brake

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v brake cause to stop by applying the brakes "brake the car before you go into a curve"
    • v brake stop travelling by applying a brake "We had to brake suddenly when a chicken crossed the road"
    • n brake a restraint used to slow or stop a vehicle
    • n brake anything that slows or hinders a process "she wan not ready to put the brakes on her life with a marriage","new legislation will put the brakes on spending"
    • n brake an area thickly overgrown usually with one kind of plant
    • n brake large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed ferns; cosmopolitan
    • n brake any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The earth's rotation is slowing down at a rate of one second per century. The gravity from the sun and moon are creating tidal friction on the earth that are acting as brakes on planet's spin.
    • Brake brāk imp. of Break.
    • Brake A baker's kneading though.
    • Brake A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in horses.
    • Brake (Bot) A fern of the genus Pteris, esp. the Pteris aquilina, common in almost all countries. It has solitary stems dividing into three principal branches. Less properly: Any fern.
    • Brake A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith is shoeing him; also, an inclosure to restrain cattle, horses, etc. "A horse . . . which Philip had bought . . . and because of his fierceness kept him within a brake of iron bars."
    • Brake (Agric) A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after plowing; a drag.
    • Brake A piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction, as of a carriage or railway car, by the pressure of rubbers against the wheels, or of clogs or ratchets against the track or roadway, or of a pivoted lever against a wheel or drum in a machine.
    • Brake A sharp bit or snaffle. "Pampered jades . . . which need nor break nor bit."
    • Brake A thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs and brambles, with undergrowth and ferns, or with canes. "Rounds rising hillocks, brakes obscure and rough,
      To shelter thee from tempest and from rain."
      "He stayed not for brake and he stopped not for stone ."
    • Brake (Mil) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow and ballista.
    • Brake An ancient instrument of torture.
    • Brake (Engin) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam engine, or other motor, by weighing the amount of friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.
    • Brake An extended handle by means of which a number of men can unite in working a pump, as in a fire engine.
    • Brake An instrument or machine to break or bruise the woody part of flax or hemp so that it may be separated from the fiber.
    • Brake That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or engine, which enables it to turn.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A gator in the road is a huge piece of tire from a blow out on a truck, called a gator because the fly up when a truck runs one over and take out your air lines causing you to lose air and forcing your spring brakes to come on which causes a rather abrupt stop.
    • n brake Obsolete or archaic preterit of break.
    • n brake A break; brack; flaw.
    • n brake A mechanical device for arresting the motion of a vehicle: now usually classed with brake, see braken., 9.
    • brake To vomit.
    • brake To vomit; cast up.
    • n brake A tool or machine for breaking up the woody portion of flax, to loosen it from the harl or fibers.
    • n brake The handle or lever by which a pump is worked.
    • n brake A bakers' kneading-machine.
    • n brake A sharp bit or snaffle: as, “a snaffle bit or brake,”
    • n brake An apparatus for confining refractory horses while being shod.
    • n brake A medieval engine of war analogous to the ballista.
    • n brake A large heavy harrow for breaking clods after plowing. Also called drag.
    • n brake A kind of wagonette. A large and heavy variety of this vehicle is used for breaking in young horses to harness.
    • n brake Any mechanical device for arresting or retarding the motion of a vehicle or car by means of friction. The most common form is that of curved wooden or iron shoes pressed against the rims of the wheels. In this sense sometimes spelled break. See air breake.
    • n brake The fore part of a carriage, by which it is turned.
    • n brake A basket-makers' tool for stripping the bark from willow wands.
    • n brake An old instrument of torture. Also called the Duke of Exeter's daughter.
    • brake To crack or break (the stalks of flax) in order to separate the woody portions from the fiber. Now written break.
    • brake To retard or stop the motion of by the application of a brake.
    • n brake A place overgrown with bushes or brushwood, shrubs, and brambles; a thicket, in the United States, a cane-brake, that is, a tract of ground overgrown with cane, Arundinaria macrosperma.
    • n brake A single bush, or a number of bushes growing by themselves.
    • n brake The name given to Pteris aquilina and other large ferns. See Pteris.
    • n brake In cracker-baking, a machine for rolling dough, to be used in making gingersnaps and other thin cakes, into sheets ready for the panning-machine. It consists essentially of rolls between which the dough is passed to press it into a sheet. A reversible brake is one having aprons on each side of the rolls to enable the operator to pass the sheet through in opposite directions by reversing the rolls. See pa lining-machine.
    • n brake In sheet-metal work, a machine for bending and forming sheet-metal, used in making larger forms such as metal cornices; a cornice-brake.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If a car is travelling at 55 miles per hour it will travel 56 feet before the driver can shift his foot from the accelerator to the brake.
    • pa.t Brake brāk of Break.
    • n Brake brāk a fern: a place overgrown with ferns or briers; a thicket
    • n Brake brāk an instrument to break flax or hemp: a harrow: a contrivance for retarding by friction the speed of carriages, wagons, trains, or revolving drums
    • n Brake brāk a handle, as of a pump: a lever for working a machine.
    • n Brake a large wagonette: a carriage frame, all wheels and no body, used in breaking in horses.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Mel Gibson
    Mel Gibson
    “It's all happening too fast. I've got to put the brakes on or I'll smack into something.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. brake, fern; cf. AS. bracce, fern, LG. brake, willow bush, Da. bregne, fern, G. brach, fallow; prob. orig. the growth on rough, broken ground, fr. the root of E. break,. See Break (v. t.), cf. Bracken, and 2d Brake (n.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Break, v.t.

