bound

Definitions

  • "His grandfather lay gagged and bound on the floor."
    "His grandfather lay gagged and bound on the floor."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj bound confined by bonds "bound and gagged hostages"
    • adj bound secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form "bound volumes","leather-bound volumes"
    • adj bound (usually followed by `to') governed by fate "bound to happen","an old house destined to be demolished","he is destined to be famous"
    • adj bound confined in the bowels "he is bound in the belly"
    • adj bound held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union
    • adj bound bound by contract
    • adj bound headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college-bound students' "children bound for school","a flight destined for New York"
    • adj bound covered or wrapped with a bandage "the bandaged wound on the back of his head","an injury bound in fresh gauze"
    • adj bound bound by an oath "a bound official"
    • v bound place limits on (extent or access) "restrict the use of this parking lot","limit the time you can spend with your friends"
    • v bound spring back; spring away from an impact "The rubber ball bounced","These particles do not resile but they unite after they collide"
    • v bound move forward by leaps and bounds "The horse bounded across the meadow","The child leapt across the puddle","Can you jump over the fence?"
    • v bound form the boundary of; be contiguous to
    • n bound a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards
    • n bound the greatest possible degree of something "what he did was beyond the bounds of acceptable behavior","to the limit of his ability"
    • n bound the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
    • n bound a line determining the limits of an area
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

GRAVESEND: A MERCHANTMAN OUTWARD BOUND GRAVESEND: A MERCHANTMAN OUTWARD BOUND
AT GRAVESEND: PILOTS AWAITING AN INWARD-BOUND CONVOY AT GRAVESEND: PILOTS AWAITING AN INWARD-BOUND CONVOY
INWARD BOUND INWARD BOUND
REVERENTLY SHE LAID THE HEAVY CALF-BOUND VOLUME ACROSS HER KNEES REVERENTLY SHE LAID THE HEAVY CALF-BOUND VOLUME ACROSS HER KNEES
PRINTED AND BOUND BY MARCUS WARD & CO. LONDON BELFAST PRINTED AND BOUND BY MARCUS WARD & CO. LONDON BELFAST

