bran

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n bran food prepared from the husks of cereal grains
    • n bran broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are, on average, 259 raisins in a box of Raisin Bran and 388 in a box of Premium Raisin Bran.
    • Bran The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.
    • Bran (Zoöl) The European carrion crow.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: John Kellogg invented corn flakes, for a patient with bad teeth. Charles Post invented Grape Nuts. Dr. Kellogg was the manager of a Michigan health spa and Post was a patient. The spa was founded by Sylvester Graham, inventor of the Graham cracker and pioneer of the early 1800s movement to eat more bran.
    • n bran The outer coat of wheat, rye, or other farinaceous grain; the husky portion of ground wheat, separated from the flour by bolting.
    • bran To steep in a bath of bran and water, as cloth before or after dyeing, or skins for tanning.
    • n bran A name of the common crow
    • bran A dialectal form of bren, burn.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bran bran the refuse of grain: the inner husks of corn sifted from the flour: the coarser part of anything
    • ***

Quotations

  • Avery Brooks
    Avery Brooks
    “At least the box is full of something useful. [On his photo gracing a box of Raisin Bran]”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bren, bran, OF. bren, F. bran, from Celtic; cf. Armor. brenn, Ir. bran, bran, chaff
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. bran, bran; prob. Celt.

Usage

In literature:

She was a bran-new ship, and had come out of Brest on her first cruise only the day before we fell in with her.
"Under the Meteor Flag" by Harry Collingwood
Good you drink bran-dee vis vater?
"Devon Boys" by George Manville Fenn
Priscilla leaped off her bicycle at the door of Bran-nigan's shop.
"Priscilla's Spies" by George A. Birmingham
Squeeze and manipulate the bran bag until the water resembles a thin porridge.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume IV. (of IV.)" by Grant Hague
Most of the watch were "on the bran," that is, were in the boats stationed along the edge of the ice, on the look-out for whales.
"Peter the Whaler" by W.H.G. Kingston
I'se dat hungry I c'd eat bran!
"Chums in Dixie" by St. George Rathborne
The thing is to avoid putting in more water than the bran can easily absorb and hold.
"Papers on Health" by John Kirk
It's a bran new invention in the fishing line.
"Handy Andy, Volume One" by Samuel Lover
In an hour after, rub them with flannel, dipped in bran and powdered whiting.
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
It consists of turnips, rice, chaff, bran, hay, and sea biscuit.
"Anecdotes of the Habits and Instinct of Animals" by R. Lee
The animal ought to have light and spare diet, and bran mashes.
"Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56: No. 3, January 19, 1884." by Various
BRAN TEA: A REMEDY FOR COLDS, ETC.
"A Plain Cookery Book for the Working Classes" by Charles Elmé Francatelli
It let both bran and meal go through.
"An American Robinson Crusoe" by Samuel. B. Allison
For evening comes, and then, serene, to my abode I take my way, and grab this good old magazine, and leave the world of bran and hay.
"Rippling Rhymes" by Walt Mason
Bran washes, green food, and flour-gruel should be given, with plenty of salt.
"Cattle and Their Diseases" by Robert Jennings
Sour bran is not to be given, for it disorders the stomach and intestines and may even produce serious results.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
When the daughter set out to take her father his dinner, she followed the bran until she came to the ogre's house.
"Italian Popular Tales" by Thomas Frederick Crane
The bran' we keep for gem'men would stick in his th'oat.
"The Bishop of Cottontown" by John Trotwood Moore
A ton contains as much digestible protein as 1600 pounds of wheat bran.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
Add the Lyster flour, washed bran and water.
"The Starvation Treatment of Diabetes" by Lewis Webb Hill
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In poetry:

“Rice, bran and clover fine I give him now,
To nourish his rich dmak, of noble size;
I comb his soft wool with a wooden comb;
He is a dear and precious sacrifice.
"The Longing Letter" by Daniel Varoujan
An' when your pig's a-fatted pretty well
Wi' teäties, or wi' barley an' some bran,
Why you've a-got zome vlitches vor to zell,
Or hang in chimney-corner, if you can.
"Eclogue:--The ‘Lotments" by William Barnes
I'll be the pride of the whole derned spread.
With a fust class Stetson on my head.
A bran new slicker tied on behind—
It's strange how yore clo'se improves your mind.
"All Dressed Up" by Bruce Kiskaddon
When the red flails of the battle-field's threshers
Beat out the continent's wheat from its bran,
While the wind scatters the chaffy seceshers,
What will become of our sweet little man?
"The Sweet Little Man" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
"Have you a job to-day, sir, to give a working man?
My stomach's full of hay, sir, my children live on bran."
"I really can't delay, sir," the busy man replied,
"Please call some other day, sir, my car is just outside."
"Unemployed" by Abner Cosens
Bran has built his homestead high where the hills may shield her,
Where the young bird waits the spring, where the dawns are fair,
Said: "I'll name my trees for her, since I may not yield her
Stars of morning for her feet, of evening for her hair."
"The Lovers Of Marchaid" by Marjorie Lowry Christie Pickthall

In news:

