bread

Definitions

  • the Baker Making his Bread and Placing It in The Oven
    the Baker Making his Bread and Placing It in The Oven
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bread cover with bread crumbs "bread the pork chops before frying them"
    • n bread food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked
    • n bread informal terms for money
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

BREAD DISCOVERED IN POMPEII BREAD DISCOVERED IN POMPEII
Baking bread in an outdoor baking oven about 1650. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) Baking bread in an outdoor baking oven about 1650. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
In this oven a Jamestown woman baked bread over 300 years ago. It appears to have been in use between 1650 and 1690 In this oven a Jamestown woman baked bread over 300 years ago. It appears to have been in use between 1650 and 1690
bread bread
I see a baker's been fined ten pounds for selling bread less than twelve hours old I see a baker's been fined ten pounds for selling bread less than twelve hours old
The king examines the old woman's bread The king examines the old woman's bread
Bread and honey Bread and honey
Queen eating bread and honey Queen eating bread and honey

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: One acre of wheat can produce enough bread to feed a family of four people for about ten years
    • Bread An article of food made from flour or meal by moistening, kneading, and baking.
    • Bread Food; sustenance; support of life, in general. "Give us this day our daily bread ."
    • v. t Bread (Cookery) To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets.
    • v. t Bread brĕd To spread.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Pretzel snacks have been around for over 1300 years. A European monk invented the snack using used leftover bread dough
    • n bread A kind of food made of the flour or meal of some species of grain, by kneading it (with the addition of a little salt, and sometimes sugar) into a dough, yeast being commonly added to cause fermentation or “lightness,” and then baking it. The yeast causes alcoholic fermentation and the production of alcohol and carbonic acid; the latter, an expanding gas, pushes the particles of dough asunder, causing the bread to rise, and, with the alcohol, is soon expelled by the heat of the oven. See yeast. In salt-rising bread the fermentation is said to be carried on by bacteria. Bread is sometimes made partly or wholly from the products of other than cereal plants, as beans, lentils, chestnuts, some kinds of bark, etc.
    • n bread Figuratively, food or sustenance in general.
    • n bread (b In New England, wheaten or rye bread containing an admixture of Indian meal: a variety of it is called specifically Boston brown bread.
    • bread In Cookery, to prepare with grated bread; cover with white of eggs and bread-crumbs.
    • bread To make broad; spread.
    • n bread Breadth. Also brede.
    • bread In net-making, to form in meshes: net. Also breathe, brede.
    • n bread A piece of embroidery; a braid.
    • bread To clean by rubbing with dry bread or with a bread-crust, as a drawing.
    • bread To provide with daily bread.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Sliced bread was introduced under the Wonder Bread label in 1930.
    • n Bread bred food made of flour or meal baked: food: livelihood
    • ***

Quotations

  • Katherine Cebrian
    Katherine Cebrian
    “I don't even butter my bread; I consider that cooking.”
  • Hannah More
    Hannah%20More
    “The wretch who digs the mine for bread, or ploughs, that others may be fed, feels less fatigued than that decreed to him who cannot think or read.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shall find it after many days.”
  • Henry James
    Henry%20James
    “The time-honored bread-sauce of the happy ending.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “Man shall not live by bread alone.”
  • Burt Lancaster
    Burt Lancaster
    “I judge a restaurant by the bread and by the coffee.”

Idioms

Best thing since sliced bread - If something is the best thing since sliced bread, it is excellent. ('The greatest thing since sliced bread' is also used.)
***
Bread and butter - Bread and butter issues are ones that affect people directly and in a very important way.
***
Bread and circuses - Activites that entertain people and distract them from problems to keep them from complaining or protesting are bread and circuses.
***
Half a loaf is better than no bread - It means that getting part of what you want is better than getting nothing at all.
***
Know which side one's bread is buttered on - If you know which side one's bread is buttered on, you know where your interests lie and will act accordingly to protect or further them.
***
Quarrel with bread and butter - Bread and butter, here, indicate the means of one’s living. (That is why we say ‘he is the bread winner of the family’). If a sub-ordinate in an organisation is quarrelsome or if he is not patient enough to bear the reprimand he deserves, gets angry and retorts or provokes the higher-up, the top man dismisses him from the job. So, he loses the job that gave him bread and butter. Hence we say, he quarrelled with bread and butter (manager or the top man) and lost his job.
***
White-bread - If something is white-bread, it is very ordinary, safe and boring.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. breád,; akin to OFries. brād, OS. brōd, D. brood, G. brod, brot, Icel. brauð, Sw. & Dan. bröd,. The root is probably that of E. brew,. √93. See Brew
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. bréad, prob. from a Teut. root meaning a fragment, like the Scot. and Norse country use of 'a piece,' for a bit of bread. The usual A.S. word was hláf.