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The city of Argentia which is located on Newfoundland's southwest coast, is Canada's most fog-bound community. It has 206 days of fog each year.
    • Bound imp. & p. p. of Bind.
    • Bound A leap; an elastic spring; a jump. "A bound of graceful hardihood."
    • Bound Constipated; costive.
    • Bound Constrained or compelled; destined; certain; -- followed by the infinitive; as, he is bound to succeed; he is bound to fail.
    • Bound Inclosed in a binding or cover; as, a bound volume.
    • a Bound Ready or intending to go; on the way toward; going; -- with to or for, or with an adverb of motion; as, a ship is bound to Cadiz, or for Cadiz. "The mariner bound homeward."
    • Bound Rebound; as, the bound of a ball.
    • Bound Resolved; as, I am bound to do it.
    • Bound Restrained by a hand, rope, chain, fetters, or the like.
    • Bound (Dancing) Spring from one foot to the other.
    • n Bound bound The external or limiting line, either real or imaginary, of any object or space; that which limits or restrains, or within which something is limited or restrained; limit; confine; extent; boundary. "He hath compassed the waters with bounds .""On earth's remotest bounds .""And mete the bounds of hate and love."
    • Bound To cause to rebound; to throw so that it will rebound; as, to bound a ball on the floor.
    • Bound To limit; to terminate; to fix the furthest point of extension of; -- said of natural or of moral objects; to lie along, or form, a boundary of; to inclose; to circumscribe; to restrain; to confine. "Where full measure only bounds excess.""Phlegethon . . .
      Whose fiery flood the burning empire bounds ."
    • Bound To make to bound or leap; as, to bound a horse.
    • Bound To move with a sudden spring or leap, or with a succession of springs or leaps; as the beast bounded from his den; the herd bounded across the plain. "Before his lord the ready spaniel bounds .""And the waves bound beneath me as a steed
      That knows his rider."
    • Bound To name the boundaries of; as, to bound France.
    • Bound To rebound, as an elastic ball.
    • Bound Under legal or moral restraint or obligation.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: According to Scandinavian traditions, if a boy and girl eat from the same loaf of bread, they are bound to fall in love
    • n bound That which limits or circumscribes; an external or limiting line; hence, that which keeps in or restrains; limit; confine: as, the love of money knows no bounds.
    • n bound plural The territory included within boundarylines; domain.
    • n bound A limited portion or piece of land, enjoyed by the owner of it in respect of tin only, and by virtue of an ancient prescription or liberty for encouragement to the tinners.
    • bound To confine within fixed limits; restrain by limitation.
    • bound To serve as a limit to; constitute the extent of; restrain in amount, degree, etc.: as, to bound our wishes by our means.
    • bound To form or constitute the boundary of; serve as a bound or limit to: as, the Pacific ocean bounds the United States on the west.
    • bound To name the boundaries of: as, to bound the State of New York. Synonyms To circumscribe, restrict, hem in, border.
    • bound To leap; jump; spring; move by leaps.
    • bound To rebound, as an elastic ball. Synonyms Leap, Spring, etc. See skip, v. i.
    • bound To cause to leap.
    • bound To cause to rebound: as, to bound a ball.
    • n bound A leap onward or upward; a jump; a rebound.
    • n bound In ordnance, the path of a shot between two grazes: generally applied to the horizontal distance passed over by the shot between the points of impact.
    • bound Made fast by a band, tie, or bond; specifically, in fetters or chains; in the condition of a prisoner.
    • bound Hence Made fast by other than physical bonds.
    • bound Confined; restrained; restricted; held firmly.
    • bound Hence Obliged by moral, legal, or compellable ties; under obligation or compulsion.
    • bound Certain; sure.
    • bound Determined; resolved: as, he is bound to do it.
    • bound In entomology, attached by the posterior extremity to a perpendicular object, and supported in an upright position against it, by a silken thread passing across the thorax, as the chrysalides of certain Lepidoptera.
    • bound Constipated in the bowels; costive.
    • bound Pregnant: said of a woman.
    • bound Provided with binding or a cover: said of books, etc.: as, bound volumes can be obtained in exchange for separate parts; bound in leather.
    • bound Having all the affections centered in; entirely devoted to.
    • bound Prepared; ready; hence, going or intending to go; destined: with to or for: as, I am bound for London; the ship is bound for the Mediterranean.
    • bound To lead; go.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The red kangaroo of Australia can jump 27 feet in one bound.
    • pa.t., pa.p Bound bownd of Bind, confined, bandaged: intimately connected with—'bound up in:' of books, having a cover of, as 'bound in morocco,' &c. (with in): under obligation or necessity to, as 'bound to win.'—n. Bound′-bail′iff, a sheriff's officer, so called from his bond given to the sheriff for the discharge of his duty.
    • n Bound bownd a limit or boundary: the limit of anything, as patience—'to break bounds,' to go beyond what is reasonable or allowable:
    • v.t Bound to set bounds to: to limit, restrain, or surround
    • v.i Bound bownd to spring or leap
    • n Bound a spring or leap
    • adj Bound bownd ready to go—as in 'outward bound,' &c.
    • n Bound bownd (pl.) a border-land, land generally within certain understood limits, the district
    • ***

Quotations

  • Antoine De Saint-Exupery
    Antoine%20De%20Saint-Exupery
    “Charity never humiliated him who profited from it, nor ever bound him by the chains of gratitude, since it was not to him but to God that the gift was made.”
  • Henry Van Dyke
    Henry%20Van%20Dyke
    “Half of the secular unrest and dismal, profane sadness of modern society comes from the vain ideas that every man is bound to be a critic for life.”
  • Angelus Silesius
    Angelus Silesius
    “By the will art thou lost, by the will art thou found, by the will art thou free, captive, and bound.”
  • French Proverb
    French Proverb
    “No wind is of service to him that is bound for nowhere.”
  • Martin Luther
    Martin%20Luther
    “I shall never be a heretic; I may err in dispute, but I do not wish to decide anything finally; on the other hand, I am not bound by the opinions of men.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “In the word of no master am I bound to believe.”