Millions of Americans now eat more high-fiber foods because doctors and nutritionists say oat bran and other high fiber grains aid digestion and help reduce cholesterol levels.
It would be pretty difficult to consume even one of the Oat Bran Brownies made by Elam, though I suspect the species that eats oats from a bucket might find the texture to its liking.
General Mills also has Total Oatmeal , which is advertised as having "more oat bran and more nutrition than Old Fashioned Quaker Oats ".
But the excitement over oat bran, once a lowly byproduct of the milling process but now the elixir of choice for health-conscious consumers, has yet to infect farmers of the upper Midwest, where most of the country's oats are grown.
OAT -BRAN-MUFFIN mania has reached a fever pitch.
Last week Between the Bread, a takeout business in New York City, was unable to supply its eager customers with oat -bran muffins because it was unable to get any oat bran.
It is made from rice bran oil, palm oil, coconut oil, herbs, essential oils, and no preservatives.
Real Housewives: Bran Ach/ WireImages.
Bran Zucchini- Sunflower Seed Muffins from The Spa at the Grand Del Mar.
Consumers simply tear off the panel to uncover the new one-an identity that is meant to position All-Bran as a more contemporary option for women.
Rice milling quality can be influenced by any factor that affects kernel strength, which is ultimately responsible for the kernel withstanding the processes of hulling and bran removal without breaking apart.
Cottondale- Just across the street from Cottondale Elementary School sits Branning's garage and a nativity scene.
Sesame and Rice Bran Oils.
Remember when you thought bran muffins were good for you.
Used with corn, wheat, bran or rice, PFE temperature-controlled chilled nip rollers withstand high pressures and the related heat when opposing rolls are used to crush grain into cereal flakes.
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In science:

R′ − Ki¯j ∇mφi∇m ¯φ The first equality, (1.6), is supergravity coupled to chiral matter in what we shall call the Brans-Dicke frame; the second equality, (1.7), is in the Einstein frame.
Conserved supercurrents and Fayet-Iliopoulos terms in supergravity
Thus, the canonical definition of the stress tensor can (and does!) differ between the Brans-Dicke and the Einstein frames.
Conserved supercurrents and Fayet-Iliopoulos terms in supergravity
Brans-Dicke and Einstein frames, and then in the component context where we demonstrate that the Einstein frame currents do give the standard globally supersymmetric currents when supergravity is decoupled.
Conserved supercurrents and Fayet-Iliopoulos terms in supergravity
The Brans-Dicke frame corresponds to choosing the conventional ly chiral superfield φ0 to be unity.
Conserved supercurrents and Fayet-Iliopoulos terms in supergravity
Within the Brans-Dicke frame, we may freely set the entire superfields G and R to zero, and then send κ2 to zero.
Conserved supercurrents and Fayet-Iliopoulos terms in supergravity
The most straightforward way of going about it involves a Brans-Dicke frame which for the case of an FI term yields an inconsistent energy momentum tensor, while the current analogous to the Einstein frame involves a subtle intertwining of gravity and gauge fields prior to the decoupling of supergravity.
Conserved supercurrents and Fayet-Iliopoulos terms in supergravity
First proposed by Brans and Dicke as an attempt to reconcile gravity with Machian ideas [12, 13, 14, 15], scalar-tensor lagrangians are now understood to arise as low-energy limits of various theories of particle physics.
Cosmological Tests of Gravity
Unfortunately, as reviewed below, the Brans-Dicke parameter is so tightly constrained by solar system and pulsar observations, ωBD ∼> 4 × 104 , that the cosmological effects of the scalar field are rendered uninterestingly small.
Cosmological Tests of Gravity
The Brans-Dicke theory given by (2) has identical PPN parameter values as in GR, except for γ = (1 + ωBD )/(2 + ωBD ).
Cosmological Tests of Gravity
The SEP is violated in Brans-Dicke theories and in all of the MG theories considered here.
Cosmological Tests of Gravity
In this far-field regime, the theory reduces to a Brans-Dicke theory with ωBD = 0, consistent with (47).
Cosmological Tests of Gravity
Will obtained the additional contributions to the GW phasing formula in Brans-Dicke theories and massive graviton theories as a one-parameter deviation from GR and discussed the bounds possible on these corresponding parameters from GW observations.
Parametrized tests of post-Newtonian theory using Advanced LIGO and Einstein Telescope
The basic idea of our proposal can be viewed as a generalization of some of the existing proposals to test specific the ories of gravity like Brans-Dicke or massive graviton theories.
Parametrized tests of post-Newtonian theory using Advanced LIGO and Einstein Telescope
They used the existing knowledge about various alternative theories of gravity such as Brans-Dicke, massive graviton theories and Chern-Simon theory to write down a generic Fourier domain gravitational waveform, which is parametrized in terms of a set of amplitude and phase variables.
Parametrized tests of post-Newtonian theory using Advanced LIGO and Einstein Telescope
Although Fierz and Jordan developed scalar-tensor theories first, the Brans-Dicke paper had the biggest impact.
Resource Letter PTG-1: Precision Tests of Gravity
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