bray

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bray laugh loudly and harshly
    • v bray reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading "grind the spices in a mortar","mash the garlic"
    • v bray braying characteristic of donkeys
    • n bray the cry of an ass
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Before its name was changed, the African Penguin used be called the Jackass Penguin because of its donkey-like braying call
    • n Bray A bank; the slope of a hill; a hill. See Brae, which is now the usual spelling.
    • n Bray The harsh cry of an ass; also, any harsh, grating, or discordant sound. "The bray and roar of multitudinous London."
    • Bray To make a harsh, grating, or discordant noise. "Heard ye the din of battle bray ?"
    • v. t Bray To make or utter with a loud, discordant, or harsh and grating sound. "Arms on armor clashing, brayed Horrible discord.""And varying notes the war pipes brayed ."
    • v. t Bray brā To pound, beat, rub, or grind small or fine. "Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar, . . . yet will not his foolishness depart from him."
    • Bray To utter a loud, harsh cry, as an ass. "Laugh, and they
      Return it louder than an ass can bray ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • bray To pound or beat thoroughly, as with a pestle or other instrument; triturate, crush, mix, etc., by beating or any analogous action: as to bray drugs; to bray printers' ink. See brayer.
    • bray To utter a loud and harsh cry: with reference now especially to the ass, but formerly also to the bull, deer, and other animals, as well as to man.
    • bray Hence To make a loud, harsh, disagreeable sound.
    • bray To utter with a loud, harsh sound, like the ass.
    • n bray A harsh cry, especially that of an ass; hence, any similar harsh or grating sound.
    • n bray A bank or mound of earth used in fortification; a breastwork; a bulwark; specifically, a wall or other work in advance of and covering the gate of a fortress.
    • n bray A piece of sloping ground; an acclivity or declivity.
    • n bray A clout for a young child. Kersey, 1708.
    • n bray In heraldry: Barnacles or twitchers for subduring a horse: used as a bearing.
    • n bray [Perhaps a corruption of brake, break.] A bearing similar to the preceding in form, representing a tool used for breaking hemp: sometimes called a hempbray, hemp-brake, or hackle. One or other of these bearings is frequently used in allusive heraldry for families of the name Bray and the like.
    • bray In cloth-finishing, to pound (woolen cloth) in a soapy scouring-liquor: same as full. See full and fulling.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Bray brā to break, pound, or grind small, as in a mortar
    • n Bray brā the cry of the ass: any harsh grating sound
    • v.i Bray to cry like an ass: to give forth harsh sounds, esp. of the trumpet
    • adj Bray making a harsh noise
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Idioms

Every ass likes to hear himself bray - This means that people like the sound of their own voice.
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Vicar of Bray - (UK) A person who changes their beliefs and principles to stay popular with people above them is a Vicar of Bray
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. braye, brey, brew, eyebrow, brow of a hill, hill, bank, Scot. bra, brae, bray, fr. AS. brǣw, eyebrow, influenced by the allied Icel. brā, eyebrow, bank, also akin to AS. brū, eyebrow. See Brow

Usage

In literature:

Now, for heaven's sake, don't bray, Rose-Marie, and perhaps we can get away.
"While Caroline Was Growing" by Josephine Daskam Bacon
Make report to them of Aoyama's venture, and bray and brag to them of spending a night outside the sheets.
"Bakemono Yashiki (The Haunted House)" by James S. De Benneville
Up to the moment when he and Harry had entered Bray Park that was easy.
"Facing the German Foe" by Colonel James Fiske
I don't believe he'll goa away; he'll bray t' door daan afore dayloight.
"Little Abe" by F. Jewell
So he brayed all night.
"Childhood's Favorites and Fairy Stories" by Various
With his head full of this foolish idea, he became so puffed up with pride and vanity that he halted and started to bray loudly.
"The Æsop for Children" by Æsop
Proud of his companion, Lord Bagshot's hoarse, coarse, idiot voice seemed ever braying.
"The Young Duke" by Benjamin Disraeli
Ike Bray stopped and looked at him, a little, twisted man with his hair still rumpled from the bed.
"Rimrock Jones" by Dane Coolidge
Miss Bray says she isn't over-fond of stirrin' round; and I shouldn't wonder if 't was so.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 97, November, 1865" by Various
On July 20th Major J. Inglis joined the Battalion and took over command at Bray Dunes Plage.
"The Seventeenth Highland Light Infantry (Glasgow Chamber of Commerce Battalion)" by Various
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In poetry:

He roars, 'tis true, but scan him well
Whene'er you see him pass;
Look at his ears and you can tell
He's but a braying ass.
"The Farmer's Appeal From A Jackass To The Mayor" by David John Scott
One marches to the drum-beat's roll,
The wide-mouthed clarion's bray,
And bears upon a crimson scroll,
Our glory is to slay.
"The Two Armies" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
He knew how on a summer day
The sea's deep blue grew deeper,
How evening shadows over Bray
Made that round hill look steeper.
"The Hon. Sec." by Sir John Betjeman
But for loving, why, you would not, Sweet,
Though we prayed you,
Paid you, brayed you
in a mortar—-for you could not, Sweet!
"A Pretty Woman" by Robert Browning
"Enough of this!" the States' man brayed.
"You asked me over here
To have a drink, and when I've paid,
You drink the bloomin' beer!"
"Another Fusion" by C J Dennis
Hark! strife is forward on the field,
I hear the trumpet's bray!
Now spear to spear, and shield to shield,
Decides the dreadful day!
"Edgar And Ellen" by Matilda Betham

In news:

Libba Bray's 'The Diviners', the first in a series of creepy cult stories.
Libba Bray spins an intricate tale of serial killings, creepy cults and a ghost who gives the phrase "whistling in the dark" an entirely new and hair-raising meaning.
Freeman Matthews of Pro Deck and Design works to build a ramp into the Bray House at the Gardner Historical Museum on June 23.
The Bray House is now wheelchair accessible.
Woman Says Thomas Bray Repeatedly Assaulted Her.
On Monday, 37-year-old Thomas Bray posted $40,000 bail and was released from the Deschutes County Jail after being charged with raping a 23-year-old Bend woman.
Tennessee Vols' Tyler Bray's cast removed on broken right thumb.
Vance Dillon Wright, 35, was charged Wednesday with first-degree murder in the death of Kelsey Jean Bray, 27, records indicate.
Bray throws 4 touchdowns as Tennessee beats Buffalo 41-10.
Hillary Gibson, Jessica Bray and Mark C Anderson.
(Boston Globe) In this episode of Tech Lab, Hiawatha Bray discusses the new Samsung Corp.'s Chromebook.
Libba Bray's "Diviners," for example, is paranormal historical fiction that follows a young woman during the Roaring '20s who becomes embroiled in an occult-related murder mystery.
Corey Bray, captain of the Campbell County High School boys' golf team, announced Monday that he will attend Carson-Newman College this fall.
And the brass will crash, and the trumpets bray, and they'll cut a dash at HONK .
Mark Bray, of Summer Grove United Methodist Church, and assisted by her nephew, the Rev.
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In science:

When N → ∞, Bray’s partial resummation reduces to the Hartree-Fock approximation. ˜G(k) is thus equal to the bare propagator with a renormalised squared mass ˜m2 solution of the gap equation (5, 6).
Glassy transition in the three-dimensional random field Ising model
We follow thereby closely the earlier work of Bray and Moore 51 .
Theory of the Random Field Ising Model
Albert, B., Bray, D., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Watson, J.D. (1989) Molecular Biology of the Cell 2nd Edition (Garland).
A review of Johnjoe McFadden's book ``Quantum Evolution''
In the time symmetric case (i.e., when the extrinsic curvature on the Cauchy slice vanishes) this conjecture was proved last year by Huisken and Ilmamen and Bray .
How Black Holes Grow
Two very innovative proofs of this conjecture, for the time symmetric case (initial data with vanishing extrinsic curvature), have been produced in recent years by Bray and by Huisken-Ilmanen .
Matters of Gravity, the newsletter of the Topical Group in Gravitation of the American Physical Society
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