Idioms

By leaps and bounds - Something that happens by leaps and bounds happens very quickly in big steps.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bounde, bunne, OF. bonne, bonde, bodne, F. borne, fr. LL. bodina, bodena, bonna,; prob. of Celtic origin; cf. Arm. bonn, boundary, limit, and boden, bod, a tuft or cluster of trees, by which a boundary or limit could be marked. Cf. Bourne
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. bonne—Low L. bodina, of doubtful origin; cf. Bret. bonn, a boundary.

Usage

In literature:

He might not die, but he felt bound to that iceberg with chains of cold.
"The Children of Odin" by Padraic Colum
Stephen's bringing me up, you know, and he's bound to do it well.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Three Ships Came down the Narrows, one bound to London, another bound to Newfoundland and the third to Ireland.
"Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period" by Various
But I thinke my selfe bound also to doe something, least I be thought to neglecte you.
"Bradford's History of 'Plimoth Plantation'" by William Bradford
He was bound to do so, although he did not yet know the way.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
The sole creature through which she was bound to the world was Zephyr.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
Her members, in an individual capacity, are bound by all these.
"The Ordinance of Covenanting" by John Cunningham
Ned Rackham bounded forward to swing at the broad, deep-chested boatswain.
"Blackbeard: Buccaneer" by Ralph D. Paine
It is out of play if it bounds twice without being hit between the bounds.
"Games for the Playground, Home, School and Gymnasium" by Jessie H. Bancroft
For months the cold waters are bound up in an icy embrace.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
The other vessel in company was likewise bound to New York.
"Thrilling Narratives of Mutiny, Murder and Piracy" by Anonymous
AMBIT of a geometrical figure is the perimeter, or the line, or sum or all the lines, by which it is bounded.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Their amazement knew no bounds that one like this should have been led to their door out of the night.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
Falcon, as though fully alive to the need of getting away, bounded forward like a dart along the road.
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
Everybody around her told her that the man's happiness was really bound up in her reply.
"The Vicar of Bullhampton" by Anthony Trollope
Any decoration but the simplest should be restricted to books bound as well as the binder can do them.
"Bookbinding, and the Care of Books" by Douglas Cockerell
Where bound in such a hurry, child?
"The Rover Boys in Alaska" by Arthur M. Winfield
Harry cut the rope that bound it and Old King Brady pried off the lid with an axe taken from one of the racks.
"The Bradys Beyond Their Depth" by Anonymous
Everything around knew it, and must know whither she was bound.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
Nor did he see the snow-capped hills which bounded the entire view.
"The One-Way Trail" by Ridgwell Cullum
***

In poetry:

Unto him, only him;
In Thy deific whim
Didst bound
Thy works' great round
"Any Saint" by Francis Thompson
Eighty warriors,
On Uji river,
To the fish nets
Drifting waves:
Not knowing whither bound.
"Eighty warriors" by Kakinomoto no Asomi Hitomaro
Yet we send them o'er the sea!
Youthful sons of Italy,
They are bound for Tripoli,
Tripoli!
"Tripoli" by John Lawson Stoddard
"Three children we see
Like sunbeams at play.
And, voiceless as they,
Dogs bounding in glee.
"Cree Fairies" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
By obligations bound
Intemperance to shun,
Oh, may we constantly be found
The enemies of rum;
"Ode. "In bonds of friendship sweet"" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Low lies the stately head,–
Earth-bound the free;
How gave those haughty dead
A place to thee?
"Woman On The Field Of Battle" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans

In news:

Obama, appearing at the White House, says Yemen packages bound for synagogues in Chicago contained explosives.
As a rookie Courtney Upshaw is bound to make mistakes.
Metro officials say that the person was struck just before 11 am by a Red Line train bound for Shady Grove.
He arrives in the lobby of Le Parker Meridien hotel in mid-town Manhattan precisely at 3:30 Saturday afternoon, packed and bound for home.
Moscow's outrage over Turkey's interception of a plane bound for Syria fans flames at an especially dangerous time.
Troopers respond to report of assault on Juneau-bound ferry .
This Saturday is bound to be a bit funky and a little weird.
Film Noir program at Bound Brook Library on Sept 19.
Both are big screen-bound, but who wins in a fight USA TODAY staffers debate.
New York's Buildings Are Bound by Fire Code .
It makes me want to board a CDG-bound plane right now.
In this file photo, a cruiser sits alongside southwest-bound I-71 under the Memphis Avenue overpass.
Balance bounded to a 1 3/4-length win in the Sharp Cat Stakes at Hollywood Park.
Thanksgiving is, perhaps, the most tradition-bound of holidays.
I can run with the fastest, leap fences with a single bound, but have to be hoisted like a bag of potatoes onto that cold shiny surface.
***