Usage

In literature:

On sped the fugitive train once more, and in a few minutes it had stopped, with much bumping and rattle of brakes at the station called Adairsville.
"Chasing an Iron Horse" by Edward Robins
They had reached the top of a hill and he put on the brake as they started down.
"Across the Mesa" by Jarvis Hall
As it chanced, the fox was lurking in the high brakes here, having stopped to rest, no doubt, as Addison had conjectured.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
I guess that's why they always tighten the brakes when they leave a car.
"Roy Blakeley's Camp on Wheels" by Percy Keese Fitzhugh
Once so huge a Sea brake upon the poop and quarter, upon us, as it covered our ship from stern to stem, like a garment or a vast cloud.
"Southern Literature From 1579-1895" by Louise Manly
The machine is set in motion by putting a horse in the pen and releasing the brake.
"Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology" by John T. Schlebecker
Radiant, Corrie was already behind the steering-wheel, an impatient hand poised to release the brake.
"From the Car Behind" by Eleanor M. Ingram
Grabbin' de cane-brakes, up I goes, han' ober han', han' ober han'.
"Burl" by Morrison Heady
Up from the tangle of brakes in the pasture came the lowing of cattle.
"The Wall Between" by Sara Ware Bassett
Beside the Long Ditton road, up the gentle incline on the left side, the broad sward is broken by thickets and brake like those of a forest.
"The Toilers of the Field" by Richard Jefferies
It was while working at the Water-row Pit that Stephenson learnt the art of brakeing an engine.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
In a minute he was alongside, and jammed on the brakes.
"Ainslee's, Vol. 15, No. 5, June 1905" by Various
I seed it in de cane-brake.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
He shut off, and put his brake on, but the train drifted past here a hundred and fifty yards or more.
"Mugby Junction" by Charles Dickens
Suddenly they heard a crackling sound in the cane-brake near them; then came from a greater distance the bay of bloodhounds.
"Watch and Wait" by Oliver Optic
Then went she presently away, and I brake Robin's matter.
"Robin Tremayne" by Emily Sarah Holt
As the tail of the tank started tipping up, he managed somehow with the brakes to hold her on the edge.
"Life in a Tank" by Richard Haigh
These same tugs and one-shot rockets would brake the S. T.'s in for a landing.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
Rick braked to a stop as the highway met the turnoff to Easton.
"The Flying Stingaree" by Harold Leland Goodwin
I've got to see Brake on my way to Decker's.
"The Gates Between" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
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In poetry:

This the word that made us part
In the fall o' dew;
This the word that brake his heart --
Yet it brake mine, too.
"Love Came Back At Fall O' Dew" by Lizette Woodworth Reese
Nay now, why starts she in her path,
By yonder tangled brake?
'Tis at the dreaded menace sprung
By angry rattlesnake.
"A Ballad Of 1812" by Sarah Anne Curzon
He ran, and fell upon his neck,
Embraced and kissed his son;
The rebel's heart with sorrow brake
For follies he had done.
"Hymn 123" by Isaac Watts
Hys sworde vpon the schireff hed
Sertanly he brake in too;
"The smyth that the made," seid Robyn,
"I pray God wyrke him woo.
"Robin Hood And The Monk" by Andrew Lang
Nowhere such a devious stream,
Save in fancy or in dream,
Winding slow through bush and brake,
Links together lake and lake.
"Songo River. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The Fourth)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
O Linnet in the wild-rose brake
Strain for my Love thy melody,
O Lark sing louder for love's sake,
My gentle Lady passeth by.
"La Bella Donna Della Mia Mente" by Oscar Wilde

