bone

Definitions

  • GATHERING BUFFALO BONES
    GATHERING BUFFALO BONES
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj bone consisting of or made up of bone "a bony substance","the bony framework of the body"
    • v bone remove the bones from "bone the turkey before roasting it"
    • v bone study intensively, as before an exam "I had to bone up on my Latin verbs before the final exam"
    • n bone a shade of white the color of bleached bones
    • n bone rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates
    • n bone the porous calcified substance from which bones are made
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

He Would Break Me up Into Bones, and Throw Me Into a Pile 246 He Would Break Me up Into Bones, and Throw Me Into a Pile 246
They wuz covered with bone instead of scales They wuz covered with bone instead of scales
Upon the ground, with aching bones, poor bruin mingled sighs and groans Upon the ground, with aching bones, poor bruin mingled sighs and groans
Section of Bone Section of Bone
"'SHE OUGHT TO EAT CANARY-SEED AND FISH-BONE'" "'SHE OUGHT TO EAT CANARY-SEED AND FISH-BONE'"

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Minnows have teeth located on a bone in their throat
    • Bone Anything made of bone, as a bobbin for weaving bone lace.
    • Bone Dice.
    • Bone Fig.: The framework of anything.
    • Bone One of the pieces or parts of an animal skeleton; as, a rib or a thigh bone; a bone of the arm or leg; also, any fragment of bony substance. (pl.) The frame or skeleton of the body.
    • Bone (Anat) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely of calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, and gelatine; as, blood and bone .
    • Bone To fertilize with bone.
    • Bone To put whalebone into; as, to bone stays.
    • v. t Bone To sight along an object or set of objects, to see if it or they be level or in line, as in carpentry, masonry, and surveying. "Joiners, etc., bone their work with two straight edges. W."
    • Bone To steal; to take possession of.
    • Bone To withdraw bones from the flesh of, as in cookery. "To bone a turkey."
    • Bone Two or four pieces of bone held between the fingers and struck together to make a kind of music.
    • Bone Whalebone; hence, a piece of whalebone or of steel for a corset.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Czechoslovakia, there is a church that has a chandelier made out of human bones
    • n bone An animal tissue, consisting of branching cells lying in an intercellular substance made hard with earthy salts (consisting of calcium phosphate with small amounts of calcium carbonate and magnesium phosphate, etc.), and forming the substance of the skeleton or hard framework of the body of most vertebrate animals. When the earthy salts are removed, the remaining intercellular substance is of cartilaginous consistency, and is called ossein or bone-cartilage.
    • n bone One of the parts which make up the skeleton or framework of vertebrate animals: as, a bone of the leg or head. Bones of cattle and other animals are extensively used in the arts in forming knife-handles, buttons, combs, etc., in making size, gelatin, lampblack, and animal charcoal, and for various other purposes. They are also extensively employed as a manure for dry soils, with the very best effect, being ground to dust, bruised, or broken into small fragments in mills, or dissolved in sulphuric acid. The great utility of bones as a manure arises from the phosphate of lime they supply to the soil.
    • n bone plural The bones of the body taken collectively; the skeleton; hence, the bodily frame; a body.
    • n bone plural Mortal remains: the skeleton or bony structure being the most permanent part of a dead body.
    • n bone The internal shell of cuttlefishes of the family Sepiidœ, having the consistency of bone. Generally called cuttle-bone or cuttlefish-bone.
    • n bone Something made of bone, or of a substance resembling bone, as ivory, whalebone, etc. plural Dice.
    • n bone plural A person who performs with the bones.
    • n bone Half of the stake in the game of bone-ace (which see).
    • n bone In coal-mining, slaty or clayey portions or partings in coal.
    • n bone See the adjectives.
    • n bone See the adjectives.
    • n bone See the adjectives.
    • bone To take out the bones of: as, to bone a turkey, a ham, etc.
    • bone To put whalebone into.
    • bone To manure with bone-dust.
    • bone To seize; make off with, as a dog makes off with a bone; get possession of; appropriate; steal.
    • bone To apply one's self diligently; set one's self determinedly to work: as, to bone down to hard work; he boned hard.
    • bone To take the level of (a piece of land, a wall, carpentry-work, and the like) by means of an instrument. See boning.
    • n bone A Middle English form of boon.
    • bone A Middle English form of boon.
    • n bone In card-playing, a chip of the smallest value.
    • n bone A piece of horn or wood-fiber inserted in the sole of a wooden golf-club to prevent injury to the face of the club at the bottom.
    • n bone The midrib of a leaf, especially that of a sugar-cane leaf or the large midrib of a palmleaf.
    • bone To ‘hold up’ with a demand or importunate request for something, as for a small loan: as, to bone one for a ‘fiver.’
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The human face is made up of 14 bones
    • n Bone bōn a hard substance forming the skeleton of mammalian animals: a piece of the skeleton of an animal:
    • v.t Bone to take the bones out of, as meat: to seize, to steal
    • n Bone bōn (pl.) the bones collectively: mortal remains: pieces of bone held between the fingers of the hand and rattled together to keep time to music: dice, as made of bone, ivory, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Two dogs strive for a bone and the third one runs off with it.”
  • Elizabeth Gaskell
    Elizabeth Gaskell
    “He had not an ounce of superfluous flesh on his bones, and leanness goes a great way towards gentility.”
  • Jack London
    Jack London
    “A bone to the dog is not charity. Charity is the bone shared with the dog, when you are just as hungry as the dog.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “Pleasant words are as an honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The evil that men do lives after them; the good is oft interred with their bones.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “It is defeat that turns bone to flint; it is defeat that turns gristle to muscle; it is defeat that makes men invincible.”

