envisioned, is a motion of tangled vortex lines.
Superfluid Turbulence: Kelvin Wave Cascade Regime
This was a very enjoyable workshop brilliantly organized by the team lead by Lydia and Louis Fayard.
Theoretical review of K physics
The data sample has been collected and there are no current plans to get another large sample of Z o decays to add to the brilliant b physics already done.
Prospects for B-Physics in the Next Decade
It is a cool idea and I am sure that Rocky will use this word in one of his brilliant talks.
What is found upon defrosting the Universe after inflation
Is the unification model correct? The BeppoSAX results on NGC 1068, as well as on other Seyfert 2 galaxies (see contributions to this volume by Malaguti et al., Salvati et al., Ueno et al.), are brilliant confirmations of theoretical models based on the unification scenario.
Seyfert Galaxies and BeppoSAX
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