In news:

One of the top upgrades we're asked questions about every month is braking.
What brake kit do I use.
There's really no excuse to be driving around on today's highways with 40-plus-year-old drum brakes.
A Waukesha County judge has put the brakes on a state proceeding to decide the Town of Brookfield's bid to become a village.
Airbus A340 on Takeoff Brakes Hard After Runway Incursion .
PureForge secures industry's first insured warranty on patented brake rotor products.
I will call this the case of trailer brakes or no brakes.
Our problem is that at times we have trailer brakes, and then we don't.
Bystronic Inc, Hauppauge, NY, introduces a new version of its mid-range press brake, the EP series.
On good days, it's possible to sail from one end to the other without touching the brakes.
Aisin Seiki Company (Kariya, Japan) makes master cylinders for automotive clutch and brake systems.
Job growth braked sharply in May and the unemployment rate rose for the first time since June, putting pressure on the Federal Reserve to ease monetary policy further to shore up the sputtering recovery.
Primary design considerations on landing gear include maximum sink speed, spin up, spring back, lateral drift (on landing), towing, jacking, turning, braked roll, taxi, rebound, pivoting (main landing gear only), crashworthiness and fatigue.
Path of least resistance Cyclists say SMART shouldn't put brakes on pedestrian-bike pathway.
FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany (BRAIN) — We all know the customer (or employee) who frets about getting road bike brake levers positioned EXACTLY even on each side of the bar.
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In science:

Bronis law Rudak When γ <∼ 106 , magnetic inverse Compton scattering plays a dominant role in braking the electrons and it is the main source of hard gamma-ray photons .
Neutron Stars as Sources of High Energy Particles - the case of RPP
Let us start with the note that the initial and final states have the same energy and entropy. It means that an exchange process, if it exists, does not brake the laws of thermodynamics. Therefore our task is to find and to demonstrate such a process.
Classical teleportation
It could well traces the innermost stage of nested spirals systems : this type of structure was proposed to produce the required braking torque that brings matter to the center to ultimately feed the “monster” (Shlosman et al. 1989).
Hot Very Small dust Grains in NGC 1068 seen in jet induced structures thanks to VLT/NACO adaptive optics
A remarkable consequence of Eq. (3) is that the effective braking index n is time dependent.
On the Pulsar Emission Mechanism
Therefore, we take the onset of synchronism to be accompanied by the disappearance of angular momentum loss by magnetic braking.
New Low Accretion-Rate Magnetic Binary Systems and their Significance for the Evolution of Cataclysmic Variables
In sparse clusters or associations, where disk lifetimes may be longer, one would expect more disk braking and, therefore, a larger proportion of slower rotators when they reach the ZAMS.
The Variability and Rotation of Pre-main Sequence Stars in IC 348: Does Intracluster Environment Influence Stellar Rotation?
In this mode the drives are powered and the brakes are released.
Evaluation of the ALMA Prototype Antennas
But our tra jectories have ǫ nearly zero and H almost flat, so to get the observed ns the observable range would have to be well into the braking period towards preheating: i.e., we would need ǫ′/ǫ ≈ 0.04 over the CMB+LSS window, which seems like it would require a very finely-tuned potential.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Pointing Accuracy The simplest operational mode for the antenna is pointing to a fixed azimuth and elevation, whereby the drives are powered and the brakes are released.
Study of the Dynamics of Large Reflector Antennas with Accelerometers
In dealing with dependent random variables, to brake the dependence, a standard procedure is to divide first the variables in blocks.
Moderate deviations for stationary sequences of bounded random variables
For orbital eccentricities, e ∼ < 0.95, radiative braking prevents a wind collision with the companion star’s surface.
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
This may be aided by the radiative inhibition (Stevens & Pollock 1994) or braking (Gayley, Owocki & Cranmer 1997) of the secondary star’s wind at periastron due to the high stellar luminosity of the primary star (≃ a few ×106 L⊙ ).
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
In this section we consider two possible effects: radiative braking and radiative inhibition.
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
With this in mind it is useful to note that inhibition occurs close to the star driving the wind, i.e. in the acceleration region of the wind, and braking occurs close to the WCR.
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
To determine whether radiative braking is effective for either star, the equations of Gayley et al. (1997) have been evaluated.
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
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