Idioms

All skin and bone - If a person is very underweight, they are all skin and bone, or bones.
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Bag of bones - If someone is a bag of bones, they are very underweight.
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Bone of contention - If there is an issue that always causes tension and arguments, it is a bone of contention.
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Bone to pick - If you have a bone to pick with someone, you are annoyed about something they have done and want to tell them how you feel.
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Chew on a bone - If someone is chewing on a bone, he or she is thinking about something intently.
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Dry as a bone - If your lawn is as dry as a bone, the soil is completely dry.
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I've got a bone to pick with you - If somebody says this, they mean that they have some complaint to make against the person they are addressing.
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Make no bones about it - If somebody make no bones about a scandal in their past, they are open and honest about it and show no shame or embarrassment.
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Skin and bones - If someone is skin and bones, they are very underweight and look bad.
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Sticks and stones may break my bones, but names will never hurt me - To be resistant to criticism. This is often said to young children upset over the fact that another child called them something that they did not like.
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Throw someone a bone - If you throw someone a bone, you give them a small reward or some kind words to make them feel good even if they've not really contributed much.
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Work your fingers to the bone - If you work your fingers to the bone, you work extremely hard on something.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bon, ban, AS. bān,; akin to Icel. bein, Sw. ben, Dan. & D. been, G. bein, bone, leg; cf. Icel. beinn, straight
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. bán, Ger. bein.

Usage

In literature:

We have also seen it spelled each-bone and ridge-bone; and we have also heard it called natch-bone.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
After a time Stobart went back to the place of horror, with its charred bones, its terrible design in skulls, and its golden-sanded pool.
"In the Musgrave Ranges" by Jim Bushman
If he fell he would hit that ice so hard every one of his bones would break.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
If the whole of the meat belonging to each bone should be too thick, a small slice may be taken off between every two bones.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Take out the small bones, and send the rest up with the soup.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
Scrape out whatever flesh is in evidence on hand bones in same way.
"Taxidermy" by Leon Luther Pray
By far the larger part is produced fully formed in the bone-marrow, and emigrate to the blood.
"Histology of the Blood" by Paul Ehrlich
At evening, when the daughters were already in bed, the panther was still gnawing the bones he had brought with him.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
You are willing to give up your hopes and work yourself to the bone here on these hills for her.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
Then we should eat bread made of pure wheat-meal without any potatoes and ground bones in it.
"The Vast Abyss" by George Manville Fenn
The most common accident occurring to bones and joints is a sprain of the ligaments uniting the bones, or the tendons uniting the muscles and bones.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Beyond this my informant knew nothing of the "Red Bone" people, except that to enter their country was death.
"The Pathless Trail" by Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
The five metacarpal bones articulate with the second range of carpal bones.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
Isom was a man of bone and dry skin, whose greed and penury had starved his own soul.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
For, having the matter now under control, he nonchalantly cracked only shin bones.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
First, however, he decided to stop and dig up a bone that he had buried in the flower garden.
"The Tale of Old Dog Spot" by Arthur Scott Bailey
Bones contain a large quantity of phosphate of lime, and we find other inorganic materials performing important offices in the system.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
The bones of the skeleton are characterized by their slenderness and the great size of the medullary canals in those of the extremities.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
In one specimen both bones have small clusters of tubercles near the lateral margins and about 2.0 mm.
"A New Genus of Pennsylvania Fish (Crossoperygii, Coelacanthiformes) from Kansas" by Joan Echols
The disease is found chiefly in the shafts of the bones.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 2" by Various
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In poetry:

Six feet and over,
Large-boned and ruddy,
The eyes grey-hazel
But bright with study.
"Thomas Jefferson" by Stephen Vincent Benet
At an old water-hole,
Bones lay in the hide
And teeth gibbered up
Of things that had died.
"Crows" by Mary Eliza Fullerton
"You in your sheep's' wool coat,
buttons of bone,
and me in my fur-about
on the warm hearthstone"
"Comfort" by Walter de la Mare
Said the Underdeveloped skeleton
We want rice
Said Developed Nations' skeleton
Sell your bones for dice
"Ballad Of The Skeletons" by Allen Ginsberg
O mighty mystery, unread
By sage's tongue or pen,
The sloping sunshine overhead,
Beneath the bones of men!
"In Kirkconnel Old Churchyard" by Alexander Anderson
Flype ’em, slit ’em, twist ’em,
Lop-looped laps of paper;
Setting out the system
By the bones of Neper.
"Cats Cradle Song," by James Clerk Maxwell

In news:

"I have no bones about saying that T makes more than I do," Dean tells Bethenny Frankel in the sneak peek obtained by RadarOnline.com.
Katie Melua, T-Bone Burnett Break Off Album Partnership.
1 (4 pound) center cut pork roast, bone-in.
Despite brittle bone disease, woman sees her hard work, tenacity pay off.
Amanda Danuski, 34, doesn't let a rare bone condition get in the way of her life - or job search.
Brittle bones for Canada's aging junk-food generation.
Despite brittle bones, 4-year-old leads full life.
Most people are familiar with the bone-weakening effects of osteoporosis, but very few know that women can begin to lose bone density in their 20s.
"Decades and decades and decades on the beat," said David Broder 's son George, "and not a cynical bone in his body".
Each), skin on, scaled and bones removed.
Turn turkey bones into broth to use in recipes later.
Bone-in turkey breast, roasted ½ cup shiitake mushrooms, cleaned, sliced, sautéed ½ cup spring onions, finely sliced ½ cup roasted unsalted cashews, chopped 1 Tbsp.
Break up the carcass and put it in a tall pot, large enough to have 2 inches of liquid covering the bones.
Prolonged grinding or clenching of the jaw can cause facial soreness, headaches, neck pain and serious damage to the gums, bones and teeth.
Our USDA Prime, dry-aged, bone-in strip was bright red and rare along the bone, and medium-well toward the thinner edge.
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In science:

Figure 2. a) Quasi static and dynamic compression cu rves for two specimen s that have “clo se” microstructural parameters. b) Example o f dynam ic test – expulsion o f the bone marrow.
Dynamic behavior and microstructural properties of cancellous bone
Figure 3 . Variations o f the mechanical properties w ith the structural properties fo r the 3 different tests. a) Apparen t Young’s Modulus E versus ratio bone volume total volume BV/TV, b) E versus mean trabeculae thickness Tb.
Dynamic behavior and microstructural properties of cancellous bone
Kemper et al. (2005) are the only study targeted at human rib bones.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
However, for more than 80 % of the tests (95 out of 117 tests) the bone samples fractured in the grip area.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
Dog bone samples have a weak point by design – the gage area where the width is much smaller than that at the ends of the sample – so as to generate greater tensile stress in the gage area and ensure that fracture is caused by tension, at least under the assumption that the sample is homogeneous.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
The questions raised in Kemper et al. (2005) and the paucity of rib bone material data highlighted the need for new experimental data.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
The goal of the current study was to perform new tensile tests of rib bone coupons to link the fracture characteristics to the coupon bone microstructure.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
To do so, an experimental protocol was developed to machine and test rib cortical bone coupons of constant thickness under quasi-static and dynamic loading.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
Isotropic images similar to figure 1 were obtained with a micro-computed tomograph (Scanco Medical Viva CT40, Br¨uttisellen, Switzerland) at a resolution of 30 µm/pixel and used to determine where the bone coupons could be machined based on the curvature and the thickness of the cortical shell (Figure 2-a).
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
From there, an other cut was made parallel to the first one to create a flat piece of cortical bone (referred to as wafer) that was 0.5 mm thick (Figure 2-c).
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
Next the two holes used to reference the position of the bone coupon (figure 3) were drilled in the wafer.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
During the entire procedure, the orientation of the wafer relative to the original bone was tracked and the bone was kept hydrated (0.9 % saline solution).
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
Preliminary tests showed that this torque value was adequate to prevent slippage of the sample, while avoiding bone crushing.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
The bone coupons were stored in saline solution until the paint pattern was applied, a few minutes prior to testing (see section 2.4).
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
HU value greater than the threshold were considered as bone.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
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