In science:

The fol lowing are equivalent : (i) the logarithmic ramification of OL /OK is bounded by a; (ii) the logarithmic ramification of OLj /OK ′ is bounded by ma for one j ∈ J ; (iii) the logarithmic ramification of OLj /OK is bounded by a for one j ∈ J .
Ramification of local fields with imperfect residue fields
As a result, the entropy expression does not coincide with the Friedmann equation at the moment when the conjectured bound on the Casimir energy is saturated and the conjectured bound on the Casimir energy does not lead to the Hubble and the Bekenstein entropy bounds.
A Note on the Cardy-Verlinde Formula
We now examine whether the cosmological bound (27) on EC continues to imply the Hubble entropy bound and the Bekenstein bound even for the w 6= 1/n case.
A Note on the Cardy-Verlinde Formula
The cosmological entropy bound for 3This fact can be shown to hold even for the k 6= 1 case by using the generalized expression given in the previous footnote. 4When w = −(n − 1)/n, S is insensitive to variation of EC and, therefore, the conjectured bound (27) on EC does not lead to cosmological entropy bounds.
A Note on the Cardy-Verlinde Formula
Oblivious rounding can be applied to analyses using, e.g., sums of probabilities bounded by Raghavan’s bounds, Hoeffding’s bound, and Markov’s inequality.
Randomized Rounding without Solving the Linear Program
Although the analysis for arbi trary nodes seems out of reach at the present time, we can give two bounds: a lower bound on the size of the neighborhood of one corner from which we still achieve polynomial hitting behavior to the opposite corner and an upper bound on this neighborhood.
Quantum Random Walks Hit Exponentially Faster
In any case, for bounded rank, we can even use the Jordan bound to see this is bounded away from 1.
Derangements in simple and primitive groups
Although (2.4) gives the existence of a lower bound on rh in terms of the bounds k , io and D , currently there is no proof of an effective or computable bound.
Cheeger-Gromov Theory and Applications to General Relativity
It is quite straightforward to prove that if (M , g) is a smooth Riemannian manifold with an L∞ bound on the full curvature, |R| ≤ K then there are local coordinate systems in which the metric is C 1,α or L2,p , with bounds depending only on K and a lower volume bound, cf.
Cheeger-Gromov Theory and Applications to General Relativity
If dn is bounded above, then with probability bounded away from 0, in a bounded number of steps the walk can get to a position where Esn′ > c > 0.
Random walks that avoid their past convex hull
Because (1.3) means |flin (Lc )| = 1, this upper bound on L translates to the upper bound ǫ ≤ 1 (as already an estimate went into (1.4) the bound is rather ǫ ≤ O(1)).
Enlarging the Parameter Space of Heterotic M-Theory Flux Compactifications to Phenomenological Viability
For gravitationally bound systems, the GPE contribution of the order ∼ G(ρd + 3pd )R3 (where R denotes the characteristic spatial scale of the bound system) overwhelms the “mass” contribution ∼ GM (M denotes the mass of the bound system).
Generalized phantom energy
Since κZ+ ⊂ Z+ this gives a lower bound for our case, and our bound for the full line then gives the upper bound.
The Beurling estimate for a class of random walks
Lemma 13(i) is two-sided bound, and the proof of Proposition 12 parts (b) and (d) can be slightly modified to obtain twosided bound of the same order as the upper bound.
The Beurling estimate for a class of random walks
Given the bound on the second moment of our test function from the previous section, and the bound on the eigenvalue from section 2.2, it is straightforward to derive a lower bound on the mixing time.
Shuffling by semi-random transpositions
***