Usage

In literature:

For my own part I like bread better, or bread made into toast.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
Put a pone o' co'n bread way down in my han'.
"Negro Folk Rhymes" by Thomas W. Talley
Nowadays girls like us are neither bread-and-butter misses nor demi-vierges.
"Woman on Her Own, False Gods & The Red Robe" by Eugène Brieux
Cabbage salad, hard boiled eggs, bread and butter.
"Food for the Traveler" by Dora Cathrine Cristine Liebel Roper
One of them was earning his daily bread by thrashing corn.
"The Life of Trust: Being a Narrative of the Lord's Dealings With George Müller" by George Müller
Strain carefully and serve with toast or bread.
"New Vegetarian Dishes" by Mrs. Bowdich
And look at the bread!
"Nobody's Girl" by Hector Malot
Us niggers didn't get white flour bread, but de cracklin' bread was called on our place, 'de sweet savor of life.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
The nationalisation or municipalisation of trams, gas, water, bread, liquor, milk, coal, and many other things.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
Homemade bread is healthier, satisfies hunger better, and is cheaper than bakers' bread.
"Twenty-Five Cent Dinners for Families of Six" by Juliet Corson
No one need pity them on this account, however, as German rye bread is as good as bread can be.
"Home Life in Germany" by Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick
Rusked bread is the best for this purpose, but a loaf of bread cut in slices, and toasted till brittle, will do very well.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
My eyes swam as I swallowed my last bit of bread and butter.
"The Belovéd Vagabond" by William J. Locke
Chocolate bread pudding and Apple Betty made a very attractive use of left-over bread.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
Bread, more than almost any other foodstuff, can not be better than what it is made of.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
To be quite certain, throw a little bit of bread into the pan; if it fries crisp, the fat is ready; if it burns the bread, it is too hot.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
We embarked without a bit of bread or a farthing in money.
"Ghetto Comedies" by Israel Zangwill
Bread and napkin are beside each plate, or else the bread is passed after the guests are seated.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Tea, with a little bread and butter and cake, served in the most informal way, is the only refreshment.
"Household Papers and Stories" by Harriet Beecher Stowe
That is the bread from heaven for those whom no one feeds.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
***

In poetry:

First of all the posies,
Dewy and red.
They that have roses
Never need bread.
"There Was One" by Dorothy Parker

When, shaped like buttery tarts
For some midnight party,
The bread is brought on out,
"The Runaways/ Les Effares" by Arthur Rimbaud
So he laid down his bread
In a snug little place,
And away Walter went
For a race, race, race.
"Walter And His Dog" by Eliza Lee Follen
Jobel.
Mamma it is so cold. Have you
No bread for me? Where is my mamma?
Mamma—Mamma—Mamma.
"Ajax' Death (A DRAMA)" by Frank Barbour Coffin
But Flash had a plan,
In his little roguish head,
Of taking to himself
Walter's bread, bread, bread.
"Walter And His Dog" by Eliza Lee Follen
Outside the green birds come
for bread and water.
Their wings wait for the sun
to show their colours.
"Turning Fifty" by Judith Wright

In news:

A scene common in american cities during the 1930s, skilled and unskilled laborers alike stood in bread lines like this one near the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City.
I am so used to seeing the words "bread from the Blue Dog Bakery" after menu items all around Louisville.
Steelers' Taylor, Brown break bread , settle differences after Sunday fight.
Global Box Office Booms, Lionsgate's Stock Slips and India, Pakistan Break Bread .
Lee Newtson packs up his car with about 300 loaves of bread donated by The Breadsmith of St Charles every two weeks.
Iraqi Politicians Break Bread , but Not the Standoff.
From potential food fight to 'Let us break bread together' plan.
Tommy Mottola, wife Thalia break bread in Greenwich.
An Egyptian woman walks trough an alley in the al-Azhar quarter carrying a tray of fresh bread, in Cairo, Dec 1, 2011.
Enlarge Michael Mercier, The Huntsville Times Lemon and herb chicke with rice and the turkey club sandwich on bread made from the meal of the beer produced at Below the Radar.
Bread, Chocolate And Brio .
Any egg bread can substitute for brioche .
Have you run through all the recipes that come with your bread machine yet.
While at first glance this may seem like an odd coating for fish, it's not any different than using crushed cornflakes or bread crumbs.
But the oven is big and eats up lots of counter space, plus it doesn't toast bread evenly and takes a long time to broil and toast.
***

In science:

Somewhat paradoxically, the study of 8B solar neutrinos could turn out to be the bread and butter pro ject of next generation water Cherenkov proton decay detectors.
Solar models and solar neutrino oscillations
Here again the perturbative treatment together with renormalization is the bread-and-butter of the practitioner in high energy physics.
Hopf algebra approach to Feynman diagram calculations
Finally, for reference purposes, we collect in Apps. E and F some standard material on the diagrammatic technique (although this is bread-and-butter knowledge for experts in diagrammatic methods and available elsewere, it is useful to have it summarized here in a notation consistent with the rest of our analysis).
Influence Functional for Decoherence of Interacting Electrons in Disordered Conductors
For example, bread dough made from wheat is viscoelastic because of the gluten polymer; likewise, the ovalbumin protein (a polymer) makes egg whites viscoelastic.
Turbulent Elasticity of the Solar Convective Zone and the Taylor Number Puzzle
Where is the future of EFTs? They will probably remain for long the bread and butter of field theoretical approaches to many phenomena, not only in particle physics, but widely used in condensed matter physics.
The Many Uses of Chiral Effective Theories
And no, Peter did not actually treat us to a turducken dinner, a failure he will have a second chance to remedy when the Fifth Gulf Coast Gravity Conference is hosted next year at LSU. A menu of turducken served with Peter’s home baked Danish sourdough beer bread would surely attract many to this important meeting.
Matters of Gravity, The Newsletter of the Topical Group in Gravitation of the American Physical Society, Volume 32, Fall 2008
It is rather striking to notice that while science is based on the discovering and the use of conservation laws, scientists have been applying the myth of “Jesus multiplying breads” for decades by multiplying for themselves published articles.
Tailor Based Allocations for Multiple Authorship: a fractional $gh$-index
To appreciate the relative simplicity of the arguments that follow, we encourage the reader to try the bread-and-butter second moment method, which amounts to bounding the variance of the likelihood ratio directly.
Detecting Positive Correlations in a Multivariate Sample
But the conference metrics re flect the role of Bayesian metho ds in the astrostatistics research community, not in bread-and-butter astronomical data analysis.
Bayesian astrostatistics: a backward look to the future
This is just one example of the large impact that “bread and butter” measurements can have.
What We've Learned from Heavy Flavour Experiments Since CKM2010
None of this work will lead to the kind of detailed model building and comparison with observation that is the bread and butter of most astroparticle physics.
M Theory and Cosmology
You can not make a bread into a divine body if it is only atoms, they say.” Indeed, someone filed a denounce against Galileo claiming that is theory was against the dogma of transustantiation.
Dream of a Christmas lecture
It has been proposed that the sacred eucaristic mystery was in agreement with Aristotle, as it could be said that the substance of wine and bread was substituted by the substance of the Christ, while the accidents remained.
Dream of a Christmas lecture
The crystals tended to show rounded tops as they became larger, with a characteristic “bread-loaf” shape that indicates that the growth on top is likely limited by heating .
A Critical Look at Ice Crystal Growth Data
The bread and butter of geometric representation theory is sheaf theory.
Smith theory and geometric Hecke algebras
***