bribery

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n bribery the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Virginia Code (1930) has a statute: "To prohibit corrupt practices or bribery by any person other than candidates."
    • Bribery Robbery; extortion.
    • Bribery The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bribery Theft; robbery; extortion; rapacity.
    • n bribery The act or practice of giving or taking a bribe, or of influencing or being influenced by a bribe or bribes; especially, the act of paying or receiving, or of agreeing to pay or receive, a reward other than legal compensation for the exercise of official or delegated power irrespective of the dictates of duty, or for a false judgment or testimony, or for the performance of that which is known to be illegal or unjust.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Bribery the act of giving or taking bribes
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. brybery, rascality, OF. briberie,. See Bribe (n.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. bribe, a lump of bread; origin dub.

Usage

In literature:

The bribery that took place on both sides and all sides was really frightful.
"Recollections of Old Liverpool" by A Nonagenarian
A little bribery will probably have considerable effect.
"The Ferryman of Brill" by William H. G. Kingston
Of course, as is to be expected, there is much bribery and corruption in all departments of Government.
"Fred Markham in Russia" by W. H. G. Kingston
The service was indebted to this species of bribery for the officer in question.
"The King's Own" by Captain Frederick Marryat
It is a kind of bribery.
"Twice Bought" by R.M. Ballantyne
That would be bribery.
"Agatha's Husband A Novel" by Dinah Maria Craik (AKA: Dinah Maria Mulock)
They were all Baggara Arabs, men who were beyond either pity or bribery.
"A Desert Drama Being The Tragedy Of The "Korosko"" by A. Conan Doyle
The monosyllable which designates her has a vague and extended signification; it means both reward and bribery.
"A Literary History of the English People" by Jean Jules Jusserand
Intrigue, bribery and calumny, personal jealousy and racial prejudice are the ordinary means with which the game is played.
"The Birth of Yugoslavia, Volume 1" by Henry Baerlein
A delicate webwork of forgery, bribery, chicanery and falsehood.
"The Misplaced Battleship" by Harry Harrison (AKA Henry Maxwell Dempsey)
Bribery, in chartering Albany State Bank, i.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
There's been more, too, but those bribery charges are what they've really worked on.
"The Best Made Plans" by Everett B. Cole
No, Mr. Mason, if I can't carry on without bribery and corruption, I won't carry on at all.
"Orley Farm" by Anthony Trollope
It cries out against the bribery and corruption of England.
"Diary in America, Series Two" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
Bribery and corruption is a universal element in civilised society; but let us talk in the meantime of political bribery and corruption.
"Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, No. 455" by Various
Accordingly they had their fire institutions, and that true institution against bribery and luxury, and all such stuff.
"The Posthumous Works of Thomas De Quincey, Vol. 1 (2 vols)" by Thomas De Quincey
His fortune was founded on the twin arts of bribery and blackmail.
"The Root of Evil" by Thomas Dixon
The name of the First of the Blacks must never again be associated with bribery.
"The Hour and the Man" by Harriet Martineau
Danby had begun the bribery of members.
"History of the English People, Volume VI (of 8)" by John Richard Green
We cry out in horror at revelations of bribery.
"Beatrice Leigh at College" by Julia Augusta Schwartz
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In news:

Law forbids bribery of foreign officials.
Hours after resigning from the state Senate, disgraced Brooklyn pol Carl Kruger wept in federal court Tuesday as he admitted to a slate of bribery-related charges.
WASHINGTON — A former Army major has been sentenced to 18 months in prison and ordered to pay restitution for his role in a bribery scheme at a military camp in Kuwait .
President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is fighting bribery in Liberia .
Former Sen Mike Morgan faces up to 10 years in prison when he's sentenced Jan 8 for bribery.
Federal prosecutors calling Oklahoma lobbyist 's actions bribery in Mike Morgan case.
Prosecutors call Edmond lobbyist 's actions bribery.
Prosecutors call lobbyist 's payment to senator bribery nclay@opubco.com.
One of China's most ingenious bribery schemes: the professional poker loser .
Wal- Mart 's disclosure of lobbying activities morphs into talk of bribery in India.
Maverick County official charged in bribery scheme.
Maverick County Commissioner Eliaz Maldonado surrenders to FBI on bribery, fraud charges.
A Maverick County commissioner surrendered to federal authorities Thursday morning, after a federal grand jury indicted him on bribery and fraud charges.
Maverick County worker charged in bribery case.
Kelly Yaede hopes to succeed former Mayor John Bencivengo following his conviction this week on bribery charges and his resignation courtesy photo.
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In science:

Question (constructive bribery): Is it possible to make p a winner of the E election by changing the preference profiles of at most q voters in V .
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
Question (destructive bribery): Is it possible to make p not a winner of the E election by changing the preference profiles of at most q voters in V .
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
As in the cases of manipulation, bribery is also defined for cases of weighted voters.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
As above, we denote this problem E -weighted-bribery.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
In this case, q is our budget, and we want to achieve our goal (constructive or destructive bribery) by spending at most q in our bribery.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
We denote this problem by E -$bribery and E -weighted-$bribery if voters have both weights and prices.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
In all of these cases, we say that an election is computational ly vulnerable to a particular form of misuse, such as manipulation, bribery, or control if the corresponding problem is polynomial-time computable.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
Since each bribery can be described with 2m! variables, and each variable is bounded 0 ≤ bi , di ≤ ||V ||, this algorithm tries at most (||V || + 1)2m! possible briberies.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
In [11, 21] it is shown that most nontrivial manipulation and bribery problems in weighted scoring protocol elections are NP-hard even for a fixed number of candidates.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
Theorem 4 Unweighted f (m)-approval elections are computational ly vulnerable to destructive bribery.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
In a destructive bribery, we want some candidate p′ 6= p to beat p.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
Clearly, briberies of votes of the first type take priority over those of the second type, as p′ can gain two points relative to p.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
We find such a bribery for each other candidate p′ 6= p by bribing q voters using the procedure above.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
Intuitively, the reason such briberies are easy is that we only need to ensure that p′ beats p.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
It does not matter if other candidates will beat both p′ and p as a result of the bribery, as p will lose.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
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