bourgeois

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj bourgeois belonging to the middle class
    • adj bourgeois conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class "a bourgeois mentality"
    • adj bourgeois (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class
    • n bourgeois a member of the middle class
    • n bourgeois a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Bourgeois A man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping class.
    • n Bourgeois (Print) A size of type between long primer and brevier. See Type.☞ This line is printed in bourgeois type.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bourgeois In France, a citizen; a burgher; a man of middle rank.
    • n bourgeois A small French coin of the fourteenth century. The bourgeois simple was worth about a cent and a half, the bourgeois fort twice as much.
    • bourgeois Belonging to or consisting of trades-people or citizens of middle rank: as, bourgeois surroundings; the bourgeois class of France.
    • bourgeois Wanting in dignity or refinement; common; mean.
    • n bourgeois A size of printing-type measuring about 100 lines to the foot, next larger than brevier and smaller than long-primer.
    • n bourgeois This line is printed in bourgeois.
    • n bourgeois See bourgeois.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bourgeois bur-jois′ a kind of printing type, larger than brevier and smaller than longprimer.
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Quotations

  • Walter Benjamin
    Walter%20Benjamin
    “Experience has taught me that the shallowest of communist platitudes contains more of a hierarchy of meaning than contemporary bourgeois profundity.”
  • Karl Marx
    Karl%20Marx
    “In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From a French type founder named Bourgeois, or fr. F. bourgeois, of the middle class; hence applied to an intermediate size of type between brevier and long primer: cf. G. bourgeois, borgis,. Cf. Burgess
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—perh. from the name of the typefounder.

Usage

In literature:

On the various rungs of the bourgeois ladder people reply to the question, what is necessary to live?
"The Simple Life" by Charles Wagner
Luxury, ceasing to be a foolish and ostentatious display of the bourgeois class, would become an artistic pleasure.
"The Conquest of Bread" by Peter Kropotkin
Bourgeois hailed her twice, but receiving no reply, fired a musket which he found at the gangway.
"How Britannia Came to Rule the Waves" by W.H.G. Kingston
CHANGE IN THE CONDITION OF THE BOURGEOIS.
"The Origins of Contemporary France, Complete Linked Table of Contents to the Six Volumes" by Hippolyte A. Taine
Like all bourgeois writers Mrs. Parsons has been very chary of using materials furnished by Socialist scholars.
"Socialism: Positive and Negative" by Robert Rives La Monte
The background to Longfellow's "Sandalphon" is so fine an arras that it gives the poet a splendor not usual to his bourgeois lays.
"Contemporary American Composers" by Rupert Hughes
In Robespierre's club administrative reserve and bourgeois gravity were the order of the day.
"The Gods are Athirst" by Anatole France
Bourgeois I may be, but I have put aside that folly.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 158, May 12, 1920" by Various
They rave against the Prussians, but it is the Bourgeois they hate.
"A Girl of the Commune" by George Alfred Henty
The Republic does not make distinctions between one bourgeois and another.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
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In poetry:

In Nonpareil I'll put your Face;
In Rubric shall your Blushes rise;
There is no Bourgeois in your Case;
Your Form can never need "Revise."
"The Passionate Printer To His Love" by Henry Austin Dobson
"Pure art is here, that has no reference
To anything external does not tie
Itself to apron-strings of moral sense,
Or flatter bourgeois minds with mimicry
Of actual objects, or give weak assent
To fussy vanity or sentiment.
"The Idol" by George Rostrevor Hamilton
Sister Bourgeois’ daughters have nobly all
Responded unto her gracious call;
Through sunshine and joy, through storm and pain—
In one unfailing, unbroken chain
Of teachers devoted—nought left undone
To fulfil the task by their foundress begun.
"Sister M. B.’s Arrival In Montreal , 1654." by Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon

In news:

Bourgeois offers apology to women barred from priesthood in Catholic Church.
The debate over ordaining women is hardly confined to Roy Bourgeois, the apparently soon-to-be ex-Maryknoll priest who we discussed here.
Situated at the southeast entrance of the famous cemetery, the Porte de Bagnolet area is becoming what the French would describe as bobo (bohemian-bourgeois).
In Neil Simon's "Rumors," the playwright wastes no time in plunging his characters into instant, bourgeois panic.
"Hairy Spider," a 2001 drawing by Louise Bourgeois, honors the artist's mother.
Louise Bourgeois Archive, New York, and the Easton Foundation.
TIM ISBELL/SUN HERALDAaron Bourgeois of Bay High goes through practice Tuesday evening in preparation for this week's game.
Father Roy Bourgeois, a Maryknoll priest who has caused a ruckus over his belief that the Catholic church should ordain women, speaks at Claremont Graduate University about women's ordination and the Catholic Church , on Thursday.
Bourgeois offers apology to women barred from priesthood in Catholic Church .
Beside Louise Bourgeois' father-son fountain, a towering cone is a loony chorus.
It's not a terribly new insight, and Daniel Goldfarb's cautionary tale of bourgeois suffering in Brooklyn Heights doesn't break any fresh ground.
Epitomizing Ballard's shift from blue-collar to bourgeois.
Roy Bourgeois, the Louisiana native and peace activist who was excommunicated three years ago for publicly supporting women's ordination, now faces expulsion from his religious order and from the priesthood.
COLUMBIA — Images of sheep grazing , the Crush Festival at Les Bourgeois Vineyards and a Missouri golfer were among the best photos taken by Missourian photographers this week.
The occasional world war, economic meltdown, or ecological collapse notwithstanding, bourgeois society is a fabulous thing.
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In science:

Later, it was Fr ´ed ´eric Bourgeois who guided me in converting the intuitive picture I had in mind into sound and hard mathematics. I spoke with Otto van Koert during the whole project almost on a daily basis.
The plastikstufe - a generalization of the overtwisted disk to higher dimensions
I’m indebted to Fr ´ed ´eric Bourgeois for orienting me through the theory of Cauchy–Riemann operators.
The plastikstufe - a generalization of the overtwisted disk to higher dimensions
In the Morse-Bott set-up used here, the Fredholm index of the restriction of π∞ H to the connected component of (u, C, J ) has been computed by F. ◦ u(C ) + (n − 3)(2 − 2g) + 2v , see Proposition 1.12 Bourgeois in .
Open strings, Lagrangian conductors and Floer functor
Bourgeois. A Morse-Bott approach to Contact Homology.
Open strings, Lagrangian conductors and Floer functor
These proofs have parallels to the work of Ekholm for Legendrian contact homology and Bourgeois and Oancea for closed contact homology.
Obstructions to Lagrangian Cobordisms between Legendrians via Generating Families
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